In firearms, barrel threads refer to the screw threads used to attach a barrel.

Action threads, also called receiver threads, are situated at the chamber end of the barrel, and can be used for attaching the barrel to the receiver. The receiver normally has corresponding threads which are internal, with the matching action threads on the barrel usually being external threads. This design is most commonly used in rifles and revolvers, but also on some pistols and shotguns. This method of fixing a barrel to a receiver has been used extensively by firearms manufacturers since before the 20th century,[citation needed] and can be viewed as a traditional barrel mounting method. Action threads are not the only method of fixing a barrel to a receiver (see Alternative methods below). Furthermore, recoil-operated firearm designs have moving barrels (e.g. most pistols or the Barrett M82 rifle).

Muzzle threads are situated at the muzzle end of the barrel and can be used for mounting accessories such as a flash hider, suppressor or muzzle brake (compensator).

Designation

There are many systems for designating thread types (metric, unified, Whitworth, etc.). Threading can be specified by diameter, pitch, angle, length and fit tolerances. However, the use of action threads is not well standardized within the firearms industry, and threading can vary between manufacturers and models.

For example, factory and aftermarket receivers using the Remington 700 footprint are produced with various types of action threads, all with a 26.99 mm (1+116 in) diameter, but with a pitch of either a 1.588 mm (16 TPI, Remington standard), 1.411 mm (18 TPI) or 1.270 mm (20 TPI, Savage standard).[1]

Typically, many rifles use thread diameters in the range between 25–27 mm (0.98–1.06 in).[citation needed] Many older rifles from the first half of the 20th century use a thread pitch around 2 mm (12.7 TPI), while many modern rifle use thread pitches around 1.5 mm (16.93 TPI). Fine threaded systems intended for hand tightening typically use thread pitches around 1 mm (25.4 TPI).[citation needed]

Mounting

Using action threads to mount a barrel to a receiver typically requires fitting by a competent gunsmith, and typically some machining has to be done.

In this process it is important so set the correct headspace.[2] Correct mounting is important both for safety and accuracy.[3] If the barrel, receiver and bolt are not fitted properly, severe and potential fatal problems can arise due to faulty headspace, e.g. cartridge overpressure and case rupture. Threaded barrels are often mounted to the receiver with a lot of torque, and will therefore generally require tools for assembly and disassembly, such as a suitable action wrench and a vise. Depending on the firearm, a recoil lug is sometimes fitted between the barrel and stock as part of the process,

Cleaning up the receiver and barrel action threads is often done during "blueprinting" in order to increase accuracy.[4]

Action threads

List of action threads

Model Diameter (mm) Pitch (mm) Thread angle Shank length Comment Inch
Smith & Wesson J Frame M12.70 0.706 mm 60° Also written as 0.500"-36 1/2"-36
Smith & Wesson K Frame M13.72 0.706 mm 60° Also written as 0.540"-36 69/128"-36
Smith & Wesson L Frame,
Colt J, V,
Colt AA Mark III / King Cobra,
Colt Python (new),
Colt Trooper (J, V, AA)
M14.27 0.706 mm 60° Also written as 0.562"-36 9/16"-36
Colt Python (old), Colt E & I M14.31 0.794 mm 60° Also written as 0.5634"-32 9/16"-32
Destroyer 1921 carbine (Spanish)[5] M15.88 0.977 mm 60° 15.88 mm 21.59 mm diameter at the shoulder 5/8"-26
Ruger GP-100 M15.88 1.058 mm 60° 5/8"-24
Remington Rolling Block No. 4 Rem. Action (solid frame model)[6]: 33  M16.64 1.588 mm 90° 16.89 mm Also written as 0.655"-16. 21/32"-16
Mathieu[5] Tr16.76 2.54 mm 29° 16.76 mm Trapezoidal threads. Also written as 0.660"-20 85/128"-20
Ruger Blackhawk M16.97 1.058 mm 60° Also written as 0.668"-24 43/64"-24
Smith & Wesson N Frame M17.02 0.706 mm 60° Also written as 0.670"-36 43/64"-36
Remington Rolling Block No. 4 Rem. Action (takedown model)[6]: 33  ⌀17.15 (no threads) N/A 17.02 mm* Also written as 0.675".
*Of which a length of 5.56 mm of the shank has its diameter reduced to 15.62 mm.
27/40"
Ruger Single Six series M17.26 1.058 mm 60° 87/128"-24
Colt Single Action Army Revolver (third gen)[7] M17.35 1.058 mm 60° 17.75 mm Also written as 0.683"-24. Only 14.43 mm of the shank is threaded. 87/128"-24
Colt Single Action Army Revolver (first and second gen)[7] M17.65 1.270 mm 60° 17.75 mm Also written as 0.695"-20. Only 14.73 mm of the shank is threaded. 89/128"-20
M1917 revolver M17.65 1.270 mm 60° Also written as 0.695"-20 89/128"-20
Ruger Redhawk M19.05 1.270 mm 60° 3/4"-20
Falling Block Works (FBW) Model K [6]: 68  M19.05 1.588 mm 60° 25.15 mm 3/4"-16
Stiller SPF 2500X[8] M19.05 1.588 mm 60° 3/4"-16
BSA Martini Cadet[9][6]: 53  M19.05 1.814 mm 55° 16.74 mm Maximum 25.40 mm shoulder 3/4"-14
Marlin 336, 1895 (.45-70) Sq19.69 2.117 mm 90° 21.59 mm Square threads 0.775"-12
Marlin 1895 (.450) M19.69 2.117 mm 60° 21.59 mm 0.775"-12
Ruger Mini-14 M20.64 1.270 mm 60° 13/16"-20
Colt AR-15 M20.64 1.588 mm 60° The barrel nut thread is M31.75 x 1.411 mm (1-1/4"-18) 13/16"-16
HK416, HK MR223, HK MR556 M21 1.5 mm 60° The barrel nut thread is M32 x 1.5 mm (1.26"-16.93)[citation needed] 0.827"-16.93
Remington Rolling Block No. 2 Rem. Action[6]: 33  Sq21.59 2.117 mm 90° 30.48 mm* Square threads. Also written as 0.850"-12.
*Of which a length of 10.16 mm of the shank has its diameter reduced to 20.45 mm
17/20"-12
Remington Rolling Block No. 1-1/2 Rem., Sporting Action[6]: 33  Sq21.59 2.117 mm 90° 36.65 mm* Square threads. Also written as 0.850"-12.
*Of which a length of 12.70 mm of the shank has its diameter reduced to 20.32 mm
17/20"-12
Remington 1867 Navy pistol Sq21.59 2.117 mm 90° Square threads. Also written as 0.850"-12. 17/20"-12
Kimber M/84 M21.43 1.27 mm 60° 27/32"-20
Sako L46/L-46[5] M21.72 1.588 mm 60° 21.46 mm Also written as 0.855"-16. 55/64"-16
Howa 1500 Mini Action[10] M22 1.5 mm 60°
Zastava M85 «Mini Mauser» M22 1.5 mm 60° 0.866"-16.93
Sako L461 M22 1.6 mm[citation needed] 60° 19.40 mm 0.864"-15.87
Mossberg MVP .223[10] M22.23 0.907 mm 60° Also written as 0.875"-28. 7/8"-28
Weatherby Mark V Varmint,

