1957 Rajasthan Legislative Assembly election

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All 176 seats in the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly, 1957
89 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Leader Mohan Lal Sukhadia -
Party INC RRP
Leader's seat Udaipur -
Seats won 119 17
Seat change Increase 37 Decrease 9
Popular vote 21,41,931 4,69,540
Percentage 45.13 % 9.89
Swing Increase 5.67 % Decrease 2.37

CM before election

Mohan Lal Sukhadia
INC

Elected CM

Mohan Lal Sukhadia
INC

Elections to the second Rajasthan Legislative Assembly were held in 1957.[1]

State Reorganization

On 1 November 1956, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the Ajmer State, the Abu Road taluka of the Banaskantha district of Bombay State, the Sunel enclave of the Mandsaur district and the Lohara sub-tehsil of the Hissar district of the Punjab was merged with Rajasthan while the Sironj sub-division of the Kota district of Rajasthan was transferred to Madhya Pradesh.[2] This resulted in the change in assembly constituencies from 140 with 160 seats to 136 with 176 seats in 1957 assembly elections.

Constituencies

Due to States Reorganisation Act 1956, Rajasthan assembly constituencies changed from 140 with 160 seats to 136 with 176 seats. 96 of them were single member constituencies while the number of double member constituencies was 40. 28 of the double member constituencies were reserved for Scheduled Caste while 4 of the single member and 12 of the double member constituencies (total 16 constituencies) were reserved for Schedule Tribe. There were 48,43,841 electors in single member constituencies, while 38,92,288 were in double member constituencies. Total 737 candidates contested for the 176 seats of the 136 constituencies in the Assembly. Poll percentage in the 1957 election was 38.45%.[1]

Political Parties

Four national parties, Communist Party of India, Indian National Congress, Praja Socialist Party and Bharatiya Jana Sangha along with the state party Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad took part in the assembly election.[1] Congress was the clear winner in the elections winning 67.61% of the total seats (i.~e. 119/176 seats) with a vote share of 45.13%. Mohan Lal Sukhadia from the Congress party became the Chief Minister again.[citation needed]

Results

Summary of results of the 1957 Rajasthan Legislative Assembly election[1]
Political Party Flag Seats
Contested
Won Net Change
in seats
% of
Seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Indian National Congress 176 119 Increase 37 67.61 21,41,931 45.13 Increase 5.67
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 60 17 Decrease 7 9.66 4,69,540 9.89 Decrease 2.37
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 51 6 Decrease 2 3.41 2,63,443 5.55 Decrease 0.38
Praja Socialist Party 27 1 New 0.57 1,17,532 2.48 New
Communist Party of India
CPI-banner.svg
24 1 Increase 1 0.57 1,43,547 3.02 Increase 2.49
Independent 399 32 Decrease 3 18.18 16,10,465 33.93 N/A
Total Seats 176 (Increase 16) Voters 1,24,37,064 Turnout 47,46,458 (38.16%)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Legislative Assembly of Rajasthan" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Reorganisation of States, 1955" (PDF). The Economic Weekly. 15 October 1955. Retrieved 25 July 2015.