|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Location||Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany|
|Part of||The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement|
|Inscription||2016 (40th session)|
|Area||0.1165 ha (12,540 sq ft)|
|Buffer zone||33.6213 ha (3,618,970 sq ft)|
Location of Weissenhof Estate in Baden-Württemberg
Weissenhof Estate (Germany)
The Weissenhof Estate (German: Weißenhofsiedlung) is a housing estate built for the Deutscher Werkbund exhibition in Stuttgart in 1927. It was an international showcase of what later became known as the International style of architecture. Two of the buildings were designed by the French-Swiss architect Le Corbusier and these are now part of the World Heritage Site The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement, which was designated in 2016. The World Heritage Site consists of 17 separate sites in seven countries. For the Weissenhof Estate, only Le Corbusier's houses are part of World Heritage Site itself: the remainder of the Weissenhof Estate and some adjacent streets and buildings, a surface of 33.6213 ha (3,618,970 sq ft), are however part of the World Heritage Site's buffer zone.
The estate was built for the Deutscher Werkbund exhibition in 1927, and included twenty-one buildings comprising sixty dwellings, designed by seventeen European architects. The German architect Mies van der Rohe was in charge of the project on behalf of the city, and it was he who selected the architects, budgeted and coordinated their entries, prepared the site, and oversaw construction. Le Corbusier was awarded the two prime sites, facing the city, and by far the largest budget.
The twenty-one buildings vary slightly in form, consisting of terraced and detached houses and apartment buildings, and display a strong consistency of design. What they have in common are their simplified facades, flat roofs used as terraces, window bands, open plan interiors, and the high level of prefabrication which permitted their erection in just five months. All but two of the entries were white. Bruno Taut had his entry, the smallest, painted in various colors.
Advertised as a prototype of future workers' housing, in fact each of these houses was customized and furnished on a budget far out of a normal worker's reach and with little direct relevance to the technical challenges of standardized mass construction. The exhibition opened to the public on 23 July 1927, a year late, and drew large crowds.
Of the original twenty-one buildings, eleven survive as of 2006. Bombing damage during World War II is responsible for the complete loss of the homes by Gropius, Hilberseimer, Bruno Taut, Poelzig, Max Taut (home 24), and Döcker. Another of Max Taut's homes (23) was demolished in the 1950s, as was Rading's.