Transport for London
Formation3 July 2000 (Greater London Authority Act 1999)
TypePublic body
Legal statusExecutive agency within GLA
PurposeTransport authority
HeadquartersWindsor House, Victoria Street, Westminster, London
Region served
Greater London
Mayor of London
Boris Johnson
Main organ
London Underground
London Buses
London Rail
London Streets
London Overground
Parent organization
Greater London Authority (GLA)

Transport for London (TfL) is the local government body responsible for most aspects of the transport system in Greater London in England. Its role is to implement the transport strategy and to manage transport services across London.[1] Its head office is in the Windsor House in the City of Westminster.[2]

Head office, Windsor House


TfL is controlled by a board whose members are appointed by the Mayor of London,[1] a position held by Boris Johnson who also chairs the Board. The Commissioner of Transport for London (Peter Hendy since 17 January 2006) reports to the Board and leads a management team with individual functional responsibilities.


See also: History of public transport authorities in London

TfL was created in 2000 as part of the Greater London Authority by the Greater London Authority Act 1999.[3] It gained most of its functions from its predecessor London Regional Transport in 2000. The first Commmissioner of TfL was Bob Kiley. The first Chair was London Mayor Ken Livingstone, and the first Vice-Chair was Dave Wetzel. Ken Livingstone and Dave Wetzel were to remain in office until the election of Boris Johnson as Mayor in 2008.

It did not take over responsibility for the London Underground until 2003, after the controversial Public-private partnership (PPP) contract for maintenance had been agreed. Management of the Public Carriage Office had previously been a function of the Metropolitan Police.

Transport for London Group Archives holds business records for TfL and its predecessor bodies and transport companies. Some early records are also held on behalf of TfL Group Archives at the London Metropolitan Archives.


TfL is organised in three main directorates and corporate services, each with responsibility for different aspects and modes of transport. The three main directorates are:

File:Tfl logos.png
Transport for London's roundels.

Each of the main units has its own corporate identity, formed by differently-coloured versions of the standard roundel logo and adding appropriate lettering across the horizontal bar. The roundel rendered in blue without any lettering represents TfL as a whole (see Transport for London logo), as well as used in situations where lettering on the roundel is not possible (such as bus receipts, where a logo is a blank roundel with the name "London Buses" to the right).[5] The same range of colours is also used extensively in publicity and on the TfL website.


Most of the transport modes that come under the control of TfL have their own charging and ticketing regimes for single fare. Buses and trams share a common fare and ticketing regime, and the DLR, Overground, Underground, and National Rail services another.

Rail service fares in the capital are calculated by a zonal fare system. London is divided in to eleven fare zones, with every station on the London Underground, London Overground, Docklands Light Railway and, since 2007, on National Rail services, being in one, or in some cases, two zones. The zones are mostly concentric rings of increasing size emanating from the centre of London. They are (in order):


Main article: Travelcard

Superimposed on these mode-specific regimes is the Travelcard system, which provides zonal tickets with validities from one day to one year, and off-peak variants. These are accepted on the DLR, buses, railways, trams, the Underground and provides a discount on many river services fares.

Oyster card

Main article: Oyster card

The Oyster card is a contactless smart card system introduced for the public in 2003, which can be used to pay individual fares (pay as you go) or to carry various Travelcards and other passes. It is used by holding the card close to the yellow card reader. Card readers are found on ticket gates where otherwise a paper ticket could be fed through, allowing the gate to open and the passenger to walk through, and on stand-alone Oyster validators, which do not operate a barrier. From 2010 Oyster Pay as you go can be used on all National Rail services within London. Oyster Pay As You Go has a set of daily maximum charges that are the same as buying the nearest equivalent Day Travelcard.

Journey planning

TfL has developed an electronic "Journey Planner",[6] which enables users to plan journeys by all forms of public transport and bicycle in and around London.

Alcohol ban

Revellers enjoying the last chance to drink alcohol on the London Underground

On 1 June 2008, the drinking of alcoholic beverages was banned on Tube and London Overground trains, buses, trams, Docklands Light Railway and all stations across London.[7][8] Carrying open containers of alcohol was also banned on public transport. The Mayor of London and TfL announced the ban with the intention of providing a safer and more pleasant experience for passengers.

There were "Last Round on the Underground" parties on the night before the ban came into force. Until bylaws are altered to incorporate the ban the only enforcement action available is confiscation of the alcohol and/or ejection from the London Transport network.[7]

Mentions in 2006 honours list

After the bombings on the underground and bus systems on 7 July 2005, many staff were recognised in the 2006 New Year honours list for the work they did. They helped survivors out, removed bodies, and got the transport system up and running, to get the millions of commuters back out of London at the end of the work day. Those mentioned include Peter Hendy, who was at the time Head of Surface Transport division, and Tim O'Toole, head of the Underground division, who were both awarded CBEs.[9][10][11]

Others include:

London Transport Museum

Main article: London Transport Museum

TfL owns and operates the London Transport Museum in Covent Garden, a museum that conserves and explains London's transport heritage. The museum also has an extensive depot, situated at Acton, that contains material impossible to display at the central London museum, including many additional road vehicles, trains, collections of signs and advertising materials. The depot has several open weekends each year. There are also occasional heritage train runs on the Metropolitan Line.

See also



  1. ^ a b "Fact sheet: Transport for London" (PDF). Transport for London. 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-06. ((cite web)): Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help) [dead link]
  2. ^ "Company information." Transport for London. Retrieved: 2011-02-09. "Registered office: Windsor House, 42-50 Victoria Street, London SW1H 0TL."
  3. ^ "Legislative framework". Transport for London. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
  4. ^ "Freight". Transport for London. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
  5. ^ Wikipedia: Image of London Bus Child Ticket
  6. ^ "Journey Planner". Transport for London. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
  7. ^ a b "Alcohol ban comes into force on the Tube, trams and buses from this Sunday, 1 June". Transport for London. 2008-06-30. Archived from the original on 2008-08-22. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
  8. ^ "Johnson bans drink on transport". BBC News. 2008-05-07. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
  9. ^ a b c d e Alan Hamilton (16 February 2006). "It was all just part of the job, say honoured 7/7 heroes". The Times. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
  10. ^ "Queen hails brave 7 July workers". BBC News. 15 February 2006. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
  11. ^ a b "Two TfL July 7 heroes honoured in New Years List". TfL. 2 January 2007. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
Preceded byLondon Regional Transport London public transport authority 2000–present Succeeded byCurrent