43°40′04″N 79°26′30″W / 43.667810°N 79.441552°W / 43.667810; -79.441552

Canadian Aeroplanes
IndustryCommercial aviation
FoundedDecember 15, 1916; 107 years ago (1916-12-15)
FatePurchased by Columbia Graphophone Company Limited
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. was an aircraft manufacturing company located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada that built aircraft for the Royal Flying Corps Canada during the First World War.

Formed on December 15, 1916, when the Imperial Munitions Board bought the Curtiss (Canada) aircraft operation in Toronto (opened in 1916 as Toronto Curtiss Aeroplanes) at a 6-acre facility at 1244 Dufferin Street south of Dupont Avenue in April 1917.[1]

The public company was run by Sir Frank Wilton Baillie, an industrialist and financier.[2]

Canadian Aeroplanes Ltd. manufactured the JN-4(Can) Canuck (1200),[3] the Felixstowe F5L flying boat (30),[4] and the Avro 504.[5]

The plant remained opened until after the Armistice and was sold to Columbia Graphophone Company Limited[2] in 1919. After 1924 it was sold to Dodge Brothers Canada Limited as a car assembly plant till 1928.[6]

The industrial site was re-developed in the 1970s as the Galleria Shopping Centre[7] and Wallace-Emerson Community Centre. The south side of the property is lined with homes.

Factory in 1918

Further reading


  1. ^ Davenport neighbourhood profile Archived September 23, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b Heron, Craig (2004). "BAILLIE, Sir FRANK WILTON". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. 15. University of Toronto/Université Laval. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  3. ^ "Curtiss JN-4 "Canuck"". Canada Aviation and Space Museum. 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-01-28. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  4. ^ Shadwick, Martin (2015). "Military Aviation". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  5. ^ CASM, Curtiss JN-4 “Canuck
  6. ^ Filey, Mike; Russell, Victor Loring (1993). From Horse Power to Horsepower: Toronto: 1890-1930. Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 34. ISBN 1550022008.
  7. ^ McKay, David (2007). Redeveloping Greyfields in the Greater Toronto Area (M.Sc.). Department of Geography, University of Toronto.