The gardens of Powis Castle are included on the Register

The Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales is a heritage register of significant historic parks and gardens in Wales. It is maintained by Cadw, the historic environment service of the Welsh Government and was given statutory status in 2022.

The Register

In 1992, when Elisabeth Whittle described Cadw as having a "somewhat special and guiding role" in the preservation of historic parks and gardens, since they are "an integral part of Welsh archaeological and architectural heritage",[1] a collaboration between Cadw and the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) was working to compile the Register of Landscapes, Parks, and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales.[1] Part 1 of this, the Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales, was published in six volumes between 1994 and 2002, each covering a particular area of Wales, and with an additional volume published in 2007.[2][note 1]

The register of parks and gardens was given statutory status in 2022 and is administered by Cadw, the historic environment agency of the Welsh Government.[4][5] The register includes just under 400 sites, ranging from gardens of private houses, to cemeteries and public parks. Parks and gardens are listed at one of three grades, matching the grading system used for listed buildings. Grade I is the highest grade, for sites of exceptional interest; Grade II*, the next highest, denotes parks and gardens of great quality; and Grade II denotes sites of special interest.[6]

Grade I listed sites

The following list includes all registered sites listed at Grade I.

Name Grid ref.[note 2] Principal area Historic county Ref. no. [note 3] Ref.
Bodnant SH7999772244 Conwy Denbighshire PGW(Gd)5(CON) [7]
Bodysgallen SH7989079243 Conwy Caernarfonshire PGW(Gd)7(CON) [8]
Cardiff Castle and Bute Park ST1757077368 Cardiff Glamorgan PGW(Gm)22(CDF) [9]
Chirk Castle SJ2711438207 Wrexham Denbighshire PGW(C)63(WRE) [10]
Clyne Castle and Clyne Gardens SS6129591086 Swansea Glamorgan PGW(Gm)47(SWA) [11]
Clytha Park and Clytha Castle SO3648308959 Monmouthshire Monmouthshire PGW(Gt)15(MON) [12]
Dewstow House ST4660088900 Monmouthshire Monmouthshire PGW(Gt)44(MON) [13]
Dyffryn ST0949172493 Vale of Glamorgan Glamorgan PGW(Gm)32(GLA) [14]
Erddig SJ3279148447 Wrexham Denbighshire PGW(C)62(WRE) [15]
Ffynone SN2420038600 Pembrokeshire Pembrokeshire PGW(Dy)18(PEM) [16]
Gloddaeth (St. David's College) SH8022480654 Conwy Caernarfonshire PGW(Gd)6(CON) [17]
Glynllifon SH4581855073 Gwynedd Caernarfonshire PGW(Gd)39(GWY) [18]
Gregynog SO0851197303 Powys Montgomeryshire PGW(Po)33(POW) [19]
Gwydir SH7976760371 Conwy Caernarfonshire PGW(Gd)4(CON) [20]
Hafod SN7580073300 Ceredigion Cardiganshire PGW(Dy)50(CER) [21]
Haverfordwest Priory SM9570015200 Pembrokeshire Pembrokeshire PGW(Dy)62(PEM) [22]
Hawarden Castle SJ3199965211 Flintshire Flintshire PGW(C)55(FLT) [23]
Leeswood Hall SJ2543361528 Flintshire Flintshire PGW(C)47(FLT) [24]
Leighton Hall SJ2441404691 Powys Montgomeryshire PGW(Po)34(POW) [25]
Llanfihangel Court SO3256620539 Monmouthshire Monmouthshire PGW(Gt)14(MON) [26]
Margam Park SS8088686078 Neath Port Talbot Glamorgan PGW(Gm)52(NEP) [27]
Penrice Castle SS4982887916 Swansea Glamorgan PGW(Gm)68(SWA) [28]
Piercefield Park ST5234496023 Monmouthshire Monmouthshire PGW(Gt)40(MON) [29]
Plas Brondanw SH6162342267 Gwynedd Merionethshire PGW(Gd)30(GWY) [30]
Plas Dinefwr SN6144022530 Carmarthenshire Carmarthenshire PGW(Dy)12(CAM) [31]
Plas Newydd SH5202169570 Anglesey Anglesey PGW(Gd)48(ANG) [32]
Powis Castle Garden SJ2159706343 Powys Montgomeryshire PGW(Po)35(POW) [33]
Raglan Castle SO4146108308 Monmouthshire Monmouthshire PGW(Gt)42(MON) [34]
Roath Park ST1839780584 Cardiff Glamorgan PGW(Gm)24(CDF) [35]
Singleton Abbey and Sketty Hall (including Singleton Park) SS6284291687 Swansea Glamorgan PGW(Gm)56(SWA) [36]
St Donat's Castle SS9339168164 Vale of Glamorgan Glamorgan PGW(Gm)30(GLA) [37]
St Fagan's Castle ST1156877209 Cardiff Glamorgan PGW(Gm)31(CDF) [38]
Stackpole Court SR9750096000 Pembrokeshire Pembrokeshire PGW(Dy)44(PEM) [39]
Stanage Park SO3315271832 Powys Radnorshire PGW(Po)24(POW) [40]
Vaynol SH5357169310 Gwynedd Caernarfonshire PGW(Gd)52(GWY) [41]
Vaynor Park SJ1748700186 Powys Montgomeryshire PGW(Po)32(POW) [42]
Wynnstay SJ3056542194 Wrexham Denbighshire PGW(C)64(WRE) [43]

Parks and gardens by principal area

This list is complete and up to date as of November 2023.

