Cassandra Peterson
Peterson in May 2011
Cassandra Gay Peterson[1]

(1951-09-17) September 17, 1951 (age 71)
Occupation(s)Actress, author
Years active1970–present
Mark Pierson
(m. 1981; div. 2003)
PartnerTeresa Wierson (2002–present)

Cassandra Peterson[1] (born September 17, 1951) is an American actress. She is best known for her portrayal of the horror hostess character Elvira, Mistress of the Dark. Peterson gained fame on Los Angeles television station KHJ-TV in her stage persona as Elvira, hosting Elvira's Movie Macabre, a weekly B movie presentation. A member of the Los Angeles-based improvisational and sketch comedy troupe The Groundlings, Peterson based her Elvira persona in part on a "Valley girl"-type character she created while a member of the troupe.

The popularity of Elvira's Movie Macabre led to the 1988 film Elvira: Mistress of the Dark, and later the 2001 film Elvira's Haunted Hills, both starring Peterson as Elvira. The television show was revived in 2010, featuring Elvira hosting public domain films, and airing on This TV until 2011. Elvira returned as a horror hostess in 2014 with 13 Nights of Elvira, a 13-episode series produced by Hulu, and again in 2021 for a one-night 40th Anniversary Special that aired on Shudder.

Peterson has made cameo appearances as Elvira in a number of films and television programs, including appearing as a guest commentator during WrestleMania 2 and as a guest judge on RuPaul's Drag Race, The Boulet Brothers' Dragula, and Halloween Wars.

Early life

Peterson was born in Manhattan, Kansas. When she was a toddler, she was scalded by boiling water, which required skin grafts to cover over 35% of her body to heal, resulting in her having to spend three months in the hospital.[2][3] However, in her interview on the podcast Inside of You hosted by actor Michael Rosenbaum, Peterson stated that her scars were the result of a fire.[4][5]

In a 2011 interview, Peterson stated that as a child, she was more fascinated by horror-themed toys while other girls were occupied with Barbie dolls.[6] In elementary school, she watched House on Haunted Hill, which was the first horror film she ever saw.[7] During her teens, Peterson worked as a drag queen go-go dancer in a Colorado Springs, Colorado gay bar[8] and as a go-go dancer for soldiers at Fort Carson.[9] She graduated from Palmer High School in Colorado Springs.


Early career

Inspired by Ann-Margret in the film Viva Las Vegas, while on a trip to Las Vegas, Nevada, during high school, she convinced her parents to let her see a live show where she was noticed by the production staff; despite being only 17 years old, she convinced her parents to let her sign a contract.[10] Immediately after graduating high school, she drove back to Las Vegas, where she became a showgirl in Frederic Apcar's pioneering "Vive Les Girls!" at The Dunes; there, she met Elvis Presley, with whom she went on a date.[11] She had a small role as a showgirl in the James Bond film Diamonds Are Forever (1971) and played a topless dancer in the film The Working Girls (1974). Peterson says that while she has no memory of the event, she appears to have posed for the cover of Tom Waits' album Small Change (1976).[12]

In the early 1970s, Peterson moved to Italy and became lead singer of the Italian rock bands I Latins 80[13] and The Snails. After being introduced to film director Federico Fellini by the producer of a documentary on Las Vegas showgirls in which she had appeared, she landed a small part in the film Roma (1972).[14] When she returned to the United States, she toured nightclubs and discos around the country with a musical/comedy act, Mamma's Boys.[15]

In her 2021 memoir Yours Cruelly, Elvira, she writes, "Perhaps the biggest mistake I made in my twenties was posing nude for a husband-and-wife photography team, who bullshitted me into doing what they said was a 'test shoot' for Penthouse magazine. They guaranteed me it would never be seen anywhere publicly."[16] She adds, "I never saw or heard from them again, and as far as I knew, that was the end of that... until 1981 when I became famous. Those photos, pubic hair and all, appeared in every sleazy men's magazine on the stand and there wasn't a damn thing I could do about it."[16]

In 1979, she joined the Los Angeles-based improvisational troupe The Groundlings, where she created a Valley girl-type character upon whom the Elvira persona is largely based.[17]