Weatherby Mark V Varmintmaster[5]

M22.23 1.411 mm 60° 16.99 mm 7/8"-18
Cooper Model 22[11] M22.23 1.588 mm 60° 16.26 mm 7/8"-16
Savage Model 1920 Sq22.86 2.117 mm 90° Square threads. Also written as 0.900"-12. 29/32"-12
Browning BPCR, 1885[12] M23.75 1.270 mm 60° 23.37 mm Also written as 0.935"-20. 15/16"-20
Winchester 1885[6]: 20  M23.75 1.588 mm 60° 23.37 mm 15/16"-16
Browning A-Bolt (early),[13]

Browning BBR[14],
Remington 7600

M23.81 1.270 mm 60° 15/16"-20
TAP-174, TAP-375 M24 1.0 mm 60° 19.75±0.05 mm 27.50 mm shoulder 0.945"-25.4
Sako AI/A1[15] (PPC, Vixen) M24 1.5 mm 60° 0.945"-16.93
Jalonen JJ-91[15] M24 1.5 mm 60° 0.945"-16.93
Keppeler[15] M24 1.5 mm 60° 18 mm 0.945"-16.93
Loppo 1,[15] Loppo 2[15] M24 1.5 mm 60° 20 mm 0.945"-16.93
Remington Rolling Block No. 1 Rem., Blackpowder Action[6]: 33  Sq24.77 2.117 mm 90° 36.02 mm* Square threads. Also written as 0.975"-12.
*Of which a length of 10.62 mm of the shank has its diameter reduced to 23.37 mm
39/40"-12
Mosin-Nagant M91/30 M24.64,
M24.77

