London Bridge National Rail
Main station concourse in January 2018
London Bridge is located in Central London
London Bridge
London Bridge
Location of London Bridge in Central London
Local authorityLondon Borough of Southwark
Managed byNetwork Rail
Station codeLBG
DfT categoryA
Number of platforms15
Fare zone1
London Bridge London Underground
London Bridge City Pier London River Services
National Rail annual entry and exit
2018–19Increase 61.308 million[2]
– interchange Increase 9.506 million[2]
2019–20Increase 63.095 million[2]
– interchange Increase 10.678 million[2]
2020–21Decrease 13.764 million[2]
– interchange Decrease 2.361 million[2]
2021–22Increase 33.309 million[2]
– interchange Increase 5.709 million[2]
2022–23Increase 47.657 million[2]
– interchange Increase 14.058 million[2]
Railway companies
Original companyLondon and Greenwich Railway
Pre-groupingSouth Eastern Railway
London, Brighton & South Coast Railway
Post-groupingSouthern Railway
Key dates
14 December 1836;
187 years ago
Other information
External links
Coordinates51°30′16″N 0°05′09″W / 51.5044°N 0.0857°W / 51.5044; -0.0857
London transport portal

London Bridge is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in Southwark, south-east London. It occupies a large area on three levels immediately south-east of London Bridge, from which it takes its name. The main line station is the oldest railway station in London fare zone 1 and one of the oldest in the world having opened in 1836. It is one of two main line termini in London to the south of the River Thames (the other being Waterloo) and is the fourth-busiest station in London, handling over 50 million passengers a year.

The station was originally opened by the London and Greenwich Railway as a local service. It subsequently served the London and Croydon Railway, the London and Brighton Railway and the South Eastern Railway, thus becoming an important London terminus. It was rebuilt in 1849 and again in 1864 to provide more services and increase capacity. Local services from London Bridge began to be electrified in the beginning of the 20th century, and had spread to national routes by the 1930s. The station was extensively rebuilt by British Rail during the 1970s, along with a comprehensive re-signalling scheme and track alignment. It was further redeveloped in the 2010s to better accommodate the Thameslink route which provides a connection to Gatwick Airport, Luton Airport and Crossrail.

London Bridge is served by Southeastern services from Charing Cross and Cannon Street to destinations in southeast London, Kent and East Sussex and is a terminus for many Southern commuter and regional services to south London and numerous destinations in South East England. Thameslink services from Bedford, Cambridge and Peterborough to Brighton and other destinations in Sussex and Kent began serving the station in 2018.


The main line station is one of 19 UK stations managed by Network Rail.[3] It has a ticket hall and entrance area with its main frontage on Tooley Street, and other entrances on Borough High Street and within the main line station concourse. It is one of two mainline London termini south of the River Thames, the other is Waterloo.[4]

The London Underground station is on the Jubilee line and the Bank branch of the Northern line.[5] River buses use the nearby London Bridge City Pier.[6]


London Bridge station was opened on 14 December 1836, making it the oldest London railway terminus that is still running.[7] It was not the earliest station in the London metropolitan area, as the London and Greenwich Railway had opened stations at Spa Road (in Bermondsey) and Deptford on 8 February 1836. The completion of the line into London Bridge was postponed because of delays in constructing a bridge at Bermondsey Street. From 10 October 1836, trains were able to operate as far as the east end of this bridge, with passengers having to walk the last 300 yards (270 m).[8] The station has had several changes of ownership and complete rebuilds since opening.[7]

London and Greenwich Railway station

The original London and Greenwich Railway station in December 1836

The original station had four tracks and was 60 feet (18 m) wide and 400 feet (120 m) long. It was approached through a pair of iron gates.[9] Three tracks led into two platforms as a stub end of a viaduct.[8] The station was entirely exposed to the weather until a tarred canvas roof was erected in 1840.[8] Sixteen columns and fourteen beams from this structure were retrieved in 2013 and given to the Vale of Rheidol Railway in Aberystwyth, Wales for use in a planned railway museum.[10]

Before completing the train shed, the London and Greenwich Railway entered into an agreement with the proposed London and Croydon Railway for the latter to use its tracks from Corbett's Lane, Bermondsey, and to share its station. However, the Greenwich railway had underestimated the cost of building the long viaduct leading to London Bridge and was not able to build a sufficiently large station for the traffic for both companies, and so in July 1836 it sold some land adjacent to its station (then still under construction) to the Croydon railway to build their own independent station.[11]

