Turnham Green London Underground
Turnham Green
Turnham Green
Location of Turnham Green in Greater London
LocationChiswick
Local authorityLondon Borough of Hounslow
Managed byLondon Underground
Station codeTUG[1]
Number of platforms4
Fare zone2 and 3
London Underground annual entry and exit
2015Decrease 6.45 million[2]
2016Decrease 5.65 million[2]
2017Increase 6.16 million[2]
2018Decrease 5.82 million[3]
2019Increase 5.84 million[4]
Key dates
1 January 1869Opened (L&SWR)
1870Started and Ended (GWR)
1 June 1877Started (MR and DR)
5 May 1878Started "Super Outer Circle" (Midland)
1 July 1879Opened Ealing Broadway branch (DR)
30 September 1880Ended "Super Outer Circle"
1 January 1894Started (GWR)
31 December 1906Ended (MR)
31 December 1910Ended (GWR)
3 June 1916Ended (L&SWR)
23 June 1963Started (Piccadilly)
Other information
External links
WGS8451°29′43″N 0°15′18″W / 51.49527°N 0.255°W / 51.49527; -0.255Coordinates: 51°29′43″N 0°15′18″W / 51.49527°N 0.255°W / 51.49527; -0.255
 London transport portal

Turnham Green is a London Underground station in Chiswick of the London Borough of Hounslow, west London. The station is served by the District and Piccadilly lines although currently Piccadilly line trains normally stop at the station only at the beginning and end of the day, running through non-stop at other times.[5] To the east, District line trains stop at Stamford Brook and Piccadilly line trains stop at Hammersmith.[5] To the west, District line trains run to either Chiswick Park or Gunnersbury and Piccadilly line trains stop at Acton Town.[5] The station is in both Travelcard Zone 2 and Zone 3.[5]

The station is located on Turnham Green Terrace (B491) on the eastern edge of Chiswick Common. It is about 200 m (220 yd) north of Chiswick High Road (A315), and as well as Central Chiswick the station serves the Bedford Park area.[6] The actual Turnham Green park is much closer to Chiswick Park station.[6]

History

The station is located close to the site of the Battle of Turnham Green (1642), during the First English Civil War.[7]

District line

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Turnham Green station was opened on 1 January 1869 by the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) on a new branch line to Richmond built from the West London Joint Railway starting north of Addison Road station (now Kensington (Olympia)). The line ran through Shepherd's Bush and Hammersmith via a now unused curve and initially the next station towards central London was Grove Road station in Hammersmith (also now closed).[8]

Between 1 June 1870 and 31 October 1870 the Great Western Railway (GWR) briefly ran services from Paddington to Richmond via the Hammersmith & City Railway (now the Hammersmith & City line) tracks to Grove Road then on the L&SWR tracks through Turnham Green.[9]

On 1 June 1877, the District Railway (DR, now the District line) opened a short extension from its terminus at Hammersmith to connect to the L&SWR tracks east of Ravenscourt Park station (which had opened in 1873).[10] The DR then began running trains over the L&SWR tracks to Richmond.[10] On 1 October 1877, the Metropolitan Railway (MR, now the Metropolitan line) restarted the GWR's former service to Richmond via Grove Road station.[9]

On 5 May 1878 The Midland Railway began running a circuitous service known as the Super Outer Circle from St Pancras to Earl's Court via Cricklewood and South Acton. It operated over a now disused connection between the North London Railway and the L&SWR Richmond branch. The service was not a success and was ended on 30 September 1880.

The DR's service between Richmond, Hammersmith and central London was more direct than either the L&SWR's or the MR's routes via Grove Road station or the L&SWR's other route from Richmond via Clapham Junction.[citation needed] The success of the DR's operations lead it, on 1 July 1879, to open a branch from Turnham Green to Ealing Broadway.[10]

From 1 January 1894, the GWR began sharing the MR's Richmond service and served Turnham Green once again, meaning that passengers from Turnham Green could travel on the services of four operators.[9]

Following the electrification of the DR's own tracks north of Acton Town in 1903, the DR funded the electrification of the tracks through Turnham Green.[10] The tracks between Acton Town and central London were electrified on 1 July 1905 and those on the Richmond branch on 1 August 1905.[10] Whilst DR services were operated with electric trains, the L&SWR, GWR and MR services continued to be steam hauled.

