Aldgate East London Underground
Platform (15234313935).jpg
Aldgate East is located in Central London
Aldgate East
Aldgate East
Location of Aldgate East in Central London
LocationWhitechapel
Local authorityLondon Borough of Tower Hamlets
Managed byLondon Underground
OwnerTransport for London
Number of platforms2
Fare zone1
OSIAldgate London Underground[1]
London Underground annual entry and exit
2016Increase 13.43 million[2]
2017Increase 14.00 million[2]
2018Decrease 13.17 million[3]
2019Increase 14.15 million[4]
2020Decrease 3.14 million[5]
Key dates
6 October 1884 (6 October 1884)Opened
31 October 1938resited
Other information
External links
WGS8451°30′55″N 0°04′20″W / 51.5152°N 0.0722°W / 51.5152; -0.0722Coordinates: 51°30′55″N 0°04′20″W / 51.5152°N 0.0722°W / 51.5152; -0.0722
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg
 London transport portal

Aldgate East is a London Underground station on Whitechapel High Street in Whitechapel, in London, England. It takes its name from the City of London ward of Aldgate, the station lying to the east of the ward (and the City). It is on the Hammersmith & City line between Liverpool Street and Whitechapel, and on the District line between Tower Hill and Whitechapel, in Travelcard Zone 1.[6]

History

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Original station

The original Aldgate East station
The original Aldgate East station

The original Aldgate East station opened on 6 October 1884 as part of an eastern extension to the District Railway (now the District line).[7] It was 500 feet (150 m) to the west of the current station, close to the Metropolitan Railway's Aldgate station. The curved link to the Metropolitan Railway had to be particularly sharp owing to the location of Aldgate East station.

Resited station

The resited Aldgate East station, showing its modernist, simple appearance
The resited Aldgate East station, showing its modernist, simple appearance

As part of the London Passenger Transport Board's 1935–1940 New Works Programme, the triangular junction at Aldgate was enlarged to allow for a much gentler curve and to ensure trains that were held on any leg of the triangle did not foul any signals or points elsewhere.[8] The new Aldgate East platforms were sited almost immediately to the east of their predecessors with one exit facing west toward the original location and another at the eastern end of the new platforms.

The new station opened on 31 October 1938 [7] and the earlier station closed permanently the previous night.[9][10] It was designed to be completely subterranean providing a much-needed pedestrian underpass for the road above.

The reconstruction of Aldgate East station in progress. To lower the track level, the trackbed has been excavated with an interim support of timber trestles. With the tracks attached to chains from the ceiling, the trestle was then dismantled and the tracks lowered to the new lower track level.
The reconstruction of Aldgate East station in progress. To lower the track level, the trackbed has been excavated with an interim support of timber trestles. With the tracks attached to chains from the ceiling, the trestle was then dismantled and the tracks lowered to the new lower track level.

In order to accommodate the space needed for the underpass, the existing track needed to be lowered by more than seven feet (2 m). To achieve this task whilst still keeping the track open during the day, the bed underneath the track was excavated and the track held up by a timber trestle framework. Once excavation was complete and the new station had been constructed around the site, an army of over 900 workmen lowered the whole track simultaneously in one night using overhead hooks to suspend the track when necessary.[11] The hooks still remain.

A second view of reconstruction under the tracks, showing them ready to be lowered to their new level
A second view of reconstruction under the tracks, showing them ready to be lowered to their new level

The eastern exit of the new station was now close enough to St Mary's (Whitechapel Road), the next station along the line, that this could also be closed.[note 1] This reduced operational overheads and journey times because the new Aldgate East had effectively replaced two other stations.

Past proposals

A campaign was launched by a local councillor in a bid to change the name of the station to Brick Lane tube station by 2012,[12] but this had no official support and was not successful. The same councillor has also campaigned to have Shoreditch High Street railway station renamed "Banglatown".[13]

The station today

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

The station has no surface buildings.[14] A canopy was constructed in the 2000s and in 2013–14, the high-rise Aldgate Tower, was built above it.[15] As of March 2022, when there was a fire in the building, the tower also contained apartments.[16] Ticket barriers control access to all platforms.

District and Hammersmith & City line trains run into Aldgate East from Liverpool Street and Tower Hill along two sides of the above triangle and pass through the site of the earlier station, most of which has been obliterated by the current junction alignment although the extensive width and height and irregular shape of the tunnel can be observed.