London and Croydon Railway station

A 1908 Railway Clearing House map of lines around the approaches to London Bridge

The London and Brighton Railway and the South Eastern Railway (SER) were also planning routes from London to Brighton and Dover respectively, and the British Parliament decided that the London and Greenwich line should become the entry corridor into London from South East England. The two railways were therefore required to share the route of the London and Croydon Railway from near Norwood (which in turn shared the route of the London and Greenwich Railway from Bermondsey to London Bridge). As a result, in 1838 the London and Croydon Railway obtained powers to enlarge the station it was then constructing at London Bridge, before it had opened for traffic.[12]

The London and Croydon Railway opened its line and began using its station on 5 June 1839; the London and Brighton Railway joined it on 12 July 1841, followed by the South Eastern Railway on 26 May 1842.[13] It was soon found that the viaduct approaching London Bridge would be inadequate to deal with the traffic generated by four railways, so it was widened by the Greenwich Railway between 1840 and 1842, doubling the number of tracks to four. The new lines, intended for the Croydon, Brighton and South Eastern trains, were situated on the south side of the existing Greenwich line, whereas their station was to the north of the London Bridge site, leading to an awkward and potentially dangerous crossing of one another's lines. The directors of the companies involved decided to exchange sites; the London and Greenwich Railway would take over the newly completed London and Croydon Railway station, whilst a new joint committee of the Croydon, Brighton and South Eastern companies would demolish the first station and build a new one on its site.[14]

Joint station

The proposed London Bridge joint station c. 1844

Plans for a large new station were drawn up, designed jointly by Lewis Cubitt, John Urpeth Rastrick and Henry Roberts.[15] Drawings were published in the Illustrated London News and George Bradshaw's Guide to the London and Brighton Railway 1844. They show 'a quasi-Italianate building with a picturesque campanile'.[16] It opened for business in July 1844 while only partially complete, but events were taking place which would mean that the bell tower would never be built, and the new building would only last five years.[17]

In 1843 the SER and Croydon railway companies became increasingly concerned by the high tolls charged by the London and Greenwich Railway for the use of the station approaches, and gained Parliamentary approval to build their own independent line into south London to a new station at Bricklayers Arms, which was vaguely described as a "West End terminus". This line opened on 1 May 1844 and most of the services from these two companies were withdrawn from London Bridge, leaving only the Greenwich and Brighton companies using London Bridge station.[18] The Greenwich company was on the brink of bankruptcy and so was forced to lease its lines to the SER, which took effect from 1 January 1845.[19] The next year the Croydon and Brighton companies, along with other small railways, merged to form the London Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR).[20] Consequently, there were only two companies serving London Bridge. The LB&SCR used the unfinished joint station until it was demolished in 1849 and a larger building constructed.[21]

South Eastern Railway station

The South Eastern Station (left) and the temporary Brighton station c. 1850 after the demolition of the Joint station

The SER took over the second London and Greenwich station (which had been built for the London and Croydon Railway) and sought to develop that site rather than continue to invest in the former joint station, which became the property of the LB&SCR. The SER station was therefore rebuilt and enlarged between 1847 and 1850, to a design by Samuel Beazley.[16] At the same time yet further improvements were made to the station approaches, increasing the number of tracks to six, which entirely separated the lines of the two railways.[22] Once these extensions were complete the SER closed its passenger terminus at Bricklayer's Arms and converted the site into a goods depot in 1852.[23]

London Bridge station remained the London terminus of the SER until 1864 when its station was again rebuilt.[21] Five of the existing platforms were converted into a through station to enable the extension of the main line into central London and the opening of Charing Cross railway station, and in 1866 to Cannon Street station.[24] In 1899 the SER entered into a working amalgamation with the London Chatham and Dover Railway (LC&DR) to form the South Eastern and Chatham Railway Companies Joint Management Committee. Junctions were laid to enable trains through London Bridge to reach the LC&DR stations at Holborn Viaduct and St Pauls.[25]

London Brighton and South Coast Railway station

The London Brighton and South Coast Railway station c. 1853
The two stations, as seen from the line c. 1853

The LB&SCR took over the unfinished joint station, which they demolished in 1849 and opened a temporary station in 1850.[17] This was rebuilt and enlarged in 1853–4 to deal with the additional traffic from the lines to Sydenham and Crystal Palace. A three-storey box-like structure in Italian style was erected, with the name of the railway emblazoned on the top parapet.[20]

