Cadsden
The Plough at Cadsden
Cadsden is located in Buckinghamshire
Cadsden
Cadsden
Location within Buckinghamshire
OS grid referenceSP825047
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPRINCES RISBOROUGH
Postcode districtHP27
Dialling code01844
PoliceThames Valley
FireBuckinghamshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°44′06″N 0°48′21″W / 51.735075°N 0.805877°W / 51.735075; -0.805877

Cadsden is a hamlet in South Buckinghamshire, England, two miles north east of Princes Risborough.[1][2] At the time of the 2011 Census, the population of the hamlet was included in the civil parish of Lacey Green.

History

The origin of the name, which also appears as Cadsden,[3] is doubtful and it is unknown when it was first used.[4] If it dates back to Anglo-Saxon times, when most of the other local place names first appeared, it probably meant 'valley frequented by wild cats'.[5]

It is said that in 1643 a wake was held in Cadsden for John Hampden by his beloved Greencoats, whilst escorting his body back to the family home at Great Hampden from Thame, where he died following the Battle of Chalgrove Field.[6]

On 30th January 1943 a Royal Air Force (RAF) Avro Anson Mk1 serial no. L7964 was on a Night Navigation Training exercise from the Central School of Navigation, flying from RAF Cranage, Cheshire. The weather conditions were poor and at 0250 hours the Anson crashed at Longdown Farm in Cadsden, killing all four crew members.[7] The accident was witnessed by an instructor in a second aircraft. The names and positions of the deceased were: Sgt Edward A. Merry, Pilot; Sgt James R. Craven, Pilot; Sgt Kenneth R. Blaskey, Pilot; and Sgt Albert C. Poulton, Wireless Operator and Air Gunner.

Transport

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The railway service in the area was improved in 2011 with the Chiltern Mainline project. The two nearest mainline railway stations are Princes Risborough (2 miles, 33–40 mins to Marylebone) and Great Missenden (9 miles, 40 mins to Marylebone), with a branchline station at Monks Risborough (1 mile, 52 mins to Marylebone).

Local amenities and traditions

Cherry Pie Festival

Every year on the first Sunday in August there is a Cherry Pie Festival, which has been a tradition in Cadsden for over 100 years.[8]

Grangelands and Pulpit Hill, which stretch from Cadsden to Kimble, are a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)[9] with an array of wildlife including glow worms [10] and the bee orchid. Up on Pulpit Hill, set within Pulpit Woods, are the remains of an Iron Age hill fort,[11][12] a scheduled ancient monument.

In 2010, several sites in Buckinghamshire, including Pulpit Hill, were chosen to help conserve the common juniper, due to a 40% decline in the plant's local population. The project is partly funded by Buckinghamshire County Council.[13] It is unclear what is causing the juniper plant's decline in the area. Threats possibly include foraging species, such as deer and rabbits, as well as Phytophthora root rot and Phytophthora austrocedrae.[14] The county council's conservation programme, in partnership with Plantlife International, uses pens created to support juniper growth.[citation needed]

Whiteleaf Golf Course, which occupies the land between Whiteleaf and Cadsden, is a 9-hole course established in 1907.[15] During the winter months when it snows, the Cadsden end of the course is used for tobogganing.[16][17]

Local issues are addressed and events organised by the Whiteleaf and Cadsden Resident's Association.[18]

Sarah Harding from Girls Aloud was a resident of Cadsden between 2008 and 2017.[19]

Relationship with Prime Ministers

Chequers, the Prime Minister's country residence, is the first property encountered along The Ridgeway path north east from Cadsden. This walk was featured in an article published by The Sunday Times in June 2010.[20][21]

The Plough at Cadsden is a country pub which is used by Prime Ministers due to its proximity to Chequers.[22][23] There is a picture of Edward Heath at the bar, which can be seen on The Plough's website.[24]

In November 2015, former Prime Minister David Cameron visited The Plough with Chinese President Xi Jinping for a pint of real ale and fish and chips.[25][26]

Millionaires Row

Cadsden is colloquially known as "Millionaires Row," since the average house price on Cadsden Road is over £1 million. The average property price, as of 2022, is £1,295,000, which is nearly double the average in London.[26]

TV location

Cadsden was featured in the Midsomer Murders episode "Down Among the Dead Men" where it was called Cadsden Ridge for TV purposes.[27]

Cadsden Road was used in an episode of Hammer House of Horror, where Warren Clarke crashed his car there.[28][29]

References

  1. ^ History of Princes Risborough inc Cadsden Archived 10 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ /Extract from John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72)
  3. ^ For instance in the Monks Risborough Inclosure Award of 1839.
  4. ^ It is not mentioned in Mawer & Stenton: The Place Names of Buckinghamshire published by the Place Names Society in 1925, nor in Eilert Ekwall: The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names (4th edition 1960), nor in the Cambridge Dictionary of English Place Names.
  5. ^ The Old English word denu meaning a dene or valley is common in place names, where it may be spelt -dene, -den, or -dean, and cats as a prefix usually indicated that the place was inhabited by wild cats. See Ekwall's Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names under 'denu' and 'catt'. See also Kenneth Cameron: English Place Names (1961) at page 180 (on dean & den) and pages 168 & 192 (on cats).
  6. ^ "A life of John Hampden The Patriot" by Dr John Adair(1976)
  7. ^ "Princes Risborough Memorials". Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  8. ^ "/ Bucks gathering of the last of the black cherries". Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
  9. ^ AONB SSI Archived 22 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Glow Worm Sites[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ Pulpit Hill Iron Age Fort
  12. ^ Megalithic Portal (Pulpit Hill)
  13. ^ "Bid to save wild flower Juniper in Buckinghamshire". bbc.co.uk. BBC: Beds, Herts & Bucks. 27 April 2010. Retrieved 21 August 2023.
  14. ^ "Juniper (Juniperus communis)". woodlandtrust.org.uk. Woodland Trust. Retrieved 21 August 2023. Juniper has been declining throughout the UK in range and abundance. It is not known exactly why, but it appears that the plants are unable to regenerate successfully, a problem partially attributed to browsing of foliage by deer and rabbits. Juniper may also be affected by Phytophthora root rot and has recently been found to be susceptible to Phytophthora austrocedrae, a fungus-like organism which infects the plant via the roots and causes foliage to decline and eventually die.
  15. ^ Whiteleaf Golf Club Archived 13 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Youtube footage of tobogganing in Cadsden
  17. ^ Youtube footage of tobogganing in Cadsden
  18. ^ Whiteleaf and Cadsden Resident's Association Website
  19. ^ Hashish, Amira (3 October 2017). "Calling all the shots: ex-Girls Aloud singer Sarah Harding is selling her Bucks home with private golf course". www.homesandproperty.co.uk. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  20. ^ Sunday Times Walks, Cadsden
  21. ^ Christopher Simerville, Travel Writer
  22. ^ "Bucks Herald 4th Jan 2012". Archived from the original on 25 February 2020. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
  23. ^ Bucks Herald 30th Dec 2013
  24. ^ Plough's website Archived 13 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ "Time for a swift pint? David Cameron takes China's President Xi to his local pub". ITV News. 22 October 2015.
  26. ^ a b Alicia Curry (7 March 2023). "Tiny 'village' an hour away which is only home to a pub but is nicknamed 'Millionaire's Row' where houses cost even more than London". mylondon.news. My London. Retrieved 21 August 2023.
  27. ^ Midsomers Murders locations Archived 27 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^ Youtube footage of crash in Longdown Hill car park
  29. ^ / Hammer House of Horror TV series website