This page lists more than 100 small arms designs which have been produced in numbers exceeding one million since the late 18th century. Many more types have been made in the hundreds of thousands. Many of the firearms on this list are military weapons which were used during both World Wars, so it is unsurprising that they were manufactured in such high numbers. Others are designed for civilian hunting and sport shooting, which generally sell very well in countries such as the U.S. and Canada. Many of those produced have been destroyed, deactivated or fallen into disrepair, but others will have been kept in working order and sold or passed on from one generation to another down the years.[1]

In 2018, Small Arms Survey reported that there are over one billion small arms distributed globally, of which 857 million (about 85 percent) are in civilian hands.[2][3] U.S. civilians alone account for 393 million (about 46 percent) of the worldwide total of civilian held firearms.[3] This amounts to "120.5 firearms for every 100 residents."[3] The world's armed forces control about 133 million (about 13 percent) of the global total of small arms, of which over 43 percent belong to two countries, the Russian Federation (30.3 million) and the People's Republic of China (27.5 million).[2] Law enforcement agencies control about 23 million (about 2 percent) of the global total of small arms.[2]

Estimates by Oxfam in 2012 put the production of firearm cartridges at 12 billion per year,[4] or approximately 32.9 million a day.[a]

Estimates of production of the Kalashnikov AK-47 and derivative weapons may be exaggerated. Various sources quote figures between 35 and 150 million.[5] In his 2001 book 'The AK-47', Chris McNab claims it is "feasible" that production of the Chinese Type 56 assault rifle – a license-built AK-47 copy – reached 15-20 million. McNab bases that estimate on the "apparent" strength of the Chinese armed forces of 10 million (3 million regular troops and 5-7 million reservists) and presumed export sales. However, the true strength of the People's Liberation Army was around 1.5 million in 2013. Furthermore, as late as the 1979 Sino-Vietnamese war most Chinese soldiers were armed with another weapon, the Type 56 carbine (an SKS copy), and were soon after re-equipped with the Type 81 assault rifle, followed later by the QBZ-95 and QBZ-03, all of which are unrelated to the Kalashnikov design.

Designs produced in numbers exceeding 1 million

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (March 2017)
Model or series Class of firearm Origin Low estimate

of production

High estimate

of production[b]

Notes
Kalashnikov AK-47

(and derivatives)

Assault rifle  Soviet Union 40,000,000[5] 150,000,000[6][7] 5 million milled AK type 3, 10 million AKM,[8] 5 million AK-74[9]15-20 million Chinese Type 56[10]

3 million Yugoslav Zastava M70, 2 million East German Mpi

Several million Egyptian Maadi

Mauser Gewehr 98

(and similar)

Bolt-action rifle  German Empire 20,000,000[11] 102,000,000[12][11]
Mosin–Nagant  Russian Empire 37,000,000[13]
M16/M4/AR-15 and derivatives Assault rifle/semi-automatic rifle  United States 15,000,000 20,000,000 10 million military M16/M4, (Colt production only as of 2011)[14] 5-10 million civilian AR-15 (as of 2016)[15][16]
Lee–Enfield Bolt-action rifle  United Kingdom 16,000,000[17] 17,000,000[18]
SKS Semi-automatic rifle  Soviet Union 5,000,000[19] 15,000,000[20]
Mossberg 500 Pump-action shotgun  United States 10,000,000[21] 12,000,000[22]
Remington 870 Pump-action shotgun  United States 10,000,000 11,000,000+[23]
Marlin Model 60 Semi-automatic rifle  United States 11,000,000
IMI Uzi Submachine gun  Israel 2,000,000[24] 10,000,000[25]
Arisaka Type 30/38/99 Bolt-action rifle  Japan 7,000,000 10,000,000[26] ~560,000 Type 30, 3 million plus Type 38[26]

3.5 million or more Type 99[27]

Glock Semi-automatic pistol  Austria 6,000,000[28] 20,000,000[29] 5 million sold by 2007 and 1 million in 2013 alone. 800,000+ imported into the US in 2012[30]
Makarov pistol  Soviet Union 5,000,000[31] 10,000,000[citation needed] 5 million at the Izhevsk factory alone[32]
M1 Garand Semi-automatic rifle  United States 8,200,000[33]
Heckler & Koch G3 Battle rifle  West Germany 8,000,000[19]
Winchester Model 1894 Lever-action rifle  United States 6,000,000[34] 7,500,000[35]
FN FAL (and derivatives) Battle rifle  Belgium 5,000,000 7,000,000[36] 2 million + Belgian FN FAL,[37] 1.15 million British L1A1[38]

1 million + Indian 1A1,[39][40] 250,000 South African R1[41] (plus 30,000 sold to Rhodesia), 230,000 Australian L1A1 and L2A1 ~200,000 Brazilian IMBEL M964,[42] ~150,000 Austrian StG 58,[43] ~65,000 Canadian C1