Plan of the stations by 1888, with the SER's separate high- and low-level tracks, and the LB&SCR's new platforms 4, 5 and 6 and Terminus Hotel

In 1859 the LC&DR applied to the LB&SCR for running powers from Sydenham to London Bridge, but was refused.[26] However, some ticketing arrangement was made between the two companies as the LC&DR advertised connections to and from London Bridge in its timetables in The Times and Bradshaw's Railway Guide for July 1861.[27][28] This arrangement was short-lived pending the construction of the LC&DR line to Holborn Viaduct.[29]

The LB&SCR also built the Terminus Hotel at the station in 1861. It was designed by Henry Currey, architect for St Thomas's Hospital, and had 150 public rooms over seven stories.[30] It was unsuccessful because it was on the south bank of the river, so was turned into offices for the railway in 1893. It was destroyed by bombing in 1941.[31]

An Act of Parliament of 1862 gave the LB&SCR power to enlarge the station further.[32] Over the next few years under the direction of new Chief Engineer Frederick Banister,[33] the company built four more platform-faces in an adjoining area to the south of its existing station to cope with additional traffic generated by the completion of the South London Line and other suburban lines to Victoria station.[34] This had a single-span trussed-arch roof measuring 88 by 655 ft (27 by 200 m), and was designed by J. Hawkshaw and Banister.[33] During the first decade of the twentieth century LB&SCR station at London Bridge was again enlarged, but overall London Bridge station remained a "sprawling confusion".[35]

The chaotic nature of the station at the turn of the century was described in John Davidson's poem, "London Bridge":

Inside the station, everything's so old,
So inconvenient, of such manifold
Perplexity, and, as a mole might see,
So strictly what a station shouldn't be,
That no idea minifies its crude
And yet elaborate ineptitude.

— John Davidson, Fleet Street and Other Poems[36]

The South London Line from London Bridge to Victoria was electrified in 1909 with an experimental overhead system. It was successful and other suburban services were electrified including the line to Crystal Palace in 1912.[37] Because of World War I, the line to Croydon was not electrified until 1920.[38]

Southern Railway station

The LB&SCR station in 1922 shortly before Southern Railway ownership. The Terminus Hotel is to the right of the picture

The Railways Act 1921 led to the Big Four grouping in 1923. All of the railways of southern England combined to form the Southern Railway (SR), bringing the London Bridge complex under single ownership.[39] The wall that divided the Chatham and Brighton stations was partially knocked through in 1928 to provide an easier interchange between stations. This allowed a greater range of platforms to be used for the increasingly frequent suburban rail services to London Bridge.[40]

Between 1926 and 1928 the Southern Railway electrified the SE&CR suburban lines at London Bridge using a third rail system, adapting the existing LB&SCR routes to it at the same time. The first electric services ran on 25 March 1928 from London Bridge to Crystal Palace via Sydenham, followed by a peak hour service to Coulsdon North on 17 June. This was followed by electric services to Epsom Downs via West Croydon, Crystal Palace via Tulse Hill, and Streatham Hill, and to Dorking North and Effingham Junction via Mitcham on 3 March 1929.[39] At the same time as electrification, the SR installed colour light signalling. The Southern Railway electrified the Brighton Main Line services to Brighton and the South Coast, providing a full service to Three Bridges on 17 July 1932. This was followed by a full electric service to Brighton and West Worthing on 1 January 1933, followed by services to Seaford, Eastbourne and Hastings on 7 July 1935 and to Bognor Regis and Littlehampton on 3 July 1938.[41]

By the 1930s, a regular feature of London Bridge traffic was a glut of commuter services all departing at or shortly after 5:00 pm. A typical timetable included 12-car services to Brighton, Eastbourne and Littlehampton, all between 5:00 and 5:05. "The fives" continued to run until the mid-1970s.[41]

Both the London Bridge stations were badly damaged by bombing in the London Blitz in December 1940 and early 1941. The shell of the two stations was patched up but the former Terminus Hotel, then used as railway offices, was rendered unsafe and demolished.[16]

British Railways station

Central Section concourse before the 1978 rebuilding

British Railways (BR) took over responsibility for the station in 1948 following nationalisation of the railways. They did not consider London Bridge a priority at first, and the war-torn damage of the station remained into the 1960s.[42] Electrification of the lines into London Bridge continued during the 1950s and 1960s, with the final steam service running in 1964, when the line to Oxted and Uckfield was replaced by diesel / electric multiple units.[43] The very last scheduled steam train was the 4.50am to Tonbridge via Redhill on 4 January 1964 hauled by an N class locomotive.[44]

