Sir Tudor Walters
Tudor Walters MP.jpg
Paymaster-General
In office
26 October 1919 – 19 October 1922
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterDavid Lloyd George
Preceded bySir Joseph Compton-Rickett
Succeeded byVacant
In office
4 September 1931 – 5 November 1931
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterRamsay MacDonald
Preceded byVacant
Succeeded byThe Lord Rochester
Personal details
Born25 February 1866[1]
Pontypool, Monmouthshire
Died16 July 1933 (1933-07-17) (aged 67)
Middlesex, England
NationalityBritish
Political partyLiberal

Sir John Tudor Walters PC (25 February 1866 – 16 July 1933) was a Welsh architect, surveyor and Liberal Party politician.[2] He served as Paymaster-General under David Lloyd George from 1919 to 1922 and once again briefly in 1931 under Ramsay MacDonald.

Political career

Walters was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Sheffield Brightside at the 1906 general election[3] and was knighted in 1912.[4]

He served as Paymaster-General in the Government of David Lloyd George from 1919 to 1922[5] and was sworn of the Privy Council in 1919. He lost his seat at Sheffield at the 1922 general election.[6]

He tried unsuccessfully to get back into the House of Commons in 1923 at Pudsey and Otley in the West Riding of Yorkshire.[7] He again stood for election to Parliament at the 1929 general election as Liberal candidate for the Cornish seat of Penryn and Falmouth. The seat was a marginal which had been won by the Liberals in 1923, but gained by the Conservatives in 1924, although the incumbent Conservative MP did not seek re-election. Ultimately Walters gained the seat from the Conservatives with a majority of 1,138 votes, with the Labour candidate finishing a relatively close third.[8] He was once again briefly Paymaster-General from September to November 1931 under Ramsay MacDonald. He stood down from parliament at the 1931 general election.[9]

Housing policy

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He is best known for the Tudor Walters Report that appeared just as the World War was ending in November 1918 and influence British housing policy for a century.[10] Walters was inspired by the garden city movement, calling for spacious low-density developments and semi-detached houses built to a high construction standard. Older women could now vote so local politicians started listening to them, and in response put more emphasis on such amenities as communal laundromats, extra bedrooms, indoor lavatories, running hot water, separate parlours to demonstrate respectability, and practical vegetable gardens rather than manicured yards.

Housewives had had their fill of chamber pots. His Report influenced the Housing and Town Planning Act of 1919.[11] With it Prime Minister David Lloyd George set up a system of government housing that followed his 1918 campaign promises of "homes fit for heroes".

Called the "Addison Act", it required local authorities to survey their housing needs, and start building houses to replace slums. The treasury subsidized the low rents. Slum clearance now moved from being a public health issue, to a matter of town planning.[12][13]

References

  1. ^ Dod's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, of Great Britain and Ireland, for ...: Including All the Titled Classes. S. Low, Marston & Company. 1923. p. 893. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  2. ^ The Times House of Commons, 1910; Politico's Publishing, 2004 p49
  3. ^ The Times House of Commons, 1910; Politico's Publishing, 2004 p49
  4. ^ "No. 28588". The London Gazette. 8 March 1912. p. 1746.
  5. ^ The Times House of Commons 1929; Politico's Publishing, 2003 p72
  6. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow, 1949, p. 235
  7. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow, 1949 p 521
  8. ^ The Times House of Commons 1929. London: The Times Office. 1929. p. 72.
  9. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow, 1949 p. 313
  10. ^ Mark Swenarton, "Tudor Walters and Tudorbethan: reassessing Britain's inter-war suburbs." Planning perspectives 17.3 (2002): 267-86.
  11. ^ Paul Wilding, "The Housing and Town Planning Act 1919—A Study in the Making of Social Policy." Journal of Social Policy 2#4 (1973): 317-334.
  12. ^ Martin Pugh, We Danced All Night: A Social History of Britain Between the Wars (2009), pp 60-62
  13. ^ Noreen Branson, Britain in the Nineteen Twenties (1976) pp 103-17.
Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded byJames Hope Member of Parliament for Sheffield Brightside 19061922 Succeeded byArthur Ponsonby Preceded byGeorge Pilcher Member of Parliament for Penryn and Falmouth 19291931 Succeeded byMaurice Petherick Political offices Preceded bySir Joseph Compton-Rickett Paymaster-General 1919–1922 VacantTitle next held byNeville Chamberlain VacantTitle last held byThe Lord Arnold Paymaster-General 1919–1922 Succeeded byThe Lord Rochester