Waterworks Road

Waterworks Road at Ashgrove
General information
Length8.5 km (5.3 mi)
Route number(s) State Route 31
Major junctions
East end Musgrave Road, Red Hill
  • Jubilee Terrace
  • Settlement Road
West end Mount Nebo Road, The Gap
Major suburbsRed Hill, Ashgrove, The Gap

Waterworks Road is an 8.5 km (5.3 mi) arterial road in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It is currently signed as State Route 31 for its entire length. Waterworks Road transports traffic between the Brisbane central business district and western suburbs such as Red Hill, Ashgrove and The Gap.


Waterworks Road was built on a Turrbal pathway that led to Mount Coot-tha – a place of the honey-bee Dreaming.[1]

It was surveyed and named in 1864 as a direct route to the site of the Enoggera Dam, which was built from 1864 to 1866.[2]

A small Catholic Church was built on Waterworks Road in 1921, and St Finbarr’s Catholic primary school in 1925. The tram line was extended from Red Hill to Jubilee Terrace in 1924, and then to Coopers Camp Road in 1935.[3] This line operated continuously until it was closed in 1969. Examples of 1920s[4] and later[5] trams are shown.


Connecting to the terminus of Musgrave Road (which leads into the city), Waterworks Road begins as a four-lane road in Red Hill. The road then leads into the central section of Ashgrove and intersects with major roads such as Jubilee Terrace and Stewart Road. Once the road reaches West Ashgrove, it is divided into two roads; the inbound road being Glory Street. After intersecting Coopers Camp Road, Waterworks Road forms back into a single, four-lane road and continues into The Gap. Once in The Gap, Waterworks Road intersects with Settlement Road, which connects traffic from The Gap to Keperra. Following this major intersection, Waterworks Road becomes a two-lane road and terminates at The Gap Park 'n' Ride. It connects to Mount Nebo Road, which travels to rural suburbs Mount Nebo and Mount Glorious.

In most sections of the road, there is a T2 Lane which operates between 7-9am on weekdays.


From Musgrave Road, Waterworks Road descends the north-western slope of Red Hill until it crosses Ithaca Creek. It then climbs to the ridge line between Ithaca Creek and Enoggera Creek, and continues west to the Coopers Camp Road intersection. From there it descends rapidly into the Enoggera Creek valley and proceeds west into the gap between the Taylor Range to the north and Mount Coot-tha to the south. After crossing Enoggera Creek at Walton Bridge it follows the ridge line between Enoggera Creek and Fish Creek to its transition to Mt Nebo Road.


In 2018, it was proposed that Waterworks Road required an upgrade between Trout Street and Beth Eden Terrace in Ashgrove to improve traffic efficiency, reduce congestion and improve safety of road users.[6] The upgrade includes the addition of a secondary right-turn lane on the Waterworks Road – Stewart Road intersection, the addition of a left-turn lane on the Waterworks Road – Ashgrove Avenue intersection and the relocation of Bus stop 16 on Waterworks Road. Construction began in April 2019.

Local heritage places

The Brisbane City Council has defined a number of local heritage places in Waterworks Road under the Queensland Heritage Act 1992.[7] They are:

Major intersections

The entire road is in the Brisbane local government area.

Red Hill00.0 Musgrave Road (State Route 31) runs south–east through Red Hill, and
Enoggera Terrace runs south–west to Paddington
Eastern end of Waterworks Road (State Route 31); T2 lane begins.
Ithaca Creek0.60.37Ithaca Bridge[10]
Ashgrove1.40.87Ashgrove Avenue runs north to NewmarketT2 lane ends.
1.60.99Stewart Road runs north–west to Enoggera
1.91.2 Jubilee Terrace (Metroad 5) runs south to Bardon, and
north to Enoggera (via Stewart Road)
T2 lane begins.
3.22.0Coopers Camp Road runs south to Bardon
Enoggera Creek5.73.5Walton Bridge[12]
The Gap6.74.2 Settlement Road (State Route 40) runs north to KeperraT2 lane ends.
Enoggera Reservoir /
The Gap midpoint
8.55.3 Mount Nebo Road (State Route 31) runs north–west to Mount NeboWestern end of Waterworks Road.
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also


  1. ^ "A snapshot of Turrbal history in Brisbane". dakibudtcha.com.au. Turrbal Aboriginal Nation. 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  2. ^ Speechley, Richard (2006). "What's in a Name?". thegaphistory.com. The Gap Historical Society. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  3. ^ "Ashgrove". queenslandplaces.com.au. The University of Queensland. 2018. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  4. ^ "A tram on Waterworks Road 1923". commons.m.wikimedia.org. Wikimedia. 1923. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Trams at Ashgrove terminus, Waterworks Road. (Shortly prior to closure in 1969)". tdu.to. Trams Downunder. 1969. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  6. ^ Brisbane City Council. "Waterworks Road upgrade". Retrieved 27 December 2019.
  7. ^ "Local Heritage Register (page 4)" (PDF). www.brisbane.qld.gov.au. Brisbane City Council. 31 March 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  8. ^ "Stewart Place (A war memorial park on Waterworks Road)". mustdobrisbane.com. MUSTDOBRISBANE.COM PTY LTD. 2020. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  9. ^ "Local heritage house in Waterworks Road". heritage.brisbane.qld.gov.au. Brisbane City Council. 2019. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  10. ^ a b "Red Hill to Newmarket - Walk or Cycle". mustdobrisbane.com. MUSTDOBRISBANE.COM PTY LTD. 2019. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  11. ^ "Local heritage tram shelter in Waterworks Road". heritage.brisbane.qld.gov.au. Brisbane City Council. 2019. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  12. ^ "Walton Bridge & Reserve". heritage.brisbane.qld.gov.au. Brisbane City Council, City Architecture and Heritage Team. September 2019. Retrieved 30 December 2019.