List of principal areas and number of sites in each
Principal area Number of sites
Grade I Grade II* Grade II Total
Anglesey 1 5 3 9
Blaenau Gwent 0 0 1 1
Bridgend 0 1 5 6
Caerphilly 0 0 4 4
Cardiff 3 5 10 18
Carmarthenshire 1 4 14 19
Ceredigion 1 2 9 12
Conwy 4 4 15 23
Denbighshire 0 5 22 27
Flintshire 2 6 16 24
Gwynedd 3 10 19 32
Merthyr Tydfil 0 2 1 3
Monmouthshire 5 9 34 48
Neath Port Talbot 1 1 4 6
Newport 0 1 9 10
Pembrokeshire 3 8 24 35
Powys 5 16 30 51
Rhondda Cynon Taf 0 2 3 5
Swansea 3 0 11 14
Torfaen 0 1 1 2
Vale of Glamorgan 2 4 12 18
Wrexham 3 3 11 17
Total 37 89 258 384

Source: Cadw[44][45]

Other parts of the United Kingdom

Separate registers of parks, gardens and designed landscapes are maintained in the other countries of the United Kingdom:

Documents

Cadw/ICOMOS, Register of Landscapes, Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales, Part 1:[2][note 1]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Parts 2.1 and 2.2 are the Register of Landscapes of Historic Interest in Wales.[3]
  2. ^ Sometimes known as OSGB36, the grid reference is based on the British national grid reference system used by the Ordnance Survey.
    "Guide to National Grid". Ordnance Survey. Archived from the original on 27 October 2007. Retrieved 12 December 2007.
    "Get-a-map". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 17 December 2007.
  3. ^ Assigned by Cadw

References

  1. ^ a b Whittle 1992, p. 6.
  2. ^ a b Cadw Managing 2017, p. 20.
  3. ^ Cadw Guide 2007, p. 9.
  4. ^ "Historic Parks and Gardens". Cadw. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012.
  5. ^ "Registered historic parks and gardens". Cadw. Retrieved 19 February 2023.
  6. ^ "Understanding registered historic parks & gardens: 2. What is registration?". Cadw. Retrieved 19 February 2023.
  7. ^ "Bodnant". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  8. ^ "Bodysgallen". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Retrieved 21 November 2011.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "Cardiff Castle and Bute Park". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  10. ^ "Chirk Castle". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  11. ^ "Clyne Castle". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  12. ^ "Clytha Park". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  13. ^ "Dewstow House". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Retrieved 21 November 2011.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Dyffryn". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  15. ^ "Erddig". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 1 April 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  16. ^ "Ffynone". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  17. ^ "Gloddaeth (St. David's College)". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  18. ^ "Glynllifon". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  19. ^ "Gregynog". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  20. ^ "Gwydir". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  21. ^ "Hafod". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  22. ^ "Haverfordwest Priory". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  23. ^ "Hawarden Castle". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  24. ^ "Leeswood Hall". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  25. ^ "Leighton Hall". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  26. ^ "Llanfihangel Court". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  27. ^ "Margam Park". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  28. ^ Cadw. "Penrice Castle (PGW(Gm)68(SWA))". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 1 March 2023.
  29. ^ "Piercefield Park". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  30. ^ "Plas Brondanw". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Retrieved 21 November 2011.[permanent dead link]
  31. ^ "Plas Dinefwr". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 8 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  32. ^ "Plas Newydd". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  33. ^ "Powys Castle Garden". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  34. ^ "Raglan Castle". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  35. ^ "Roath Park". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Retrieved 21 November 2011.[permanent dead link]
  36. ^ "Singleton Abbey and Sketty Hall". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Retrieved 21 November 2011.[permanent dead link]
  37. ^ "St. Donat's Castle". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  38. ^ "St. Fagan's Castle". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  39. ^ "Stackpole Court". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  40. ^ "Stanage Park". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  41. ^ "Vaynol". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  42. ^ "Vaynor Park". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  43. ^ "Wynnstay". Cadw/ICOMOS Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales. Cadw. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  44. ^ "Search Cadw records". Cadw. Retrieved 23 November 2023.
  45. ^ A full list of 384 entries into the register can be found here. "Historic Parks & Gardens - Full Report - HeritageBill Cadw Assets - Reports". cadwpublic-api.azurewebsites.net. Cadw. Retrieved 23 November 2023.
  46. ^ "Historic Parks and Gardens". English Heritage. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
  47. ^ "Gardens and Designed Landscapes". Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 20 March 2023.
  48. ^ "Historic Parks, Gardens and Demesnes". NIEA. Archived from the original on 13 December 2011. Retrieved 18 November 2011.

Bibliography