Romford Elizabeth line London Overground National Rail
Class 720 569 passing Romford for Liverpool Street.jpg
Romford railway station in May 2021
Romford is located in Greater London
Romford
Romford
Location of Romford in Greater London
LocationRomford
Local authorityLondon Borough of Havering
Managed byElizabeth line
OwnerNetwork Rail
Station codeRMF
DfT categoryC2
Number of platforms5
AccessibleYes[1]
Fare zone6
National Rail annual entry and exit
2016–17Decrease 8.834 million[2]
– interchange Increase 0.767 million[2]
2017–18Decrease 8.703 million[2]
– interchange Decrease 0.731 million[2]
2018–19Increase 9.181 million[2]
– interchange Increase 0.773 million[2]
2019–20Increase 9.382 million[2]
– interchange Increase 0.802 million[2]
2020–21Decrease 3.133 million[2]
– interchange Decrease 0.223 million[2]
Key dates
20 June 1839ECR station opened
7 June 1893LTSR Upminster platform opened
1934Stations combined
Other information
External links
WGS8451°34′30″N 0°10′58″E / 51.5749°N 0.1827°E / 51.5749; 0.1827Coordinates: 51°34′30″N 0°10′58″E / 51.5749°N 0.1827°E / 51.5749; 0.1827
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg
 London transport portal

Romford railway station is an interchange station on the Great Eastern Main Line, serving the town of Romford in the London Borough of Havering, east London. It is 12 miles 30 chains (19.9 km) down the line from London Liverpool Street and is situated between Chadwell Heath and Gidea Park. It is also the northern terminus of a branch line to Upminster operated by London Overground. Its three-letter station code is RMF and it is in Travelcard Zone 6.

The station is currently managed by Transport for London. The majority of services that call at Romford are part of the Shenfield – Liverpool Street stopping service operated as part of the Elizabeth line, but the station is also served by off-peak Greater Anglia trains to and from Southend Victoria and Colchester Town. In the future, the Elizabeth line services will be extended beyond Liverpool Street to Paddington and onwards to Reading and Heathrow Airport.

History

From its inception, the Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) planned a route linking London and Norwich that would take it via Romford. Two routes were considered, that of the current line, and an alternative going through Ilford at Cranbrook Road, then passing near to Gidea Hall and crossing Romford Common approximately following the route of the current A12 before returning to the current railway alignment at Brentwood.[3]

When the line was constructed, the first Romford station opened on 20 June 1839 as a single island platform located to the west of Waterloo Road, and formed the eastern terminus of the initial part of the Eastern Counties Railway from Mile End. Both stations acted as temporary termini, with the line extending east to Brentwood and west to Shoreditch in 1840.

In 1844, the station was relocated to its current position, some 400 metres (1,300 ft) east of the original. Around this time, the gauge of the ECR was changed from 5 ft (1,524 mm) to standard gauge of 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in). In 1860, the station was remodelled with platforms on each side of the line with access to the new station by a covered walkway from South Street to the London-bound platform and via an open slope and steps for the country-bound platform.[4] Soon after this, the goods depot, which was situated to the south of the station, was connected to the Ind Coope brewery via a tunnel under the line.[5] Other non-passenger traffic included goods for the Romford Gas Works and for cattle pens accessed from St Andrews Road,[6] which were necessary due to the cattle market held in Romford every Wednesday.[7]

The construction of the Tilbury Docks in the 1850s gave expanded opportunities for rail traffic, and three proposals were made for a railway linking Romford to Tilbury. The London, Tilbury and Southend Railway (LT&S) were successful, and on 7 June 1893, the LT&S opened a station in Romford, on their line to Upminster, linking to the already existing connection from Upminster to Grays on the LT&S line to Tilbury. The LT&S had hoped to negotiate with the Great Eastern Railway (GER, the successor of the ECR) to use their station, but concerns over fast trains led to the GER declining and a completely new station was built with a single platform and an entrance on the opposite side of South Street to the GER station. A footbridge was built to connect the two stations but was often closed during the day.[8]

