A summit meeting (or just summit) is an international meeting of heads of state or government, usually with considerable media exposure, tight security, and a prearranged agenda. Notable summit meetings include those of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin during World War II. However, the term summit was not commonly used for such meetings until the Geneva Summit (1955).[1] During the Cold War, when American presidents joined with Soviet or Chinese counterparts for one-on-one meetings, the media labelled the event as a "summit". The post–Cold War era has produced an increase in the number of "summit" events. Nowadays, international summits are the most common expression for global governance.[2]

Notable summits

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World War II conferences

Arab League summits

Earth Summits


Group of Six (G6), heads of government
Group of Seven (G7), heads of government
Group of Eight (G8), heads of government
Group of Seven (G7), heads of government
Group of Twenty, heads of government

European summits

Inter-Korean summits

Millennium Development Goals

South American Summits

Summits of the Americas

UN International conferences on Afghanistan

Soviet Union–United States summits

Russia–United States summits


See also


  1. ^ Grenville, John Ashley Soames (2001). Major International Treaties of the Twentieth Century: A History and Guide with Texts. Routledge. ISBN 9780415141253. Archived from the original on 2023-10-17. Retrieved 2015-11-15.
  2. ^ "Global Governance Breakthrough: The G20 Summit and the Future Agenda". 2001-11-30. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-07-27.