Temple London Underground
Templetube.jpg
Entrance on Victoria Embankment
Temple is located in Central London
Temple
Temple
Location of Temple in Central London
LocationVictoria Embankment
Local authorityCity of Westminster
Managed byLondon Underground
Number of platforms2
Fare zone1
OSIBlackfriars National Rail[1]
London Underground annual entry and exit
2017Increase 8.95 million[2]
2018Decrease 7.94 million[3]
2019Increase 8.74 million[4]
2020Decrease 1.32 million[5]
2021Increase 3.07 million[6]
Railway companies
Original companyDistrict Railway
Key dates
30 May 1870Opened
1 February 1872Started "Outer Circle" (NLR)
1 August 1872Started "Middle Circle" (H&CR/DR)
30 June 1900Ended "Middle Circle"
31 December 1908Ended "Outer Circle"
Other information
External links
WGS8451°30′40″N 0°06′52″W / 51.5111°N 0.1144°W / 51.5111; -0.1144Coordinates: 51°30′40″N 0°06′52″W / 51.5111°N 0.1144°W / 51.5111; -0.1144
 London transport portal

Temple is a London Underground station located at Victoria Embankment in the City of Westminster, close to its boundary with the City of London. It is on the Circle and District lines between Embankment and Blackfriars, and is in fare zone 1.

The station was opened on 30 May 1870 with the name The Temple, from the Temple area in the vicinity of Temple Church, and from the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple, two of the four Inns of Court of London. The definite article in the name fell out of use quite early.

History

Temple station in 1899
Temple station in 1899

The Temple station was opened in the parish of St. Clement Danes on 30 May 1870 by the District Railway (DR; now the District line) when the company extended its line from Westminster to St. Paul's station (now called Blackfriars). The construction of the new section of the DR was planned in conjunction with the building of the Victoria Embankment and was achieved by the cut and cover method of roofing over a shallow trench.

The DR connected to the Metropolitan Railway (MR; now the Metropolitan line) at South Kensington and, although the two companies were rivals, each company operated its trains over the other's tracks in a joint service known as the "Inner Circle".

Platforms at Temple station, looking anti-clockwise
Platforms at Temple station, looking anti-clockwise

On 1 February 1872, the DR opened a northbound branch from its station at Earl's Court to connect to the West London Extension Joint Railway (WLEJR, now the West London line) which it connected to at Addison Road station (now Kensington (Olympia)). From that date the "Outer Circle" service began running over the DR's tracks. The service was run by the North London Railway (NLR) from its terminus at Broad Street (now demolished) in the City of London via the North London line to Willesden Junction, then the West London Line to Addison Road and the DR to Mansion House, which was the new eastern terminus of the DR.

From 1 August 1872, the "Middle Circle" service also began operations through the station running from Moorgate along the MR's tracks on the north side of the Inner Circle to Paddington then over the Hammersmith & City Railway (H&CR) track to Latimer Road then, via a now demolished link, to the West London line to Addison Road and the DR to Mansion House. The service was operated jointly by the H&CR and the DR.

On 30 June 1900, the Middle Circle service was withdrawn between Earl's Court and Mansion House.

At the beginning of the 20th century early plans for the Great Northern and Strand Railway (later incorporated into the Great Northern, Piccadilly & Brompton Railway and now part of the Piccadilly line) included a proposal for the line to continue to Temple. The plan was rejected and the route was ended instead at the now closed Aldwych station, about 200 metres (660 feet) to the north.

On 31 December 1908, the Outer Circle service was withdrawn from the DR tracks.

In 1949, the Metropolitan line-operated Inner Circle route was given its own identity on the Tube map as the Circle line.

References

  1. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (XLSX). Transport for London. 16 June 2020. Retrieved 5 November 2020.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures (2007–2017)". London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Archived from the original (XLSX) on 31 July 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 21 August 2019. Archived from the original on 22 May 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2019. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Archived from the original on 9 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  5. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2020. Transport for London. 16 April 2021. Retrieved 1 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2021. Transport for London. 12 July 2022. Retrieved 7 September 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
Preceding station Underground (no text).svg London Underground Following station
Embankment
towards Edgware Road via Victoria
Circle line
Blackfriars
towards Hammersmith via Tower Hill
Embankment District line
Blackfriars
towards Upminster