M24.89

1.588 mm,
1.588 mm,
1.814 mm
55/60° 23.88 mm 30.02 mm shoulder. Thread angle varies. 0.970"-16,
0.975"-16,[16]
0.980"-14[5]
MAS M-1936[5] M24.89 1.588 mm 60° 21.46 mm Also written as 0.980"-16. 63/64"-16
Husqvarna 1640, M24.89 2.117 mm 55° 18.16 mm 27.94 mm shoulder. Also written as 0.979"-12. 63/64"-12
Mauser small ring:
Mauser G33/40,[5][17]
Model 93, 94, 95[5]
Swedish m/1896[5] and m/1938[18]
M25 2.117 mm 55° 18.16 mm /
16.38 mm /
15.88 mm /
16.2+0.2 mm
24.89 mm major diameter. 27.94 mm shoulder 0.980"-12,[19]
0.993"-12
Krag–Jørgensen, American model[5]
(US Krag-Jørgensen)
Tr24.89 2.54 mm 29° 19.23 mm Also written as 0.979"-10. Trapezoidal threads, 24.89 mm shoulder 63/64"-10
CZ 527, BRNO FOX M25 1.25 mm 60° Also written as 0.984"-20.32. 1.024"-20.32
Krico 500, 700, M600, M700 M25 1.25 mm 60° 19.85-0.1 mm 28.00-0.05 mm shoulder 0.984"-20.32
Krico M-600, Tradewind 600[5] M25 1.270 mm 60° 20.32 mm 30.35 mm shoulder 0.985"-20
Lebel Berthier 8 mm[5] M25 1.411 mm 55°/60° 25.53 mm 29.21 mm shoulder 0.985"-18
Varberger 717, 757, 777, Kongsberg Lakelander 389, Kongsberg 393 M25 1.5 mm 60° 19.75±0.05 mm 27.50 mm shoulder 0.984"-16.93
Heym SR 21, SR 30 M25 1.5 mm 60° 29.98 mm 29.25 mm shoulder, 5.90 mm loose recoil lug 0.984"-16.93
Nikko Model 7000,[14]
Golden Eagle Model 7000[14]
M25 1.5 mm 60° 1"-16.03
FR F1 M25 1.5 mm 60° 22 mm
Sako L57 / L-57[5] M25 1.5 mm,
1.588 mm
60° 21.46 mm 0.984"-16.93,
0.984"-16
Sako L-579,[5] L579 Forester, L61 (early)[5] M25 1.588 mm 60° 22.10 mm 1"-16
Mauser 8 mm (Siamese)[5] M25 1.814 mm 55° 13.08 mm 27.94 mm shoulder 0.990"-14
Husqvarna 1600, 1900, 2000, 8000,[5]
Carl Gustaf 1900,[14] Carl Gustaf 2000
M25 2.117 mm 55° 19.56 mm 27.94 mm shoulder 0.984"-12
Mauser 89 (Belgian)[5] M25 2.117 mm 55° 19.3 mm 28.32 mm shoulder 0.985"-12
Mauser 88 (German)[5] M25 2.117 mm 55° 18.29 mm 0.986"-12
Mauser Brevex Magnum[5] M25 2.117 mm 55° 19.56 mm 0.988"-12
Mauser 91 (Argentine)[5] M25 2.117 mm 55° 21.46 mm 33.66 mm shoulder 0.986"-12
Mauser 71/84[5] M25 2.117 mm 55° 21.59 mm 26.10 mm shoulder 0.987"-12
Farquharson rifle
(Gibbs, Jeffery, and others)
M25.07 1.814 mm 55°/60° 22.23 mm Also written as 0.987"-14.
Thread angle varies with production year and manufacturer
1"-14
Husqvarna RB shotgun, RB M67[5] M25.10 2.117 mm 55°/60° 16 mm 0.988"-12
Kongsberg M60 jakt, M83, M83S, M83SK M25.23 2.117 mm 55° 16.2+0.2 mm Also written as 0.993"-12. Major diameter 25.23-0.2 mm. 1"-12
Krag–Jørgensen, Norwegian model[5] Tr25.30 LH,
Sq26.67 LH
2.117 mm 90°/29° 19.5+0.3 mm 29+0.1 mm shoulder. Left hand threads.
*Trapezoidal threads on Steyr manufactured actions, also written as 0.996"-12 LH.[20]
*Square threads on Kongsberg manufactured actions, also written as 25.3-0.1 mm.[21]
1"-12 LH,
1-1/16"-12 LH
Browning A-Bolt (late) M25.40 0.794 mm 60° 1"-32
Mossberg MVP .308,
Mossberg 100ATR,
Mossberg ATR Night Train,
Mossberg 4x4
M25.40 1.270 mm 60° 1"-20
Remington 788[22] M25.40 1.270 mm 60° 38.1 mm /
39.6 mm
1"-20
Ruger No. 1,[23] M77,[14][23] M77 MkII[5][24] M25.40 1.588 mm 60° 17.53 mm 35.56 mm shoulder 1"-16
Colt Light Rifle M25.40 1.588 mm 60° 1-16
FN FAL[19] M25.40 1.588 mm 60° 1"-16
Ruger American M25.40 1.588 mm 60° 26.8 mm 1"-16
Ruger American Magnum M25.40 1.588 mm 60° 30.5 mm 1"-16
Ruger Precision Rifle (RPR)[23] M25.40 1.588 mm 60° Timing via barrel nut M31.75x1.411 mm (1-1/4"-18 TPI). 1"-16
Winchester Model 70 (post 64)[5][25] M25.40 1.588 mm 60° 17.78 mm 1"-16
Winchester 54/70 (pre 64)[5] M25.40 1.588 mm 60° 18.8 mm 29.08 mm shoulder 1"-16
Winchester 54/70 (.22 Hornet)[5] M25.40 1.588 mm 60° 21.21 mm 28.96 mm shoulder 1"-16
Tikka M55, M595, M695 M25.40 1.588 mm 60° 1"-16
Tikka T3[26] M25.40 1.588 mm 60° 22.10 mm 1"-16
Sako L-61 (1. Mod.),

Sako L61R Finnbear (early)

