This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. The reason given is: Not in line with current IANA root database. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (September 2021)

A geographic top-level domain (often shortened as geographic TLD or geoTLD) is any of an unofficial group of top-level domains in the Domain Name System of the Internet using the name of or invoking an association with a geographical, geopolitical, ethnic, linguistic or cultural community. The IANA does not recognize these domains as their own group within the Root Zone Database, rather classifying them as generic top-level domains.

As of 2014, several examples of geographic TLDs exist: .london,[1] enabling London businesses, organizations, and individuals to establish an online naming presence, .asia (for Asia), .rio (for Rio de Janeiro city), .quebec (for Québec province), .cat which is a sponsored top-level domain intended to be used to highlight the Catalan language and culture. .eu is a country code top-level domain, since "EU" is a reserved country code for the European Union in ISO 3166-1.

In 2017, an interest group focused on geographic TLDs was formed and joined as a member of the Registry Stakeholder Group (RySG) at ICANN. The GeoTLD Group AISBL is an international non-for-profit membership association resident in Belgium. It represents and promotes the interests of organizations operating a generic top-level domain which denominates a geographic name, geographic identifier or geographic origin (so-called GeoTLD) with the purpose of serving the respective place, language and culture on the internet.[2]


Examples of proposed top-level domains in this category are:


On June 13, 2012 ICANN revealed nearly 2,000 applications for new top-level domains, which were expected to go live throughout 2014 after thorough examination.[10]

Many of these are geographic, including:

Internationalized country codes

An internationalized country code is similar to a GeoTLD, with two differences: it is a domain used exclusively for a sovereign state. The other difference is that an internationalized country code is considered a ccTLD and not a GeoTLD. More free geographic ccTLD have been applied for and will be active in 2013.

See also


  1. ^ "Discover Why .London Is A Perfect Fit For Your Business". Dot London. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Promoting local digital Identities for Cities, Regions, Languages and Cultures on the Internet". GeoTLD Group AISBL. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  3. ^ ".BZH - L'extension internet de la Bretagne". .BZH - L'extension internet de la Bretagne. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Help Wales Profit from the Next Major Change to the Internet..." dotCYM. Cedwir pob hawl. 2008. Archived from the original on December 13, 2016.
  5. ^ ".eus the Basque language and culture on the Internet". PuntuEus Elkartea. Archived from the original on July 27, 2011.
  6. ^ ".gal Asociación". Asociación PuntoGal (in Galician). 2019. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  7. ^ GmbH, dotSaarland. "dotSaarland GmbH - Das kleinste Internet Deutschlands -". Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  8. ^ "Registry for .be, .brussels and .vlaanderen". Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  9. ^ Hope, David. "The Lunar Embassy". Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  10. ^ Reveal Day 13 June 2012 – New gTLD Applied-For Strings Archived June 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "ICANN New gTLD Application". Retrieved 16 February 2019.