Location of Ealing Broadway in Greater London
|Local authority||London Borough of Ealing|
|Managed by||Elizabeth line|
|Number of platforms||9|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|Original company||Great Western Railway|
|Pre-grouping||Great Western Railway|
|Post-grouping||Great Western Railway|
|6 April 1838||Opened (GWR)|
|1 July 1879||Opened (DR)|
|3 August 1920||Start (CLR)|
|20 May 2018||Start (TfL Rail)|
|London transport portal|
Ealing Broadway is a major single-level interchange station in Ealing in London, England. It is in the London Borough of Ealing, West London, and is served by the London Underground and also National Rail on the Great Western Main Line. On the Underground, it is one of three western termini of the District line, the next station being Ealing Common, and it is also one of two western termini of the Central line, the next station being West Acton. On the National Rail network, it is a through-station on the Great Western Main Line, 5 miles 56 chains (9.2 km) down the line from London Paddington, between Acton Main Line and West Ealing.
The station is managed by Transport for London and is served by Great Western Railway and Elizabeth line services. As of 2020[update], the station is being upgraded and expanded as part of the Crossrail project, with a rebuilt ticket hall and the provision of step free access.
The Great Western Railway (GWR) opened its pioneering broad gauge tracks through Ealing Broadway between Paddington and Taplow on 6 April 1838, although Ealing Broadway station did not open until 1 December of that year. As the only station in the area when it opened, it was initially named 'Ealing',[page needed] but was renamed Ealing Broadway in 1875.
District Railway (DR, now the District Line) services commenced on 1 July 1879, when the DR opened a branch from Turnham Green on its Richmond line. The DR built its own three-platform station (including a siding) to the north of the GWR one. However, following the installation of a connection between the two railways to the east of the stations, DR trains also served the GWR station from 1 March 1883 to 30 September 1885, on a short-lived service running to Windsor and Eton Central station, which quickly became unprofitable.[page needed] It was also intended to use the connection for a service to Uxbridge Vine Street station (via West Drayton), but this was never introduced.
Following electrification of the main District line route through Ealing Common to South Harrow in 1903, the section to Ealing Broadway was electrified in 1905, and the first electric trains ran to Ealing Broadway on 1 July 1905. The original brick-built DR station was replaced with a stone-faced building in 1910.
Prior to World War I, plans were made by the GWR to construct a new, mainly freight, line between Ealing and Shepherd's Bush, to connect west-to-south with the West London Railway. The Central London Railway (CLR, now the Central Line) would use the line by extending its tracks the short distance north from its terminus at Wood Lane (now closed), to meet the new GWR tracks. CLR services to two new platforms at Ealing Broadway, built between the GWR and DR stations, started on 3 August 1920, with, initially, just one intermediate stop at East Acton. The line also carried GWR steam freight trains until 1938, when the links at Ealing Broadway and west of North Acton were removed, and the line was fully transferred to London Underground.
Originally separate companies, by 1920 the DR and the CLR were both owned by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London (UERL). Despite this, the CLR services operated via the GWR station building, not the Underground one.
The GWR-built station was demolished in 1961 and replaced by a low concrete structure containing shops and a ticket hall, opened in 1965, with a high-rise office building above. The new station building serves all the lines, and the separate District Line station ticket hall was closed, although the building remains, and the original station facade is now the entrance for multiple shops.
On Platform 9 (District line) there are some roundels of a style dating from c. 1908, three of which are replicas made in 1992.
In the mid 1990s, the Great Western Main Line through the station was electrified as part of the Heathrow Express project.
In the early 1990s, the Crossrail project was proposed to serve Ealing Broadway. After many years of planning, the project was approved in 2007. An interim TfL Rail service between suburban stations and London Paddington began in 2018, transferring to the Elizabeth line on 24 May 2022, with services underneath Central London due to begin in the first half of 2022.
The combined station has nine platforms:
All platforms are accessed through a gateline of ticket barriers.
As part of the Crossrail project, the station has been upgraded and expanded to meet increased passenger numbers, improve the interchange between various rail and local bus services and provide step free access.
Initially, only minor station improvements were planned as part of the Crossrail project, such as platform lengthening. However, after local and regional campaigning, the station will be upgraded and step free access provided. After further criticism by local people of poor design, the station entrance was redesigned with a large glass frontage and a long curved canopy to the street.
Designed by Bennetts Associates, the station upgrade has involved demolishing the old cramped ticket hall and staircases, replacing them with:
After several periods of delay, construction on the upgrade began in 2018 by Network Rail. On 27 May 2021, the majority of the new station facilities, including the station building and ticket office, were completed and opened to the public.
In the early 2010s, the West London Business group backed a Surbiton-to-Brent Cross light metro tube line, called the West London Orbital underground railway, based on Copenhagen Metro technology, which would include a station underground at Ealing Broadway. The London Borough of Ealing does not support the proposal, saying "no consensus to progress this project [due] to extremely high costs".
In 2008, the London Group of the Campaign for Better Transport published a plan for an off-road orbital North and West London Light railway (NWLLR), sharing the Dudding Hill Line freight corridor, and using the middle two of the six track beds at North Acton. In April 2009 Ealing Council voted to call on Transport for London to look into the proposal.
The station would have been served by the West London Tram, however this proposal was cancelled in 2007 as it was opposed by the councils of all three London Boroughs that would have been served by the line.
National Rail services are provided at the four Great Western Main Line platforms by Great Western Railway and Transport for London at platforms 3 and 4 by Elizabeth line. London Underground provide services to the three District line and the two Central line platforms.
The typical off-peak service frequency (trains per hour – tph) is:
Great Western Railway
From 14th June 2022 trains to Heathrow Terminals 2 & 3 will continue to Heathrow Terminal 4.
From Autumn 2022 trains to Paddington will continue through new tunnels under Central London to Abbey Wood.
From May 2023 trains will additionally travel to Shenfield on the Great Eastern Main Line.
London Buses routes 65, 112, 207, 226, 297, 427, 483, 607, E1, E2, E7, E8, E9, E10, E11, and night routes N7, N11, N65, N83 and N207 serve the station.
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