By the early 1970s the station could no longer cope with the volume of traffic. Between 1972 and 1978, BR significantly redeveloped the station and its approaches.[45] This included a £21 million re-signalling scheme that consolidated 16 signal boxes into a new London Bridge Area Signalling Centre and a new station concourse designed by N. D. T. Wikeley, regional architect for the Southern Region. This was opened 14 December 1978. New awnings were added over the former SER platforms, but the arched Brighton roof was left. It was described by The Oxford companion to British Railway History as "one of the best modern station reconstructions in Britain".[46]

The station approach before the 1978 rebuilding

Patronage to London Bridge tailed off from a peak in the early 1970s. The station remained popular for through routes to the City and the West End, but the number of terminal trains declined significantly by the early 1980s.[47] The bridge over the station's north end became Grade II listed in January 1988, while Platforms 9–16 (the former LB&SCR side) became listed the same that December.[48][49]

In 1991, a "Thameslink 2000" project was proposed that would improve services between London Bridge and the Great Northern lines.[50] It was originally hoped the work would be complete by 1997.[51] A £500 million refurbishment programme was announced by Railtrack in 1999, which would have seen the station complex rotated by 90 degrees, and large amount of shopping space added.[52]

Thameslink Programme

See also: Thameslink Programme

Part of the new concourse under platforms 7–9.

The station was comprehensively redeveloped between 2009 and 2017 with the rebuilding of all platforms, the addition of two major new street-level entrances, and changes to passenger concourses and retail facilities.[53] The Shard opened next to the station in 2012. It included a new entrance and roof for the terminal level concourse, and a larger bus station was constructed in front of the building.[54][55]

This was followed by a major transformation programme known as Masterplan, linked to the Thameslink programme.[56]

Work began in 2012 with the terminal platforms adjacent to St Thomas Street, reducing the number from nine to six and extending them to accommodate longer 12-car trains.[57] Through platforms were increased from six to nine, all of which catered for 12-car trains.[a] In the redeveloped station, Charing Cross services were assigned four new dedicated platforms (6, 7, 8 and 9), and Thameslink services to platforms 4 and 5.[58] The existing platforms for Cannon Street services on the north side of the station were also rebuilt.[59]

During the works, Charing Cross trains did not call at the station for most of 2015–16 as the platforms were rebuilt, followed by Cannon Street trains from 2016 to 2017.[60][61] Thameslink services to/from the Thameslink core did not stop between 2015 and May 2018, when an all day service with significantly enhanced frequency began as the programme of works was completed.[61]

The South Eastern Railway's former headquarters in Tooley Street, London, near London Bridge station.

As part of the rebuilding works, the listed northern wall of the terminus train-shed was demolished and replaced with a new retaining wall, and the listed bays of the roof over the terminating platforms were dismantled and stored.[62] Each of the rebuilt platforms has its own full length platform canopy.[63]

The footbridge dating from the 1970s that linked platforms for passenger interchange was also demolished, replaced by an interchange concourse underneath the platforms accessed by lift, stairs and escalator. This required the demolition of brick vaults between Stainer and Weston Streets, which were pedestrianised and became part of the new concourse. A wider route was created through the Western Arcade to Joiner Street and the underground station by relocating existing shops in to renovated barrel vaults.[64] Two major new street level entrances were opened to the south on St Thomas Street, and to the north, on Tooley Street.[65] This required demolishing the 1893 SER office building.[66]

The refurbished station was officially opened by Prince William, Duke of Cambridge on 9 May 2018. The total estimated value of the project was around £1 billion.[67] In July 2019, the refurbished station made the shortlist for the Stirling Prize for excellence in architecture.[68]

In 2020 the Thameslink lines at London Bridge were one of the few locations in the UK to use a digital signalling system.[69]

In October 2022 a rescued Victorian-era church pipe organ, nicknamed "Henry", was installed on the station concourse. The organ is free for public use.[70][71]

National Rail station

A plan of lines in and out of London Bridge Station

The station's platform configuration is:

The platforms are linked together by a large street-level concourse, offering a ticket office, retail facilities and waiting areas, with entrances on St Thomas Street and Tooley Street. In addition, an upper level entrance gives direct access to platforms 10–15.