Peterson was one of two finalists for the role of Ginger Grant for the third Gilligan's Island television movie in 1981, but was dropped before filming.[18] Shortly after that, KHJ-TV offered her the horror host position.[19] Peterson also was a personality on Los Angeles radio station KROQ-FM 106.7 from 1982 to 1983.[citation needed]


Elvira begins: Movie Macabre

Main article: Elvira's Movie Macabre

Peterson as Elvira at the 2006 San Francisco Gay Pride parade

In 1981, six years after the death of Larry Vincent, who starred as host Sinister Seymour of a Los Angeles weekend horror show called Fright Night, show producers began to bring the show back.[20]

The producers decided to use a hostess. They asked 1950s' horror hostess Maila Nurmi to revive The Vampira Show. Nurmi worked on the project for a short time, but quit when the producers would not hire Lola Falana to play Vampira.[21] The station sent out a casting call, and Peterson auditioned and won the role. Producers left it up to her to create the role's image. She and her best friend, Robert Redding, came up with the sexy goth/vampire look after producers rejected her original idea to look like Sharon Tate's character in The Fearless Vampire Killers.[22]

Shortly before the first taping, producers received a cease and desist letter from Nurmi. Besides the similarities in the format and costumes, Elvira's closing line for each show, wishing her audience "Unpleasant dreams," was notably similar to Vampira's closer: "Bad dreams, darlings..." uttered as she walked off down a misty corridor. The court ruled in favor of Peterson, holding that "'likeness' means actual representation of another person's appearance, and not simply close resemblance." Peterson claimed that Elvira was nothing like Vampira aside from the basic design of the black dress and black hair. Nurmi claimed that Vampira's image was based on Morticia Addams, a character in Charles Addams's cartoons that appeared in The New Yorker magazine.[23]

Peterson's Elvira character rapidly gained notice with her tight-fitting, low-cut, cleavage-displaying black gown. Adopting the flippant tone of a California "Valley girl", she brought a satirical, sarcastic edge to her commentary. She reveled in dropping risqué double entendres and making frequent jokes about her cleavage. In an AOL Entertainment News interview, Peterson said, "I figured out that Elvira is me when I was a teenager. She's a spastic girl. I just say what I feel and people seem to enjoy it." Her camp humor, sex appeal, and good-natured self-mockery made her popular with late-night movie viewers and her popularity soared.[24]

The Elvira character soon evolved from an obscure cult figure to a lucrative brand. She was associated with many products through the 1980s and 1990s, including Halloween costumes, comic books,[25][26] action figures, trading cards, pinball machines, Halloween decor, model kits, calendars, perfume and dolls. She has appeared on the cover of Femme Fatales magazine five times.[24] Her popularity reached its zenith with the release of the 1988 feature film Elvira: Mistress of the Dark, on whose script, written directly for the screen, Peterson collaborated with John Paragon and Sam Egan.[27]

After several years of attempts to make a sequel to Elvira: Mistress of the Dark, Cassandra and her manager and then-husband Mark Pierson decided to finance a second movie. In November 2000, Peterson wrote, again in collaboration with Paragon, and co-produced Elvira's Haunted Hills. The film was shot in Romania for just under one million dollars. With little budget left for promotion, Cassandra and Mark screened the film at AIDS charity fund raisers across America.[28] For many people in attendance, this was their first opportunity to see the woman behind the Elvira character. On July 5, 2002, Elvira's Haunted Hills had its official premiere in Hollywood. Elvira arrived at the premiere in her Macabre Mobile. The film was later screened at the 2003 Cannes Film Festival.[29]

In September 2010, Elvira's Movie Macabre returned to television syndication, this time with public domain films.[30] In October 2014, it was revealed that a new series of thirteen episodes had been produced, 13 Nights of Elvira for Hulu. The show premiered on October 19, 2014, running through to Halloween.[31]

As of September 2018, Peterson was working to develop a direct sequel to 1988's Elvira: Mistress of the Dark, as well as an animated Elvira project.[32]

Elvira on home video

In 1985, Elvira began hosting a home video series called ThrillerVideo, a division of International Video Entertainment (IVE). Many of these films were hand-selected by Peterson. Choosing to stay away from the more explicit cannibal, slasher and zombie films of the time, these were generally tamer films such as The Monster Club and Dan Curtis television films, as well as many episodes of the Hammer House of Horror television series. Since she had refused to host Make Them Die Slowly, Seven Doors of Death, and Buried Alive, however, the videos were released on the ThrillerVideo label without Elvira's appearance as hostess. After this, several extended episodes[33] of the British namesake series Thriller (i.e., The Devil's Web, A Killer in Every Corner, Murder Motel) were also released without an appearance by Elvira; in some, such as Buried Alive, the cast replaced her.

