The London Portal

Panorama of modern London, taken from the Golden Gallery of St Paul's Cathedral. See Panorama of London for more panoramic images.


London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom. It stands on the River Thames in south-east England at the head of a 50-mile (80 km) estuary down to the North Sea, and has been a major settlement for two millennia. The City of London, its ancient core and financial centre, was founded by the Romans as Londinium and retains boundaries close to its medieval ones. Since the 19th century, "London" has also referred to the metropolis around this core, historically split between the counties of Middlesex, Essex, Surrey, Kent, and Hertfordshire, which largely comprises Greater London, governed by the Greater London Authority. The City of Westminster, to the west of the City of London, has for centuries held the national government and parliament.

London, as one of the world's global cities, exerts strong influence on its arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, health care, media, tourism, and communications. Its GDP (€801.66 billion in 2017) makes it the biggest urban economy in Europe and one of the major financial centres in the world. In 2019 it had the second highest number of ultra high-net-worth individuals in Europe after Paris and the second-highest number of billionaires of any city in Europe after Moscow. With Europe's largest concentration of higher education institutions, it includes Imperial College London in natural and applied sciences, the London School of Economics in social sciences, and the comprehensive University College London. The city is home to the most 5-star hotels of any city in the world. In 2012, London became the first city to host three Summer Olympic Games.

London's diverse cultures mean over 300 languages are spoken. The mid-2018 population of Greater London of about 9 million, made it Europe's third-most populous city. It accounts for 13.4 per cent of the UK population. Greater London Built-up Area is the fourth-most populous in Europe, after Istanbul, Moscow and Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census. The London metropolitan area is the third-most populous in Europe after Istanbul's and Moscow's, with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. (Full article...)

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Geographic map of the UERL's three deep-level tube lines in 1907
Geographic map of the UERL's three deep-level tube lines in 1907

The Underground Electric Railways Company of London Limited (UERL), known operationally as the Underground for much of its existence, was established in 1902. It was the holding company for the three deep-level "tube" underground railway lines opened in London during 1906 and 1907: the Baker Street and Waterloo Railway, the Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway and the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway. It was also the parent company from 1902 of the District Railway, which it electrified between 1903 and 1905. The UERL is a precursor of today's London Underground; its three tube lines form the central sections of today's Bakerloo, Northern and Piccadilly lines.

The UERL struggled financially in the first years after the opening of its lines and narrowly avoided bankruptcy in 1908 by restructuring its debt. A policy of expansion by acquisition was followed before World War I, so that the company came to operate the majority of the underground railway lines in and around London. It also controlled large bus and tram fleets, the profits from which subsidised the financially weaker railways. After the war, railway extensions took the UERL's services out into suburban areas to stimulate additional passenger numbers, so that, by the early 1930s, the company's lines stretched beyond the County of London and served destinations in Middlesex, Essex, Hertfordshire and Surrey. (Full article...)

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Photo credit: Colin

The western departures concourse of King's Cross railway station. Designed by John McAslan, it opened in 2012. The architect claims that the roof is the longest single-span station structure in Europe.

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Illustration from "The House that Jack Built" in The Complete Collection of Pictures & Songs; engraving and printing by Edmund Evans, illustration by Randolph Caldecott (1887)
Illustration from "The House that Jack Built" in The Complete Collection of Pictures & Songs; engraving and printing by Edmund Evans, illustration by Randolph Caldecott (1887)

Edmund Evans (23 February 1826 – 21 August 1905) was an English wood-engraver and colour printer during the Victorian era. Evans specialized in full-colour printing, which, in part because of his work, became popular in the mid-19th century. He employed and collaborated with illustrators such as Walter Crane, Randolph Caldecott, Kate Greenaway and Richard Doyle to produce what are now considered to be classic children's books. Although little is known about his life, he wrote a short autobiography before his death in 1905 in which he described his life as a printer in Victorian London.

After finishing an apprenticeship, Evans went into business for himself. By the early 1850s, he had established a reputation as a printer of covers for a type of cheap novels known as yellow-backs. In the early 1860s, he began to print children's toy books and picture books in association with the printing house Routledge and Warne. His intention was to produce books for children that were beautiful and inexpensive. For three decades he produced multiple volumes each year, first illustrated by Crane, and later by Caldecott and Greenaway. (Full article...)

Selected quotation

William Dunbar (1460?–1520?), London

Did you know...