M25.40 1.588 mm 60° 1"-16
Sako 75 M25.40 1.588 mm 60° 1"-16
Sako 85[27] M25.40 1.588 mm 60° 1"-16
SIG Sauer CROSS 60° 1"-16
Lee-Enfield (SMLE)[5] M25.40 1.814 mm 55°/60° 17.46 mm[28] 25.32 mm major diameter. Most have a 60 grader thread angle, but some have 55°. A length of 2.54 mm of the shank at the chamber side in unthreaded with a diameter of 22.86 mm diameter. 1"-14
Homer Koon Omega III[14] M25.40 1.814 mm 60° 1"-14
Champlin[5] (1968, 1971)[14] M25.40 1.814 mm 60° 15.24 mm 1"-14
Martini-Henry, Martini-Enfield,[6]: 63  Metford M25.40 1.814 mm 55°/60° 17.78 mm Thread angle depends on production date 1"-14
Falling Block Works (FBW) Model S [6]: 69  M25.40 1.814 mm 60° 37.97 mm 1"-14
Falling Block Works (FBW) Model H, J [6]: 71  M25.40 1.814 mm 60° 25.15 mm 1"-14
Ranger Arms Texas Magnum[14][5] M25.40 1.814 mm 60° 25.15 mm 29.21 mm shoulder 1"-14
Navy Arms Pedersoli Remington Rolling block[6]: 123  M25.40 1.814 mm 60° 38.86 mm* 30.5 mm shoulder. *The final part of the shank has its diameter reduced to 22.86 mm. 1"-14
M1 Garand, M14, M1A Tr25.40 2.540 mm 29° ACME trapezoidal threads. 24.66 mm-0.13 mm major diameter, 23.19 mm- 0.13 mm minor diameter, 1.32 mm-0.08 mm average thread width. Internal radius of 0.25 mm, external radius of 0.13 mm. 1"-10
(0.968"-10)
Sauer 202 Magnum ⌀__mm N/A N/A Clamp coupling
DPMS G2,
Remington R10
60° The barrel nut threads are M33.34 x 1.411 mm (1-5/16"-18)
Armalite AR-10,[29]
Eagle Arms AR-10,
Noveske Rifleworks N6
M25.40 1.588 mm 60° The barrel nut threads are M36.51 x 1.411 mm (1-716-18, tolerance class 3A). 1"-16
DPMS LR-308[29]
S&W M&P 10,
Bushmaster ORC,
Remington R25,
POF P-308*,
(and most other AR308 / 308AR)
M25.40 1.588 mm 60° The barrel nut threads are M36.51 x 1.588 mm (1-7/16"-16, tolerance class 2A).
*Tolerance class 2B
1"-16
Ithaca / Tikka LSA-55[5] M25.91 1.588 mm 60° 1.020"-16
HK417, MR308, MR762 1.5 mm 60° Barrel nut ?-16.93
Sauer 80, 90, 92,
Carl Gustaf 3000,
Colt Sauer[14]
M26 1.5 mm 60° 1.024"-16.93
Howa 1500,[30][31]
S&W 1500,
Mossberg 1500,
Weatherby Vanguard
M26 1.5 mm 60° 17.91 mm 3.8 mm depth countersink for the bolt head with a 17.9 mm diameter 1.023"-16.93
Arisaka T99[5] M26 1.5 mm 60° 17.78 mm 31.93 mm shoulder 1.024"-16.93
Remington 799 M26 1.5 mm 60° 1.020"-16.93
Arisaka T38, T44[5][32] M26 1.75 mm 60° 18.29 mm 28.58 mm shoulder 1.024"-14.51
Schultz & Larsen Model S4J,[14] Model 68DL[14] M26 1.8 mm 60° 1.024"-14.11
Steyr-Mannlicher M1895 M26 1.814 mm 60° 17.60 mm 1.023"-14
Springfield M1903 A3/ A4[5] Sq26.42 2.540 mm 29° 18.64 mm Square threads, 29.08 mm shoulder, 26.42 mm major diameter, 25.15 mm minor diameter, 1.30 mm + 0.05 mm average thread width. Also written as 1.040"-10. 1-3/64"-10
The Newton Rifle,[14][clarification needed]

Buffalo Newton 1924[14]

