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Developer(s)Apache Software Foundation
Stable release
1.8.x:1.8.17 / 15 September 2022; 22 months ago (2022-09-15)[1]
2.0.x:2.0.29 / 1 July 2023; 12 months ago (2023-07-01)[1]
3.0.x:3.0.0 / 18 August 2023; 10 months ago (2023-08-18)[1]
RepositoryPDFBox Repository (Mirror)
Written inJava
Operating systemCross-platform
TypePortable Document Format (PDF)
LicenseApache License 2.0

Apache PDFBox is an open source pure-Java library that can be used to create, render, print, split, merge, alter, verify and extract text and meta-data of PDF files.

Open Hub reports over 11,000 commits (since the start as an Apache project) by 18 contributors representing more than 140,000 lines of code. PDFBox has a well established, mature codebase maintained by an average size development team with increasing year-over-year commits. Using the COCOMO model, it took an estimated 46 person-years of effort.[2]


Apache PDFBox has these components:


PDFBox was started in 2002 in SourceForge by Ben Litchfield who wanted to be able to extract text of PDF files for Lucene.[3] It became an Apache Incubator project in 2008, and an Apache top level project in 2009.[4]

Preflight was originally named PaDaF and developed by Atos worldline, and donated to the project in 2011.[5]

In February 2015, Apache PDFBox was named an Open Source Partner Organization of the PDF Association.[6]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Apache PDFBox - Blog". Apache Software Foundation. Retrieved 2022-09-27.
  2. ^ "The Apache PDFBox Open Source Project on Open Hub". 2017-03-18. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  3. ^ Apache PDFBox and FontBox 1.0.0 released, The H Open, 16 February 2010
  4. ^ PDFBox Project Incubation Status
  5. ^ PaDaF Preflight Codebase Intellectual Property (IP) Clearance Status
  6. ^ Apache™ PDFBox™ named an Open Source Partner Organization of the PDF Association, February 3, 2015