MR services were withdrawn on 31 December 1906 and GWR services were withdrawn on 31 December 1910[9] leaving operations at Turnham Green to the DR (by then known as the District Railway) and L&SWR. The L&SWR constructed an additional pair of non-electrified tracks between Turnham Green and its junction with the District at Hammersmith and opened these on 3 December 1911 although their use was short-lived as the District's trains out-competed the L&SWR's to the extent that the L&SWR withdrew its service between Richmond and Addison Road on 3 June 1916,[10] leaving the District as the sole operator.

In 1913, the Central London Railway (now the Central line) obtained parliamentary approval for an extension to Richmond.[11] This would have had a deep-level station at Turnham Green. The stations each side would have been at Heathfield Terrace and Emlyn Road. The plan was delayed by the First World War and an alternative route was adopted in 1920, which was not progressed.[11]

Piccadilly line

In the early 1930s, the London Electric Railway, precursor of the London Underground and owner of the District and Piccadilly lines, began the reconstruction of the tracks between Hammersmith and Acton Town to enable the Piccadilly line to be extended from Hammersmith to Uxbridge and Hounslow West (then the terminus of what is now the Heathrow branch).[12] Express non-stop tracks were provided for the Piccadilly line between the stopping lines of the District line.[10] Services on the Piccadilly line began running through Turnham Green on 4 July 1932.[12]

To provide a better interchange with the Richmond branch of the District line, Piccadilly line trains began stopping at Turnham Green station in the early mornings (from the first train until 06:50 Monday to Saturday, 07:45 on Sunday) and late evenings (from 22:30 until the last train) only[5][13] from 23 June 1963. During the rest of the day they run non-stop through the station as before. Local residents have been campaigning for more Piccadilly line trains to stop at Turnham Green[14] with trains only stopping in the event of delays to the District line whereby large numbers of passengers are left waiting on the platform or occasionally while scheduled maintenance work is carried out.

However, in December 2013, it was announced that Turnham Green will be made a permanent stop on the Piccadilly line once the line has been upgraded, with work scheduled to commence in 2019 and introduction of the first new train in 2022.[15] A consultation published in January 2014, concluded that the business case would currently have an overall negative impact on business across London from introducing increased stopping at Turnham Green, but did outline the future plans to do so when upgrades had taken place, with passengers benefiting from improvements to the District line and the Night Tube (on Friday and Saturday nights, beginning with the Jubilee, Victoria, Central, Northern and most of the Piccadilly line,[note 1] then expanding across other lines in subsequent years)[16][17][18] from Autumn 2015 in the interim, giving the following conclusion:[19]

However, we recognise the continued frustration among those who wish for the Piccadilly line to stop for more of the day at Turnham Green station. The signalling constraints and the size of the train fleet mean that we are unlikely to be able to implement changes in the short term. TfL therefore plans to stop Piccadilly line trains at Turnham Green station all day once the line is modernised and we have a new and larger fleet of trains and a new signalling system. This upgrade is set to commence in 2019 with introduction of the first new train in 2022.

In the interim, passengers using Turnham Green station will benefit from the upgrade of the District line. The introduction of a fleet of new larger and walk-through, air-conditioned trains will start this year and be complete by 2016. This will be followed by a new signalling system enabling a faster, more frequent and more reliable service from 2018.

Additionally, the Piccadilly line will stop throughout the night at Turnham Green when the Night Tube network starts in 2015.

However this upgrade was suspended indefinitely by London Mayor Sadiq Khan, due to a lack of funding because of the coronavirus pandemic.[20]

The station today

Flower seller outside Turnham Green station.
Flower seller outside Turnham Green station.