  • …that the Ritz Hotel in Piccadilly was the first British hotel with a private bathroom to each room?
  • …that the forecourt of the Savoy Hotel (pictured) is the only street in the United Kingdom where vehicles are required to drive on the right?

General images

The following are images from various London-related articles on Wikipedia.

London Boroughs

London Topics

Transport

London has one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the Tube, are internationally recognised symbols of London. London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations, including two international train stations at St. Pancras railway station and Stratford International, which connect London to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service. London also has six international airports. In addition to public transport, London is the start point for a number of motorway routes. The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

Wikipedia Recognised content on London

Featured articles (197)

1877 Wimbledon Championship1910 London to Manchester air race1927 FA Cup Final1978 FA Cup Final1998 FA Charity Shield2003–04 Arsenal F.C. season2015 FA Cup Final2016 FA Cup Final2017 FA Cup Final2018 FA Cup Final2019 FA Cup Final2020 FA Cup FinalAlbert Bridge, LondonAldwych tube stationAnne of DenmarkHarriet ArbuthnotLilias ArmstrongArsenal F.C.Albert Stanley, 1st Baron AshfieldAsylum confinement of Christopher SmartAlice AyresBaden-Powell HouseBaker Street and Waterloo RailwayBaker Street robberyBattersea BridgeBattle of BarnetIsabella BeetonWilliam Sterndale BennettEnid BlytonThe Boat Race 1993The Boat Race 2003The Boat Race 2012The Boat Races 2015The Boat Races 2016The Boat Races 2017The Boat Race 2018The Boat Race 2019The Boat Race 2020The Boat Race 2021Horatio BottomleyDavid BowieBoydell Shakespeare GalleryBritomart Redeems Faire AmoretBrown Dog affairBruce CastleBuckingham PalaceWilliam Henry BuryCandaules, King of Lydia, Shews his Wife by Stealth to Gyges, One of his Ministers, as She Goes to BedElizabeth CanningCaroline of AnsbachCeilings of the Natural History Museum, LondonCentral London RailwayCharing Cross, Euston and Hampstead RailwayCharles II of EnglandChelsea BridgeChelsea F.C.City and South London RailwayCivil Service Rifles War MemorialCleveland Street scandalCock Lane ghostCovent GardenNoël CowardCharles DarwinEmily DavisonDilwale Dulhania Le JayengeEdward III of EnglandEdward VIElizabeth IEnglish National OperaEdmund EvansEvita (1996 film)An Experiment on a Bird in the Air PumpMurder of Yvonne FletcherGilbert FoliotRobin FridayGeorge IVJohn GielgudGray's InnGreat Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton RailwayGreat StinkGreat Western Railway War MemorialGreen Park tube stationStanley GreenJoseph GrimaldiGropecunt LaneH.D.Richard HakluytHam HouseHarris's List of Covent Garden LadiesDeath of Jimi HendrixHenry III of EnglandHer Majesty's TheatreHerne Hill railway stationGeorgette HeyerHistory of Arsenal F.C. (1886–1966)History of Tottenham Hotspur F.C.Charles HoldenStanley HollowayImogen HolstHope (painting)Michael HordernHoxne HoardJames Humphreys (pornographer)Len HuttonIranian Embassy siegeJack the Ripper: The Final SolutionJack the RipperHattie JacquesJames VI and IJamiroquaiEarly life of Samuel JohnsonSamuel JohnsonThe KinksCosmo Gordon LangGeorge LansburyLéal SouvenirDan LenoMarie LloydLondon Beer FloodGreat Fire of LondonLondon Necropolis CompanyLondon and North Western Railway War MemorialLoveday, 1458John Bingham, 7th Earl of LucanThe Magdalen ReadingMarchioness disasterMarshalsea2020 Masters (snooker)MellitusMetropolitan RailwayHenry MooreMoorgate tube crashMusidora: The Bather 'At the Doubtful Breeze Alarmed'Elizabeth NeedhamNoel ParkRAF NortholtLaurence OlivierEmmeline PankhurstBurning of ParliamentDeath of Blair PeachPeasants' RevoltAssassination of Spencer PercevalFrank PickPig-faced womenHarold PinterPostman's ParkSinking of SS Princess AliceRAF UxbridgeAlf RamseyTalbot Baines ReedRichard II of EnglandRalph RichardsonRichmond Bridge, LondonRobert of JumiègesRokeby VenusRosetta StoneRoyal Artillery MemorialRoyal Gold CupRoyal National College for the BlindRoyal Naval Division War MemorialThe Royal OperaJohn/Eleanor RykenerDeath of Mark SaundersSex PistolsWilliam ShakespeareGeorge Bernard ShawJack SheppardShoomSiege of Sidney StreetSpaghetti House siegeEdgar SpeyerCharles Villiers StanfordStreatham portraitArthur SullivanTerry-ThomasTheatre Royal, Drury LaneMurder of Julia Martha ThomasJeremy ThorpeThree Studies for Figures at the Base of a CrucifixionDeath of Ian TomlinsonTottenham OutrageTower Hill MemorialThe Tower HouseTower of LondonDick TurpinUEFA Euro 2020 FinalUnderground Electric Railways Company of LondonRalph Vaughan WilliamsVauxhall BridgePrincess Victoria of Hesse and by RhineWandsworth BridgeWhitechapel murdersWilliam WilberforceWilliam the ConquerorMary WollstonecraftHenry WoodYouth on the Prow, and Pleasure at the Helm

