Borough of Eastleigh
Shown within Hampshire
Shown within Hampshire
Coordinates: 50°56′56″N 1°18′38″W / 50.94889°N 1.31056°W / 50.94889; -1.31056
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Admin HQEastleigh
Reformed1 April 1974
 • TypeDistrict
 • Governing bodyEastleigh Borough Council
 • MayorCllr. Adam Manning
 • ControlLiberal Democrat
 • MPs:Paul Holmes (Con)
Steve Brine (Con)
 • Total30.80 sq mi (79.76 km2)
 • Total136,443 (Ranked 168th)
 • Density4,430/sq mi (1,712/km2)
 • Ethnicity
97.4% White
1.2% S. Asian
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
Area codes023, 01489
ONS code24UD

The Borough of Eastleigh is a local government district with borough status in Hampshire, England, bordering the unitary authority of Southampton, Test Valley, the City of Winchester and the Borough of Fareham. Eastleigh is separated from the New Forest by Southampton Water. Water bounds much of the borough, with Southampton Water and the River Hamble bordering the east and southwest of the district. The built-up nature of neighbouring Southampton and the urban area around the town of Eastleigh contrast with the rural nature of much of the borough, which lies within the Hampshire Basin.

The original Eastleigh borough was formed in 1936 following the incorporation of the former Eastleigh Urban District Council. The borough as it is today was formed in 1974, when the existing Borough of Eastleigh expanded to include part of the former Winchester Rural District as a result of the Local Government Act 1972. The name of the borough was chosen by the children's author, Charlotte Mary Yonge. There are 10 parishes within the borough, the borough council, has 44 seats. The council's headquarters is in the town of Eastleigh itself. The borough is also served by seven county councillors and two members of Parliament. The borough's Latin motto, "Salus populi suprema lex" translates as "The Welfare of the People is the most important Law".[1]

Eastleigh is rather urbanised with a population of 125,900 in the 2011 census and a high population density. However, that population is in better general health than the South East region and the country. The borough is served by two motorways and seven railway stations as well as an international airport. There is also a ferry linking Hamble-le-Rice in Eastleigh to Warsash in Fareham, and a disused canal running through the north of the borough.

There are eight scheduled monuments and around 180 listed buildings in the borough, with Netley Abbey, Bursledon Windmill, the chapel of Netley Hospital, and Netley Castle among them. The borough also contains eight conservation areas and around 20,000 trees protected by tree preservation orders.


Charlotte Yonge gave Eastleigh its name.

The borough's origins begin with the formation of a parish covering the villages of Eastley and Barton in 1868.[2] Author[3] Charlotte Mary Yonge, a resident of Otterbourne, donated £500 (£50,000 in 2023)[4] towards the cost of building a parish church and in return was asked which of the two villages to name the parish after; she chose Eastley, but also chose to alter the spelling to Eastleigh as she considered this more modern.[2] The parish grew rapidly: it had a population of 515 in 1871, over 1,000 in 1881 and 3,613 in 1891.[2]

In order to facilitate the creation of pavements with kerbs, drains and sewers, and street lights, a local board was established in 1893.[2] Two years later, the local board was replaced by Eastleigh Urban District Council, which was merged with the neighbouring community of Bishopstoke in 1899, retaining the Eastleigh name.[2]

The first Eastleigh Borough was incorporated in 1936 under the Municipal Corporations Act 1882. This conversion from Eastleigh Urban District Council to Eastleigh Borough Council allowed the authority to create bylaws. Notice of the petition for incorporation was served on the 1 February 1936, and the matter being raised for consideration on 16 March, along with petitions for the creation of boroughs for Crosby and Sale in North West England, among others.[5]

The Local Government Act 1972 resulted in this borough of Eastleigh merging with seven parishes[1] from the Winchester Rural District to become the borough as it is today, with effect from 1 April 1974.

In 2006, the borough was ranked the ninth best place to live in the UK by a Channel 4 programme.[6]


See also: Eastleigh Borough Council elections

Most of the borough has a three-tier local government system, consisting of a local parish council or town council (there are nine parishes and two towns in the borough),[7] Eastleigh Borough Council itself, and Hampshire County Council. There are 39 seats on the borough council across 14 wards.[7] At present, 35 of these 39 seats are held by Liberal Democrat councillors, with three Independent councillors, and one Conservative.[7] The council has a strong tradition of attending to environmental matters and in 2008 was named a beacon council under the theme "Tackling Climate Change".[8] The council is rated as "good" by the Audit Commission.[9]

Eastleigh is represented on Hampshire County Council by eight councillors (currently seven Liberal Democrats and one Conservative),[10] and in Parliament by two MPs. Most of the borough is covered by the Eastleigh constituency, represented by Paul Holmes of the Conservative Party. The remaining wards, which cover Chandler's Ford and Hiltingbury, belong to the Winchester constituency, represented by Steve Brine of the Conservative Party.

The various wards and parishes are grouped into five subdivisions of Eastleigh, each with a local area committee of borough councillors. These five subdivisions are as follows:

Local area committee Wards Parishes/towns Number of councillors
Chandler's Ford and Hiltingbury Chandler's Ford
Chandler's Ford (Parish) 6
Eastleigh Eastleigh Central
Eastleigh North
Eastleigh South
Allbrook (Parish)

Eastleigh (Town)

Hedge End, West End and Botley Botley
Hedge End North
Hedge End South
West End North
West End South
Botley (parish)
Hedge End (town)
West End (parish)
Bishopstoke, Fair Oak and Horton Heath Bishopstoke
Fair Oak and Horton Heath
Bishopstoke (parish)
Fair Oak and Horton Heath (parish)
Bursledon, Hamble-le-Rice and Hound Bursledon and Hound North
Hamble and Netley
Bursledon (parish)
Hamble-le-Rice (parish)
Hound (parish)

Council composition

Following the 2022 Borough Council elections, the composition is as follows:[11]

Ward Party Member Election
Bishopstoke Independent Ray Dean 2019
Independent Louise Parker-Jones 2022
Independent Gin Tidridge 2021
Botley Liberal Democrat Dave Kinloch 2021
Liberal Democrat Rupert Kyrle 2022
Bursledon & Hound North Liberal Democrat Tonia Craig 2022
Liberal Democrat Steve Holes 2021
Liberal Democrat Jane Rich 2019
Chandler's Ford Liberal Democrat Alan Broadhurst 2022
Liberal Democrat Tim Groves 2019
Liberal Democrat David Pragnall 2021
Eastleigh Central Liberal Democrat Bhavin Dedhia 2022
Liberal Democrat Wayne Irish 2021
Liberal Democrat Cameron Spencer 2022
Eastleigh North Liberal Democrat Steve Beer 2022
Liberal Democrat Tanya Park 2021
Independent Sara Tyson-Payne 2019
Eastleigh South Liberal Democrat Paul Bicknell 2022
Liberal Democrat Alex Bourne 2021
Liberal Democrat Darshan Mann 2019
Fair Oak & Horton Heath Conservative Steven Broomfield 2021
Liberal Democrat Michelle Marsh 2019
Liberal Democrat Nicholas Couldrey 2022
Hamble & Netley Liberal Democrat Liz Jarvis 2022
Liberal Democrat Malcolm Cross 2021
Liberal Democrat Adam Manning 2019
Hedge End North Liberal Democrat Ian Corben 2019
Liberal Democrat Leigh Hadaway 2022
Liberal Democrat Derek Pretty 2021
Hedge End South Liberal Democrat Jane Welsh 2022
Liberal Democrat Cynthia Garton 2019
Liberal Democrat Keith House 2021
Hiltingbury Liberal Democrat Anne Buckley 2021
Liberal Democrat James Duguid 2019
Liberal Democrat Maud Attrill 2022
West End North Liberal Democrat Richard Gomer 2019
Liberal Democrat Bruce Tennent 2018
West End South Liberal Democrat Janice Asman 2022
Liberal Democrat Tim Bearder 2019
Party Number of councillors
Liberal Democrat 34
Conservative 1
Independent 4
Vacant 0

Keith House is the leader of the Council.[12]


The view over Southampton Water from the Royal Victoria Country Park

The southern part of the borough is bounded on the east by the River Hamble (separating it from Fareham) and on the west by Southampton Water (separating it from the New Forest). The Hamble flows into Southampton Water at Hamble-le-Rice, thus accounting for the borough's southern boundary. Further north, the borough borders Southampton to the west and the City of Winchester district to the north. As well as Southampton Water and the River Hamble, a number of watercourses flow through Eastleigh, including the River Itchen, Monks Brook and the Itchen Navigation.

The largest settlement in the borough is the town of Eastleigh itself, with a continuous urban area which now includes Chandler's Ford, Bishopstoke and Boyatt Wood. The only other settlement in the borough with town status is Hedge End. Due to the urban nature of Southampton and the town of Eastleigh, the western side of the borough is generally more built up than the east. There are three country parks in the borough, Itchen Valley in West End and Lakeside, located just to the south of the town of Eastleigh, are managed by the borough council while Royal Victoria Country Park is managed by Hampshire County Council.

The borough is within the Hampshire Basin, with an underlying geology of mainly Cretaceous chalk.

Soil in the borough is principally of poor to moderate agricultural quality although high grade land is present in pockets. The south of the borough has acid soils and gravels, but poorly drained clays predominate in the north. Most of the borough is covered by a series of clays and marls, with sandy and lignitic beds, part of the Bracklesham Group of beds. As well as clay soils, the Bracklesham Beds result in some bands of sandy soil to the north of West End, and podzol soils around the M27 motorway west of Hedge End and on small areas of the gravels on top of the beds themselves. However most of the soil over the beds is more fertile brown earth.[13]

In the north of the borough, small pockets of valley gravels, London clay, Brickearth and Alluvium can be found, although these have mainly been built over with the exception of the Alluvium, which forms peaty soils around the floodplain of the River Itchen.[13]


As with the rest of the UK, Eastleigh experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb). The nearest weather station to the Borough is in Southampton, which has held the record for the highest temperature in the UK for June at 35.6 °C (96.1 °F) since 1976.[14][15]

Climate data for Southampton (nearest weather station to the Borough of Eastleigh), elevation 3 m, 1981–2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.4
Average low °C (°F) 2.9
Average rainfall mm (inches) 81.4
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12.2 9.2 10.1 8.8 8.2 7.7 7.4 7.7 8.7 11.5 11.5 11.8 114.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 63.3 84.4 118.3 179.8 212.1 211.2 221.8 207.7 148.1 113.0 76.6 52.9 1,689.3
Source 1: Met Office (normals)[16]
Source 2: Calculated from Met Office Data[17]


In the 2001 census, Eastleigh had a population of 120,749, consisting of 57,000 males and 59,169 females.[18] The borough is much more densely populated than South East England or even England as a whole, with a population density of 14.56 people per hectare (South East England and England have 4.20 and 3.77 respectively).[18] Over 76 per cent of Eastleigh's population state their religion as Christian, which is slightly higher than the South East region and the rest of the country.[18] 15.23 per cent stated they had no religion and 6.43 per cent did not state a religion; the most popular non-Christian religions in the borough were Sikhism (0.5%), Hinduism (0.34%) and Islam (0.31%).[18] The census also indicates that the residents of Eastleigh are generally in better health than those in the wider region and country.[18]


Hedge End Trade Park is part of a large retail development

Historically, the economy of the area has strong links with the transport industry. The proximity of substantial waterways made shipbuilding a major industry in the south of the borough, and today the pleasure boat industry still dominates the area around Hamble-le-Rice and Bursledon, made famous by the television drama series on the subject, Howards' Way, which was filmed in the area. The borough is also strongly linked with the Spitfire, the first test flights of which took place from Southampton Airport in Eastleigh.

The economy of the borough today is dominated by the retail sector, which accounts for around 33 per cent of the jobs in the borough, and this proportion is rising.[19] As well as the large Swan Centre, a shopping centre in the town of Eastleigh, there is a large out-of-town retail development near Hedge End which includes flagship stores for Marks & Spencer[20] and Sainsbury's[21] among others. Eastleigh also has proportionately more manufacturing and construction jobs than the nation, but the number of jobs in these sectors is declining in the borough.[19]

The B&Q head office is in the Portswood House in Eastleigh, Eastleigh borough.[22]


Netley Abbey is a scheduled monument.

There are eight scheduled ancient monuments in Eastleigh,[23] around 180 listed buildings (9 of which are Grade II* listed, the remainder are Grade II)[23] and over 800 tree preservation orders covering 20,000 trees across 5,000 properties.[24] The council also maintains a "local list" of buildings which are of local importance but do not meet English Heritage's listing criteria.[23]

The area around Netley is particularly rich in notable historic landmarks, with Netley Abbey, Netley Castle and Netley Hospital all nearby. The borough also boasts Hampshire's only functioning windmill, Bursledon Windmill, and eight conservation areas.[23]


A train approaches Southampton Airport Parkway railway station on its way to Bournemouth

The M3 motorway runs through the north-west of the borough, providing a direct road route to London, and the midlands and north of England via the A34 road which joins the M3 just north of Winchester. The M27 motorway also runs through much of the borough, linking Eastleigh to the rest of the south coast.

There are seven railway stations in the borough, served by the South West Main Line, the Eastleigh to Romsey Line, the Eastleigh to Fareham Line, the West Coastway Line and the Cross Country Route. Passenger train operators serving the Eastleigh stations are South Western Railway, CrossCountry and Southern.

Southampton Airport is located in the north west of the borough, just south of the town of Eastleigh itself. The airport is the 20th largest in the United Kingdom and flights operate from there to destinations throughout the British Isles (including the Channel Islands) and some destinations in western continental Europe.

Local bus services in Eastleigh are primarily operated by Blue Star, with other operators including First Hampshire & Dorset and Stagecoach Group. National coach operators such as National Express tend not to serve Eastleigh due to the close proximity of Southampton and Winchester to the borough.

