(; Cornwall Cornish: Kernow ) is a [ˈkɛrnɔʊ] historic county and ceremonial county in South West England. It is recognised as one of the Celtic nations, and is the homeland of the Cornish people. Cornwall is bordered to the north and west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the English Channel, and to the east by the county of Devon, with the River Tamar forming the border between them. Cornwall forms the westernmost part of the South West Peninsula of the island of Great Britain. The southwesternmost point is Land's End and the southernmost Lizard Point. Cornwall has a population of 568,210 and an area of 3,563 km 2 (1,376 sq mi). The county has been administered since 2009 by the unitary authority, Cornwall Council. The ceremonial county of Cornwall also includes the Isles of Scilly, which are administered separately. The administrative centre of Cornwall is Truro, its only city.
Cornwall was formerly a
Brythonic kingdom and subsequently a royal duchy. It is the cultural and ethnic origin of the Cornish diaspora. The Cornish nationalist movement contests the present constitutional status of Cornwall and seeks greater autonomy within the United Kingdom in the form of a devolved legislative Cornish Assembly with powers similar to those in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. In 2014, Cornish people were granted minority status under the European Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, giving them recognition as a distinct ethnic group.
Recent discoveries of
Roman remains in Cornwall indicate a greater Roman presence there than once thought. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, Cornwall (along with Devon, parts of Dorset and Somerset, and the Scilly Isles) was a part of the Brittonic kingdom of Dumnonia, ruled by chieftains of the Cornovii who may have included figures regarded as semi-historical or legendary, such as King Mark of Cornwall and King Arthur, evidenced by folklore traditions derived from the . The Cornovii division of the Historia Regum Britanniae Dumnonii tribe were separated from their fellow Brythons of Wales after the Battle of Deorham in 577 AD, and often came into conflict with the expanding English kingdom of Wessex. The regions of Dumnonia outside of Cornwall (and Dartmoor) had been annexed by the English by 838 AD. King Athelstan in 936 AD set the boundary between the English and Cornish at the high water mark of the eastern bank of the River Tamar. From the Early Middle Ages, language and culture were shared by Brythons trading across both sides of the Channel, resulting in the corresponding high medieval Breton kingdoms of Domnonée and Cornouaille and the Celtic Christianity common to both areas.
Cornwall is noted for its geology and coastal scenery. A large part of the
Cornubian batholith is within Cornwall. The north coast has many cliffs where exposed geological formations are studied. The area is noted for its wild moorland landscapes, its long and varied coastline, its attractive villages, its many place-names derived from the Cornish language, and its very mild climate. Extensive stretches of Cornwall's coastline, and Bodmin Moor, are protected as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. ( )
Did you know? Selected quote
The whole Countrie of Britain ...is divided into iiii partes; whereof the one is inhabited of Englishmen, the other of Scottes, the third of Wallshemen, the fowerthe of Cornishe people, which all differ emonge them selves, either in tongue, ...in manners, or ells in lawes and ordinaunces
, Italian scholar writing in the
Photo credit: Tim Lewy
The is an open-air Minack Theatre theatre, constructed above a gully with a rocky granite outcrop jutting into the sea of the south Cornish coast.
The following are images from various Cornwall-related articles on Wikipedia.
Celebrating Saint Piran's Day (from
The view northwest from Carn Brea, Penwith (from
The font of St Nonna's church, Altarnun (from
Lime-washed and slate-hung domestic vernacular architecture of various periods, Polperro (from
Bluebells on the Cornish coast (from
Cornwall's national tartan,
Rough seas off Trebarwith Strand on the north coast (from
Flag of St Piran, used as a flag of Cornwall (from
The War Memorial, in the churchyard,
"A Fish Sale on a Cornish Beach"l Stanhope Forbes; also showing traditional dress (from
The cross on the grave of
The cross at the end of Higher Bore Street,
Ruin of Cornish tin mine (from
St German's priory church, St Germans (from
Low tide at Bedruthan Steps (from
, with sardines looking skywards before it is baked in the oven
Boscawen-Un stone circle looking north (from
Church of St Morwenna, Morwenstow (from
Boscawen-Un stone circle looking north (from
A map of inscription stones, with and without
Lady of Cornwall and flower girls at the 2007 Gorseth (Penzance) (from
The Roman milestone in St Materiana's Church, Tintagel (from
A map of camps and earthworks in Cornwall (from
Bal maidens at work, showing traditional dress (from
A Cornish pasty, known traditionally as an oggy, can be found all over the world. (from
Related portals Topics
Economy and demographics
Select [►] to view subcategories Recognised content
Main page featured articles
Good article nominees
In the News articles
Things you can do'
Select "show" to view
Create Cornwall toponymy (about the names Cornwall and Kernow). and Toponymy of Cornwall (about the names of places in Cornwall)
Create Articles for listed buildings in Cornwall.
Create Articles for conservation areas in Cornwall.
Create Articles for public parks in Cornwall.
Create Articles for historic sites, particularly hill-forts.
Draft:St Martin, Looe: if this was improved enough it could be resubmitted
Flora and fauna
Create Articles for notable Cornish politicians.
Expand Alfred Aaron de Pass and add more info on him to the institutions he donated art and money to in Cornwall (RIC, Falmouth Gallery etc).
Create Articles for notable Cornish artists.
Create Articles for local groups and charities.
Create Articles or redirects for parish councils - list formerly available at Draft:List of parish councils in Cornwall.
Create Articles for notable art galleries.
History, language, culture and art
Illustrate the new Russian article Корнцы if you can work with Russian Cyrillic script
Wikipedia in Cornish