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CA42 CD00
Toyohashi Station

豊橋駅
The east side of the station in October 2018
General information
LocationNishijuku Hanada-cho, Toyohashi City
Aichi Prefecture
Japan
Coordinates34°45′46″N 137°22′54″E / 34.76278°N 137.38167°E / 34.76278; 137.38167
Operated by
Line(s)
Distance293.6 km (182.4 mi) from Tokyo
Platforms2 side + 3 island + 1 bay platform
ConnectionsBus interchange Bus terminal
History
Opened1 September 1888; 135 years ago (1888-09-01)
Passengers
FY201729,045 (JR Central)
17,479 (Meitetsu) daily
Services
Preceding station The logo of the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central). JR Central Following station
Nagoya
towards Shin-Ōsaka
Tōkaidō Shinkansen
(Only some stop here)
Hamamatsu
towards Tokyo
Mikawa-Anjō
towards Shin-Ōsaka
Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Location
Toyohashi Station is located in Aichi Prefecture
Toyohashi Station
Toyohashi Station
Location within Aichi Prefecture
Toyohashi Station is located in Central Japan
Toyohashi Station
Toyohashi Station
Toyohashi Station (Central Japan)
Toyohashi Station is located in Japan
Toyohashi Station
Toyohashi Station
Toyohashi Station (Japan)

Toyohashi Station (豊橋駅, Toyohashi-eki) is an interchange railway station in Toyohashi, Aichi, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Tōkai) and the private railway operator Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu).

Lines

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Toyohashi Station is served by the high-speed Tokaido Shinkansen, and the conventional Tokaido Main Line operated by JR Central. It is 293.6 kilometers (182.4 mi) from Tokyo Station. It is also the southern terminus of the Iida Line and is 129.3 kilometers (80.3 mi) form the northern terminus at Iida Station. The station is also a terminus for the 99.8-kilometer (62.0 mi) Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line.

Toyohashi Railroad has two small stations close to Toyohashi Station: Shin-Toyohashi Station for the Atsumi Line railway and Ekimae Station for the Azumada Main Line tramway, but these stations are not physically connected to Toyohashi Station.

Layout

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Toyohashi Station track diagram
Tokaido Main Line platforms
Meitetsu platform with Tokaido Line station sign

Local train services at Toyohashi Station are handled by five platforms serving eight tracks. The Iida Line and Meitetsu lines use three tracks terminating in a bay platform. The Tokaido Main Line uses a side platform and two island platforms. The elevated Shinkansen portion of Toyohashi Station has a side platform and an island platform.

Platforms

1-2  Iida Line for Toyokawa, Iida, and Tatsuno
3  Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line for Jingū-mae, Meitetsu-Nagoya , Meitetsu Gifu, and Shin Unuma
4  Tokaido Main Line for Nagoya, Gifu, Ōgaki, and Maibara
 Iida Line for Toyokawa, Iida, and Tatsuno
5-8  Tokaido Main Line for Nagoya, Gifu, Ōgaki, Maibara, Hamamatsu and Shizuoka
11-12  The logo of the Tokkaido Shinkansen. Tōkaidō Shinkansen for Shizuoka and Tokyo
13  The logo of the Tokkaido Shinkansen. Tōkaidō Shinkansen for Nagoya, Shin-Osaka and Hakata

Adjacent stations

Service
Tokaido Main Line
Terminus   Home Liner   Gamagōri
Futagawa   Special Rapid   Gamagōri
Futagawa   New Rapid   Gamagōri
Terminus   Rapid   Gamagōri
Futagawa   Semi Rapid   Nishi-Kozakai
Futagawa   Local   Nishi-Kozakai
Iida Line
Terminus   Limited Express Inaji   Toyokawa
Terminus   Rapid   Kozakai
Terminus   Local   Funamachi
Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line
Terminus   Rapid Limited Express   Higashi-Okazaki
Terminus   Limited Express  
Terminus   Express   Ina

History

Toyohashi Station opened 1 September 1888.[1] The privately owned Toyokawa Railway began operations to Toyohashi on 15 July 15 1897, but renamed its terminus Yoshida Station (吉田駅) in 1899 to differentiate itself from the government railway system. The station building was rebuilt in 1916 and again in 1927. The Aichi Electric Railway's Toyohashi Line began operations to the Yoshida Station side of the facility on 1 June 1927. This line became part of Meitetsu on 1 August 1935, and is now the Nagoya Main Line.[2] The Toyokawa Railway was nationalized on 1 August 1943, becoming the Iida Line, and the usage of ‘Yoshida Station’ was dropped. The station was destroyed in the Toyohashi Air Raid of 20 June 1945, during World War II.

After the war, the JGR became the Japanese National Railways (JNR), and a new station was completed in 1950.[citation needed] The Tokaido Shinkansen opened on 1 October 1964. A new station building was completed in 1970.[citation needed]

With the privatization and dissolution of JNR on 1 April 1987, the station came under the control of JR Central. A shopping center and a hotel were added to the station building complex in 1997.[citation needed]

Station numbering was introduced to the section of the Tōkaidō Line operated JR Central as well as the Iida Line in March 2018; Toyohashi Station was assigned station number CA42 for the Tōkaidō Line and CD00 for the Iida Line.[3][4]

Passenger statistics

In fiscal 2017, the JR portion of the station was used by an average of 29,045 passengers daily (arriving passengers only) and the Meitetsu portion by 17,479.[5]

See also

References

  • Yoshikawa, Fumio. Tokaido-sen 130-nen no ayumi. Grand-Prix Publishing (2002) ISBN 4-87687-234-1.(in Japanese)
  1. ^ 中西, 隆紀 (2010). 日本の鉄道創世記 ~幕末明治の鉄道発達史~ [The history of Japanese railways] (in Japanese). Kawade Shobō Shinsha. p. 135. ISBN 978-4-309-22527-2.
  2. ^ 鷲田, 鉄也 (September 2010), "名古屋鉄道 1", 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese), Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc., no. 8, pp. 20, 21, 22, ISBN 978-4-02-340138-9
  3. ^ "在来線駅に駅ナンバリングを導入します" [Introducing station numbering to conventional line stations] (PDF). jr-central.co.jp (in Japanese). 13 December 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 January 2023. Retrieved 27 February 2023.
  4. ^ "JR東海,在来線に駅ナンバリングを導入" [JR Tokai Introduces Station Numbering to Conventional Lines]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). 14 December 2017. Archived from the original on 1 November 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2023.
  5. ^ "ja:豊橋市統計書 10-2 東 海 旅 客 鉄 道 の 乗 客" (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan: Toyohashi City. 2019. Retrieved 25 December 2019.