West Ruislip London Underground National Rail
West Ruislip is located in Greater London
West Ruislip
West Ruislip
Location of West Ruislip in Greater London
LocationRuislip
Local authorityLondon Borough of Hillingdon
Managed byLondon Underground
OwnerTransport for London
Station codeWRU
DfT categoryF1
Number of platforms4
Fare zone6
OSIIckenham London Underground
London Underground annual entry and exit
2018Decrease 1.48 million[1]
2019Increase 1.56 million[2]
2020Decrease 0.69 million[3]
2021Increase 0.71 million[4]
2022Increase 1.14 million[5]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2018–19Increase 0.183 million[6]
– interchange Increase 4,030[6]
2019–20Decrease 0.182 million[6]
– interchange Decrease 3,930[6]
2020–21Decrease 43,442[6]
– interchange Decrease 866[6]
2021–22Increase 0.121 million[6]
– interchange Increase 2,648[6]
2022–23Increase 0.154 million[6]
– interchange Decrease 1,756[6]
Key dates
2 April 1906Opened (GWR/GCR)
21 November 1948Opened (Central line)
Other information
External links
Coordinates51°34′11″N 0°26′14″W / 51.5696°N 0.4373°W / 51.5696; -0.4373
 London transport portal

West Ruislip is a station on Ickenham High Road on the borders of Ickenham and western Ruislip in the London Borough of Hillingdon in Greater London, England,formerly in Middlesex. It is served by London Underground (LU) and National Rail trains on different platforms. It is the western terminus of the London Underground Central line's West Ruislip branch; Ruislip Gardens is the next station towards central London. The Central line and Chiltern Railways platforms and ticket office hall are managed by LU.[7][8] The closest station on the Metropolitan and Piccadilly lines is Ickenham, 1.1 miles (1.8 km) from West Ruislip Station.[9]

History

A 1914 Railway Clearing House map of railways in the vicinity of West Ruislip (shown here as Ruislip & Ickenham)

The station was opened on 2 April 1906 as Ruislip & Ickenham by the Great Western and Great Central Joint Railway (GW&GCJR).[10][page needed] The GW&GCJR connected London and the Midlands via High Wycombe and provided an alternative route to the Great Central Railway's (GCR's) main line through Aylesbury, Harrow and Wembley which shared its route with the Metropolitan Railway.

Prior to the Second World War plans had been made for a number of extensions to the Central line. The London Passenger Transport Board's (LPTB's) 1935-40 New Works programme included the extension of the Central line to run alongside the Great Western Railway (GWR) tracks from North Acton to South Ruislip and the GW&GCJR tracks from there as far as Denham; the post-war introduction of the Metropolitan Green Belt caused the extension to be cut back to West Ruislip. Had the Central line extension been completed as planned, the next station would have been Harefield Road. Preparatory work on this section had started just before the war and a section of trackbed constructed for the extension can be seen to the west of the road overbridge, beyond the buffer stops of the Central line tracks alongside the National Rail line.

The additional tracks were constructed by the GWR on behalf of the LPTB and on 30 June 1947, the first section of the western extension opened from North Acton to Greenford. On the same date the station name was changed to West Ruislip (for Ickenham).

Central line services began running from West Ruislip on 21 November 1948.

The station building was built by British Railways for London Underground and was not completed until the 1960s At about the same time the sub-title was omitted from the station name. Some Central line stations with older signage still show the longer name on the line diagrams on their platforms.

The station was transferred from the Western Region of British Rail to the London Midland Region on 24 March 1974.[11]

The London Borough of Hillingdon announced in June 2011 that it would be lobbying Transport for London to have the Central line extended from West Ruislip to Uxbridge. Such a project would require a business case approved by TfL and the completion of signal upgrade work on the Metropolitan line.[12]

Services

National Rail

National Rail services at West Ruislip are operated by Chiltern Railways.

The station's weekday off-peak service pattern is unusual in that it's served by trains at different frequencies in each direction. The station is served by one train per hour to London Marylebone and one train every two hours to High Wycombe. Services to and from London operate as stopping services calling at most stations. Additional services call at the station during the peak hours.[13]

On weekends, the service is increased to hourly in each direction and northbound services are extended beyond High Wycombe to and from Aylesbury via Princes Risborough.

London Underground

The typical off-peak London Underground service on the Central line is 9 trains per hour to and from Epping. During the peak hours, this is increased to up to 12 trains per hour to and from Debden, with up to 7 tph continuing to and from Epping.[14]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Chiltern Railways
London Underground
Terminus   Central line   Ruislip Gardens
  Historical railways  
Line open, station closed
Great Western and Great Central Joint Railway
Line and station open
Great Western Railway

Present day

West Ruislip station is aligned approximately east–west with the main station buildings on the road overbridge across the lines at the western end of the station. The station has four platforms; two each for London Underground and National Rail services. The London Underground tracks are south of the National Rail ones and operate from an island platform whilst the National Rail platforms are outside of their tracks. The National Rail platforms are also served by a separate station building north of the tracks and adjacent to the car park. In a legacy of the original scheme to continue the extension to Denham, the Central line tracks continue for a short distance beyond the station before ending at buffers. The intended alignment of the unbuilt tracks can be seen from the width of the unused railway land south of the existing tracks.

The Central line's Ruislip depot is east of West Ruislip station, and has a connection via a shunting neck to the Network Rail westbound track west of the station to allow rolling stock and material deliveries. The depot also has a connection to the Uxbridge branch tracks of the Metropolitan and Piccadilly Lines which pass under the Central line east of West Ruislip; it is used only for empty stock movements and works train access. Two sidings west of the station to the north of the running lines provide layover facilities for works trains.

There are ticket barriers at the main entrance to the station, controlling access to the Central line platforms from the public highway and the pedestrian walkway linking the car park to the station. The Chiltern platforms can be reached from the car park walkway without tickets.

Connections

London Buses routes 278, U1 and U10 serve the station.

Nearby places

References

  1. ^ "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Archived from the original on 14 January 2023. Retrieved 11 October 2023.
  2. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2019. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Archived from the original on 9 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  3. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2020. Transport for London. 16 April 2021. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  4. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2021. Transport for London. 12 July 2022. Retrieved 7 September 2022.
  5. ^ "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2022. Transport for London. 4 October 2023. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Estimates of station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  7. ^ "Station facilities for West Ruislip". National Rail Enquiries. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  8. ^ Transport for London. "Keeping London moving". Transport for London. Archived from the original on 11 February 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  9. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  10. ^ Bowlt, Eileen. M. (1996). Ickenham & Harefield Past. Historical Publications. ISBN 0-948667-36-2.
  11. ^ Slater, J.N., ed. (May 1974). "Notes and News: Transfer of Marylebone-Banbury services". Railway Magazine. 120 (877). London: IPC Transport Press Ltd: 248. ISSN 0033-8923.
  12. ^ Coombs, Dan (17 June 2011). "Extending Central Line to Uxbridge will cut traffic". Uxbridge Gazette. Archived from the original on 30 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2011.
  13. ^ Table 115 National Rail timetable, May 2023
  14. ^ "Central Line Timetable". Transport for London. Retrieved 14 September 2023.

Further reading