Sir William Hutt
Paymaster General and
Vice-President of the Board of Trade
In office
22 February 1860 – 29 November 1865
Prime MinisterThe Viscount Palmerston
The Earl Russell
Preceded byHon. William Cowper
Succeeded byGeorge Goschen
Member of Parliament
for Gateshead
In office
Preceded byCuthbert Rippon
Succeeded byWalter James
Member of Parliament
for Kingston upon Hull
In office
Preceded byWilliam Wilberforce
Succeeded byJohn Hanmer
Member of Parliament
for Kingston upon Hull
In office
Preceded byWilliam Battie-Wrightson
Succeeded byWilliam Wilberforce
Personal details
Born6 October 1801 (1801-10-06)
Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire
Died24 November 1882 (1882-11-25) (aged 81)
Appley Towers, Ryde,
Isle of Wight
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)1 Mary Milner
(d. 1860)
(2) Frances Stanhope
(d. 1886)
RelationsJohn Hutt (brother)
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge

Sir William Hutt, KCB, PC (6 October 1801 – 24 November 1882) was a British Liberal politician who was heavily involved in the colonisation of New Zealand and South Australia.

Background and education

Hutt was born in Bishops Stortford,[1] Hertfordshire.[2] He was the brother of Sir George Hutt and John Hutt, the second governor of Western Australia. He was educated privately at Ryde, Isle of Wight, and Camberwell, and graduated BA (1827) and MA (1831) from Trinity College, Cambridge.[3]

Political career

Hutt entered Parliament as MP for Kingston upon Hull in 1832, holding the seat until 1837, when William Wilberforce defeated him. He regained it in 1838 when Wilberforce was unseated on petition.[4] He had an interest in colonial affairs, and became increasingly involved in them. He served as a member of the select committee on colonial lands in 1836; as a commissioner for the foundation of South Australia; as a member of the New Zealand Association from 1837; and as a member of the select committee on New Zealand in 1840. He also helped form (1839) the re-incarnated New Zealand Company, of which he later became a director and chairman.

After he ceased to be MP for Hull in 1841,[4] he successfully stood for the seat of Gateshead, a seat that he retained for over 30 years.[5] He served as Vice-President of the Board of Trade and Paymaster General under Lord Palmerston between 1860 and 1865 and under Lord Russell in 1865 and was sworn of the Privy Council in 1860.[6] In 1865 he became a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath.[3]

Personal life

In 1831 Hutt married Mary (née Millner), Dowager Countess of Strathmore, widow of John Bowes, 10th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, to whose son John Bowes Hutt had been a tutor. She died in 1860, leaving him mining properties worth £18,000 a year.

The following year he married Frances Anna Jane "Fanny" Stanhope, a daughter of the Hon. Sir Francis Charles Stanhope.[7] The couple had a London home in Grosvenor Square.[8]

Hutt died at Appley Towers, Ryde, on 24 November 1882, aged 81,[9] leaving his landed property to his brother, Sir George Hutt. Frances, Lady Hutt, died in September 1886.

Eponymous geography

Hutt is commemorated in the name of the Hutt River in the North Island of New Zealand and the cities of Lower Hutt and Upper Hutt, which stand on its banks. The Hutt River, South Australia and the Hutt River and Hutt Lagoon in Western Australia were also named in his honour. Hutt Street in Adelaide carries his name. The Bowes River in Western Australia was named after his wife Mary.[10][11]


  1. ^ 1851 Census; 38 Maddox St, Westminster : HO107; Piece: 1475; Folio: 382; Page: 12;
  2. ^ 1881 Census; Appley Towers, Ryde, Isle of Wight : RG11; Piece: 1181; Folio: 55; Page: 5
  3. ^ a b "Hutt, William (HT821W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  4. ^ a b House of Commons: Horncastle to Hythe[usurped]
  5. ^ House of Commons: Gainsborough to Goole[usurped]
  6. ^ "No. 22359". The London Gazette. 24 February 1860. p. 636.
  7. ^ The Marquis of Ruvigny and Raineval, Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal, London, 1905, Clarence Volume, p. 31, table XXXVII.
  8. ^ "Grosvenor Square: Individual Houses built before 1926 Pages 117-166 Survey of London: Volume 40, the Grosvenor Estate in Mayfair, Part 2 (The Buildings)". British History Online. LCC 1980. Retrieved 5 December 2022.
  9. ^ The Times, 27 November 1882
  10. ^ Grey, George (1841). Journals of two expeditions of discovery in North-West and Western Australia, during the years 1837, 38, and 39, describing many newly discovered, important, and fertile districts, with observations on the moral and physical condition of the aboriginal inhabitants, etc. etc. Vol. 2. London: T. and W. Boone. p. 239. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  11. ^ "Progress of Discovery". South Australian Register. Adelaide, SA. 13 July 1839. p. 6. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded byGeorge Schonswar William Battie-Wrightson Member of Parliament for Kingston upon Hull 18321837 With: Matthew Davenport Hill 1832–1835David Carruthers 1835Thomas Perronet Thompson 1835–1837 Succeeded byWilliam Wilberforce Sir Walter James, Bt Preceded byWilliam Wilberforce Sir Walter James, Bt Member of Parliament for Kingston upon Hull 1838 – 1841 With: Sir Walter James, Bt Succeeded bySir John Hanmer, Bt Sir Walter James, Bt Preceded byCuthbert Rippon Member of Parliament for Gateshead 18411874 Succeeded byWalter James Political offices Preceded byHon. William Cowper Vice-President of the Board of Trade 1860–1865 Succeeded byGeorge Goschen Paymaster General 1860–1865