Warsaw, Indiana
City of Warsaw
Downtown Warsaw in October 2005
Downtown Warsaw in October 2005
Nickname(s): 
"Lake City", "Orthopedic Capital of the World"
Location of Warsaw in Kosciusko County, Indiana.
Location of Warsaw in Kosciusko County, Indiana.
Coordinates: 41°15′26″N 85°50′49″W / 41.25722°N 85.84694°W / 41.25722; -85.84694
CountryUnited States
StateIndiana
CountyKosciusko
TownshipsPlain and Wayne
Government
 • MayorJeff Grose (R) [1]
Area
 • Total14.75 sq mi (38.22 km2)
 • Land13.40 sq mi (34.70 km2)
 • Water1.36 sq mi (3.52 km2)
Elevation810 ft (250 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total15,804
 • Density1,179.58/sq mi (455.44/km2)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
46580-46582
Area code574
FIPS code18-80306[4]
GNIS feature ID2397199[3]
Websitewarsaw.in.gov
Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1850304
18702,206
18803,12341.6%
18903,57414.4%
19003,98711.6%
19104,43011.1%
19205,47823.7%
19305,7304.6%
19406,37811.3%
19506,6253.9%
19607,2349.2%
19707,5063.8%
198010,64741.8%
199010,9683.0%
200012,41513.2%
201013,5599.2%
202015,80416.6%
Source: US Census Bureau

Warsaw is a city in and the county seat of Kosciusko County, Indiana, United States.[5] Warsaw has a population of 15,804 as of the 2020 U.S. Census. Warsaw also borders a smaller town, Winona Lake.

Etymology

Warsaw, named after the capital of Poland in tribute to Tadeusz Kościuszko, was platted on October 21, 1836.[6] Warsaw's post office was established in 1837.[7]

History

Early Warsaw saw traders, trappers, and merchants supplying manufactured goods to area farmers. Because of the central location in the lake region, tourists soon began visiting Warsaw and eventually made permanent residences in the city, with industry soon following.

In March 1854, Warsaw became a town, and the initial census on February 2, 1854, showed a total of 752 residents in the town limits. The Pennsylvania Railroad (then known as the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne, and Chicago Railroad) reached Warsaw in November 1854. The Big Four Railroad (Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago, and St Louis) arrived in Warsaw in August 1870.

Gas lights were installed in August 1880. Telephone lines were strung in 1882, with Dr. Eggleston having the first phone. The waterworks were constructed in 1885. Gas was supplemented with electricity in 1897, but gas was still used in many homes until 1915.[citation needed]

In 1895, Revra DePuy founded DePuy Manufacturing in Warsaw to make wire mesh and wooden splints, becoming the world's first manufacturer of orthopedic appliances. In 1905, DePuy hired Justin Zimmer as a splint salesman. Zimmer broke away from DePuy in 1927 to start his own orthopedic company with Joe Ettinger in the basement of Ettinger. Warsaw is now known as the "orthopaedic capital of the world."[8][9]

The Warsaw-based East Fort Wayne Street Historic District, Kosciusko County Jail, Warsaw Courthouse Square Historic District, Warsaw Cut Glass Company, and Justin Zimmer House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[10]

Geography

Warsaw occupies the area between Pike Lake, Hidden Lake and Center Lake (to the north) and Winona Lake (to the southeast). The Tippecanoe River passes through the West portion of Warsaw. U.S. Route 30 and Indiana State Road 15 both pass through town, while Indiana State Road 25 begins on West Market Street while traffic is routed to West Winona Avenue along with State Road 15 after US Route 30 bypassed the downtown area.