Featured lists (31)

1908 Summer Olympics medal table1948 Summer Olympics medal table2012 Summer Olympics medal tableArsenal F.C. league record by opponentList of The Boat Race resultsChief Mouser to the Cabinet OfficeList of churches preserved by the Churches Conservation Trust in Southeast EnglandCopley MedalEmirates CupEssex Wildlife TrustList of former and unopened London Underground stationsHerts and Middlesex Wildlife TrustList of Arsenal F.C. records and statisticsList of London Underground stationsList of tallest buildings and structures in LondonList of Arsenal F.C. managersList of Arsenal F.C. seasonsList of London Monopoly locationsList of Queens Park Rangers F.C. seasonsList of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Greater LondonList of Turner Prize winners and nomineesList of awards and nominations received by Dua LipaList of local nature reserves in Greater LondonList of winners of the London MarathonLondon station groupLondon Wildlife TrustMemorial to Heroic Self-SacrificeList of Queens Park Rangers F.C. playersTimeline of the London UndergroundVenues of the 1948 Summer OlympicsTimeline of Mary Wollstonecraft

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Good articles (580)

A1 in LondonM25 motorwayA215 road34 Montagu Square, Marylebone1935 World Snooker Championship1936 FA Cup Final1948 FA Charity Shield1948 Summer Olympics torch relay1953 FA Charity Shield1953 World Professional Match-play Championship1965 FA Cup Final1967 Football League Cup Final1968 European Cup Final1979 FA Charity Shield1988 Football League Cup Final1989 FA Charity Shield1989 Football League Second Division play-off Final1991 FA Charity Shield1993 FA Charity Shield1994 Football League Second Division play-off Final1997–98 Arsenal F.C. season1998 FA Cup Final1999 FA Charity Shield2000 FA Charity Shield2001–02 Arsenal F.C. season2001 Masters (snooker)2002 Masters (snooker)2004 Masters (snooker)2005–06 Arsenal F.C. season2005 Masters (snooker)2007 Emirates Cup2007 Heineken Cup Final2008 Emirates Cup2008 FA Cup Final2008 Football League Two play-off Final2009 Emirates Cup2010 Emirates Cup2011 Emirates Cup2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony2012 Summer Paralympics2013 Emirates Cup2014 Emirates Cup2014 FA Community Shield2014 FA Cup Final2015 Emirates Cup2015 FA Community Shield2016 Football League One play-off Final2016 London mayoral election2017 Emirates Cup2017 FA Community Shield2021 FA Cup FinalAbbey Mills MosqueTammy AbrahamActon Town tube stationAfrobeatsHenry AllinghamEdmund AndrosThe Angel, IslingtonAngel tube stationArcane RootsArnos Grove tube stationArsenal StadiumAs I was going by Charing CrossBahar Mustafa race rowFrank Bailey (firefighter)Cicely Mary BarkerNeil Barrett (footballer)Battersea Power StationBattersea Town HallBaynard's CastleBBC Symphony OrchestraKate BeckinsaleBecontree tube stationBedford Park, LondonHMS BelfastBelgian government in exileTony BennDarren BentThe BillBilly Elliot1993 Bishopsgate bombingBlackadder IIBlackfriars stationBlackwall TunnelMurder of Keith BlakelockBloc PartyBOAC Flight 712The Boat Race 1829The Boat Race 1836The Boat Race 1839The Boat Race 1840The Boat Race 1841The Boat Race 1842The Boat Race 1845The Boat Race 1846The Boat Race 1849 (December)The Boat Race 1849 (March)The Boat Race 1852The Boat Race 1854The Boat Race 1856The Boat Race 1857The Boat Race 1858The Boat Race 1859The Boat Race 1860The Boat Race 1861The Boat Race 1862The Boat Race 1863The Boat Race 1864The Boat Race 1865The Boat Race 1866The Boat Race 1867The Boat Race 1868The Boat Race 1869The Boat Race 1870The Boat Race 1871The Boat Race 1872The Boat Race 1873The Boat Race 1874The Boat Race 1875The