The success of the Thriller Video series led to a second video set, Elvira's Midnight Madness, released through Rhino Home Video. In 2004 a DVD horror-film collection called Elvira's Box of Horrors was released, marking Elvira's return to horror-movie hostessing after a ten-year absence.

Unaired pilot for The Elvira Show on CBS

In 1993, she filmed a pilot for CBS called The Elvira Show. An expansion of the 1988 film with a sitcom setting, the premise had Elvira and her family moving into a new neighborhood with her older aunt and dealing with nosy neighbors and uptight conservatives who all want them to move out. It also starred Katherine Helmond, Phoebe Augustine, Cristine Rose, Ted Henning, Lynne Marie Stewart, Claudette Wells, John Paragon, Laurie Faso, and Basil Hoffman. It was not picked up by a TV network.[34][35]

Non-Elvira career

Peterson has also portrayed non-Elvira roles in many other films, most notably Pee-wee's Big Adventure in 1985 alongside friend and fellow Groundling Paul Reubens, who starred as his Pee-wee Herman character; Allan Quatermain and the Lost City of Gold, released in 1987, which starred Richard Chamberlain and Sharon Stone; and All About Evil, as a mother named Linda who says not to go to the old theater to watch scary movies.

Rob Zombie confirmed Peterson to appear in his The Munsters movie.[36][37]

Personal life

Peterson married musician Mark Pierson in 1981, and he soon became her personal manager. They had one daughter, Sadie Pierson (born October 12, 1994), and were divorced on February 14, 2003.[38]

Peterson released her memoir, Yours Cruelly, Elvira: Memoirs of the Mistress of the Dark, on September 21, 2021. She revealed in the book that she has been in a relationship with a woman, Teresa "T" Wierson, since 2002. They began their romantic relationship following Peterson's separation from her husband.[39] In the book, she also accused basketball player Wilt Chamberlain of sexually assaulting her during a party at his Bel Air mansion in the 1970s.[40][41][42]

Peterson was a vegetarian for many years; as of 2021, she continues to maintain a "mostly vegetarian" diet.[43]


