Andrew Molera State Park
Andrew Molera State Park Beach.JPG
The beach in Andrew Molera State Park
Map showing the location of Andrew Molera State Park
Map showing the location of Andrew Molera State Park
Map showing the location of Andrew Molera State Park
Map showing the location of Andrew Molera State Park
LocationMonterey County, California, United States
Nearest cityCarmel-by-the-Sea, California
Coordinates36°17′N 121°50′W / 36.283°N 121.833°W / 36.283; -121.833Coordinates: 36°17′N 121°50′W / 36.283°N 121.833°W / 36.283; -121.833
Area4,766 acres (19.29 km2)
Established1968
Governing bodyCalifornia Department of Parks and Recreation

Andrew Molera State Park is a 4,800 acres (1,900 ha),[1] relatively undeveloped state park on the Big Sur coast of California, United States, preserving land as requested by former owner Frances Molera. Situated at the mouth of the Big Sur River, the property was part of the Rancho El Sur land grant, and later owned by Californio pioneer John Bautista Rogers Cooper and his descendants.[2] Cooper's grandchildren Andrew and Frances Molera inherited the property from their mother in 1918. Andrew popularized the artichoke in California in 1922, and died in 1931.[3] In 1965, Frances sold the property to The Nature Conservancy, stipulating that the park to be created should be named for her brother.[4]

Activities

Activities at the park include hiking, fishing and beachcombing, with miles of trails winding through meadows, beaches and hilltops. A primitive walk-in trail camp, popular with hikers and bikers, is located approximately one-third of a mile from the parking area.[5] It is considered the most reliable surfing area in Big Sur.[6]

The park is 20 miles (32 km) south of Carmel-by-the-Sea on State Route 1.

Features

The Cooper Cabin
The Cooper Cabin

Andrew Molera State Park features the historic Cooper Cabin, built in 1861 or 1862. It is the oldest structure in Big Sur.[7] Fur trader Juan Bautista Rogers Cooper was Andrew Molera's grandfather.[2]

The house used by the ranch foreman has been preserved and is used as a museum. It includes displays of Big Sur’s Native American and pioneer history, artists' exhibits, and historical artifacts. The museum is normally open mid-day on weekends during the summer, and in the winter when volunteers are available. The museum is located about .2 miles (0.32 km) south of the parking lot.[8][9] As of March 2022, the museum is closed for exhibit cleaning and updates.[10]

The Ventana Wildlife Society has established a Discovery Center within the park. The Discovery Center includes exhibits on local wildlife, including the California condor, and a bird banding laboratory. Scientists and other laboratory employees give regular tours of Andrew Molera State Park, explaining the flora and fauna that are unique to the area.[6]

The park also features a year-round waterfall, 40-foot (12 m) Highbridge Falls. Other nearby waterfalls include Limekiln Falls, Salmon Creek Falls, McWay Falls in Julia Pfeiffer Burns State Park, and Pfeiffer Falls in Pfeiffer Big Sur State Park.

Highbridge Falls
Highbridge Falls

Recreation

Andrew Molera State Park has over 20 miles (32 km) of hiking trails. Some run along the shore, others along the Big Sur River, while still others climb to high ridges with views of the entire Big Sur coast.

The only camping available in the park is in a 24-site walk-in campground. Registration is on a first-come, first-served basis.[5] The campground is particularly popular with European visitors.[2] No dogs are allowed on the trails or campground.

Marine protected areas

Point Sur State Marine Reserve and Marine Conservation Area are marine protected areas offshore from Andrew Molera State Park. Like underwater parks, these marine protected areas help conserve ocean wildlife and marine ecosystems.

History

Main article: Rancho El Sur

John Bautista Rogers Cooper traded Rancho Bolsa del Potrero y Moro Cojo in the northern Salinas Valley with Juan Bautista Alvarado for the Rancho El Sur where the state park is located today. When the Mexican government ceded California to the United States after the Mexican–American War, the Land Act of 1851 required grantees to provide proof of their title. Cooper filed a claim for Rancho El Sur with the Public Land Commission in 1852,[11] and he received the legal land patent after years of litigation in 1866.[12] Cooper's son John Bautista Henry Cooper built a home on the ranch in 1899, but died soon after. John B.H. Cooper's sister Francisca Guadalupe Amelia Cooper inherited the southern portion of Rancho El Sur. When she died, her two children Andrew J. and Francisca (known as Frances) Molera inherited the land, although they lived their adult lives in San Francisco.[13][14][15][16] The ranch became known as the Molera Ranch.

