Banjska monastery
View of the Banjska monastery church
Monastery information
Full nameМанастир Светог архиђакона Стефана - Бањска
OrderSerbian Orthodox
Established1317 (reestablished in 2004)
Disestablished16th century
Dedicated toSaint Archdeacon Stephen
DioceseEparchy of Raška and Prizren
People
Founder(s)King Stefan Uroš II Milutin
Architecture
Heritage designationCultural monument of Exceptional Importance
Designated date26 August 1947[1]
Site
LocationHill near Zvečan, Kosovo[a]
Public accessLimited

The Banjska Monastery (Serbian: Манастир Бањска, romanizedManastir Banjska, About this soundlisten ; Albanian: Manastiri i Banjskës) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery in the Banjska village near Zvečan, Kosovo.[a]

History

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The monastery, along with the Church of St Stephen, was built between 1313 and 1317, founded by Serbian King Stefan Milutin, one of the most powerful rulers of his time and of the Nemanjić dynasty. Milutin built the church as his mausoleum (burial place), and it is where he was first laid to rest. However, following the Battle of Kosovo (1389), his body was moved to Trepča and then in 1460 to Sofia (Bulgaria), where it lies to this day.

The monastery shared the fate of its founder. The monumental building with its church, library, monks' quarters and "imperial palace" began to fall into disrepair very early. At the beginning of the 15th century, a fire destroyed the library and in the second half of the same century, the monastery was probably abandoned. Benedikt Kuprešić, a traveller, mentioned that the monastery was razed to the ground in the 16th century on the orders of the Ottoman Sultan, as Christians who had fled Ottoman tyranny were gathering in it.

St Stephen's, almost totally destroyed, was turned into a mosque in the 19th century and served as such until World War I. The first conservation activity was carried out in 1939 and again in 1990 when the church was partly rebuilt. The monastery is one of the few for which the founding charter has been preserved; it was granted a large estate at its founding, of 75 villages and 8 pastures. As the complex was built as the final resting place of a king, the bishopric was "upgraded" to a stavropegial monastery - roughly translated, an Imperial monastery, fourth by rank in the state (after Studenica, Mileševa and Sopoćani).

The building works were led by Archbishop Danilo II,[2] at that time a prior, later Serbian Archbishop, who was a close confidant to the king. According to medieval sources, as well as an oral tradition, Banjska was one of the most beautiful Serbian monasteries, built in the Raška architectural style, which was used for all royal mausoleums, from Stefan Nemanja's Studenica monastery to Emperor Dušan's Monastery of the Holy Archangels. The monastery was declared a Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1990, and is protected by the Republic of Serbia.

See also

Notes

a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 96 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 113 UN member states are said to have recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.

Further reading

References

  1. ^ "Манастир Бањска". Central Register of Immovable cultural property. Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments of Serbia. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  2. ^ [1][dead link]

Coordinates: 42°58′17″N 20°46′57″E / 42.97139°N 20.78250°E / 42.97139; 20.78250