Bertha
Steam dredger 1844.jpg
Bertha at the Exeter Maritime Museum in 1989
History
Owner
BuilderLunnel, G & Co, Bristol
Laid down1844
Status
General characteristics
Tonnage60a
Length50 feet (15 m)
Beam15.5 feet (4.7 m)

Bertha is a steam-powered boat built in 1844 to remove silt from the Port of Bridgwater in Somerset, England. It is the oldest operational steam vessel in Britain,[1] and possibly in the world.[2] It is part of the National Historic Fleet.[3]

The boat was built, of riveted iron,[4] in Bristol by Lunnel, G & Co copying a design, by John McLean,[5] developed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel to deal with silt in the Floating Harbour.[2] It is a Bed leveler or plough dredger, with a large metal blade, which could be lowered at the stern of the boat, below the water similar to a bulldozer on land.[5][2][6]

Bertha is 50 feet (15 m) long and 15.5 feet (4.7 m) wide, with a tonnage of 60 tons.a[7] The power is from a coal fired single cylinder steam engine providing steam at 40 pounds per square inch (280 kPa).[2] A large flywheel and drive shaft drove a single-reduction spur wheel drive.[7] It moved by being pulled along chains anchored on the quay.[1]

Bertha worked in Bridgwater Docks, after the connection of the Bridgwater and Taunton Canal to the River Parrett, from 1844 until 1969. The vessel was initially owned by the Great Western Railway and then British Railways.[7] She was then taken to the Exeter Maritime Museum, where she was shown working with the help of John Selby (welder and fabricator in Spaxton, Somerset). In 1997 it moved to the World of Boats at Eyemouth where it was restored. The Eyemouth Maritime Museum closed and Bertha is now in Bristol, but not on public display.[5]

Notes

1.^a It is unclear which type of ton is being referred to in the sources where a tonnage of 60 is reported. Gross register tonnage (GRT) represents the total internal volume of a vessel, where one register ton is equal to a volume of 100 cubic feet (2.83 m3)

References

  1. ^ a b "Bertha". World of Boats. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d Body, Geoffrey (2013). The A-Z of Curious Somerset. The History Press. pp. 29–30. ISBN 9780752493299.
  3. ^ "Ships and Boats: 1840 to 1950". Historic England. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  4. ^ "Port Of Bridgwater & Bertha The Dredger". Coatsers and other Ships Revived. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  5. ^ a b c "Bertha". National Historic Ships UK. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Bertha the Dredger". Bridgwater Town Council. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  7. ^ a b c Brown, Paul (2013). Historic Ships: The Survivors. Amberley. ISBN 9781445620060.