London Bridge is one of the busiest stations in the UK, with an estimated 63.1 million passenger entries/exits in 2019/20.[72] However, as with other stations, patronage dropped dramatically as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The estimated usage figure fell 78% in 2020/21 to 13.8 million, although it rose in the ranking by one place to the third busiest in the country, behind Stratford and Victoria, both also in London.[73]

Typical services from the station are:

Southeastern to/from Charing Cross

The typical weekday off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:[74][75]

Southeastern to/from Cannon Street

The typical weekday off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:[74][75]


The typical weekday off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:


The typical weekday off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:[76]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
London Blackfriars   Thameslink
  East Croydon
Norwood Junction
London Waterloo East   Southeastern
  Lewisham or Ladywell
London Waterloo East
London Cannon Street
  Orpington or Sevenoaks
  New Cross or Lewisham
  New Cross
Hither Green
Peak Hours Only
Terminus   Southern
  New Cross Gate
Norwood Junction
East Croydon
Historical railways
London Cannon Street
London Waterloo East
  South Eastern and Chatham Railway
  Spa Road
Blackfriars Road   South Eastern Railway
Preceding station London Underground Following station
towards Stanmore
Jubilee line Bermondsey
towards Stratford
towards Morden
Northern line
Bank Branch

London Underground station

London Bridge London Underground
Tooley Street entrance
Local authorityLondon Borough of Southwark
Managed byLondon Underground
Number of platforms4
Fare zone1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2018Increase 70.20 million[78]
2019Increase 74.34 million[79]
2020Decrease 24.72 million[80]
2021Increase 30.86 million[81]
2022Increase 56.20 million[82]
Railway companies
Original companyCity & South London Railway
Key dates
25 February 1900Opened
7 October 1999[83]Jubilee line started
Other information
External links
London transport portal
Northern line platforms

The Underground station is between Southwark and Bermondsey on the Jubilee line, and between Borough and Bank on the Bank branch of the Northern line. In 2022, it was the 4th busiest station on the network with 56.20 million users.[81] It is the only station on the London Underground network with "London" in its name (while the NR termini are named, for instance, "London Waterloo" the Underground station is simply named "Waterloo").[84]

There are two platforms on each line and two main sets of escalators to and from the Tooley Street ticket hall. All four platforms are directly accessible from the Borough High Street entrance/exit. There is an emergency exit to Joiner Street.[85]

Northern line

The first underground station at London Bridge was part of the second section of the City & South London Railway (C&SLR). The company had been formed on 28 July 1884 with the intention of constructing a line under the Thames from King William Street to Stockwell via Elephant and Castle and Kennington, which opened on 18 December 1890.[86][87] No station was provided at London Bridge; the first station south of the river was at Borough. King William Street was found to be badly placed owing to a steep incline towards the station from underneath the Thames, which limited its capacity.[88]

When the decision was made to extend the C&SLR northwards to Moorgate, a new pair of tunnels was constructed from north of Borough station on a new alignment providing a more convenient route and the opportunity to open a station at London Bridge. The tunnels to King William Street and the station were closed and the extension and London Bridge station opened on 25 February 1900.[87][88]

The station entrance was originally at Three Castles House on the corner of London Bridge Street and Railway Approach, but has since been moved to Borough High Street and Tooley Street. The original entrance remained standing until March 2013 when it was demolished.[89]

Jubilee line platforms

In the aftermath of the King's Cross fire in 1987, an independent report recommended that London Underground investigate "passenger flow and congestion in stations and take remedial action".[90] As a consequence, the congested Northern line platforms were rebuilt during the late 1990s, increasing the platform and circulation areas for the opening of the Jubilee Line Extension.[91]

The station is arranged for right-hand running because it is in a stretch of the Northern line (from just south of Borough to just south of Moorgate) where the northbound line is to the east of the southbound, instead of to the west.[92]

Jubilee line

The Jubilee line station is between Southwark and Bermondsey. It opened on 7 October 1999 as part of the Jubilee Line Extension,[93] although trains had been running through non-stop from the previous month.[94][83] It took months of major engineering works to relocate buried services in the surrounding streets to enable the Jubilee line's construction.[95] A new ticket hall was created in the arches under the main-line station, with entrances at Joiner Street and Borough High Street.[96]