Musket Model 1777 Musket  France 7,000,000[44]
M1/M2/M3 Carbine Carbine

Automatic carbine (M2/M3)

 United States 6,500,000[45]
Type 63 Assault rifle  China 1,000,000[46] 6,000,000
PPSh-41 Submachine gun  Soviet Union 5,000,000[47] 6,000,000
Marlin Model 336 Lever-action rifle  United States 6,000,000[48]
Smith & Wesson Model 10 Revolver 6,000,000[49]
Ruger 10/22 Semi-automatic rifle 5,000,000[50] 6,000,000[51]
Remington 700 Bolt-action rifle 5,000,000
Walther PP/PPK Semi-automatic pistol  Germany 5,000,000
M1911 (and copies)  United States 3,000,000 5,000,000 2,700,000 military models (various contractors)[52]

~500,000 civilian production by Colt[52]

Up to 2 million Spanish Star Model A/B/M/P?

113,000 Argentine Ballester-Molina

STEN gun Submachine gun  United Kingdom 3,500,000[53] 4,500,000[54]
Carcano Modello 1891 Bolt-action rifle  Italy 3,000,000[55] 4,500,000[11]
'Brown Bess' Land Pattern Musket Musket  United Kingdom 3,000,000[56][57] 4,300,000[58] 3 million India Pattern Short Land Carbine made from 1795[56]

1.6 million made in Birmingham and 2.7 million in London[58]

Remington Model 1100 Semi-automatic shotgun  United States 3,000,000[59] 4,000,000[60]
Ruger Single Six/

Blackhawk/Vaquero

Revolver 4,000,000 ~1.5 million Single Six[citation needed]

~2 million Blackhawk[61][62][63][64][65]

~650,000 Vaquero[66][67]

Lebel Model 1886 Bolt-action rifle  France 3,500,000[68]
Beretta 92 Semi-automatic pistol  Italy 3,500,000[69]
Mannlicher M1895 Bolt-action rifle  Austria-Hungary 2,500,000[70] 3,500,000[27]
Berdan M1870 Single-shot

bolt-action rifle

 Russian Empire 3,200,000[71]
Browning M2 Heavy machine gun  United States 3,000,000[72]
Ruger Standard Semi-automatic pistol 2,000,000[73] 3,000,000[74]
Springfield M1903 Bolt-action rifle 3,000,000[75]
Luger Parabellum Semi-automatic pistol  German Empire 2,000,000 3,000,000[76]
Browning Auto-5 Semi-automatic shotgun  United States 2,000,000[77] 3,000,000[77] Browning made its 2 millionth gun in 1974[78]

Also produced as the Remington Model 11 and Savage Model 720 and 745

Nagant M1895 Revolver  Russian Empire 2,600,000[79] 3,000,000+[80]
QBZ-95 Assault rifle  China 3,000,000[81]
Gewehr 1888 Bolt-action rifle  German Empire 2,000,000[82] 2,800,000
Remington Model 740/742/7400

Woodsmaster

Semi-automatic rifle  United States 1,700,000 2,500,000[83]
Fusil Gras mle 1874 Single-shot bolt-action rifle  France 2,500,000
M14 Battle rifle  United States 1,530,000 2,380,000 1.38 million US M14[84]

~150,000 – 1 million Taiwanese T57[85]

Marlin Model 1891, 1892, 1897 and 39 Lever-action rifle 2,200,000[86]
Berthier Models 1890-1907 Bolt-action rifle  France 2,000,000+[87]
Winchester Model 1912/42 Pump-action shotgun  United States 2,000,000[34][88]
Winchester Model 70/670/770 Bolt-action rifle 2,000,000[34][88]
Winchester Model 1892 (and copies) Lever-action rifle 2,000,000[34][88]
Ruger M77 Bolt-action rifle 2,000,000[89][90][91]
PPS-42/43 Submachine gun  Soviet Union 2,000,000[92]
Baikal/IMZ MP-27M Double-barrelled shotgun 2,000,000+[93]
Ithaca 37 Pump-action shotgun  United States 2,000,000[94][95]
Raven MP-25 Semi-automatic pistol 2,000,000[96]
FN M1906/Colt M1908 Vest Pocket/

FN Baby Browning

 Belgium 2,000,000[96][78]
FN Model 1910, 1922 and Browning

Model 1955

1,786,000 2,000,000 704,000 Model 1910,[97] 486,000+ Model 1922,[98][99]

619,000 Model 1955[78]

Winchester Models 1900 — 68 Single-shot bolt-action rifle  United States 1,750,000 2,000,000[88]
Springfield Model 1861 and 1863 Rifle-musket 1,500,000 2,000,000[100] 1 million M1861[101] and 500,000-700,000 M1863

