Simmons University
Simmons University Logo.png
TypePrivate university
Established1899; 124 years ago (1899)
AccreditationNECHE
Endowment$190.4 million (2020)[1]
PresidentDr. Lynn Perry Wooten
Academic staff
224 full-time/648 part-time
Undergraduates1,736
Postgraduates4,527
Location, ,
United States
CampusUrban, 12 acres (4.9 ha)
NicknameSharks
AffiliationsColleges of the Fenway
Websitewww.simmons.edu

Simmons University (previously Simmons College) is a private university in Boston, Massachusetts. It was established in 1899 by clothing manufacturer John Simmons. In 2018, it reorganized its structure and changed its name to a university. Its undergraduate program is women-focused while its graduate programs are co-educational.

Simmons is accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education.[2] Admission is considered moderately difficult;[3] as of 2020, 83 percent of applicants to undergraduate programs were accepted.[4]

The university is divided into two campuses in the Fenway-Kenmore neighborhood totaling 12 acres (4.9 ha), one of which has five academic buildings and the other of which has nine Georgian-style residential buildings.[3]

The university enrolls approximately 1,736 undergraduates and 4,527 graduate students.[5] Its athletics teams compete in NCAA Division III as the Sharks.

History

Simmons was founded in 1899 with a bequest by John Simmons, a wealthy clothing manufacturer in Boston. Simmons founded the college based on the belief that women ought to live independently by offering a liberal arts education for undergraduate women to integrate into professional work experience.[6] Sarah Louise Arnold was the school's first dean;[7] she also served as national president of the Girl Scouts.[8]

Simmons is a member of the Colleges of the Fenway consortium, which also includes Emmanuel College, Wentworth Institute of Technology, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, and Massachusetts College of Art and Design. Simmons absorbed Garland Junior College in 1976.[9] Wheelock College, a former member, merged with Boston University to become the Boston University Wheelock College of Education & Human Development.

Simmons graduated its first African American student in 1914. Furthermore, Simmons was one of the few private colleges not to impose admission quotas on Jewish students for the first half of the 1900s.[6]

The school's MBA program was the first in the world designed specifically for women.[10] Today, the undergraduate program is women-centered, while the graduate schools are coed.[11]

In 2014, Simmons College teamed up with for-profit online program manager 2U, a deal that would generate hundreds of millions of dollars in revenues for the school.[12]

In November 2014, the institution released an explicit policy on the acceptance of transgender students, claiming a strong tradition of empowering women and challenging traditional gender roles and a "rich history of inclusion." Its undergraduate program accepts applicants who are assigned female at birth as well as those who self-identify as women, making Simmons the third women-centered college in the United States to accept transgender women.[13] Government documentation of gender is not required. Graduate programs are co-educational, so gender identity is not of concern.[14]

In 2016, the MBA program went online as MBA@Simmons, and began admitting men.[15]

In 2018, Simmons College changed its name to Simmons University after reorganizing the structure of the school.[16]

At the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, Simmons extended its Spring 2020 break to March 23 and then resumed instruction on a remote online-only basis.[citation needed] The campus and residence halls were closed and all summer programs were cancelled. The 2020-2021 academic year featured online instruction for a majority of programs. For the Spring 2021 semester, the residence halls opened at 50% capacity.[citation needed]

Campus

Simmons University is divided into currently two campuses located in the Fenway-Kenmore neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. One campus is home to five academic buildings referred to as the Academic Campus. The other campus, referred to as the Residential Campus, is home to nine residential buildings for undergraduate students. The original site of the Simmons College Graduate School of Social Work is featured on the Boston Women's Heritage Trail.[17]

In November 2020, a plan for a single campus was launched by the university called One Simmons. This plan aims to combine the two campuses into a single campus and create a 21 story "Living and Learning Center." This will include 1,100 dorm rooms, classrooms, and athletic facilities. Additionally, the plan outlines renovations to the Main College Building and Lefavour Hall. Lefavour Hall specifically will be outfitted with a new library and a new state of the art science center. Following the completion of these renovations in spring of 2022, the Park Science Center has been closed. It is going to be taken down to build the new Living and Learning Center. The project is scheduled to break ground in Fall 2022 and open in 2025.[18]

Additionally, Simmons University has come to an agreement with the company Skanska. They have partnered with the development firm to do two things. First, Skanska will build the new Living and Learning Center building. In exchange, Simmons University has given Skanska a 99 year lease for the grounds of the residential campus.[18] Skanska will begin commercial development of the former residential campus after the construction of the Living and Learning Center.[19]

Academic Campus

The Academic Campus is located at 300 The Fenway in the Longwood Medical Area. It is immediately adjacent to the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum and the Boston Latin School. This campus currently consists of five buildings:

Simmons College Main College Building
Simmons College Main College Building

Residential Campus

The Residence Campus is located one block from the main campus. It is near the Landmark Center and the Fenway and Longwood MBTA stations. The residence campus consists of 13 buildings centered on a grassy quad:

Most of the buildings on the residence campus serve as dormitories, but the campus also includes a large dining hall, a health center, a large fitness center, a public safety office, an auditorium, and several other facilities.

The residence campus is separated from the main campus by Emmanuel College and Merck Research Laboratories Boston.