Boat Race 1876The Boat Race 1877The Boat Race 1878The Boat Race 1879The Boat Race 1880The Boat Race 1881The Boat Race 1882The Boat Race 1883The Boat Race 1884The Boat Race 1885The Boat Race 1886The Boat Race 1887The Boat Race 1888The Boat Race 1889The Boat Race 1890The Boat Race 1891The Boat Race 1892The Boat Race 1893The Boat Race 1894The Boat Race 1895The Boat Race 1896The Boat Race 1897The Boat Race 1898The Boat Race 1899The Boat Race 1900The Boat Race 1901The Boat Race 1902The Boat Race 1903The Boat Race 1904The Boat Race 1905The 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LibraryBroad Street railway station (England)Burney ReliefCad and the DandyDuncan Cameron (British Army officer)Cannon Street stationCannons (house)Casino Royale (1967 film)Central Saint GilesChalk (TV series)Herbert ChapmanKatie ChapmanCharing Cross railway stationDarius CharlesAsim ChaudhryChiswick BridgeChiswickChiswick High RoadChiswick MallAnjem ChoudaryChurchill War RoomsCity of London SchoolCity Thameslink railway stationCity bonds robberyThe ClashMurder of Victoria ClimbiéColdplayCollege of ArmsCoventry StreetCranhamElizabeth CresswellCrown Jewels of the United Kingdom2016 Croydon tram derailmentCharles Cruft (showman)Crystal Palace DinosaursCrystal Palace F.C.Crystal Palace, LondonCyrus CylinderHarry DaleySteve DavisDaniel Day-LewisDenmark StreetDeptfordDinner by Heston BlumenthalDistrict RailwayDoctor Who Prom (2008)Doomsday (2008 film)The DorchesterDown Street tube stationDubstepAndrew DudleyDunstanEarl's Court tube stationEast Finchley tube stationEastcote House GardensEdward I of EnglandAlec EistElephant & Castle tube stationEmbankment tube stationEmirates StadiumEndell Street Military HospitalNeil EtheridgeEuston RoadEuston tube stationEuston railway station1901 FA Cup FinalFenchurch Street railway stationWilliam Ferrers, 5th Baron Ferrers of GrobyVincent FigginsFightstarFinchley Central tube station1993 Finchley Road bombingsAugustus FitzGeorgeGeorge FitzGeorge HamiltonOlga FitzGeorgeCaroline FlackFleet StreetLeo Fortune-WestJohn FressheGants Hill tube stationMike GapesGarrick's Temple to ShakespeareGirlschoolGloucester Road tube stationFrancesca GonshawMauricio González-Gordon y DíezGordon Ramsay Plane FoodHugh GrantGreat Marlborough StreetGreat Plague of LondonGreat Reality TV SwindleGreen WingGeorge GrossmithGulf OilGunnersbury TriangleHammersmith & City lineHammerton's FerryHarmondsworth Great BarnHibiscus (restaurant)Tom HiddlestonHighgate tube stationHighgrove House, EastcoteHillingdon HouseHistory of Crystal Palace F.C.History of British AirwaysAlfred HitchcockMary HogarthHolborn tube stationHolborn Viaduct railway stationEdward HollambyHot FuzzHounslow West tube stationKonnie HuqHyde Park, LondonIckenhamImperial War MuseumInns of ChanceryIron MaidenJewel TowerKabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham...Harry KaneKennington tube stationKensington (Olympia) stationKilburn tube stationKing's College LondonKing's Cross Thameslink railway stationKing's Cross St Pancras tube stationKingstonian F.C.Knife Edge Two Piece 1962–65Jim LakerAngela LansburyNigella LawsonRobert Dudley, 1st Earl of LeicesterLeicester SquareLemmonsBernard LevinLike CrazyLiverpool Street stationKen LivingstoneLondon Bridge stationLondon Forum (far-right group)London King's Cross railway stationLondon2019 London Marathon2020 London Marathon2021 London MarathonLondon Necropolis RailwayLondon Necropolis railway stationLondon Paddington stationLondon Philharmonic OrchestraLondon RingwaysLondon Symphony OrchestraLondon Victoria stationLondon Waterloo stationM11 link road protestM.I.A. (rapper)MF DoomMadness (band)Manor Farm, RuislipGeorge MartinKarl MarxMary I of EnglandMary Poppins ReturnsMarylebone station2017 Masters (snooker)2018 Masters (snooker)2019 Masters (snooker)Match PointMayfairFreddie MercuryMiddlesexVivianne MiedemaEd MilibandMillwall F.C.Millwall F.C.