Year Title Role Notes
1971 Diamonds are Forever Dancer Uncredited small role
1972 Roma Dancer Uncredited small role
1974 The Working Girls Katya
1978 Fantasy Island Ftatateetah Episode: "Homecoming/The Sheikh"
1980 Coast to Coast Dinner party guest
Cheech and Chong's Next Movie Hostage
1981 King of the Mountain Neighbor
1981–1986, 2010–11 Elvira's Movie Macabre Elvira TV horror hostess
1982 Jekyll and Hyde... Together Again Busty nurse
CHiPs Elvira Episodes: "Rock Devil Rock" and "Things That Go Creep in the Night"
1983 The Sting II O'Malley's girl
Stroker Ace Girl with lugs
Fantasy Island Esther Episodes: "What's the Matter with the Kids?/Island of the Horrors" and "God's Child/Curtain Call"
Balboa Angie Stockard
1984 Cheeseball Presents Elvira TV movie
The Fall Guy Elvira Episode: "October the 31st" (S04.EP7)
1985 Pee-wee's Big Adventure Biker mama
ThrillerVideo Elvira Home video series for USA and later IVE
The Fall Guy Elvira Episode: "October the 32nd" (S05.EP6)
1986 Echo Park Sheri
Allan Quatermain and the Lost City of Gold Sorais
WrestleMania 2 Elvira Guest commentator in Los Angeles segment with Jesse Ventura and Lord Alfred Hayes
Elvira's Halloween Special Elvira TV special for MTV hosted by Elvira, which included skits with Elvira as well as music videos. The Halloween Special was a four-hour production.[44]
1988 Elvira: Mistress of the Dark Elvira
1989 The Super Mario Bros. Super Show! Elvira (as herself) Episodes: "Mommies Curse" and "The Ghoul of My Dreams"
NWA Halloween Havoc 1989 promo Elvira [45]
1990 NWA Halloween Havoc 1990 promo Elvira [46]
1991 Ted & Venus Lisa
WCW Halloween Havoc 1991 promo Elvira Claims in the promo to be in the process of constructing the "Chamber of Horrors" cage for the event.[47]
1992 The Ketchup Vampires Elvira Narrator
Parker Lewis Can't Lose Elvira Episode: "Boy Meets Girl II"
1993 The Elvira Show Elvira Unaired CBS pilot[34][35]
1993–1995 Helicopters with Elvira Elvira
1996 Space Ghost Coast to Coast Elvira Episode: "Switcheroo"
It's My Party Party guest Uncredited role
1997 Nash Bridges Elvira Episode: "Sniper"
Draw Your Own Toons Series 1 only
Elvira's Ghost Stories Spooktacular Elvira
The Martin Short Show Elvira Episode: #1.35
The Howard Stern Radio Show Herself Episode 19
2000 Bride of Monster Mania Elvira
2001 Scares & Dares
Elvira's Haunted Hills Elvira
2004 E! True Hollywood Story Herself Episode: "Scream Queens"
Monsterama: A Tribute to Horror Hosts
Elvira's Box of Horrors Elvira Horror film collection on DVD
I Love the '80s Herself and Elvira
2005 I Love the Holidays
I Love the '80s 3-D VH1 TV miniseries
Playboy Presents: Hef's Halloween Spooktacular Hostess
TV1 Elvira Australian-based cable TV channel TV1; the format was similar to her old show
2006 Red Riding Hood Hunter's mom
The Secret Life of Superfans
Vampira: The Movie Herself Peterson discusses the Vampira lawsuit
I Love the '70s: Volume 2 VH1 TV miniseries
Living in TV LandSherman Hemsley TV episode
Elvira's Movie Macabre Elvira DVD series
The Girls Next Door Elvira Episode: "Girls Will Be Ghouls"
2007 The Search for the Next Elvira Elvira Reality television series
2009 The Haunted World of El Superbeasto Amber Voice
Medium Elvira Special cameo appearance as Elvira in the beginning of the episode "Bite Me"
Pain Video game
2010 All About Evil Linda
Elvira's Not a Witch Elvira 45-second viral video that spoofed a campaign ad by US Senate candidate Christine O'Donnell
2011 Last Man Standing Elvira Cameo appearance
Oddities Herself
2012 RuPaul's Drag Race: All Stars Elvira Guest judge; episode: "Dynamic Drag Duos"
Counting Cars Herself and Elvira Episode: "Satanic Mechanic"
Rewind This! Herself
2013 Bruno & Earlene Go to Vegas Artie Duke
First Period Ms. Glenn
2013–2017 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2012 TV series) Mrs. Campbell / Computer voice / Utrom Queen (six episodes) Voice; six episodes
2014 Electric Boogaloo: The Wild, Untold Story of Cannon Films Herself
13 Nights of Elvira Elvira
2015 Halloween Wars Elvira Guest judge
2016 LEGO Scooby-Doo! Haunted Hollywood Drella Diabolique Voice
Halloween Wars Elvira Guest judge
Talking Dead Herself Episode: "Swear"
2017 Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare Elvira Video game
2018 Hollywood Weapons: Fact or Fiction? Elvira Episode: "Terry's Underworld"
Storage Wars Halloween "Scariest Lockers" Special Elvira Host
2019 RuPaul's Drag Race Elvira Guest judge; episode: "Monster Ball"
In Search of Darkness Herself Documentary film
Scooby-Doo! Return to Zombie Island Elvira Voice
Halloween Wars Elvira Season 9, episode 1; guest judge
2020 To Tell the Truth Herself
JJ Villard's Fairy Tales Queen Voice; one episode
Happy Halloween, Scooby-Doo! Elvira Voice
In Search of Darkness: Part II Herself Documentary film
2021 Elvira's 40th Anniversary, Very Scary, Very Special Special Elvira 4 episodes
The Goldbergs Elvira Episode: "The Hunt for the Great Albino Pumpkin"[48]
Netflix and Chills with Dr. Elvira Dr. Elvira Netflix shorts
2021–2022 Dota: Dragon's Blood Lirrak 3 episodes
2022 The Munsters Barbara Carr [36][37]
The Last Drive-in with Joe Bob Briggs Herself Special: "Joe Bob's Haunted Halloween Hangout"
In Search of Darkness: Part III Herself Documentary film