Sq26.42 2.540 mm 90° Square threads 1.040"-10
Sako L61/L-61 (late),
Sako L61R Finnbear (late)
M26.59 1.588 mm 60° 22.10 mm Also written as 1.046"-16 1-3/64"-16
Remington 700,[1][23] 721, 722, 725,[5][33][34] XP-100, Defiant[23] M26.67 1.588 mm 60° 22.48 mm 30.35 mm shoulder. Also written as 1.050"-16. 1-1/16-16
Remington Rolling Block No. 1 M/1902, 7 mm Action[6]: 33  Sq26.80 2.117 mm 90° 36.32 mm* Square threads. Also written as 1.055"-12.
*Of which a lentgh of 10.92 mm of the shank has its diameter reduced to 25.40 mm
1-7/128"-12
Remington 783[10] M26.80 0.907 mm 60° Also written as 1.055"-28 1-1/16"-28
Savage Small shank[35][23] (M110, M-110, M110 C, 112)[5][36] M26.80 1.270 mm 60° 42.06 mm Also written as 1.055"-20 1-1/16"-20
Nucleus,[10] Mausingfield[10] M26.80 1.270 mm 60° Also written as 1.055"-20 1-1/16"-20
BAT TR (serienr. over 100)[37] M26.92 1.411 mm 60° 23.37 mm 1-1/16"-18
BAT Bumblebee, Vampire, Igniter[38] M26.92 1.411 mm 60° 19.61 mm 1-1/16"-18
Krag–Jørgensen, Danish model[5] M26.92 2.117 mm 55°/60° 27.43 mm Conical threads 1-1/16"-12
Mannlicher–Schönauer (Greek)[5] M26.92 2.117 mm 60° 18.47 mm Also written as 1.059"-12. 1-1/16"-12
Kongsberg M48 rescue gun M26.92 2.117 mm 55° 18.03 mm Also written as 1.059"-12. 29.85 mm shoulder diameter. 1-1/16"-12
Mauser FÉG 35M, G98/40 M26.92 2.117 mm 55° 18.03 mm 29.85 mm shoulder 1-1/16"-18
Defiance Deviant[39] M26.97 1.588 mm 60° 24.26 mm 3.8 mm depth countersink for the bolt head with a 17.9 mm diameter 1-1/16"-16
HS Precision 2000 Short Action[40] M26.97 1.588 mm 60° 1-1/16"-16
Surgeon 591 Short Action[41] M26.97 1.588 mm 60° 24.13 mm 3.8 mm depth countersink for the bolt head with a 17.9 mm diameter 1-1/16"-16
Thompson/Center Icon[42] M26.97 1.588 mm 60° 1-1/16"-16
Ultimatum Deadline Short Action M26.99 1.270 mm 60° 1-1/16"-20
Kelbly Atlas[43][10] M26.99 1.411 mm 60° 17.58 mm Also written as 1.061"-18 1-1/16"-18
Kelbly Long Atlas[43] M26.99 1.411 mm 60° 14.15 mm 1-1/16"-18
BAT S, SV, B, DS, 3L, 3LL[44] M26.99 1.411 mm 60° 26.7 mm 1-1/16"-18
BAT SB, MB[45] M26.99 1.411 mm 60° 26.7 mm The shoulder must have a radius 1-1/16"-18
Kelbly Atlas Short Action, Atlas Long Action[46] M26.99 1.411 mm 60° 14.15 mm 1-1/16"-18
BAT VR, BTA, TR (TR with serial number below 100)[47] M26.99 1.411 mm 60° 17.68 mm /
19.61 mm
1-1/16"-18
Stolle Panda Short Action[48] M26.99 1.411 mm 60° 28.32 mm 30 degree countersink for the bolt head 1-1/16"-18
Stolle Panda Long Action[48] M26.99 1.411 mm 60° 24.89 mm Straight bolt head 1-1/16"-18
Curtis Vector[49] M26.99 1.588 mm 60° 1-1/16"-16
Weatherby Mark V, Mark V Magnum[5][50] M26.99 1.588 mm 60° 17.53 mm 1-1/16"-16
Weatherby Mark V Magnum M26.99 1.588 mm 60° 17.78 mm 29.21 mm shoulder 1-1/16"-16
Stiller Predator[51] M26.99 1.588 mm 60° 25.15 mm 3.8 mm depth countersink for the bolt head with a 17.9 mm diameter 1-1/16"-16
Sauer 200, 202,
SIG Sauer 200 STR, 205, 3000,
Carl Gustaf CG 4000
⌀27 mm N/A N/A 36.5 mm Clamp coupling.[52] The clamping section is 36.5 mm long. The clamping portion of the 202 is somewhat shorter, such that 200 STR barrels can be used in the 202 without modifications (but not necessarily the other way around). 1.063"
Sauer 303 ⌀__mm N/A N/A Clamp coupling.
Sauer 404 ⌀__mm N/A N/A Clamp coupling.
Jalonen JJ-92A[15] M27 1.5 mm 60° 1.062"-16.93
Sardec[15] M27 1.5 mm 60° 25 mm 1.062"-16.93
Sako TRG22, TRG-S, M995, Sako S20 M27 1.5 mm 60° 1.062"-16.93
Carcano M91[5] M27 1.75 mm 60° 27.05 mm 28.83 mm shoulder. Also written as 0.968"-14. 1.062"-14.51
Accuracy International Short action AI
(AT, AX308, AE, AW)
M27 2.0 mm 60° Indexed via a set screw 1.063"-12.7
Steyr-Mannlicher M1895 M27,

M26.99

2 mm,
2.117 mm
60° 24.38 mm 1.063-12.7,
1-1/16"-12
Kongsberg M52 (jakt, redningsgevær),
M55 jakt,
M58 skarpskytter,
M59 skarpskytter,
M62 jakt,
M63 selfangstgevær,
M64 treningsgevær,
M67 skarpskytter,
M80 skarpskytter,
M85E
M28 2.117 mm 55° 16.2+0.2 mm 27.9 mm major diameter. Also written as 1.098"-12. 1.098"-12
Husqvarna 640 M28 2.117 mm 55° 16.2+0.2 mm 1.098"-12
Norinco Model 1887 M28 0.977 mm 60° Clone of Winchester Model 1887 1.100"-26
Savage Bolt Action Shotgun M28 1.270 mm 60° 1.100"-20
Heym SR 10, SR 20,
Mauser 2000, 3000[14]
M28 2.117 mm 60° 1.100"-12
CZ BBK-02 M28 2.117 mm 60° 1.100"-12
Fabrique Nationale 222 Benchrest[5] M28 2.117 mm 55°/60° 15.9 mm Built on Mauser 98 actions 1.100"-12
Zastava M70 / M98 M28 2.117 mm 55° 1.100"-12
Voere Shikar,[14] K-14[14] M28 2.117 mm 60° 1.100"-12
Mauser large ring:[5][53]

Mauser K98k, M98,[18][23]
Mauser Model 24 (Yugoslavian)[5]
Interarms Mark X[18]