In the 1930s increasing traffic on the line led to two additional tracks being added on the north side, the line having been quadrupled to a point east of Romford previously in 1901.[9] This gave the station 4 platforms, and this became 5 platforms when, in 1934, the entrance to the platform of the line to Upminster was closed and the access to the single platform was provided by the footbridge from the main station platforms.[10]

Electric trains started on the line from Liverpool Street to Shenfield in 1949, giving Romford 15 trains per hour to London during peak hours, and 6 trains per hour off-peak, a pattern that continued for over half a century.[11]

In May 2015, the Upminster branch line transferred from Abellio Greater Anglia to London Overground and the regular Shenfield stopping service transferred to TfL Rail,[12][13] transferring to the Elizabeth line on 24 May 2022.

Accidents and incidents

Services

Platform 1 with a London Overground Class 710 pictured in 2022
Platform 1 with a London Overground Class 710 pictured in 2022

The typical off-peak Monday to Saturday service from Romford is:[16]

In 2017 new Class 345 trains began entering service as Crossrail partially opened. Platforms 2 to 5 will be extended from their current length of between 179 metres (196 yd) and 182 metres (199 yd) to accommodate the Crossrail trains, which are over 200 metres (220 yd) long. New lifts, signage, help points, customer information screens and CCTV will also be installed.[17] These upgrade works are scheduled to be completed at the end of 2021, after delays due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[18]

Preceding station   Elizabeth line   Following station Chadwell Heath   Elizabeth lineGreat Eastern Main Line   Gidea Park Preceding station   London Overground   Following station TerminusRomford to Upminster LineEmerson Parktowards Upminster National Rail StratfordGreater AngliaGreat Eastern Main LineShenfield   Future development   Preceding station   Crossrail   Following station Chadwell Heathtowards PaddingtonElizabeth lineGidea Parktowards Shenfield Historical railways National Rail StratfordAnglia RailwaysLondon CrosslinkIngatestone   Abandoned works   CrowlandsGreat Eastern RailwayGreat Eastern Main LineGidea Park

Connections

London Buses routes 5, 66, 86, 103, 128, 165, 174, 175, 193, 247, 248, 252, 294, 296, 347, 365, 370, 375, 496, 498, 499, school routes 647, 648, 651, 674, 686, and night routes N15 and N86 serve the station.[19]

References

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. April 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 May 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Estimates of station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ Frost, K.A. (1978). "The coming of the railway to Romford". Romford Record. Romford & District Historical Society. 11: 17–24.
  4. ^ Anderson, Paul (March 2011). "Transforming Romford". British Railways Illustrated. Vol. 20, no. 6. Bedford: Irwell Press. pp. 271–275.
  5. ^ Brennand 2002, p. 41.
  6. ^ Brennand 2002, p. 38.
  7. ^ Crossley, H J (2002). Grandfather's Romford (2nd ed.). Romford: Ian Henry Publications Ltd. p. 8. ISBN 0-86025-524-7.
  8. ^ Frost, K.A. (1979). "Romford's second railway station". Romford Record. Romford & District Historical Society. 12: 15–18.
  9. ^ Brennand 2002, p. 2.
  10. ^ Brennand 2002, p. 44.
  11. ^ Glover, John (2003). Eastern Electric. Hersham: Ian Allan. pp. 43–45. ISBN 0-7110-2934-2.
  12. ^ TFL appoints London Overground operator to run additional services Transport for London 28 May 2014
  13. ^ TfL count on LOROL for support Rail Professional 28 May 2014
  14. ^ http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/documents/MoT_Romford1944.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  15. ^ http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/documents/RAIB_Romford2010.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  16. ^ TfL Rail Timetable[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "Capital's key services protected, says Johnson". The Press Association. 20 October 2010. Retrieved 21 October 2010.
  18. ^ Mansfield, Ian (3 March 2021). "Romford station upgrade works during a covid lockdown". IanVisits. Retrieved 6 July 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. ^ "Buses from Romford Station" (PDF). TfL. 1 May 2022. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  • Brennand, Dave (December 2002). Ilford to Shenfield. Eastern Main Lines. Midhurst: Middleton Press. ISBN 1-901706-974.