Canary Wharf Elizabeth Line
Station entrance seen in May 2022
Canary Wharf is located in Greater London
Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Location of Canary Wharf in Greater London
LocationCanary Wharf
Local authorityLondon Borough of Tower Hamlets
Managed byElizabeth line
OwnerTransport for London
Station codeCWX
Number of platforms2
Fare zone2
OSICanary Wharf London Underground
Canary Wharf Docklands Light Railway
Poplar Docklands Light Railway
West India Quay Docklands Light Railway[1]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2021–22N/A[2]
2022–23Steady 9.925 million[2]
Key dates
24 May 2022Opened
Other information
External links
WGS8451°30′22″N 0°00′57″W / 51.5061°N 0.01578°W / 51.5061; -0.01578
 London transport portal
The ticket hall level
Platforms at Canary Wharf

Canary Wharf is an Elizabeth line station in Canary Wharf in East London, England. The station forms an artificial island in the West India Docks (North Dock). The five upper levels of the station are a mixed-use development known as Crossrail Place.[3] It is on the Abbey Wood branch of the Elizabeth line between Whitechapel and Custom House. Construction began in May 2009, and the station opened on 24 May 2022 when the section between Paddington and Abbey Wood stations began services.[4][5] During the project's development the station was named Isle of Dogs, before the current name was adopted.[6] The station was developed under a fixed price contract of £500 million with £350 million provided from the Crossrail budget and £150 million from the Canary Wharf Group[7][8] with Crossrail spending an additional £80 million on safety improvements before it was opened.[9]

The station is one of the largest on the Elizabeth line, providing Canary Wharf with a connection to the National Rail network and additionally an interchange with Canary Wharf station on the London Underground as well as Canary Wharf, West India Quay and Poplar stations on the Docklands Light Railway.

Design and construction

The station is located beneath and within the West India North Dock on an artificial island[10] and extends from east of the Docklands Light Railway bridge to the east end of the dock. It stands within a 475-metre (1,558 ft) long concrete box with a 245-metre (804 ft) long island platform. It is fitted out to 210 m (690 ft) with the potential for extension should the need to operate longer trains arise.[11]

Original design

The main access point for the Crossrail station was initially going to be the rebuilt Great Wharf Bridge.[10] From this entrance there would have been a set of escalators to the concourse level, which would have been located underwater. Another bank of escalators would take passengers to the platforms.[10]

Construction of the station was to predominantly take place on Hertsmere Road, which runs parallel to the West India North Dock. This would have involved digging a 9 m (30 ft) wide shaft to the station depth of 30 m (98 ft) below the dock water-level to enable crew and equipment to begin boring the box that would form the station.[10] The construction including fit-out and commissioning of the Hertsmere Road shaft was expected to take approximately four years whilst the same would take five years for the station.[10]

Redesign and construction

In December 2008 an extra £150 million of funding from the Canary Wharf Group was announced for the station with work due to commence in January 2009.[12] As part of the deal Canary Wharf Group substantially redesigned the station, incorporating a large shopping centre and a park above the platforms situated in the middle of the dock.[13]

A ground-breaking ceremony for the station development was held on 15 May 2009.[13]

Throughout 2009 the main focus was on installing 293 interlocking steel piles 18.5 m (61 ft) high and 1.2 m (3 ft 11 in) wide into the dock floor using ten-storey high piling cranes and Giken piling machines to form a cofferdam. As part of this, 38 m (125 ft) deep reinforced concrete piles were placed through each of the 293 tubes.[14]

On 11 February 2010 Sadiq Khan, then Transport Minister, activated pumps designed to drain nearly 100 million litres (22,000,000 imp gal; 26,000,000 US gal) from the work site over the following six weeks. The pumps transferred water from inside the site's cofferdam to the North Dock at a maximum rate of 13,500 litres (3,000 imp gal; 3,600 US gal) per minute.[15]

A station 'box' was constructed in a dry environment in a similar technique to that used in the construction of the nearby Canary Wharf Underground station. Crossrail Place is the structure above the platforms and was partly opened on 1 May 2015. In September 2015, the station construction was completed and the focus has shifted to fitting the station screen doors, ticket machines and other things before the station is scheduled for opening.[16]

Canary Wharf Ticket Hall level while under construction. This photo was taken during an Open House London Event in 2013.