During excavations a variety of Roman remains were found, including pottery and fragments of mosaics; some of these are now on display in the station.[97] The Jubilee line platforms have been fitted with platform screen doors in common with all other below-ground stations on the extension.[98]

There is a facing crossover to the west of the station enabling trains to terminate here.[99][100]


London Buses routes 17, 21, 35, 43, 47, 133, 141, 149, 343, 344, 381, 388 and night routes N21, N133, N199, N343 and N381 serve the station and bus station.[101][102]

Accidents and incidents

There have been several recorded accidents at London Bridge station, though relatively few of these have caused fatalities.[103] The most serious accidents were:



  1. ^ Historically, platforms 4, 5 & 6 served services to and from both Charing Cross station and the Thameslink core, creating conflicting moves and capacity problems during peak hours.


  1. ^ "London and South East" (PDF). National Rail. September 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 March 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Estimates of station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ "Commercial information". Our Stations. London: Network Rail. April 2014. Archived from the original on 10 April 2014. Retrieved 12 April 2014.
  4. ^ "London Bridge station". Google Maps. Select StreetView to examine the various entrances. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  5. ^ "Standard Tube Map" (PDF). Transport for London. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  6. ^ "River Services Map". Transport for London. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  7. ^ a b Jackson 1984, p. 144.
  8. ^ a b c Jackson 1984, p. 145.
  9. ^ Gordon 1910, p. 187.
  10. ^ "London Bridge station roof set for Aberystwyth museum". BBC News Wales. 31 May 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  11. ^ Turner 1977, p. 42.
  12. ^ Turner 1977, pp. 26–39.
  13. ^ Jackson 1984, pp. 145–146.
  14. ^ Turner 1977, pp. 176–9.
  15. ^ Cole, David (1958). "Mocatta's stations for the Brighton Railway". Journal of Transport History. 5 (3). Manchester: Manchester University Press: 149–157. doi:10.1177/002252665800300304. ISSN 0022-5266. S2CID 115346320.
  16. ^ a b c Ellis 1971, p. 223.
  17. ^ a b "A notable station centenary". The Railway Gazette: 966–7. 11 December 1936.
  18. ^ Jackson 1984, p. 147.
  19. ^ Jackson 1984, pp. 150–1.
  20. ^ a b Jackson 1984, p. 152.
  21. ^ a b Christopher 2015, p. 152.
  22. ^ Turner 1978, p. 23.
  23. ^ Jeffs 2013, p. 12.
  24. ^ London Railways Track Map for 1870 Establishment and growth. London: Quail Map Company. 1983. p. 23.
  25. ^ Jackson 1984, p. 158.
  26. ^ Bradley 1979, p. 6.
  27. ^ Bradshaw 1861, p. 16.
  28. ^ The Times Wednesday, 5 December 1860, p.2.
  29. ^ Jackson 1984, pp. 191, 195.
  30. ^ Jackson 1984, p. 154.
  31. ^ Jackson 1984, pp. 156–157.
  32. ^ Thomas 1963, p. 26.
  33. ^ a b "Federick Dale Banister". Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  34. ^ Turner 1978, pp. 185–193.
  35. ^ Heap 1980, p. 78.
  36. ^ Davidson, John (1909). Fleet Street and Other Poems. London.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  37. ^ Turner 1979, pp. 172–179.
  38. ^ Turner 1978, pp. 206–207.
  39. ^ a b Jackson 1984, p. 160.
  40. ^ Jackson 1984, p. 162.
  41. ^ a b Jackson 1984, p. 161.
  42. ^ Jackson 1984, p. 167.
  43. ^ Jackson 1984, pp. 166–167.
  44. ^ Welch, Michael (1999). London steam: Scenes from the Fifties and Sixties. Harrow Weald: Capital Transport Publishing. p. 60. ISBN 1-85414-214-3.
  45. ^ Eddolls 1983, pp. 31–32.
  46. ^ Simmons & Biddle 1997, p. 291.
  47. ^ Jackson 1984, p. 356.
  48. ^ Historic England (8 January 1988). "Bridge Over North End, London Bridge Station (1385629)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  49. ^ Historic England (19 December 1988). "London Bridge Station, Platforms 9–16 (Brighton Side) (1385808)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  50. ^ Gourvish & Anson 2004, p. 314.
  51. ^ Dynes, Michael (25 September 1991). "Faster London rail links planned". The Times. London, England. p. 3. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  52. ^ Shah, Saeed (20 November 1999). "London Bridge station set for £500m redesign". Times. London, England. p. 26. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  53. ^ "Spotlight on Christmas 2017: Thameslink Programme". Network Rail. 2017. Archived from the original on 16 June 2018. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  54. ^ Network Rail 2005b, p. 17, paragraph 2.25.
  55. ^ "London Bridge Redevelopment" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 August 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  56. ^ Somers, Mark (7 May 2014). "THAMESLINK PROGRAMME" (PDF). Network Rail. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  57. ^ "Thameslink KO2 Presentation" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 December 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  58. ^ "Thameslink Programme". Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  59. ^ "London Bridge rebuild moves into final phase". Thameslink Programme. 6 September 2016. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  60. ^ "No Charing Cross trains to call at London Bridge rail station from Monday".
  61. ^ Network Rail 2005b, p. 17, paragraph 2.27.