M28 2.117 mm 55° / 60° 16.2+0.2 mm / 15.88 mm Major diameter 27.90-0.10 mm 1.100"-12[19]
CZ 550, 557, 602 M28 2.0 mm 60° 1.102"-12.7
Kongsberg Rolling Block (RB) M/1867 M28 55°
Kongsberg RB shotgun Tr 29° Trapezoidal threads
Jarmann M/1884 55°/60°
Savage Large Shank[35][14][23] M28.58 1.270 mm 60° Also written as 1.120"-20 1-1/8"-20
Savage 110 (short magnum),[5]
Ultimatum Deadline Long Action
M28.58 1.270 mm 60° 1-1/8"-20
Tubb 2000, Tubb ATR M28.58 1.411 mm 60° Barrel coupler is 1-3/4"-18[54] 1-1/8"-18
Armalite AR-30 M28.58 1.411 mm 60° UNEF, tolerance class 3A 1-1/8"-18
BAT M[55] M28.58 1.588 mm 60° 26.67 mm 1-1/8"-16
BAT HR, BTLA[56] M28.58 1.588 mm 60° 17.30 mm /
19.25 mm
1-1/8"-16
Herters (BSA) U-9[5] M28.32 2.117 mm 55° 23.37 mm 31.37 mm shoulder. Also written as 1.115"-12. 1-1/8"-12
Falling Block Works (FBW) Model L Express [6]: 72  M28.58 2.117 mm 60° 25.15 mm 1-1/8"-12
Enfield P-14 Tr28.58 2.54 mm 29° 18.29 mm Trapezoidal threads, 33.66 mm shoulder 1-1/8"-10
Enfield 1917[5] Tr28.58 2.54 mm 29° 20.32 mm Trapezoidal threads, 33.66 mm shoulder 1-1/8"-10
Enfield P-14, M1917[5] Sq28.58 2.54 mm 90° Square threads 1-1/8"-10
Remington 30, 30S, 720[5] M28.58 2.54 mm 60° 18.29 mm 33.66 mm shoulder 1-1/8"-10
Accuracy International Long action magnum AI
(AXMC, AX338)
M30 2.0 mm 60° Indexing via set screw 1.181"-12.7
BAT CT[57] M30.16 1.588 mm 60° 26.42 mm 1-3/16"-16
BAT L[58] M31.75 1.588 mm 60° 44.2 mm 1-1/4"-16
BAT EX with CHEY-TAC breechface[59] M38.10 1.588 mm 60° 37.34 mm 1-1/2"-16
BAT EX with 50 BMG breechface[60] M38.10 1.588 mm 60° 34.80 mm 1-1/2"-16

Alternative methods

Several alternative mounting methods to using action threads exist.

Barrel press fit
Pressing the barrel into the receiver to achieve a press fit is an alternative to using action threads which has been used on firearms such as Anschütz Fortner, Anschütz Model 54,[61] AKM[62] and Sauer 101.[63][64]
Barrel nut
Attaching the barrel to the receiver using a barrel nut and a barrel with a shoulder is an alternative to action threads, which has been used in firearms such as the Sten gun and AR-15.
Hand tools
Quick barrel change systems is an increasingly popular alternative, as seen in for example SIG Sauer 200 STR, Roessler Titan or Blaser R8. These methods typically only require simple hand tools (like a hex key) or no tools at all. This can be a great advantage to competition shooters who regularly wear out barrels, or for hunters who want a modular rifle that can shoot several calibers. In these designs, the bolt locks directly into the barrel, and the manufacturer often guarantees that the barrel is headspaced correctly from the factory.

Muzzle threads

Gun with threaded muzzle besides a disassembled muzzle brake and thread protector.

Muzzle threads is one method of fitting accessories such as flash hiders, suppressors or muzzle brakes (compensators). The applicable thread is limited to a certain degree by the bullet caliber and barrel diameter. Right-hand threads (RH) are most common, but left-hand threads (LH) are sometimes used instead. Unless otherwise stated, right-hand threads are usually assumed.

In Europe it has become common to use 1 mm muzzle thread pitches.[65] M14x1 is a common thread type on European hunting barrels, while M18x1 is common on competition bull barrels. A larger barrel thread diameter can improve the precision of the barrel.[66] As of 2021, various Unified threads are still the de facto standard on most American firearms, such as 1/2"-28 (M12.7x0.907) on 5.6 mm (.223") caliber rifles and 5/8"-24 (M15.88x1.058) on 7.62 mm (.308") calibers.