According to the 2010 census, Warsaw has a total area of 12.918 square miles (33.46 km2), of which 11.58 square miles (29.99 km2) (or 89.64%) is land and 1.338 square miles (3.47 km2) (or 10.36%) is water.[11]

Climate

Climate data for Warsaw, Indiana (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1896–1898, 1946–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 69
(21)
73
(23)
85
(29)
100
(38)
98
(37)
104
(40)
111
(44)
106
(41)
103
(39)
92
(33)
85
(29)
69
(21)
111
(44)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 53.5
(11.9)
57.2
(14.0)
69.3
(20.7)
78.7
(25.9)
86.5
(30.3)
91.9
(33.3)
91.4
(33.0)
89.9
(32.2)
88.9
(31.6)
80.9
(27.2)
67.5
(19.7)
56.4
(13.6)
94.0
(34.4)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 33.0
(0.6)
36.8
(2.7)
47.9
(8.8)
60.9
(16.1)
71.7
(22.1)
80.8
(27.1)
83.8
(28.8)
81.8
(27.7)
76.2
(24.6)
63.6
(17.6)
49.8
(9.9)
37.7
(3.2)
60.3
(15.7)
Daily mean °F (°C) 24.8
(−4.0)
27.9
(−2.3)
37.7
(3.2)
49.4
(9.7)
60.2
(15.7)
69.5
(20.8)
72.8
(22.7)
70.8
(21.6)
64.3
(17.9)
52.6
(11.4)
40.6
(4.8)
30.0
(−1.1)
50.1
(10.1)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 16.6
(−8.6)
18.9
(−7.3)
27.5
(−2.5)
37.9
(3.3)
48.7
(9.3)
58.2
(14.6)
61.7
(16.5)
59.8
(15.4)
52.4
(11.3)
41.6
(5.3)
31.4
(−0.3)
22.3
(−5.4)
39.8
(4.3)
Mean minimum °F (°C) −3.3
(−19.6)
1.7
(−16.8)
10.4
(−12.0)
23.9
(−4.5)
34.9
(1.6)
44.8
(7.1)
50.0
(10.0)
49.9
(9.9)
39.0
(3.9)
28.4
(−2.0)
18.3
(−7.6)
3.9
(−15.6)
−9.5
(−23.1)
Record low °F (°C) −25
(−32)
−21
(−29)
−9
(−23)
8
(−13)
24
(−4)
32
(0)
40
(4)
36
(2)
28
(−2)
18
(−8)
−4
(−20)
−23
(−31)
−25
(−32)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.59
(66)
1.98
(50)
2.16
(55)
4.05
(103)
4.89
(124)
4.72
(120)
4.41
(112)
4.52
(115)
2.90
(74)
3.17
(81)
2.71
(69)
2.44
(62)
40.54
(1,030)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.7 8.2 9.0 12.0 12.6 11.5 9.2 9.2 8.9 10.6 11.0 11.3 125.2
Source: NOAA[12][13][14]

Transportation

Airport

Demographics

2010 census

As of the 2010 U.S. Census,[15] there were 13,559 people, 5,461 households, and 3,311 families living in the city. The population density was 1,170.9 inhabitants per square mile (452.1/km2). There were 6,066 housing units at an average density of 523.8 per square mile (202.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.5% White, 1.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 4.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.4% of the population.

There were 5,461 households, of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.4% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the city was 34.8 years. 25.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.2% were from 25 to 44; 24% were from 45 to 64; and 13.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

2000 census

As of the 2000 U.S. Census,[4] there were 12,415 people, 4,794 households, and 3,068 families living in the city. The population density was 1,184.6 inhabitants per square mile (457.4/km2). There were 5,101 housing units at an average density of 486.7 per square mile (187.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 70.50% White, 1.41% African American, 0.39% Native American, 1.07% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 5.25% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 29.21% of the population.

New county courthouse building.

There were 4,794 households, out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.0% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,564, and the median income for a family was $45,153. Males had a median income of $33,322 versus $22,284 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,262. About 6.8% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Old Kosciusko County Courthouse.

Warsaw has an elected mayor, clerk and city council-style of government. Officials are elected for four-year terms. Warsaw's current mayor is Republican Jeff Grose, who has served since January 1, 2024. Mike Hodges is Warsaw's longest-serving mayor who served for 5 terms.