750,000 Model 1863 Type II[102]

Ruger P-series Semi-automatic pistol 1,000,000 2,000,000[103]
Mauser Model 1871 Bolt-action rifle  German Empire 2,000,000[104][105] Over 1 million single-shot M1871 and 1.1 million magazine-fed M1871/84
'Chassepot' Fusil Modèle 1866 Single-shot rifle  France 2,000,000
Winchester Model 1200/1300/120 Pump-action shotgun  United States 1,900,000[88]
Thompson submachine gun Submachine gun 1,700,000
TT pistol Semi-automatic pistol  Soviet Union 1,700,000
SVT-38 and SVT-40 Semi-automatic rifle 1,000,000+[106] 1,600,000
Winchester Model 1890 and 1906 Pump-action rifle  United States 1,600,000[88]
Colt Police Positive Special

and Detective Special

Revolver 1,500,000[52]
Beretta M1934 and M1935 Semi-automatic pistol  Italy 1,500,000 1 million plus Model 1934[107]

525,000 Model 1935[108]

Harrington & Richardson

Young America Double Action

Revolver  United States 1,500,000[109]
Ruger Security-Six/ Speed Six/ Service Six 1,240,000[110] 1,500,000[111]
Ruger LCP Semi-automatic pistol 1,500,000[112]
Browning Hi-Power  Belgium 1,000,000[113] 1,500,000[114] A BBC article claims 10 million.[24] 650,000 may have been produced in Indian arsenals.[40]
Remington Model 760/7600

Gamemaster

Pump-action rifle  United States 1,000,000[115] 1,500,000 1,034,462 of the Model 760 alone were made from 1952-1980
Vetterli M1870 Bolt-action rifle  Italy 1,500,000
Remington Rolling Block Single-shot rifle  United States 1,500,000[116]
Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle-musket  United Kingdom 1,500,000[117][page needed]
MP 38 and MP 40 Submachine gun  Nazi Germany 1,100,000[118] 1,500,000[118]
INSAS Assault rifle  India 700,000[40] 1,400,000[40] Based on strength of Indian army (1.3 million) and annual production rate. In service 1998-2017.
Schmidt–Rubin Model 1889 etc. Bolt-action rifle   Switzerland 1,366,000[119]
Harrington & Richardson

Model 2 Double Action

Revolver  United States 1,300,000[120]
Smith & Wesson N-frame (including

models 27, 28 and 29)

1,300,000[121][122] 333,454 S-prefix serial numbers

970,000 N-prefix serial numbers

Mannlicher M1886 and M1888 Bolt-action rifle  Austria-Hungary 1,200,000[123][124]
Walther P38 Semi-automatic pistol  Nazi Germany 1,173,000[125] WWII production alone
Smith & Wesson I-Frame

(Model 30 & 31, Model 32 & 33 and Model 34 & 35)

Revolver  United States 1,169,000 Model 30 and 31: 826,977[122]

Model 32 and 33: 122,678[122]

Model 34 and 35: 219,801[122]

Dreyse Needle Gun Single-shot rifle  Prussia 1,150,000[58]
MAS-36 Bolt-action rifle  France 1,100,000[126]
Ruger Mini-14/AC556 Semi-automatic rifle  United States 1,000,000+[127]
CZ 75 series (B, Omega, SP-01 models) Semi-automatic pistol  Czechoslovakia 1,000,000+[128]
Mauser C96

(and derivatives)

Semi-automatic pistol

Machine pistol

 German Empire 1,000,000+ 920,000-984,000 C96,[129] 98,000 M712 'Schnellfeuer'[130]

Tens of thousands of Spanish and Chinese copies[131][132]

Beretta Model 38 Submachine gun  Italy 1,000,000
Marlin Model 1894 Lever-action rifle  United States 1,000,000+[133]
Savage Model 99 1,000,000+[134]
PK machine gun General-purpose machine gun  Soviet Union 1,000,000+
Smith & Wesson M&P Shield Semi-automatic pistol  United States 1,000,000+ 1 million mark reached in December 2015[135]
Henry Lever-Action .22 Lever-action rifle 1,000,000+ Announced in December 2017
Remington Nylon 66 Semi-automatic rifle 1,050,350[136]
Winchester Model 1897 Pump-action shotgun 1,024,700[137]
Colt Army Special/Official Police/

.357/Trooper/Lawman/Python

Revolver 1,000,000[52]
DShK Heavy machine gun  Soviet Union 1,000,000[138]
Vz. 58 Assault rifle  Czechoslovakia 1,000,000[139]
Taurus Millennium series Semi-automatic pistol  Brazil 1,000,000[140] Nearly 1 million before 2015/16 recall, still in production
Daewoo Precision Industries K2 Assault rifle  South Korea 1,000,000[141] "Nearly a million" in 2017, still in production and being exported
FN Browning M1900 Semi-automatic pistol  Belgium 724,550[142] 1,000,000
Martini-Henry Single-shot rifle  United Kingdom 500,000[143] 1,000,000
Total 390 million 645 million

Designs produced in numbers from 100,000 to 1,000,000

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (March 2017)
Model or series Class of

firearm

Origin Low estimate

of production

High estimate

of production[b]

Notes
Gabilondo Ruby (and similar) Semi-automatic pistol  Spain 700,000[144] 900,000[145] The term "Ruby" is often also applied to "Ruby-style" pistols produced by 45 companies other than Gabilondo

and its official partners.