–West Ham United F.C. rivalryMr. BeanMongrels (TV series)Moorgate stationMorden tube stationStaats Long MorrisWilliam MorrisCarey MulliganNana's PartyNatWestNational GalleryNational Police Memorial (United Kingdom)Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount NelsonNewbury Park tube stationIsaac NewtonChristopher NolanNorth Circular RoadNorthumberland AvenueJohn Dudley, 1st Duke of NorthumberlandOld Kent RoadOld Street stationOne DirectionOxford CircusOxford Circus tube stationOxford StreetRichard PacquettePaddington tube station (Bakerloo, Circle and District lines)Paddington tube station (Circle and Hammersmith & City lines)Pall Mall, LondonPaper War of 1752–1753Park LaneParliamentary Monitoring ServicesPassport to PimlicoCharles PearsonPentonville RoadPétrus (restaurant)Philharmonia OrchestraPiccadillyPiccadilly linePrivy Garden of the Palace of WhitehallProfessor Popper's ProblemMurder of Tom ap Rhys PryceQuatermass and the Pit (film)The Quatermass XperimentQueen's HallQuestion Time British National Party controversyRAF EastcoteDaniel RadcliffeRAF West RuislipEmily RatajkowskiRegent StreetRelocation of Wimbledon F.C. to Milton KeynesThe Restaurant Marco Pierre WhiteRichard Coeur de Lion (statue)Richmond ParkThe Ritz Hotel, LondonLaura RobsonWilliam A. RobsonRock & ChipsHelen RollasonThe Rolling StonesRomfordRomney's HouseRose Street ClubRoyal Philharmonic OrchestraRoyal SocietyRuislip-Northwood Urban DistrictRuislipRuislip WoodsPrince Rupert of the RhineSIS BuildingSt James's TheatreSt Pancras railway stationOld St Paul's CathedralThe Sarah Jane AdventuresSaturday (novel)Savile RowSenate House, LondonThe SerpentineShaun of the DeadSherlock (TV series)Sky Pool, LondonSmithfield, LondonSmooth Radio (2010)SohoSouth Circular Road, LondonSouth Kensington tube stationStatue of James II, Trafalgar SquareHoward StauntonJessie StephenThe Stones in the ParkStrand, LondonStratford Dialectical and Radical ClubJamie StuartSummerSlam (1992)Swakeleys HouseSweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007 film)Madge SyersMargaret ThatcherVesta TilleyTipping the VelvetTipu's Tiger1861 Tooley Street fireTottenham Hotspur F.C.Trafalgar SquareTrellick TowerHugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount TrenchardTriathlon at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Men'sTriathlon at the 2012 Summer OlympicsTriathlon at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Women'sAlan TuringRose TylerUEFA Euro 1996 FinalUp All Night TourUpminster Bridge tube stationUpminsterWilliam UtermohlenUxbridgeV for Vendetta (film)Vauxhall GardensVauxhall stationVindolanda tabletsVine Street, LondonPaul WalshWanderers F.C.Waterloo East railway stationWaterstonesRachel WeiszArsène WengerWest End GirlsWest Ham United F.C.Westminster tube stationWestway (London)White Lies (band)Whitechapel RoadWhitehallThe WhoOscar WildeWimbledon and Sutton RailwayAmy WinehouseAnna WintourWomen's Boat Race 2013Women's Boat Race 2014Adolphus Frederick Alexander WoodfordWoodland HouseWoolwich FerryThe Young Victoria


Lists of people

This directory of lists of people from London is divided by London borough. A person from London is known as a Londoner.

LondonNumbered.png

Tasks

WikiProject London

Simplified aims - (read more here):

Current major tasks:

  • Tag all relevant articles with the ((WPLondon)) template on their talk page.
  • Improve main article London to featured status.

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