Cardiotoxicity is the occurrence of heart dysfunction as electric or muscle damage, resulting in heart toxicity.[1] The heart becomes weaker and is not as efficient in pumping blood. Cardiotoxicity may be caused by chemotherapy (a usual example is the class of anthracyclines)[2][3] treatment and/or radiotherapy;[4] complications from anorexia nervosa; adverse effects of heavy metals intake;[5] the long-term abuse of or ingestion at high doses of certain strong stimulants such as cocaine;[6] or an incorrectly administered drug such as bupivacaine.[7]

One of the ways to detect cardiotoxicity at early stages when there is a subclinical dysfunction is by measuring changes in regional function of the heart using strains.[citation needed]

See also


  1. ^ Sishi, Balindiwe J. N. (2015-01-01), Hayat, M. A. (ed.), "Chapter 10 - Autophagy Upregulation Reduces Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity", Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging, Amsterdam: Academic Press, pp. 157–173, doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-801033-4.00010-2, ISBN 978-0-12-801033-4, retrieved 2022-07-06
  2. ^ Huang, C.; Zhang, X.; Ramil, J. M.; Rikka, S.; Kim, L.; Lee, Y.; Gude, N. A.; Thistlethwaite, P. A.; Sussman, M. A. (2010). "Juvenile Exposure to Anthracyclines Impairs Cardiac Progenitor Cell Function and Vascularization Resulting in Greater Susceptibility to Stress-Induced Myocardial Injury in Adult Mice. Cardiotoxins are the second most toxic venom while neurotoxins are the first". Circulation. 121 (5): 675–83. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.902221. PMC 2834271. PMID 20100968.
  3. ^ Volkova M, Russell R (2011). "Anthracycline Cardiotoxicity: Prevalence, Pathogenesis and Treatment". Curr Cardiol Rev. 7 (4): 214–220. doi:10.2174/157340311799960645. PMC 3322439. PMID 22758622.
  4. ^ Suchorska, Wiktoria M. (2020-01-01). "Radiobiological models in prediction of radiation cardiotoxicity". Reports of Practical Oncology & Radiotherapy. 25 (1): 46–49. doi:10.1016/j.rpor.2019.12.001. ISSN 1507-1367. PMC 6931197. PMID 31889920.
  5. ^ Nigra, Anne E; Ruiz-Hernandez, Adrian; Redon, Josep; Navas-Acien, Ana; Tellez-Plaza, Maria (2016). "Environmental Metals and Cardiovascular Disease in Adults: A Systematic Review beyond Lead and Cadmium". Current Environmental Health Reports. 3 (4): 416–433. doi:10.1007/s40572-016-0117-9. ISSN 2196-5412. PMC 5801549. PMID 27783356.
  6. ^ Pergolizzi, Joseph V; Magnusson, Peter; LeQuang, Jo Ann K; Breve, Frank; Varrassi, Giustino (2021). "Cocaine and Cardiotoxicity: A Literature Review". Cureus. 13 (4): e14594. doi:10.7759/cureus.14594. ISSN 2168-8184. PMC 8136464. PMID 34036012.
  7. ^ de La Coussaye JE, Eledjam JJ, Brugada J, Sassine A (1993). "[Cardiotoxicity of local anesthetics]". Cahiers d'Anesthésiologie. 41 (6): 589–598. PMID 8287299.