The platforms have a particularly high headroom and this, combined with the late-1930s style of tiling, typical of the stations of the then London Passenger Transport Board, gives the platforms a particularly airy appearance, unusual on the Underground at the time of construction. The tiling contains relief tiles showing devices pertinent to London Transport and the area it served; these were designed by Harold Stabler and made by the Poole Pottery.

Station improvements

The station was Metronet's first (and show-piece) station refurbished in 'heritage' style.[17] Work began at platform level in 2007.[17] On 9 March 2007, it was noted that every other platform bullseye and its associated blue enamel "Way Out" plate below had been removed on both platforms marking the end of the only sub-surface 'New Works' station.[17] By 14 March, all the roundels had been removed and temporary signs substituted.[17] The north-east entrance was closed from 10 March 2007 until 2009.[17] As of 23 May 2007, the tiling had been removed from the eastbound platform and the walls were rough cemented but the tiles remained on the westbound one.[17] The new framework for lighting and cabling had been installed.[17]

Services and connections

District line

This is the general off-peak frequency. During peak times trains also operate to Wimbledon. During off-peak times, 3 trains per hour from Wimbledon terminate at Barking (as of December 2014).

Hammersmith & City line

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:

It is not a regular service but before 6am, two Circle line trains run from Barking to Edgware Road via Victoria (as of February 2015).[21][may be outdated as of April 2022]

Buses

London Buses routes 15, 25, 115, 135, 205, 242, 254 and night routes N15, N25, N205, N253 and N550 serve the station.[22][23]

Nearby tourist attractions

Notes and references

Notes

  1. ^ The station closed on 30 April 1938, six months before the resited Aldgate East station opened.[7]

References

  1. ^ "Out-of-Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel). Transport for London. 2 January 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures (2007–2017)". London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Archived from the original (XLSX) on 31 July 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 21 August 2019. Archived from the original on 22 May 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2019. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Archived from the original on 9 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  5. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2020. Transport for London. 16 April 2021. Retrieved 1 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. January 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 January 2022. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  7. ^ a b c Clive's Underground Line Guides - District line
  8. ^ H.F. Howson, London's Underground, 4th ed. London: Ian Allan, 1967, OCLC 502266970, p. 47.
  9. ^ H.V. Borley, Chronology of London Railways, Oakham, Leicester: Railway & Canal Historical Society, 1982, ISBN 9780901461339.
  10. ^ J.E. Connor and B. Halford, Forgotten Stations of Greater London, Colchester: Connor & Butler, 1991, ISBN 9780947699178.
  11. ^ Howson, pp. 47–48.
  12. ^ "Bid to name Tube stop Brick Lane". BBC News. bbc.co.uk. 15 December 2006. Archived from the original on 16 January 2007. Retrieved 10 January 2007. Tower Hamlets councillor Abdul Ullah wants the Tube station to be renamed in time for the 2012 summer Olympics. He told BBC London: 'I think it will truly reflect the character of the area by renaming Aldgate East... people get it confused with Aldgate.' He said the area's tourist trade was being affected because, while people had heard of Brick Lane and its reputation for curry restaurants, they could not find it on a Tube map.
  13. ^ "Calls to rename East End station". BBC News. bbc.co.uk. 20 May 2008. Retrieved 10 June 2008. Tower Hamlets councillor Abdal Ullah said the new station should be called "Banglatown" to reflect the strong Bangladeshi community. But a TfL spokesman said 'It is important that a station name takes into account the street or the official name of its area, as recorded on official maps.'
  14. ^ "Tube Facts - Tube Stations that have no surface buildings". Archived from the original on 22 February 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  15. ^ "Aldgate Tower". Survey of London. 15 August 2019. Retrieved 7 March 2022.
  16. ^ "Aldgate fire: Large blaze at high-rise London tower block". BBC News. 7 March 2022.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g "Station Refurbishment Summary" (PDF). London Underground Railway Society. July 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  18. ^ a b Clive's Underground Line Guides - Hammersmith & City line
  19. ^ "Hammersmith & City line timetable: From Aldgate East Underground Station to Whitechapel Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  20. ^ "Hammersmith & City line timetable: From Aldgate East Underground Station to Liverpool Street Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  21. ^ "London Underground: Why are Circle line trains showing up at Whitechapel? | CityMetric".
  22. ^ "Buses from Aldgate East" (PDF). TfL. 15 June 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  23. ^ "Night buses from Aldgate East" (PDF). TfL. 17 October 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2021.

Bibliography