1943 Nobel Prize in Literature
"in the field of literature, produced the most outstanding work in an idealistic direction".
LocationStockholm, Sweden
Presented bySwedish Academy
First awarded1901
1943 laureatenone
WebsiteOfficial website
← 1942 · Nobel Prize in Literature · 1944 →

The 1943 Nobel Prize in Literature was not awarded due to the ongoing World War II.[1] Instead, the prize money was allocated with 1/3 to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.[2] This was the seventh occasion in Nobel history that the prize was not conferred.


Despite no author(s) being awarded for the 1941 prize due to the ongoing second world war, a number of literary critics, societies and academics continued sending nominations to the Nobel Committee of the Swedish Academy, hoping that their nominated candidate may be considered for the prize. In total, the academy received 21 nominations for 20 writers.[3]

Five of the nominees were newly nominated namely Sri Aurobindo, John Steinbeck (awarded in 1962), Franz Werfel, Elisaveta Bagryana, and Franz Hellens. The highest number of nominations – two nominations – was for the Danish author Johannes Vilhelm Jensen, who was awarded in 1944. Four of the nominees were women namely Gabriela Mistral (awarded in 1945), Elisaveta Bagryana, Henriette Charasson, and Maria Madalena de Martel Patrício.[3]

The authors Carlos Arniches, Stephen Vincent Benét, Laurence Binyon, Pieter Cornelis Boutens, Robin George Collingwood, Virgilio Dávila, Jovan Dučić, Louis Esson, Nordahl Grieg, Radclyffe Hall, Georg Hermann, Ida Lee, Guido Mazzoni, Arthur Mee, Beatrix Potter, Susan Stebbing, Helene Stöcker, Annie S. Swan, Frida Uhl, Else Ury, Beatrice Webb, and Simone Weil died in 1943 without having been nominated for the prize.

Official list of nominees and their nominators for the prize
No. Nominee Country Genre(s) Nominator(s)
1 Sri Aurobindo (1872–1950)  India philosophy, poetry, essays Francis Younghusband (1863–1942)
2 Elisaveta Bagryana (1893–1991)  Bulgaria poetry, translation Stefan Mladenov (1880–1963)
3 Nikolai Berdyaev (1874–1948)  Soviet Union
( Ukraine)
philosophy, theology Alf Nyman (1884–1968)
4 René Béhaine (1880–1966)  France novel, short story, essays Maurice Mignon (1882–1962)
5 Edmund Blunden (1896–1974)  United Kingdom poetry, essays, biography Heinrich Wolfgang Donner (1904-1980)
6 Henriette Charasson (1884–1972)  France poetry, essays, drama, novel, literary criticism, biography Pierre Fernessole (1879–1965)
7 Maria Madalena de Martel Patrício (1884–1947)  Portugal poetry, essays António Baião (1878–1961)
8 Teixeira de Pascoaes (1877–1952)  Portugal poetry João António Mascarenhas Júdice (1898–1957)
9 Georges Duhamel (1884–1966)  France novel, short story, poetry, drama, literary criticism Sigfrid Siwertz (1882–1970)
10 Vilhelm Grønbech (1873–1948)  Denmark history, essays, poetry Sven Lönborg (1871–1959)
11 Franz Hellens (1881–1972)  Belgium novel, poetry, literary criticism Gustave Charlier (1885–1959)
12 Johan Huizinga (1872–1945)  Netherlands history Willem van Eysinga (1878–1961)
13 Johannes Vilhelm Jensen (1873–1950)  Denmark novel, short story, essays
14 Enrique Larreta (1875–1961)  Argentina history, essays, drama, novel Anders Österling (1884–1981)
15 Gabriela Mistral (1889–1957)  Chile poetry Hjalmar Hammarskjöld (1862–1953)
16 Charles Langbridge Morgan (1894–1958)  United Kingdom drama, novel, essays, poetry Sigfrid Siwertz (1882–1970)
17 Carlos María Ocantos (1860–1949)  Argentina novel, short story, essays Salvador Bermúdez de Castro (1863–1945)
18 John Steinbeck (1902–1968)  United States novel, short story, screenplay Sigfrid Siwertz (1882–1970)
19 Paul Valéry (1871–1945)  France poetry, philosophy, essays, drama Ernst Bendz (1880–1966)
20 Franz Werfel (1890–1945)  Czechoslovakia novel, short story, drama, poetry Anders Österling (1884–1981)


  1. ^ "Nobel literature row: usually it takes a world war to disrupt the prize". The Conversation. 4 May 2018. Retrieved 21 May 2021.
  2. ^ The Nobel Prize in Literature 1943 nobelprize.org
  3. ^ a b Nomination archive – 1943 nobelprize.org