Buffalo rifle
Shiloh Sharps 1874 Hartford 50 90 Rifle.jpg
The Sharps Model 1874 rifle in the .50-90 Sharps cartridge
TypeHunting Rifle
Place of originUnited States

Buffalo rifle generally refers to large-calibre, generally single-shot black powder cartridge firearms which were used to hunt the American Bison to near-extinction in the late-19th Century. Three types of rifles in particular were used by professional bison hunters, namely the Sharps rifle, the Springfield Rifle and the Remington No.1 rifle otherwise known simply as the Rolling block.[1] The Sharps was the favorite among hunters because of its accuracy at long range.[2]

See also


  1. ^ Smith, Clint (Oct 2001). "Buffalo Rifles of the Frontier". Guns Magazine. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  2. ^ Venturino, Mike (August 2006). "The buffalo hunters and their rifles: image polishing and myth busting". Guns Magazine. Retrieved 19 September 2010.