Student body

According to the College Scorecard, the racial and ethnic composition of the undergraduate population is 62 percent white, 11 percent Asian, 8 percent Hispanic, 6 percent black, and 5 percent non-resident alien. Thirty percent of the undergraduate student body is Pell Grant eligible (meant for low-income students).[21]

Sustainability

Simmons has made several significant sustainability efforts. Former President Susan Scrimshaw signed the American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment (ACUPCC) as a formal commitment to eliminate campus greenhouse gas emissions over time. Furthermore, the School of Management is addressing sustainability in its curriculum as well as in building and resource-management programs. [22]

Simmons' environmental efforts earned the school a "C" on the College Sustainability Report Card 2010, published in Fall 2009 by the Sustainable Endowments Institute.[23]

Academics

Simmons University reorganized its academic structure in 2018 to foster interdisciplinary learning and cross-departmental collaboration. Students now explore new inter-professional opportunities and create their own pathways to meaningful work.[peacock prose] Simmons University is accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education.[2]

Reputation and rankings

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (October 2021)

Athletics

Simmons University sponsors athletics teams in a variety of sports including crew, cross country, field hockey, lacrosse, soccer, softball, swimming & diving, tennis, and volleyball. The mascot is the Sharks and the colors are blue and yellow. They compete as members of the NCAA Division III in the Great Northeast Athletic Conference (GNAC), the New England Women's and Men's Athletic Conference (NEWMAC) and the Eastern College Athletic Conference (ECAC). Simmons athletes won some of the early national intercollegiate women's tennis championships in singles (Marjorie Sachs, 1932) and doubles (Dorrance Chase, 1930 and 1932, with Sachs).[26]

Notable alumni

Simmons alumni include:

Notable faculty

See also

References

  1. ^ As of June 30, 2020. U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2020 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY19 to FY20 (Report). National Association of College and University Business Officers and TIAA. February 19, 2021. Retrieved February 20, 2021.
  2. ^ a b Massachusetts Institutions – NECHE, New England Commission of Higher Education, retrieved May 26, 2021
  3. ^ a b "Simmons University Overview | CollegeData". www.collegedata.com. Retrieved November 1, 2021.
  4. ^ "Simmons University". U.S. News & World Report.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Simmons University". nces.ed.gov. US Department of Education. Retrieved December 1, 2021.
  6. ^ a b "History: About Simmons College". Simmons College.
  7. ^ "Sarah Louise Arnold: The Suffragist Dean". Simmons University. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  8. ^ "EDUCATION THEME OF SCOUT LEADER". The Birmingham News. October 11, 1925. p. 79. Retrieved May 12, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  9. ^ Massachusetts Colleges that have Closed, Merged, or Changed Names, Brown, Ray C., December 2, 2014, retrieved January 8, 2015
  10. ^ "Online Master of Business Administration | Simmons College". Retrieved June 20, 2018.
  11. ^ "Our Mission and History," Simmons University, 2022. Retrieved Aug. 23, 2022.
  12. ^ "Graduate programs have become a cash cow for struggling colleges. What does that mean for students?". www.pbs.org. PBS. September 18, 2017. Retrieved December 1, 2021.
  13. ^ "Simmons College Opens Its Doors to Trans Students". The Advocate. November 11, 2014.
  14. ^ "Admission Policy for Transgender Students FAQ". Simmons.edu. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  15. ^ Valentina, Zarya. "The only all-female MBA program is closing—could it have been saved?" Fortune, Aug. 28, 2015. Retrieved Aug. 23, 2022.
  16. ^ "Simmons Announces University Designation". www.simmons.edu. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
  17. ^ "Back Bay East". Boston Women's Heritage Trail.
  18. ^ a b c d Simmons University. “One Simmons.” Simmmons University. Simmons University, 2022. https://www.simmons.edu/about/our-future/campus-that-works.
  19. ^ Probert, Annie. “Developer Proposes Massive Lab and Housing Complex Where Simmons Dorms Now Stand.” Boston Globe. January 7, 2022. https://www.bostonglobe.com/2022/01/07/business/developer-proposes-massive-lab-housing-complex-where-simmons-dorms-now-stand/.
  20. ^ "Simmons College School of Management - LEED Gold". Lee Kennedy Co Inc. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  21. ^ "Simmons University". collegescorecard.ed.gov. US Department of Education. Retrieved December 1, 2021.
  22. ^ "Environmental Commitments". Simmons College. Retrieved June 7, 2010.
  23. ^ "Simmons College – Green Report Card 2010". Greenreportcard.org. June 30, 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
  24. ^ "Library Schools and Short Courses: Simmons College School of Library Science", American Library Annual 1917/1918, New York: R.R. Bowker, pp. 7 v, hdl:2027/nyp.33433069135071
  25. ^ Donnelly, June Richardson (1918). "Views of Library School Directors: Simmons College". Public Libraries. Chicago: Library Bureau. 23 (1). hdl:2027/hvd.hxdkbs – via HathiTrust.
  26. ^ "Pre-NCAA women's collegiate tennis". Tennis Forum. Retrieved May 25, 2021 – via Newspapers.com. (Boston Globe, 1929-1953. St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 1954-1963.)
  27. ^ Fox, Margalit. "Barbara Margolis, Prisoners’ Advocate, Dies at 79", The New York Times, July 12, 2009. Accessed July 21, 2009.
  28. ^ "In Memoriam: Catherine (Norris) Norton". Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Retrieved September 7, 2015.
  29. ^ "College Corner", The Item of Millburn and Short Hills, September 1, 1966. Accessed May 6, 2021, via Newspapers.com. "Three Millburn High School alumnae have been named to the dean's list of scholars at Simmons College in Boston for the year..... Sondra A. Perl, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Herman Perl of South Orange Avenue, will be a sophomore in the department of education."
  30. ^ "Aline Yamashita". kuam.com. July 3, 2012. Retrieved October 15, 2021.
  31. ^ "William Mark Bellamy". Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved July 13, 2020.

Coordinates: 42°20′23″N 71°06′01″W / 42.339800°N 71.100200°W / 42.339800; -71.100200