The station project became the subject of a dispute between Crossrail and developer Canary Wharf Group after Crossrail chief executive Mark Wild said work was inadequate. The station "had to have a wholesale retrofit, particularly in the safety systems," and Wild said the station required an extra £80m to fix. Canary Wharf Group dismissed the comments as "an attempt to pass blame for the delays on Crossrail". Wild said: "The key issues [at Canary Wharf] have been the quality of the electrical installation [redacted phrase] and the extensive safety critical upgrade work that has been required." The work was completed and handed over in January 2022,[17][18] ahead of the official opening as part of the beginning of services between Paddington and Abbey Wood on 24 May 2022.[19][9]

Ownership

Whilst the Elizabeth line operates services at the station as a train operating company and forms a part of National Rail, all infrastructure is owned and maintained by Transport for London and not by Network Rail.[20]

Services

Elizabeth line roundel at Canary Wharf

All services at Canary Wharf are operated by the Elizabeth line using Class 345 EMUs.

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour is:[21]

Additional services call at the station during the peak hours, increasing the service to up to 12 tph in each direction.

Preceding station   Elizabeth line   Following station
Whitechapel
  Elizabeth line   Custom House
towards Abbey Wood

References

  1. ^ "Out-of-Station Interchanges" (XLSX). Transport for London. 24 May 2022. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Estimates of station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ "Canary Wharf". Crossrail. Archived from the original on 25 April 2022. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
  4. ^ Lydall, Ross (4 May 2022). "Crossrail opening date finally announced". Evening Standard. London. Archived from the original on 25 May 2022. Retrieved 4 May 2022.
  5. ^ "Canary Wharf becomes the penultimate Elizabeth line station transferred to TfL". Crossrail. Archived from the original on 25 January 2022. Retrieved 25 January 2022.
  6. ^ "Capital's key services protected, says Johnson". The Press Association. 20 October 2010. Archived from the original on 26 March 2020. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
  7. ^ "Rail Station Harbors A Grand Design". Civil Engineer. 13 November 2012. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013.
  8. ^ "Construction of Crossrail begins as foundations laid for new Canary Wharf station". Crossrail. Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  9. ^ a b Lydall, Ross (23 May 2022). "Elizabeth line is 'game changer' for Canary Wharf, says estate boss". Evening Standard. London. Archived from the original on 8 September 2022. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  10. ^ a b c d e Route Window C11: Isle of Dogs station Crossrail Retrieved 1 November 2008
  11. ^ "First Elizabeth line train tests through Crossrail Tunnels". Construction Manager Magazine. 27 February 2018. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  12. ^ "Crossrail given £150m fund boost". BBC News. 24 December 2008. Archived from the original on 27 December 2008. Retrieved 17 May 2009.
  13. ^ a b "Construction of Crossrail begins as foundations laid for new Canary Wharf station". Canary Wharf Group. 15 May 2009. Archived from the original on 30 December 2009.
  14. ^ "New images of Canary Wharf station-released as station construction completes". Crossrail. 17 September 2015. Archived from the original on 11 September 2019. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  15. ^ "Pumping starts at Canary Wharf Crossrail station site". Construction Europe. 16 February 2010. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
  16. ^ "Norman conquest: Lord Foster's Crossrail Place garden". The Standard. 14 May 2015. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  17. ^ Brookes, Andrew (26 January 2022). "Crossrail project nearing completion". East London Advertiser. Archived from the original on 8 September 2022. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  18. ^ "Elizabeth line's Canary Wharf station transferred to Transport for London". Intelligent Transport. Archived from the original on 8 September 2022. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  19. ^ Marshall, Jordan (18 February 2022). "Problems that held up Crossrail's Canary Wharf station revealed". Building. Archived from the original on 18 February 2022. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  20. ^ "The future of Crossrail". House of Commons. 5 November 2007. Archived from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  21. ^ "Elizabeth Line Timetable: May 2023" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 December 2023. Retrieved 25 May 2023.