Degtyaryov machine gun Light machine gun  Soviet Union 792,000
Krag-Jørgensen Rifle Bolt-action rifle  Norway 748,500< +750,000 Official rifle of the US military from 1892-4 until 1904.
Ruger GP100 Revolver  United States 734,500[146]
Colt 1903/1908 Pocket Hammerless Semi-automatic pistol 710,000 572,215 in .32 ACP and 138,009 in .380 ACP
Winchester Model 1873 Lever-action rifle 702,000[147][148]
SIG SG 510 Battle rifle   Switzerland 700,000
MAT-49 Submachine gun  France 700,000
Colt Woodsman Semi-automatic pistol  United States 690,000+[149]
Lorenz rifle Rifle-musket  Austrian Empire 688,000
Werndl–Holub rifle Single-shot rifle  Austria-Hungary 686,000
Model 1816 Musket Musket  United States 675,000[150]
M3 submachine gun Submachine gun 655,363[151]
SA80 Assault rifle  United Kingdom 600,000
SIG SG 550 Assault rifle   Switzerland 600,000
MG 34 General-purpose machine gun  Nazi Germany 577,120[152]
Browning M1917

and M1919

Machine gun  United States 567,340[153][154]
Tula-Korovin TK Semi-automatic pistol  United States 500,000[155]
Colt Single Action Army Revolver  United States 457,000[52] 357,000 from 1873 to 1940. 100,000 from 1956 to 1978.

Still in production

StG 44 Assault rifle  Nazi Germany 425,000[156]
MG 42 General-purpose machine gun 423,600[152]
Ross Rifle Bolt-action rifle  Canada 420,000[157]
Vektor R4 Assault rifle  South Africa 420,000[158]
Gewehr 43 Semi-automatic rifle  Nazi Germany 402,713
FAMAS F1/G1/G2 Assault rifle  France 400,000 410,000 400,000 F1 pattern, used by the French Army.[159] The French Navy have about 10,000-15,000 G2.[160] Still in use.
Type 14 Nambu pistol Semi-automatic pistol  Japan 400,000[161]
Fusil Gras mle 1874 Bolt-action rifle  France 400,000
Colt New Service Revolver  United States 356,000
M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle Automatic rifle 351,679
Lee–Metford Bolt-action rifle  United Kingdom 350,000
Colt Model 1849 Pocket Revolver  United States 350,000[52]
Modèle 1892 revolver Revolver  France 350,000
MAC Mle 1950 Semi-automatic pistol 341,900
MAS 1873 revolver Revolver 337,000
M1917 revolver Revolver  United States 300,000
Steyr M1912 Semi-automatic pistol  Austria-Hungary 300,000
Pistolet modèle An XIII Flintlock pistol  France 300,000
MAS-49 Semi-automatic rifle 295,840
Chauchat Light machine gun 262,000
Heckler & Koch G36 Assault rifle  Germany 260,000+ 500,000+[162]
TEC-9 Semi-automatic pistol  United States 257,434
Colt Model 1851 Navy Revolver  United States 257,000[52]
Howa Type 64 Battle rifle  Japan 230,000[163]
Lewis gun Light machine gun  United Kingdom 202,050
Colt Model 1860 Army Revolver  United States 200,500[52]
MAB Model D pistol Semi-automatic pistol  France 200,000+
Škorpion vz. 61 Submachine gun  Czechoslovakia 200,000
FM 24/29 light machine gun Light machine gun  France 190,400
Colt Model 1877 Lightning Revolver  United States 166,849[52]
Winchester Model 1866 Lever-action rifle 157,625[164][34]
FN Model 1903 Semi-automatic pistol  Belgium 153,173
Model 1795 Musket Musket  United States 150,000
Colt Diamondback Revolver 130,000[52]
Webley Revolver Revolver  United Kingdom 125,000
Beretta AR70/90 Assault rifle  Italy 120,000[165]
Colt Open-Top Pocket Revolver  United States 114,200[52]

Citations

  1. ^ 12,000,000,000 ÷ 365.24 = 32,855,108.96944475, this figure is rounded to the nearest hundred thousand.
  2. ^ a b Or the only estimate of production if there isn’t a reliable source with a lower estimate
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References