Music video appearances

Year Title Artist
1980 Mondo Sinistro Al Stewart
1985 Born in East L.A. Cheech Marin
1986 My Mistake Phantom, Rocker & Slick
2008 Zombie Killer Leslie and the LY's
2009 Mistress of the Dark Ghoultown
2014 Gimme Something Good Ryan Adams


Peterson recorded several songs and skits for her Elvira Halloween albums in the 1980s and 1990s:

She also performed on a track called "Zombie Killer" for the band Leslie and the LY's, released in February 2008. The music video for the track features Leslie and the LY's performing to a sold-out audience of zombies in a fictional venue called "Elvira Stadium". A 7" single was released.


Awards and nominations


Los Angeles Silver Lake Film Festival

Hollywood Horror Festival


Saturn Awards

Raspberry Awards

See also


  1. ^ a b Peterson, Cassandra (2021). Yours Cruelly, Elvira. Hachette Book Group. p. 4. ISBN 9780306874352.
  2. ^ "Elvira: 'Burns Made Me What I Am Today'". Contact Music. August 24, 2005. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  3. ^ Yours Cruelly, Elvira. Page 3. copyright 2021 Hachette Book Group, New York, NY
  4. ^ "Inside of You with Michael Rosenbaum: Elvira (Cassandra Peterson) on Apple Podcasts".
  5. ^ Inside of You with Michael Rosenbaum, copyright 2021 Cumulus Podcast Network.
  6. ^ "This Week in Horror - Summer Spooktacular: Cassandra Peterson aka Elvira: Mistress of the Dark". YouTube. June 28, 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2013.[dead YouTube link]
  7. ^ Miska, Brad (October 28, 2019). "Elvira Reveals the First Horror Film She Ever Saw [Exclusive]". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
  8. ^ Del Mar, Pollo (January 21, 2009). "Elvira Was Raised By a Pack of Wild Drag Queens". San Francisco Bay Guardian. Archived from the original on August 7, 2009. Retrieved October 4, 2009.
  9. ^ Peterson, Cassandra (2021). Yours Cruelly, Elvira. Hachette Book Group. p. 42. ISBN 9780306874352.
  10. ^ Lambert, Molly (October 31, 2017). "How Elvira Became the Queen of Halloween". Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  11. ^ Okura, Lynn (July 7, 2014). "'Elvira' Actress Cassandra Peterson Dishes on Her Dream Date with Elvis Presley". HuffPost. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  12. ^ O'Neal, Sam (October 28, 2009). "Elvira, Mistress of the Dark (And Merchandising)". The A.V. Club. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
  13. ^ @TheRealElvira (April 30, 2015). "#TBT From my days as a singer in the band, 'I Latins 80'. Italy, 1972. Dig the outfit! XX" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  14. ^ Bayard, Louis (September 28, 2021). "Remember Elvira? The Mistress of the Dark Is Still Here, and She Has Some Bombshells to Drop". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  15. ^ Whittington, James (November 20, 2008). "Exclusive interview with Cassandra Peterson aka Elvira". Horror Channel. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  16. ^ a b Yours Cruelly, Elvira. Cassandra Peterson. Page 157. Hachette Book Group New York, NY 2021.
  17. ^ Collings, Scott (October 31, 2021). "Company Town: Ghoul Crazy: Think Elvira Has One Foot in the Grave? Think Again". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  18. ^ Peterson, Cassandra (2021). Yours Cruelly, Elvira. Hachette Book Group. p. xviii. ISBN 9780306874352.
  19. ^ Femme Fatales, 1:3, Winter 1992/1993, p. 6
  20. ^ Boone, Brian (October 23, 2018). "What Elvira, Mistress of the Dark Looks Like Today". Nicki Swift. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  21. ^ Wax, Alyse (December 11, 2019). "This Day in Horror: Happy Birthday Maila Nurmi aka Vampira". Dread Central. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  22. ^ Pierce-Bohen, Kayleena (June 2, 2020). "Elvira's Movie Macabre: 10 Things Fans Never Knew About The Horror Show". Screen Rant. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  23. ^ "Nurmi v. Peterson". Vampira: The Movie. March 25, 2007. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  24. ^ a b "About Cassandra Peterson". MovieWeb. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  25. ^ Elvira's House of Mystery DC Comics (11 issues) at the Grand Comics Database