Representatives - common council

The Warsaw Common Council is a seven-member legislative group that serve four-year terms. Five of the members represent specific districts; two are elected citywide as at-large council members.

Economy

Da-Lite headquarters building.

Warsaw, known as the "Orthopedic Capital of the World",[17] is home to the first orthopedic device manufacturer, the DePuy Manufacturing Company, started in 1895 by Revra DePuy. Competitors, such as Zimmer, Inc. in 1927 and Biomet, Inc. in 1977, have subsequently been founded in Warsaw to support the industry. Several orthopedic suppliers are also present.

Other companies headquartered in Warsaw are Da-Lite, makers of commercial and home theater projection screens; LSC Communications, a commercial printing press; Dalton Foundry, a malleable iron casting foundry; ABC Industries, a leader in mining ventilation products and industrial textile fabrics; Penguin Point, a regional fast-food chain; and PayLeap, a payment gateway service provider.

Culture

Center Lake Park in October 2005, located on the shore of Center Lake.

Warsaw is home to the Wagon Wheel Theatre[18] founded in 1956 and becoming a non-profit organization in 2011 featuring a "theatre in the round".

Movies shot in Warsaw include American Teen by Nanette Burstein which premiered at Sundance Film Festival, New Life (film), produced by Erin Bethea, Long Gone By and Room 441.

City Parks, the Lake City Greenway Trails,[19] City County Athletic Complex (CCAC)[20] and two golf courses offer citizens recreation. Central Park, which overlooks Center Lake, is host to regular concerts during the summer months.[21]

Center Lake Park includes the Warsaw Biblical Gardens which is a noted Biblical garden.[22]

The Rotary Club of Warsaw[23] was chartered on June 1, 1919, being one of the oldest clubs in the community and part of Rotary International. residence.

Radio

Education

The city has a lending library, the Warsaw Community Public Library.[27]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "City of Warsaw". City of Warsaw, Indiana.
  2. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Warsaw, Indiana
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ Biographical and Historical Record of Kosciusko County, Indiana. Lewis Publishing Company. 1887. p. 689.
  7. ^ "Kosciusko County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved November 25, 2014.
  8. ^ "Warsaw History" http://www.warsaw.in.gov/index.aspx?NID=216 Retrieved 2015-02-14
  9. ^ The Wall Street Journal Classroom Edition
  10. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  11. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  12. ^ "NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 18, 2023.
  13. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991–2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 18, 2023.
  14. ^ "xmACIS2". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 19, 2023.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
  16. ^ "Common Council". warsaw.in.gov. Warsaw, Indiana. Archived from the original on December 2, 2022. Retrieved April 14, 2023.
  17. ^ OrthoWorx http://orthoworxindiana.com/about-us/the-orthopedic-capital-of-the-world/ Retrieved 2015-02-14
  18. ^ "Wagon Wheel Theatre" http://www.wagonwheeltheatre.org/ Retrieved 2015-02-14
  19. ^ "Warsaw, IN - Official Website - Lake City Greenway". www.warsaw.in.gov. Archived from the original on November 29, 2010.
  20. ^ Complex, City-County Athletic. "Welcome to City-County Athletic Complex". City- County Athletic Complex. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  21. ^ "Concerts | Warsaw, IN - Official Website".
  22. ^ "Warsaw Biblical Gardens" http://www.warsawbiblicalgardens.org/ Retrieved 2015-02-14
  23. ^ "Warsaw Rotary Club" http://www.warsawrotary.com/ Retrieved 2015-02-14
  24. ^ "Lakeland Christian Academy". Retrieved November 30, 2021.
  25. ^ "Warsaw Community High School" http://wchs.warsaw.k12.in.us/ Retrieved 2015-02-14
  26. ^ "Washington STEM Academy". Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  27. ^ "Indiana public library directory" (PDF). Indiana State Library. Retrieved March 8, 2018.