XI Asian Games
Host cityBeijing, China
MottoUnity, friendship and progress
(Chinese: 团结、友谊、进步; pinyin: Tuánjié, yǒuyì, jìnbù)[1]
Events308 in 27 sports
Opening22 September 1990
Closing7 October 1990
Opened byYang Shangkun
President of China
Closed byRoy de Silva
Acting President of Olympic Council of Asia
Athlete's OathChen Longcan
Torch lighterXu Haifeng,
Gao Min, and
Zhang Rongfang
Main venueWorkers' Stadium

The 1990 Asian Games also known as the XI Asiad and the 11th Asian Games (Chinese: 第十一届亚洲运动会; pinyin: Dì shíyī jiè yàzhōu yùndònghuì), were held from September 22 to October 7, 1990, in Beijing, China. This was the first Asian Games held in China.[2]

Along the 1993 East Asian Games, this event served as a precursor to China's further development in the sporting arena, as before the city went on to bid for the 2000 Summer Olympics (losing to Sydney) and eventually won the bids for the 2001 Summer Universiade,the 2008 Summer Olympics and the 2022 Winter Olympics . In a fact with precedent, China dominated the games, grabbing 60% of the gold medals and 34% of the total medal count. China set a new record by becoming the first nation in the history of the Asian Games to cross the 100-gold medal mark and the 300-total medal mark in one edition.

This also marked Taiwan's first participation in the Asian Games as Chinese Taipei.

Bidding process

In 1983, Beijing and Hiroshima demonstrated interest in hosting the 1990 Asian Games. The two cities made formal presentations before the Olympic Council of Asia board.They were evaluated in a meeting of the council in Seoul during 1984, which also served to evaluate the preparations for the next Asian Games and also for the 1988 Summer Olympics.

Beijing eventually won the right to host the 1990 edition, while the team from Hiroshima presented an excellent technical bid, and won the rights to host of the 1994 Asian Games as compensation in an unprecedented move.[2]

34 votes were needed for selection.

1990 Asian Games bidding result
City Country Votes
Beijing  China 44
Hiroshima  Japan 23


To commemorate the 11th Asian Games, three different sets of stamps were issued in 1988, 1989 and 1990.[3]



The official mascot of this edition was Pan Pan (Chinese: 盼盼), the panda.

Participating National Olympic Committees

The Beijing Asian Games Village, currently North Star Huiyuan Apartments

National Olympic Committees (NOCs) are named according to their official IOC designations and arranged according to their official IOC country codes in 1990. Note that Iraq was suspended by the Olympic Council of Asia from participating at the Asian Games due to the Gulf War which killed first OCA president Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. Iraq would only return to compete in the sporting event in 2006.[4]


Demonstration sports


The following venues were used during the Games.[5][6] Yayuncun Subdistrict, the athlete's village was located in Chaoyang District and is now a residential area.

Venue Sports
Workers' Stadium Ceremonies, Football (men)
Workers' Gymnasium Table tennis
Beijing Shooting Range Field Archery, Shooting
Beijing Golf Club Golf
Beijing Gymnasium Badminton
Beijing Sports University Gymnasium Boxing
Beijing International Tennis Center Tennis, Soft tennis (Demonstration)
Beijing University Students' Gymnasium Basketball
Beijing Water Polo Pool Water polo
Capital Institute of Physical Education Stadium Kabaddi
Chaoyang Gymnasium Volleyball
Capital Indoor Stadium Gymnastics, Basketball, Volleyball
Changping Velodrome Cycling (track)
Ditan Gymnasium Weightlifting
Fengtai Gymnasium Sepak takraw
Fengtai Softball and Baseball Field Baseball (Demonstration), Softball
Fengtai Stadium Football (men)
Guangcai Gymnasium Fencing
Haidian Gymnasium Wushu
Haidian Stadium Football (women)
Jinhai Lake Sports Park Canoeing, Rowing
Olympic Sport Center Stadium Athletics
Olympic Sports Center Gymnasium Handball
Olympic Sports Center Hockey Field Field hockey
Qinhuangdao Marine Stadium Sailing
Shijingshan Stadium Football (women)
Shijingshan Gymnasium Wrestling
Xiannongtan Stadium Football (men)
Ying Tung Natatorium Diving, Swimming
Yuetan Gymnasium Judo
Huairou-Miyun and Changping Xiezishi Highway Cycling (road)

Medal table

Main article: 1990 Asian Games medal table

A gold medal of the 1990 Asian Games

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, China, is highlighted.

  *   Host nation (China)

1 China (CHN)*18310751341
2 South Korea (KOR)545473181
3 Japan (JPN)386076174
4 North Korea (PRK)12313982
5 Iran (IRN)46818
6 Pakistan (PAK)41712
7 Indonesia (INA)362130
8 Qatar (QAT)3216
9 Thailand (THA)27817
10 Malaysia (MAL)2248
Totals (25 entries)310309357976


  1. ^ "History". People's Daily Online. Archived from the original on 2018-12-20. Retrieved 2019-05-28.
  2. ^ a b "The 11th Asian Games : Beijing, China". Hangzhou 2022 Official Website. 4 September 2018. Archived from the original on 28 November 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  3. ^ "1990 Asian Games (Welcome to tanwj.com by Tan Wei Jie)". Archived from the original on 2011-09-17. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
  4. ^ "Iraq booted from Asian Games".
  5. ^ "经典回顾:1990年北京亚运会体育场馆". 163.com. Archived from the original on 24 July 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  6. ^ "1990 Asian Games".
Preceded bySeoul Asian GamesBeijing XI Asian Games (1990) Succeeded byHiroshima