Andrew J. Molera owned property in the Castroville area, and encouraged farmers to grow artichokes in 1922. They became a major crop in the Salinas Valley.[17] Molera, who was very obese, died of a sudden heart attack in 1931. His sister Frances became the sole owner of the family's Big Sur property. She arranged in 1965, almost 100 years after her grandfather John B.R. Cooper had gained title, to sell 2,200-acre (890 ha) of the southern portion of the original Cooper land grant east of Highway 1 to The Nature Conservancy with the intent that it should become a state park. The conservancy held the beachfront property in trust until the state of California could finance the purchase of the land.[18]

Frances Molera stipulated that the park should be named Andrew Molera State Park in honor of her brother.[19] She also added provisions to the sale requiring that the land remain relatively undeveloped. She died in 1968. When the California state park administration began to propose considerable development for the park, the Nature Conservancy threatened to revoke the sale arrangement, and the state backed down.[20] The remaining 2,600 acres (1,100 ha) of Frances Molera's half of the original Rancho El Sur east of Highway 1 was purchased by the state soon after her death. The northern 7,100 acres (2,873 ha) of John. B.R. Cooper's share of the Rancho El Sur comprising 13 parcels is the modern-day El Sur Ranch.[21]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Explore Redwoods | Save the Redwoods League". exploreredwoods.savetheredwoods.org. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  2. ^ a b c "Andrew Molera State Park: Beach, Headlands Trails". California State Parks. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
  3. ^ Ferrary, Jeanette (1971). "Artichokes". VIA Magazine. 173 (May/June 2000): 1195. Bibcode:1971Sci...173.1195W. doi:10.1126/science.173.4003.1195. PMID 17775206. Archived from the original on 19 March 2006. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
  4. ^ "Discover California State Parks in the Monterey Area" (PDF). California State Parks. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
  5. ^ a b "Andrew Molera SP". California State Parks. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
  6. ^ a b "Andrew Molera State Park". Monterey County Convention & Visitors Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
  7. ^ Davis, Kathleen E. "Big Sur Cabin". California State Parks. Retrieved 2011-09-24.
  8. ^ "The Ultimate Guide to Andrew Molera State Park". www.california.com. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  9. ^ Molera Ranch House Museum (PDF). California Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  10. ^ "Andrew Molera SP". CA State Parks. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  11. ^ "Finding Aid to the Documents Pertaining to the Adjudication of Private Land Claims in California, circa 1852-1892".
  12. ^ Report of the Surveyor General 1844 - 1886 Archived 2013-03-20 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ Year: 1880; Census Place: San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Roll: 78; Page: 76B; Enumeration District: 201
  14. ^ Year: 1920; Census Place: San Francisco Assembly District 31, San Francisco, California; Roll: T625_136; Page: 16A; Enumeration District: 153
  15. ^ Year: 1930; Census Place: San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 0334
  16. ^ Year: 1940; Census Place: San Francisco, San Francisco, California; Roll: m-t0627-00318; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 38-502
  17. ^ Ferrary, Jeanette. "Artichokes". VIA Magazine (May/June 2000). Archived from the original on 19 March 2006. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
  18. ^ Walton, John (2007). "The Land of Big Sur Conservation on the California Coast" (PDF). California History. 85 (1). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 22, 2015e. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  19. ^ "Discover California State Parks in the Monterey Area" (PDF). California State Parks. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
  20. ^ Brooks, Shelley Alden (2017). Big Sur: The Making of a Prized California Landscape. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520294417. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  21. ^ (State), California. California. Court of Appeal (6th Appellate District). Records and Briefs: H004844, Judicial Notice. Retrieved 12 February 2018.