Some common barrel threads are listed below:[67][68][69][70]

Common muzzle threads
Diameter Pitch Comment Inch
M12.7 0.907 mm Common on American rifles and pistols chambered for .223 Rem, .22 LR and 9x19 mm. 1/2"-28
M12.7 1.270 mm Common on older European rifles chambered for .22 LR. 1/2"-20
M13.5 1 mm LH Some European 9x19 mm pistols 69/128"-25.4 LH
M14 1 mm Very common on European hunting rifles. Also used on some airsoft guns (although often in the left-hand version). 71/128"-25.4
M15.88 1.058 mm Very common on American rifles chambered for the 7.62 caliber (for example .300 BLK, 7.62x39 mm, .308 Win) 5/8"-24
M18 1 mm Common on European rifles with bull barrels. 45/64"-25.4
Less common muzzle threads
Diameter Pitch Comment Inch
M8 0.75 mm Some .22 LR pistols 20/64"-33.87
M9.53 1.058 mm Some .22 LR pistols 3/8-24
M12.7 0.706 mm Some 9 mm rifles 1/2"-36
M13 1 mm Older Glock 9x19 mm, Galil (5.56 and 7.62 mm) 33/64"-25.4
M13 1 mm LH Steyr AUG 33/64"-25.4 LH
M14 1 mm LH AK-47 and AKM. Also common on airsoft guns. 71/128"-25.4 LH
M14.29 1.058 mm Some .40"/10 mm pistols. Used on some rifles in .223", 6.5 mm, .308", and 9x19 mm. 9/16-24
M14.29 1.058 mm LH FN FAL 9/16-24 LH
M14.68 0.907 mm Some pistols in .45-kaliber. Also written as .578"-28. 74/128"-28
M15 1 mm Some German rifles. 38/64"-25.4
M16 1 mm .45 caliber pistols from HK. 20/32"-25.4
M16 1 mm LH .45 caliber pistols from HK. 20/32"-25.4 LH
M17.46 1.058 mm Some American 7.62 mm bull barrels, as well as some barrels for .450 Bushmaster (11 mm caliber). 11/16-24
M18 1.5 mm Accuracy International .338 LM. 45/64"-16.93
M22 0.75 mm Saiga 12 gauge shotgun 111/128"-33.87
M22.23 1.814 mm Some rifles in 12.7 mm caliber 7/8"-14
M24 1 mm Accuracy International 12.7 mm, Micro Uzi, Uzi pistol 121/128"-25.4
M24 1.5 mm AK-74 (5.45x39 mm) 121/128"-16.93
M25 1 mm Desert Tech 12.7 63/64"-25.4
M25.4 1.814 mm Some rifles in 12.7 mm caliber. 1"-14
M26 1.5 mm Zastava M85 and M92 (7.62x39 mm), Uzi, Mini Uzi. 1-3/128"-16.93

External threads on muzzle accessories

Flash hider with external threads for a suppressor on a Zastava M76.

Some accessories, notably suppressors and concussion reduction devices (CRDs), attach via a muzzle device such as a flash hider, compensator, thread protector or sleeve.

External threads on muzzle accessories
Diameter Pitch Comment Inch
M19 1.588 mm Oil filters on Ford, Dodge og Jeep 3/4"-16
M20 2.5 mm Standard metric coarse thread 101/128"-10.16
M20.6 1.588 mm Flash hiders from Kineti-Tech. Oil filters from Chevy and GM. 13/16"-16
M20.6 1.814 mm Standard pipe thread (NPT). 3/4"-14
M22.9 1.058 mm Q Cherry .900"-24
M24 3 mm Standard metric coarse thread 121/128"-8.47
M27 1.5 mm Ase Utra Borelock,
Klärig Engineering BL2,
Uronen Precision
1-1/16"-25.4
M28.6 2.117 mm Flash hiders from Cyclone, Angel and Demon, some from SilcencerCo, BattleComp 1-1/8"-12
M30 3.5 mm Standard metric coarse thread 1-3/16"-7.26
M34.9 0.907 mm Quietbore Quickie 1-3/8"-28
M34.9 1.058 mm Some suppressor tubes from SilencerCo, Dead Air, Griffin Armament, ODIN Works, Q LLC,
Torrent Suppressors, Area 419, Energetic Armament, YHM, SDTA, Super Precision Concepts,
Plan B, Enfield Rifle Company, Rex Silentium, JK Armament, Ronin Factory,
JMAC Customs, Enduro, ASR, Aklys Defense.[71]
1-3/8"-24
M36 4 mm Standard metric coarse thread 1-27/64"-6.35
M36.5 1.270 mm Suppressor tubes from SDTAC, Diversified Machine, Super Precision Concepts. Maglite D Cell. 1-7/16"-20
M36.5 1.058 mm Some Diversified Machine suppressors 1-7/16"-24
M38.9 1.058 mm Some Diversified Machine suppressors 1-17/32"-24
M42 4.5 mm Standard metric coarse thread 1-21/32"-5.64
M42.5 1.058 mm Some Diversified Machine suppressors 1-43/64"-24