  62. ^ "First new platforms of rebuilt London Bridge Station take shape".
  63. ^ Network Rail 2005b, p. 17, paragraph 2.26.
  64. ^ Network Rail 2005b, p. 17, paragraph 2.24.
  65. ^ "How Far Should We Go in Sacrificing Our Heritage For 21st Century Enterprise?". Huffington Post. 16 January 2012.
  66. ^ "London Bridge is open! Final section of massive new concourse and five new platforms open to the public as historic redevelopment begins countdown to completion". Network Rail.
  67. ^ "London Bridge station makes 2019 Riba Stirling Prize shortlist". BBC. 18 July 2019. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
  68. ^ "East Coast Main Line to get £350m for digital signal system". BBC News. 22 June 2020. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  69. ^ "Victorian church organ rehomed in the heart of London Bridge station". Network Rail Media Centre. Retrieved 22 October 2023.
  70. ^ George, Allan. "Future for Religious Heritage". Archived from the original on 27 October 2023. Retrieved 26 October 2023.
  71. ^ "Waterloo - Station Usage 2019-2020" (PDF). Office of Rail Regulation. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  72. ^ "Waterloo - Station Usage 2020-2021" (PDF). office of Rail Regulation. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  73. ^ a b Table 199, 200, 201, 203, 204, 206, 207, 212 National Rail timetable, December 2022
  74. ^ a b "December 2021 Timetables". Southeastern. Retrieved 6 February 2022.
  75. ^ "May 2022 Timetables". Thameslink. Retrieved 31 May 2022.
  76. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. April 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 May 2021.
  77. ^ "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Archived from the original on 14 January 2023. Retrieved 11 October 2023.
  78. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2019. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Archived from the original on 9 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  79. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2020. Transport for London. 16 April 2021. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  80. ^ a b "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2021. Transport for London. 12 July 2022. Retrieved 7 September 2022.
  81. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2022. Transport for London. 4 October 2023. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  82. ^ a b Day & Reed 2010, p. 207.
  83. ^ "Standard Tube Map" (PDF). Transport for London. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  84. ^ London Bridge Axonometric Map (Map). Transport for London. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  85. ^ Day & Reed 2010, pp. 40, 43, 44.
  86. ^ a b Rose 1999.
  87. ^ a b Day & Reed 2010, p. 46.
  88. ^ Louise Coysh, ed. (2014). Labyrinth: A Journey Through London's Underground by Mark Wallinger. Art / Books. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-908-97016-9.
  89. ^ Fennell 1988, p. 169.
  90. ^ Eng., Mitchell, Bob, C. (2003). Jubilee Line extension : from concept to completion. London: Thomas Telford. p. 23. ISBN 0727730282. OCLC 51945284.((cite book)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  91. ^ Yonge, John (November 2008) [1994]. Jacobs, Gerald (ed.). Railway Track Diagrams 5: Southern & TfL (3rd ed.). Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps. map 39B. ISBN 978-0-9549866-4-3.
  92. ^ "Opening the new Extended Jubilee Line Station at London Bridge". London Transport. 17 October 1999. Archived from the original on 12 April 2000. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  93. ^ Horne 2000, p. 80.
  94. ^ Day & Reed 2010, p. 201.
  95. ^ Day & Reed 2010, p. 210.
  96. ^ "Boudicca rampaged through the streets of south London". New Scientist. 21 October 1995. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
  97. ^ "Mind The Gap". Railway Technology. 9 February 2009. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  98. ^ "Inter Infraco Track Boundaries" (PDF). 5 September 2013.
  99. ^ "Detailed London transport map".
  100. ^ "Buses from London Bridge" (PDF). TfL. 29 April 2023. Retrieved 5 May 2023.
  101. ^ "Night buses from London Bridge" (PDF). TfL. 29 April 2023. Retrieved 5 May 2023.
  102. ^ "Accident Archive :: The Railways Archive".
  103. ^ a b Middlemass, Tom (1995). "Chapter 5". Stroudley and his Terriers. York: Pendragon. ISBN 1-899816-00-3.
  104. ^ Trevena, Arthur (1980). Trains in Trouble. Vol. 1. Redruth: Atlantic Books. p. 34. ISBN 0-906899-01-X.
  105. ^ Moody, G. T. (1979) [1957]. Southern Electric 1909–1979 (Fifth ed.). Shepperton: Ian Allan Ltd. p. 37. ISBN 0-7110-0924-4.
  106. ^ Moody, G. T. (1960). Southern Electric: the history of the world's largest suburban electrified system (3rd ed.). Hampton Court: Ian Allan. p. 138.
  107. ^ McCrickard, John P (6 October 2016). "January 1989 to December 1989". Network South East Railway Society. Archived from the original on 26 June 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  108. ^ Tendler, Stewart (29 February 1992). "IRA rush-hour bomb injures 29 at station". The Times. London.
  109. ^ Gourvish & Anson 2004, p. 350.
  110. ^ Booth, Robert; Dodd, Vikram; O'Carroll, Lisa; Taylor, Matthew (4 June 2017). "Police race to establish if London Bridge attackers were part of network". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 9 September 2022.


