For the village in Will County, see Shorewood, Illinois.

Troy
The William W. Jarvis House, a historic site in the city.
Location of Troy in Madison County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 38°43′45″N 89°53′30″W / 38.72917°N 89.89167°W / 38.72917; -89.89167Coordinates: 38°43′45″N 89°53′30″W / 38.72917°N 89.89167°W / 38.72917; -89.89167
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyMadison
Area
 • Total5.67 sq mi (14.69 km2)
 • Land5.62 sq mi (14.56 km2)
 • Water0.05 sq mi (0.14 km2)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total10,960
 • Density1,950.18/sq mi (752.96/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
62294
Area code(s)618
FIPS code17-76199
Wikimedia CommonsTroy, Illinois
Websitewww.troyil.us

Troy is a city in Madison County, Illinois, United States. The population was 10,960 at the 2020 census.[2]

Troy is part of the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its namesake in Lincoln County, Missouri is also part of this MSA, making it (along with the two O'Fallons in Illinois and Missouri) one of the few pairs of like-named municipalities to be part of the same MSA.

History

Troy was platted in 1819.[3] It was incorporated as a town on February 18, 1857, and as a city in 1892.[4]

Geography

Troy is located at 38°43′45″N 89°53′30″W / 38.72917°N 89.89167°W / 38.72917; -89.89167 (38.729236, -89.891733).[5]

According to the 2010 census, Troy has a total area of 5.349 square miles (13.85 km2), of which 5.29 square miles (13.70 km2) (or 98.9%) is land and 0.059 square miles (0.15 km2) (or 1.1%) is water.[6]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880648
189082627.5%
19001,08030.8%
19101,44734.0%
19201,312−9.3%
19301,122−14.5%
19401,1542.9%
19501,2609.2%
19601,77841.1%
19702,14420.6%
19803,77275.9%
19906,04660.3%
20008,52441.0%
20109,88816.0%
202010,96010.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

At the 2000 census there were 8,524 people in 3,100 households, including 2,356 families, in the city. The population density was 2,037.6 people per square mile (787.4/km2). There were 3,201 housing units at an average density of 765.2 per square mile (295.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.48% White, 1.48% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.49%.[8]

Of the 3,100 households 45.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.0% were non-families. 19.5% of households were one person and 6.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.16.

The age distribution was 30.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 34.3% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% 65 or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median household income was $53,720 and the median family income was $59,643. Males had a median income of $41,705 versus $27,542 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,174. About 2.1% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Troy city, Illinois". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
  3. ^ Norton, William T. (1913). Centennial History of Madison County, Illinois, and Its People, 1812 to 1912. The Lewis Publishing Co. p. 560.
  4. ^ Troy, Illinois History and Families 1803-2002. Paducah:Turner. p. 10.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.