Model 1
H98102.jpg
U.S. Navy N2Y-1 with "looped" left mainwheel radius rod
Role Recreational and training aircraft
Manufacturer Consolidated, Fleet
Designer Reuben Fleet
First flight 9 November 1928
Fleet 2 aircraft sketched by A. E. (Ted) Hill. 1930s
Fleet 2 aircraft sketched by A. E. (Ted) Hill. 1930s

The Fleet Model 1 (originally the Consolidated Model 14 Husky Junior) and its derivatives were a family of two-seat trainer and sports biplanes produced in the United States and Canada in the 1920s and 1930s. They all shared the same basic design and varied mainly in their powerplants.

Development

The Fleet Model 1 and its derivatives were all orthodox biplanes with staggered, single-bay wings of equal span and fixed tailskid undercarriage. Accommodation was provided for two in tandem, originally sharing a single open cockpit, but in most examples in separate open cockpits. The fuselage was made of welded steel tube with triangular-layout Warren truss construction pattern side structures typical of the time, and the wings had a wooden spar with duralumin ribs, the entire aircraft being fabric-covered. Despite a superficial resemblance to Consolidated's highly successful Trusty and Husky designs (hence the "Husky Junior" nickname), the Model 14 was an all-new design.

Originally created as a means for Consolidated to enter the civil market, the company abandoned this ambition shortly before the completion of the first prototype. The manufacturing rights were purchased by designer and Consolidated company president Reuben Fleet to put into production under his new enterprise, Fleet Aircraft. It was an immediate success, and in the first year of production alone, over 300 machines were sold. Consolidated quickly responded by buying Fleet Aircraft and retaining it as a subsidiary while opening a second production line at Fort Erie, Ontario, Canada. The Canadian manufacturing was a great success, with some 600 examples built for the Royal Canadian Air Force as the Fleet Fawn (Model 7) and Fleet Finch (Model 16).

A small number of U.S.-built machines were purchased by the U.S. military, including a batch evaluated by the United States Army Air Corps as the PT-16 but not bought in quantity. One initial prototype aircraft and six subsequent specialized production N2Y trainers were purchased by the United States Navy. These N2Y-1 aircraft were equipped with hooks to catch the trapeze on two U.S. Navy airships, the USS Akron and the USS Macon. The N2Y-1 parasite aircraft were used to train pilots that would subsequently fly the longer distance single-seat F9C Sparrowhawks reconnaissance aircraft. The two-seater N2Y-1 also acted as service aircraft, flying passengers to the inroute airships.

On July 6, 1930, future air racer and movie stunt pilot Paul Mantz flew a Fleet Model 2 biplane through 46 consecutive outside loops, an international record which stood for almost 50 years.[1]

United States manufacturing rights were eventually sold to Brewster Aeronautical Corporation, which intended to produce the Brewster B-1 based on the Canadian Model 16F.

Variants

Fleet Model 2 on display in the Cradle of Aviation Museum.
Fleet Model 2 on display in the Cradle of Aviation Museum.
Fleet Model 2
Fleet Model 2
Fleet Model 7
Fleet Model 7
Fleet Model 11 photo from Le Pontentiel Aérien Mondial 1936
Fleet Model 11 photo from Le Pontentiel Aérien Mondial 1936
Fleet Model 21K, circa 1937
Fleet Model 21K, circa 1937

Operators

 Argentina
 Canada
 China
 Mexico
 Romania
 Turkey
 United States
 Paraguay

Surviving aircraft

Israel
Paraguay
United States

Specifications (Model 2)

Data from General Dynamics Aircraft and their Predecessors [12]

General characteristics

Performance

References

Citations

  1. ^ "Paul Mantz". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-07-01.
  2. ^ Wegg 1990, pp. 56, 58.
  3. ^ a b c Wegg 1990, p. 56.
  4. ^ Wegg 1990, pp. 56–57.
  5. ^ a b c d Wegg 1990, p. 57.
  6. ^ Air Trails: 29. Summer 1971. ((cite journal)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "AVIONES DE ENTRENAMIENTO DE LA AVIACION NAVAL - CONSOLIDATED "FLEET" MODELO 11". Histarmar - Historia y Arqueologia Marítima (in Spanish). Fundación Histarmar. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  8. ^ Aircraft List of Turkey Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine(Ger), as of 2012/09/02
  9. ^ "Airframe Dossier - Consolidated-Fleet 2, c/n 181, c/r N605M". Aerial Visuals. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
  10. ^ "Fleet Model 1". Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome. 25 April 2021. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
  11. ^ "FAA Registry [N649M]". Federal Aviation Administration. U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
  12. ^ Wegg 1990, p. 58.

Bibliography

Further reading