There is a newsagent near the ticket hall. There are four ticket barriers and a gate that control access to all platforms. Refurbishment work in the station was completed in 2006.[21]

Services and connections

Services

District line

Train frequencies vary throughout the day, but generally every 2–8 minutes between 05:16 and 00:15 eastbound,[22] every 6–12 minutes between 06:59 and 01:08 westbound to Ealing Broadway[23] and between 06:28 and 00:37 westbound to Richmond.[24]

Piccadilly line

During late nights, early mornings and evenings, Piccadilly line trains stop here in order to provide a better interchange with the Richmond branch of the District line.[5][13] Until 06:50 Mondays to Saturdays[25][26] and 07:45 on Sundays,[27][28] and after 22:30,[25][26][27][28] trains stop at this station. Late night trains and Night Tube services also stop at Turnham Green. At all other times (rush hours, middays and weekends), the Piccadilly line does not stop here.[5][13]

Connections

London Bus routes 94, 272 and E3 serve the station directly, while routes 237, 267, 391, H91 and night bus route N9 run along Chiswick High Road, about 300 yards south of the station. Route 94 runs 24 hours a day, and night bus route N11 serves the station itself.[29]

Notes and references

Notes

  1. ^ The Piccadilly line will only operate between Cockfosters and Heathrow Terminals 2, 3 and 5 for Night Tube.[16][17][18]

References

  1. ^ "Station Codes" (PDF). Transport for London. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures (2007–2017)" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 21 August 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2019. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. June 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 August 2021. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  6. ^ a b Google Maps - Turnham Green Tube Station
  7. ^ "The Battle of Turnham Green". Chiswick's Local Website. 19 November 2004. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  8. ^ Chronology of London Railways by H.V.Borley
  9. ^ a b c d Clive's Underground Line Guides - Hammersmith & City line
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Clive's Underground Line Guides - District line
  11. ^ a b Clive's Underground Line Guides - Central line
  12. ^ a b Clive's Underground Line Guides - Piccadilly line
  13. ^ a b c "Piccadilly line". Consultations. TfL. Archived from the original on 26 January 2014.
  14. ^ Cumber, Robert (20 December 2010). "MPs call for tube to stop at Turnham Green". Ealing Gazette. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011.
  15. ^ "Piccadilly line Stop for Turnham Green". Consultations. Chiswick W4. 18 December 2013. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013.
  16. ^ a b "The future of the Tube – Transport for London – Night Tube". Transport for London. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  17. ^ a b "Night Tube – Transport for London". Transport for London. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
  18. ^ a b "Night Tube map – Transport for London". Transport for London. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  19. ^ "Transport for London - Piccadilly line engagement - Conclusions report - January 2014" (PDF). Transport for London. 22 January 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  20. ^ "Piccadilly Line Signalling Upgrade Delay Confirmed". neighbournet.com. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  21. ^ "Station Refurbishment Summary" (PDF). London Underground Railway Society. July 2007. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  22. ^ "District line timetable: From Turnham Green Underground Station to Stamford Brook Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  23. ^ "District line timetable: From Turnham Green Underground Station to Chiswick Park Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  24. ^ "District line timetable: From Turnham Green Underground Station to Gunnersbury Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  25. ^ a b "Piccadilly line timetable: From Turnham Green Underground Station to Hammersmith (Dist&Picc Line) Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  26. ^ a b "Piccadilly line timetable: From Turnham Green Underground Station to Acton Town Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  27. ^ a b "Piccadilly line timetable: From Turnham Green Underground Station to Hammersmith (Dist&Picc Line) Underground Station (Sundays)". Transport for London. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  28. ^ a b "Piccadilly line timetable: From Turnham Green Underground Station to Acton Town Underground Station (Sundays)". Transport for London. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  29. ^ "Buses from Chiswick High Road (Turnham Green station)" (PDF). Transport for London. January 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
Preceding station   London Underground   Following station Chiswick Parktowards Ealing BroadwayDistrict lineStamford Brooktowards Upminster or High Street Kensington Gunnersburytowards Richmond Acton Towntowards Uxbridge or Heathrow Airport (Terminal 4 or Terminal 5)Piccadilly lineEarly morning, late evening and Night Tube service onlyHammersmithtowards Cockfosters   Former services   GunnersburyTerminus   London and South Western Railway(1869–1916)   Stamford Brooktowards West Brompton   Metropolitan Railway(1877–1906)   Ravenscourt Parktowards Paddington   Great Western Railway(1894–1910)   South Actontowards St Pancras   Midland Railway(1878–1880)   Ravenscourt Parktowards Earl's Court   Abandoned Plans   Preceding station   London Underground   Following station Heathfield Terracetowards RichmondCentral line(1913)Emlyn Roadtowards Liverpool Street Gunnersburytowards RichmondCentral line(1920)Stamford Brooktowards Liverpool Street