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1958 Canadian federal election

← 1957 March 31, 1958 1962 →

265 seats in the House of Commons
133 seats needed for a majority
Turnout79.4% (Increase5.3pp)
  First party Second party
 
John G. Diefenbaker.jpg
Lester Pearson 1957.jpg
Leader John Diefenbaker Lester B. Pearson
Party Progressive Conservative Liberal
Leader since December 14, 1956 January 16, 1958
Leader's seat Prince Albert Algoma East
Last election 112 105
Seats won 208 48
Seat change Increase96 Decrease57
Popular vote 3,910,852 2,459,700
Percentage 53.67% 33.75%
Swing Increase14.64pp Decrease8.58pp

  Third party Fourth party
 
Major James Coldwell.jpg
Solon Earl Low.jpg
Leader Major James Coldwell Solon Earl Low
Party Co-operative Commonwealth Social Credit
Leader since March 22, 1942 April 6, 1944
Leader's seat Rosetown—Biggar (lost re-election) Peace River
(lost re-election)
Last election 25 19
Seats won 8 0
Seat change Decrease17 Decrease19
Popular vote 692,398 188,717
Percentage 9.50% 2.59%
Swing Decrease1.21pp Decrease4.03pp

Canada 1958 Federal Election.svg

Chambre des Communes 1958.png
The Canadian parliament after the 1958 election

Prime Minister before election

John Diefenbaker
Progressive Conservative

Prime Minister after election

John Diefenbaker
Progressive Conservative

The 1958 Canadian federal election was held to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 24th Parliament of Canada on March 31, 1958, just nine months after the 23rd election. It transformed Prime Minister John Diefenbaker's minority into the largest majority government in Canadian history and the second largest percentage of the popular vote. Although the Tories would surpass their 1958 seat total in the 1984 election, the 1958 result (achieved in a smaller House) remains unmatched both in terms of percentage of seats (78.5%) and the size of the Government majority over all opposition parties (a 151-seat majority). Voter turnout was 79.4%.[1]

Overview

Diefenbaker called a snap election and capitalized on three factors:

National results

1958 Canadian parliament.svg
208 48 8 1
Progressive Conservative Liberal CCF O
Party Party leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular vote
1957 Elected % Change # % pp Change
  Progressive Conservative John Diefenbaker 265 111 208 +87.4% 3,908,633 53.66% +14.85
  Liberal Lester B. Pearson 264 104 48 -53.8% 2,432,953 33.40% -7.35
  Co-operative Commonwealth M.J. Coldwell 169 25 8 -68.0% 692,668 9.51% -1.20
  Liberal–Labour 1 1 1 0% 11,956 0.16% -
Social Credit Solon Low 82 19 - -100% 188,356 2.59% -3.99
  Independent 9 2 - -100% 14,211 0.20% -0.87
  Independent Liberal 10 2 - -100% 12,054 0.17% -1.25
Labor–Progressive Tim Buck 18 - - - 9,769 0.13% +0.02
  Candidats des électeurs Réal Caouette 1 - - - 8,276 0.11% -0.01
  Independent PC 5 1 - -100% 2,097 0.03% -0.19
  Socialist 2 * - * 1,113 0.02% *
  Capital familial H-G Grenier 1 * - * 968 0.01% *
  Radical chrétien 1 * - * 687 0.01% *
  Independent SC 1 - - - 361 x -0.04
  Ouvrier canadien 1 * - * 243 x *
  Independent Conservative 1 * - * 122 x *
Total 831 265 265 - 7,284,467 100.00%  
Sources: http://www.elections.ca History of Federal Ridings since 1867 Archived 2008-12-04 at the Wayback Machine

Notes:

"Previous" refers to standings at previous election, not to standings in the House of Commons at dissolution.

* The party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.

x - less than 0.005% of the popular vote

Vote and seat summaries

Popular vote
PC
53.66%
Liberal
33.40%
CCF
9.51%
Social Credit
2.59%
Others
0.84%
Seat totals
PC
78.49%
Liberal
18.11%
CCF
3.02%
Others
0.38%

Results by province

Party name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL YK NW Total
  Progressive Conservative Seats: 18 17 16 14 67 50 7 12 4 2 1 - 208
  Vote (%): 49.4 59.9 51.4 56.7 56.4 49.6 54.1 57.0 62.2 45.2 54.5 42.8 53.7
  Liberal Seats: - - - - 14 25 3 - - 5 - 1 48
  Vote (%): 16.1 13.7 19.6 21.6 32.1 45.6 43.4 38.4 37.5 54.4 43.3 57.2 33.4
  Co-operative Commonwealth Seats: 4 - 1 - 3 - - - - -     8
  Vote (%): 24.5 4.4 28.4 19.6 10.5 2.3 1.8 4.5 0.3 0.2     9.5
  Liberal-Labour Seats:         1               1
  Vote (%):         0.5               0.2
Total Seats 22 17 17 14 85 75 10 12 4 7 1 1 265
Parties that won no seats:
Social Credit Vote (%): 9.6 21.6 0.4 1.8 0.3 0.6 0.7           2.6
  Independent Vote (%):     xx xx 0.1 0.6             0.2
  Independent Liberal Vote (%):           0.6       0.2     0.2
Labor–Progressive Vote (%): 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1             0.1
  C. des électeurs Vote (%):           0.4             0.1
  Independent PC Vote (%):   0.1     0.1               xx
Socialist Vote (%):         xx xx             xx
  Capitale familiale Vote (%):           xx             xx
  Radical chrétien Vote (%):           xx             xx
  Independent SC Vote (%):   0.1                     xx
  Ouvrier canadien Vote (%):           xx             xx
  Ind. Conservative Vote (%):                     2.3   xx

xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote

See also

References

  1. ^ Pomfret, R. "Voter Turnout at Federal Elections and Referendums". Elections Canada. Elections Canada. Retrieved 23 February 2014.

Further reading