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Bolt Guns - a Survey of Rem 700 Custom Actions | RECOILWEB
  2. ^ Brownells - Fitted Barrel Instructions
  3. ^ Custom Rifles | Warner Tool Company
  4. ^ “Blueprinting” (Truing) a Remington 700 Action – rifleshooter.com
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw "Bolt action rifles" (3rd edition 1995) by Frank de Haas, Part III: Reference - Barrel Shank Drawings, page 501-510
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Mr. Single Shot's Gunsmithing Idea Book (1983) av Frank De Haas ISBN 0-8306-1511-3
  7. ^ a b "Colt SAA First, Second and Third Generation barrel thread specification - World's Largest Supplier of Firearm Accessories, Gun Parts and Gunsmithing Tools - BROWNELLS". Archived from the original on 2014-04-04.
  8. ^ stilleractions.com - Instructions for using the SPF 2500X Actions
  9. ^ BSA Martini Cadet 1 | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Pre Fit Gun Barrels - Preferred Barrel Blanks, Inc".
  11. ^ "Cooper Model 22 Drawing". 25 April 2017.
  12. ^ Single Shot Rifles and Actions (1969), Frank de Haas
  13. ^ Browning A Bolt | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Otteson, Stuart (1985). The bolt action : a design analysis. Prescott, Ariz.: Wolfe Pub. Co. ISBN 0-935632-23-9. OCLC 12667054.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g Tabelle Zylinderverschlüsse
  16. ^ "Mosin Nagant Rifle Specifications". Archived from the original on 2020-11-12. Retrieved 2021-01-15.
  17. ^ Small Ring Mausers | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  18. ^ a b c "Brownells Fitted Barrels Instructions - 21 MAR 2002 Inst-173 - Inst-173.pdf" (PDF).
  19. ^ a b c "Common thread dimensions - Barrel & Receiver Threads".
  20. ^ Karl Egil (1998). Norske Militærgeværer etter 1867, side 191
  21. ^ Karl Egil (1998). Norske Militærgeværer etter 1867, side 132
  22. ^ Remington 788 | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h "Columbia River Arms - Bolt Action Prefits". 23 March 2018. Archived from the original on 20 January 2021.
  24. ^ Ruger M77 Mark ll | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  25. ^ Winchester post 64 Model 70 | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  26. ^ Tikka T3 | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  27. ^ Sako 85 | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  28. ^ Dunlap, Roy (1950). Gunsmithing.
  29. ^ a b Understanding The AR-10 Upper Receiver | Gun Digest
  30. ^ Howa 1500 | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  31. ^ Building a custom Howa 1500 in 6.5 Creedmoor – rifleshooter.com
  32. ^ Japanese Type 99, Japanese Type 38 & 44 | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  33. ^ Remington 700 | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  34. ^ Dan Lilja Now Offers Pre-threaded Barrel Option ($30 Extra) « Daily Bulletin
  35. ^ a b Savage Rifle Gun Parts Information - MidwayUSA
  36. ^ Savage 110 Series | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  37. ^ BAT TR tenon thread profile (S/N over 100) - Bat Machine Co. Inc.
  38. ^ BAT Bumblebee, Vampire & Igniter models tenon thread profile - Bat Machine Co. Inc.
  39. ^ Defiance Deviant | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  40. ^ HS Precision 2000 | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  41. ^ Surgeon 951 | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  42. ^ Thompson/Center Icon | Rod Henrickson
  43. ^ a b Custom Rifle Actions | The Atlas Action
  44. ^ "BAT S, SV, B, DS, 3L, 3LL models tenon thread profile - Bat Machine Co. Inc" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2021-04-21. Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  45. ^ BAT SB & MB models tenon thread profile - Bat Machine Co. Inc.
  46. ^ "Custom Rifle Actions - The Atlas Action".
  47. ^ BAT VR, BRA, TR models tenon thread profile - Bat Machine Co. Inc.
  48. ^ a b "Custom Rifle Actions - The Panda Action". Kelbly Rifles. Retrieved 2021-01-15.
  49. ^ Tennon Prints - Curtis Custom>
  50. ^ Weatherby Mark V | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  51. ^ Stiller Predator | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  52. ^ Sauer 200 STR - Presisjonsproblemer?[permanent dead link]
  53. ^ Large Ring 98 Mauser | Gunsmith Rod Henrickson
  54. ^ Tubb Adaptive Target Rifle Press Release
  55. ^ BAT M model tenon thread profile - Bat Machine Co. Inc.
  56. ^ BAT HR & BTLA models tenon thread profile - Bat Machine Co. Inc.
  57. ^ BAT CT model tenon thread profile - Bat Machine Co. Inc.
  58. ^ BAT L model tenon thread profile - Bat Machine Co. Inc.
  59. ^ BAT EX with Chey-Tac tenon thread profile - Bat Machine Co. Inc.
  60. ^ BAT EX with 50 BMG models tenon thread profile - Bat Machine Co. Inc.
  61. ^ Upgrading an Older Model 54 Anschütz — Recommended Smiths « Daily Bulletin
  62. ^ "Building an AK-74 Part 4: Pressing in the Barrel | Top Rated Supplier of Firearm Reloading Equipment, Supplies, and Tools - Colt".
  63. ^ Sauer 101 Review | Sporting Rifle magazine "This rifle is not a switch barrel, like its predecessor, but fixed. Sauer opted for a non-threaded, heat shrunk, barrel to receiver fitting"
  64. ^ New Sauer 101 Hunting Rifle from J.P. Sauer & Sohn « Daily Bulletin "Sauer boasts that the barrel is heat-pressed into the receiver, with the bolt locking up directly into the barrel"
  65. ^ Muzzle threading - Danish Guntech ApS
  66. ^ "Muzzle Threading — Don't Remove Too Much Steel". Daily Bulletin. Accurate Shooter. 2021-01-15.
  67. ^ Thread Reference Guide - Infinite Product Solutions
  68. ^ Common Thread Pitches - Capitol Armory
  69. ^ Common Barrel Thread References
  70. ^ Thread Pitch Guide - Thread-Pitch-Guide.pdf
  71. ^ Dave Merrill (January 22, 2020). "Universal Silencer Standard: HUB 1.375x24 TPI". Recoil.