  • Bradley, D.L. (1979). The Locomotive History of the London Chatham and Dover Railway. Railway Correspondence and Travel Society. ISBN 0-901115-47-9.
  • Bradshaw, George (1861). Bradshaw's monthly railway and steam navigation guide. Bradshaw.
  • Christopher, John (2015). London's Historic Railway Stations Through Time. Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-1-445-65111-8.
  • Day, John R; Reed, John (2010) [1963]. The Story of London's Underground (11th ed.). Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-341-9.
  • Eddolls, John (1983). The Brighton Line =. Newton Abbott: David & Charles. pp. 31–2. ISBN 0-7153-8251-9.
  • Ellis, C. Hamilton (1971). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway. Shepperton: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-0269-X.
  • Fennell, Desmond (1988). Investigation into the King's Cross Underground Fire (PDF). Department of Transport/HMSO. ISBN 0-10-104992-7. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  • Gordon, W.J. (1910). Our Home Railways. Frederick Warne.
  • Gourvish, Terry; Anson, Mike (2004). British Rail 1974–1997 : From Integration to Privatisation. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19926-909-9.
  • Heap, Christine and van Riemsdijk, John (1980). The Pre-Grouping Railways part 2. H.M.S.O. for the Science Museum. ISBN 0-11-290309-6.((cite book)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  • Horne, M (2000). The Jubilee Line. Capital Transport Publishing.
  • Jackson, Alan (1984) [1969]. London's Termini (New Revised ed.). London: David & Charles. ISBN 0-330-02747-6.
  • Jeffs, Simon (2013). The London to Brighton Line Through Time. Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-1-445-63708-2.
  • Ransom, P.J.G. (1990). The Victorian Railway and How It Evolved. London: Heinemann. ISBN 978-0-434-98083-3.
  • Rose, Douglas (1999) [1980]. The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History (7th ed.). Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4.
  • Simmons, Jack (1991). The Victorian Railway. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-25110-2.
  • Simmons, Jack; Biddle, Gordon, eds. (1997). The Oxford companion to British Railway History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 291. ISBN 0-19-211697-5.
  • Thomas, David St. John (1963). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain: Greater London. David and Charles.
  • Turner, J.T. Howard (1977). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway. 1. Origins and formation. London: Batsford. pp. 41–2. ISBN 0-7134-0275-X.
  • Turner, J.T. Howard (1978). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway. 2. Establishment and growth. London: Batsford. p. 23. ISBN 0-7134-1198-8.
  • Turner, J.T. Howard (1979). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway. 3. Completion and maturity. London: Batsford. pp. 172–9. ISBN 0-7134-1389-1.
  • "Thameslink 2000 Statement of Case March 2005" (PDF). Network Rail. March 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011.
  • "Timetables". Southeastern. Retrieved 17 August 2017.

Thameslink Programme publicity: