Breese
Breese water tower along U.S. Route 50
Motto(s): 
"Proud of our past, planning for our future"
Location of Breese in Clinton County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 38°36′37″N 89°31′36″W / 38.61028°N 89.52667°W / 38.61028; -89.52667Coordinates: 38°36′37″N 89°31′36″W / 38.61028°N 89.52667°W / 38.61028; -89.52667
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyClinton
Named forSidney Breese
Government
 • MayorKevin Timmermann
Area
 • Total2.70 sq mi (6.99 km2)
 • Land2.67 sq mi (6.92 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation
456 ft (139 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total4,641
 • Density1,736.90/sq mi (670.50/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s)618
FIPS code17-07913
Wikimedia CommonsBreese, Illinois
WebsiteOfficial Website

Breese is a city in Clinton County, Illinois, United States. Breese is the most populous city completely within Clinton County. As of the 2020 census, the population was 4,641, the majority of whom are of German ancestry. Breese is part of the Metro-East region of the Greater St. Louis metropolitan area.

History

The town is named after Sidney Breese, a United States Senator and a contemporary of President Abraham Lincoln.[2] Breese was founded in 1855.

Even though the area around Breese, Illinois was first settled in 1816, it was not until 1835 that Germans came to the town to farm because of the flat fertile land there. Twenty years after the Germans' first immigration, the Mississippi and Ohio Railroad was completed. The early pioneers were enthralled by the thought of transportation by railroad. The Chicago-based company Sanger Kamp & Co. bought 80 acres of land near the railroad. Twenty-four acres were laid out with the railroad splitting the original town with some acres on the north side and south side creating Breese Township, February 3, 1855. Today citizens of Breese use the terms north side and south side in determining a certain location. Most roads in Breese are also based on which side of the railroad the street is.

Late in 1855, forty Catholic immigrants, wanting to fulfill their religious needs, had the idea of constructing a church. Their desires were realized when two years later the Sanger Kamp & Co. gave half of one of its 80 acres (32 ha) to the Catholics’ project. By December 1869, St. Dominic's Catholic Church was completed. Breese was first recognized as a town on April 11, 1871, and later became a village on September 23, 1876. As a result, the construction of the village hall had begun. This project was completed in 1885. Seven years later a volunteer fire department was organized. The ever-growing population was then acknowledged as a city on January 19, 1905. The mayor of this new city was Henry Hummert.

Realizing that Breese would need some improvements, the mayor authorized the construction of an electric light plant that was completed in 1906. The streets of Breese were also topped with road oil in 1911. The next year improvements to the city's water works facility were also made.

However, things took a turn for the worse when, in 1914, a scarlet fever swept the community and its surrounding area and forced all the schools to close. Only four years later, still in the wake of the scarlet fever, the flu epidemic spread through the area. After the diseases ended, further improvements to the city were made and are still occurring.

1906 Coal mine disaster

On December 24, 1906, Six miners were killed and one injured when a mine cage collapsed and fell down the shaft in a mine owned and operated by The Breese and Trenton Coal Company. The miners killed included Henry Middeke, Herman Scheleper, Walter Schaffner, August Foppe, Frank Zehrer, and Hermann Holtmann. The only one injured was mine manager William Fritz. An investigation concluded that improper filling of an old air shaft caused a dirt slide leading to the collapse. The Breese and Trenton Coal Company was found guilty of negligence.[3]

Geography

Breese is located at 38°36′37″N 89°31′36″W / 38.61028°N 89.52667°W / 38.61028; -89.52667 (38.610317, -89.526705).[4]

According to the 2010 census, Breese has a total area of 2.645 square miles (6.85 km2), of which 2.62 square miles (6.79 km2) (or 99.05%) is land and 0.025 square miles (0.06 km2) (or 0.95%) is water.[5]

Breese is located on U.S. Route 50, 40 miles (64 km) east of St. Louis, Missouri.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870489
188057417.4%
189080840.8%
19001,57194.4%
19102,12835.5%
19202,39912.7%
19301,957−18.4%
19402,20612.7%
19502,181−1.1%
19602,46112.8%
19702,88517.2%
19803,51621.9%
19903,5671.5%
20004,04813.5%
20104,4429.7%
20204,6414.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

At the 2000 census there were 4,048 people in 1,513 households, including 1,078 families, in the city. The population density was 1,779.1 people per square mile (685.5/km2). There were 1,573 housing units at an average density of 691.3 per square mile (266.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.57% White, 0.10% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.54% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28%.[7]

Of the 1,513 households 37.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 25.2% of households were one person and 12.6% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.15.

The age distribution was 28.1% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

The median household income was $47,639 and the median family income was $54,242. Males had a median income of $37,979 versus $23,231 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,530. About 1.2% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

Schools

Public schools:

Private schools:

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ Allan H. Keith, Historical Stories: About Greenville and Bond County, IL. Consulted on August 15, 2007.
  3. ^ "The 1906 Breese Mining Disaster, Clinton Co, IL".
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "School / District / Community Profile" (PDF). Central Community High School. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-06. Retrieved 2020-04-05.