  26. ^ Elvira, Mistress of the Dark Claypool Comics (166 issues) at the Grand Comics Database
  27. ^ Pierce-Steinmetz, Johanna (September 30, 1988). "'Elvira' True to Star's Deadpan Humor Trademark". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  28. ^ Ryon, Ruth (November 17, 2014). "Like Night and Day". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  29. ^ Assunção, Muri (September 25, 2021). "Cassandra Peterson, aka 'Elvira: Mistress of the Dark,' Says LGBTQ fans' Reaction to Her Coming Out Has Been 'Fantastic'". New York Daily News. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  30. ^ "Elvira Returns to TV with Elvira's Movie Macabre". Movie. July 27, 2010. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  31. ^ Turek, Ryan (October 2, 2014). "Elvira Heads to Hulu for All-New Series". Shock Till You Drop. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
  32. ^ Cavanaugh, Patrick (September 13, 2019). "Elvira Actress Clarifies Reports of Streaming Project, Teases New Movie on the Way". Retrieved September 27, 2019.
  33. ^ "Thriller Videos & DVDs". July 18, 2005. Archived from the original on September 8, 2012. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  34. ^ a b Vasquez, Felix Jr. (July 25, 2018). "[TV Terrors] "The Elvira Show" Was Cancelled By CBS Before It Even Aired". Bloody Disgusting!. Retrieved February 11, 2021.
  35. ^ a b "A Look at "The Elvira Show" Pilot |". October 11, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2021.
  36. ^ a b Collis, Clark (March 11, 2022). "First look at Cassandra 'Elvira' Peterson in Rob Zombie's reboot of 'The Munsters'".
  37. ^ a b Squires, John (March 11, 2022). "Rob Zombie Shares First Look at Cassandra Peterson in 'The Munsters' Movie!".
  38. ^ Anderson, Jenna (September 21, 2021). "Elvira Actress Cassandra Peterson Comes Out, Reveals 19-Year Relationship With Woman". Retrieved October 5, 2021.
  39. ^ Shatto, Rachel (September 21, 2021). "Elvira, Cassandra Peterson, Comes Out, Talks 19-Year Relationship". The Advocate. Archived from the original on September 21, 2021. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  40. ^ Garner, Glenn (September 23, 2021). "Elvira's Cassandra Peterson Accuses NBA Pro Wilt Chamberlain of Sexual Assault: 'I Kept That a Secret'". People Magazine. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  41. ^ Brisco, Elise. "Elvira actress Cassandra Peterson Accuses Wilt Chamberlain of Sexual Assault in New Memoir". USA Today. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  42. ^ "Elvira Accuses Basketball Legend Wilt Chamberlain of Sexual Abuse". The Toronto Sun. September 23, 2021. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  43. ^ Cusumano, Topher. "Elvira Talks Halloween, Being an LGBTQ Icon and Selling a Haunted House to Brad Pitt". Marriott Bonvoy Traveler. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  44. ^ "Be Kind Rewind: 1986 MTV Elvira's Halloween Special".((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  45. ^ "Elivira's Halloween Havoc '89 promo". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021.
  46. ^ "NWA Halloween Havoc 1990 Promo feat. Elvira V.2". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021.
  47. ^ "WCW Halloween Havoc 1991 Promo (Chamber of Horrors Version)". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021.
  48. ^ Cavanaugh, Patrick (October 12, 2021). "The Goldbergs Halloween Episode to Feature Elvira as Guest Star". ComicBook. Retrieved October 25, 2021.
  49. ^ "Los Angeles Silver Lake Film Festival (2001)". IMDb.
  50. ^ "Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films, USA (1990)". IMDb.
  51. ^ "Saturn Awards". Saturn Awards. Archived from the original on May 12, 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  52. ^ "Razzie 1988". Archived from the original on May 5, 2012. Retrieved December 4, 2013.