Stoke Lock on the Itchen Navigation near Bishopstoke now with sluices and fish pass.

The disused Itchen Navigation runs through the north of the borough, and in the south, Hamble is served by the Hamble-Warsash Ferry.


See also: List of schools in Hampshire

The local education authority for Eastleigh is Hampshire County Council,[25] which lists 40 schools in the borough.[26] In addition, there are two further education colleges in the town of Eastleigh, and a number of private schools such as the Gregg School in Chartwell Green and King's School in Fair Oak.

International relationships

The Borough of Eastleigh is twinned with:[27]

has a friendship alliance with:

and has one Sister City:

Eastleigh was awarded the European Flag of Honour in 1983 to mark the twentieth anniversary of the Borough's twinning with Villeneuve-Saint-Georges. The flag, which is awarded to local authorities which promote pan-Europe relationships, was presented to the council by a European Commission representative on 18 June 1983.[27]

Freedom of the Borough

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Eastleigh.[29]

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (February 2023)


Military Units

See also


  1. ^ a b "Coat of Arms". Eastleigh Borough Council. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e Lambert, Tim. "A Brief History of Eastleigh, Hampshire". Retrieved 7 September 2008.
  3. ^ "Eastliegh (Attractions and places to visit)". Hampshire County Council. Archived from the original on 25 May 2009. Retrieved 7 September 2008.
  4. ^ UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 11 June 2022.
  5. ^ "The London Gazette" (PDF). 1 February 1935. p. 1. Retrieved 5 September 2008.
  6. ^ "BEST AND WORST PLACES TO LIVE 2006: Eastleigh". Channel 4. Archived from the original on 3 February 2008. Retrieved 16 November 2007.
  7. ^ a b c "Councillors and Meetings". Eastleigh Borough Council. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  8. ^ "Beacon Council 2008". Eastleigh Borough Council. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 5 September 2008.
  9. ^ "CPA district report". Audit Commission. 22 January 2004. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  10. ^ "County Elections - Eastleigh Borough Council". Eastleigh Borough Council. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  11. ^ "Your Councillors". Eastleigh Borough Council. Retrieved 29 March 2023.
  12. ^ "Councillor Keith House". Eastleigh Borough Council. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  13. ^ a b Landscape Character Assessment for Eastleigh Borough (PDF). Eastleigh Borough Council. 2011. p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  14. ^ "June 1976 maximum". Archived from the original on 21 March 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
  15. ^ "Extremes" (PDF). Fact Sheets. Met Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 October 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
  16. ^ "Southampton W.C Climate Period: 1981-2010". Met Office. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  17. ^ "Long Term weather data". Met Office. May 2011. Archived from the original on 20 August 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2011.
  18. ^ a b c d e "Lead Key Figures; Area: Eastleigh (Local Authority)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 September 2008.
  19. ^ a b "Eastleigh economic profile 2008" (PDF). Eastleigh Borough Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2009. Retrieved 9 September 2008.
  20. ^ "Flagship refit at M&S". Newsquest Media Group. 11 November 2003. Retrieved 9 September 2008.[permanent dead link]
  21. ^ "The pies the limit!". Salisbury Journal. Newsquest Media Group. 13 December 2006. Retrieved 9 September 2008.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ "Company Information." B&Q. Retrieved on 2 February 2011. "B&Q Plc Portswood House 1 Hampshire Corporate Park Chandlers Ford Eastleigh Hampshire SO53 3YX "
  23. ^ a b c d "Ancient Monuments, Conservation Areas, Listed Buildings and the Local List". Eastleigh Borough Council. Archived from the original on 7 April 2008. Retrieved 5 September 2008.
  24. ^ "Eastleigh Borough Council gain benefits from the File Audit Consultancy provided by TPO Services Ltd" (PDF). TPO Services Ltd. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2009. Retrieved 5 September 2008.
  25. ^ "Education and Life Long Learning". Eastleigh Borough Council. Archived from the original on 28 August 2008. Retrieved 9 September 2008.
  26. ^ "School details". Hampshire County Council. Archived from the original on 14 September 2008. Retrieved 9 September 2008.
  27. ^ a b c d e f Eastleigh Borough Council. "Eastleigh Borough Council: Twin Towns". Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  28. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  29. ^ "Civic Honours". Eastleigh Borough Council. 21 February 2023. Retrieved 21 February 2023.
  30. ^ Slominski, Stephen (30 January 2011). "Councillor Honoured". The Eastleigh News. Retrieved 21 February 2023.
  31. ^ Eastleigh Gurkha Nepalese Association (21 February 2023). "Nimsdai Purja Freedom of Eastleigh 14th March 2022" – via YouTube.