By-elections to the 5th Canadian Parliament were held to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada between the 1882 federal election and the 1887 federal election. The Conservative Party of Canada led a majority government for the 5th Canadian Parliament.

The list includes Ministerial by-elections which occurred due to the requirement that Members of Parliament recontest their seats upon being appointed to Cabinet. These by-elections were almost always uncontested. This requirement was abolished in 1931.

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Haldimand September 8, 1886 David Thompson      Liberal Charles Wesley Colter      Liberal Death Yes
Chambly July 30, 1886 Pierre Basile Benoit      Conservative Raymond Préfontaine      Liberal Appointed Superintendent of the Chambly Canal. No
King's December 31, 1885 George Eulas Foster      Conservative George Eulas Foster      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries. Yes
City of St. John November 24, 1885 Samuel Leonard Tilley      Liberal-Conservative Frederick Eustace Barker      Conservative Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick. Yes
City and County of St. John October 20, 1885 Isaac Burpee      Liberal Charles Arthur Everett      Conservative Death No
Antigonish October 16, 1885 Angus McIsaac      Liberal John Sparrow David Thompson      Liberal-Conservative Appointed County Court Judge for District No. 6. No
Cardwell August 27, 1885 Thomas White      Conservative Thomas White      Conservative Recontested upon appointment as Minister of the Interior. Yes
Durham East August 24, 1885 Arthur Trefusis Heneage Williams      Conservative Henry Alfred Ward      Conservative Death Yes
Grenville South July 4, 1885 William Thomas Benson      Conservative Walter Shanly      Conservative Death Yes
Lévis April 14, 1885 Isidore-Noël Belleau      Conservative Pierre Malcom Guay      Liberal Unseated on a judgement of the Supreme Court. Yes
Northumberland West April 7, 1885 George Guillet      Conservative George Guillet      Conservative Election declared void Yes
Soulanges February 5, 1885 James William Bain      Conservative James William Bain      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Lennox January 28, 1885 David Wright Allison      Liberal Matthew William Pruyn      Conservative Election declared void. No
Maskinongé December 22, 1884 Frédéric Houde      Nationalist Conservative Alexis Lesieur Desaulniers      Conservative Death. No
Beauce October 31, 1884 Joseph Bolduc      Nationalist Conservative Thomas Linière Taschereau      Conservative Called to the Senate. Yes
Ontario West August 22, 1884 George Wheler      Liberal James David Edgar      Liberal Resignation Yes
Queen's County August 19, 1884 Frederick de Sainte-Croix Brecken      Conservative John Theophilus Jenkins      Liberal-Conservative Appointed Postmaster of Charlottetown. Yes
Cape Breton July 3, 1884 William McDonald      Conservative Hector Francis McDougall      Liberal-Conservative Called to the Senate. Yes
York June 29, 1884 John Pickard      Independent Liberal Thomas Temple      Conservative Death No
Cumberland June 26, 1884 Charles Tupper      Conservative Charles James Townshend      Liberal-Conservative Appointed High Commissioner for Canada in the United Kingdom. Yes
Mégantic June 10, 1884 Louis-Israël Côté dit Fréchette      Conservative François Langelier      Liberal Election declared void. No
Nicolet April 16, 1884 François-Xavier-Ovide Méthot      Independent Conservative Athanase Gaudet      Nationalist Conservative Appointed to the Legislative Council of Quebec. No
Bothwell February 25, 1884 John Joseph Hawkins      Liberal-Conservative David Mills      Liberal Election declared void. No
Kent January 29, 1884 Henry Smyth      Conservative Henry Smyth      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Soulanges December 27, 1883 Georges-Raoul-Léotale-Guichart-Humbert Saveuse de Beaujeu      Conservative James William Bain      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Middlesex West December 14, 1883 George William Ross      Liberal Donald Mackenzie Cameron      Liberal Election declared void. Yes
Huron South December 10, 1883 John McMillan      Liberal Richard John Cartwright      Liberal Resignation to provide a seat for Cartwright. Yes
Lennox November 26, 1883 John A. Macdonald      Liberal-Conservative David Wright Allison      Liberal Election voided. Macdonald was concurrently elected in Carleton and chose to sit for that riding. No
Lévis October 25, 1883 Joseph-Godéric Blanchet      Liberal-Conservative Isidore-Noël Belleau      Conservative Appointed Collector of Customs for the Port of Quebec. Yes
Lunenburg October 10, 1883 Thomas Twining Keefler      Liberal Charles Edwin Kaulbach      Conservative Election declared void. No
Kent September 22, 1883 Gilbert Anselme Girouard      Conservative Pierre-Amand Landry      Conservative Appointed customs collector for Richibucto. Yes
Halifax July 24, 1883 Matthew Henry Richey      Liberal-Conservative John Fitzwilliam Stairs      Conservative Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia. Yes
Albert July 10, 1883 John Wallace      Liberal John Wallace      Liberal-Conservative Election declared void. No
King's County April 26, 1883 James Edwin Robertson      Liberal Augustine Colin MacDonald      Liberal-Conservative Robertson disqualified as he was a member of the Prince Edward Island Legislative Assembly at the time of the election. The seat was adjudicated to MacDonald. No
Queen's County February 27, 1883 John Theophilus Jenkins      Liberal-Conservative Frederick de Sainte-Croix Brecken      Conservative Jenkins' election being declared void, the seat was adjudicated to Mr. Brecken. Yes
Joliette December 7, 1882 Édouard Guilbault      Conservative Édouard Guilbault      Independent Conservative Election declared void. No
King's November 7, 1882 George Eulas Foster      Conservative George Eulas Foster      Conservative Election declared void. Yes
Soulanges October 27, 1882 Jacques Philippe Lantier      Conservative Georges-Raoul-Léotale-Guichart-Humbert Saveuse de Beaujeu      Conservative Death Yes
Bagot September 2, 1882 Joseph-Alfred Mousseau      Conservative Flavien Dupont      Conservative Resignation upon appointment as Premier of Quebec. Yes
Terrebonne August 16, 1882 Guillaume-Alphonse Nantel      Conservative Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Chapleau. Yes


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