TLD typeReserved top-level domain
Intended useidentifies the local computer
DocumentsRFC 2606

The name localhost is reserved by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) as a domain name label that may not be installed as a top-level domain in the Domain Name System (DNS) of the Internet.[1][2]

Reserved DNS names

In 1999, the Internet Engineering Task Force reserved the DNS labels localhost, example, invalid, and test so that they may not be installed into the root zone of the Domain Name System.

The reasons for reservation of these top-level domain names is to reduce the likelihood of conflict and confusion.[1][2] This allows the use of these names for either documentation purposes or in local testing scenarios.

Conventional use

The name localhost is a commonly defined hostname for the loopback interface in most TCP/IP systems, resolving to the IP addresses in IPv4 and ::1 for IPv6. As a top-level domain, the name has traditionally been defined statically in host DNS implementations with address records (A and AAAA) pointing to the same loopback addresses. Any other use conflicts with widely deployed algorithms relying on this convention.


  1. ^ a b D. Eastlake; A. Panitz (June 1999). Reserved Top Level DNS Names. Network Working Group. doi:10.17487/RFC2606. BCP 32. RFC 2606. Best Common Practice. Updated by RFC 6761.
  2. ^ a b S. Cheshire; M. Krochmal (February 2013). Special-Use Domain Names. IETF. doi:10.17487/RFC6761. ISSN 2070-1721. RFC 6761. Proposed Standard. Updates RFC 1918 and 2606.