Cassell Illustrated
Parent companyOctopus Publishing Group (Lagardère Publishing)
Founded1848; 174 years ago (1848)
FounderJohn Cassell
Country of originUnited Kingdom
Headquarters locationVictoria Embankment
London, EC4
United Kingdom
Publication typesbooks
Official websitewww.octopusbooks.co.uk

Cassell & Co is a British book publishing house, founded in 1848 by John Cassell (1817–1865), which became in the 1890s an international publishing group company.

In 1995, Cassell & Co acquired Pinter Publishers.[1] In December 1998, Cassell & Co was bought by the Orion Publishing Group. In January 2002, Cassell imprints, including the Cassell Reference and Cassell Military were joined with the Weidenfeld imprints to form a new division under the name of Weidenfeld & Nicolson Ltd.[2] Cassell Illustrated survives as an imprint of the Octopus Publishing Group.

History

John Cassell (1817–1865), who was in turn a carpenter, temperance preacher, tea and coffee merchant, finally turned to publishing. His first publication was on 1 July 1848, a weekly newspaper called The Standard of Freedom advocating religious, political, and commercial freedom.[3] The Working Man's Friend became another popular publication. In 1849 Cassell was dividing his time between his publishing and his grocery business. In 1851 his expanding interests led to his renting part of La Belle Sauvage, a London inn which had been a playhouse in Elizabethan times. The former inn was demolished in 1873 to make way for a railway viaduct, with the company building new premises behind. La Belle Sauvage was destroyed in 1941 by WWII bombing as well as many archives.

Thomas Dixon Galpin who came from Dorchester in Dorset and George William Petter who was born in Barnstaple in Devon were partners in a printing firm and on John Cassell's bankruptcy in June 1855 acquired the publishing company and Cassell's debts. Between 1855 and 1858 the printing firm operated as Petter and Galpin and their work was published by W. Kent & Co.

John Cassell was relegated to being a junior partner after becoming insolvent in 1858, the firm being known as Cassell, Petter & Galpin. With the arrival of a new partner, Robert Turner, in 1878, it became Cassell, Petter, Galpin & Company. Galpin was the astute business manager.[4] George Lock, the founder of Ward Lock, another publishing house, was Galpin's first cousin.[citation needed]

Petter retired in 1883 and the company then became Cassell and Company, Ltd. "The company expanded well until 1888 when Petter died, Galpin retired from managing directorship, and Turner became chairman."[3] One July 1887 newspaper advertisement for Cassell's National Library, and other libraries, displays the footer "CASSELL & COMPANY, Limited, Ludgate-hill, London, Paris, New York, and Melbourne."[5]

Sir Thomas Wemyss Reid was general manager until 1905 when Arthur Spurgeon took over and revitalized the firm. Mainly magazine publishers, Spurgeon concentrated on reviving the book business. In 1923 the company was floated on the Stock Exchange and a few years later the magazines owned by the company were sold to Amalgamated Press following many industrial disputes (1931–1933).[citation needed]

In 1969, Cassell was acquired by the American company Crowell Collier & Macmillan (later renamed Macmillan Inc.).[6] Macmillan had previously acquired the religious publisher Geoffrey Chapman.[7] Macmillan sold Cassell, including Geoffrey Chapman, to CBS in 1982.[8] CBS sold Cassell in a buyout in 1986.[9]

In October 1992, Cassell & Co bought Victor Gollancz Ltd from Houghton Mifflin. In December 1998 the company was taken over by Orion Publishing Group. In 1999, Cassell's academic and religious lists were merged with the American company Continuum to form the Continuum International Publishing Group.

Cassell's former periodicals

Front cover page of the Cassell's Saturday Journal, May 18, 1912 issue.
Front cover page of the Cassell's Saturday Journal, May 18, 1912 issue.
The Quiver cover illustration by Henry Ryland
The Quiver cover illustration by Henry Ryland

See also

References

  1. ^ The Herald (3 April 1995). "Cassell Increases Earnings by 38%". Glasgow. Retrieved 5 August 2015. ISSN 0965-9439; OCLC 29991088 (all editions).
  2. ^ Orion Publishing Group (n.d.). "A Brief History of Orion Publishing Group". Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 26 January 2010 – via Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ a b The History of Cassell Publishing
  4. ^ Galpin Family History (Rootsweb).
  5. ^ The Athenæum (9 July 1887). "Cassell & Company's Libraries" (back matter → advertisement) (whole no. 3115). London: 67. Retrieved 26 July 2019 – via Google Books (Stanford University). ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ New York Times, The; Hammer, Alexander Richard (1917–1996) (25 December 1969). "University Computing in Move; Butler Aviation Wins Round – LTV Aerospace to Sell" – "Companies Plan Merger Actions". Business and Finance (permalink 1 & permalink 2). Vol. 131, no. 45317 (Late ed.). pp. 47 & 50 (section L). ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 24 March 2018 – via TimesMachine. ((cite news)): External link in |type= (help)
  7. ^ New York Times, The (20 October 1968). "Expansion Planned by Crowel Collier". Vol. 118, no. 40447 (Late City ed.). p. F17. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 1 September 2019 – via TimesMachine.
  8. ^ New York Times, The (18 May 1982). "Macmillan Unit Acquired by CBS" (permalink). Vol. 131, no. 45317 (Late ed.). p. D10. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 24 March 2018 – via TimesMachine. ((cite news)): External link in |type= (help)
  9. ^ "Philip Sturrock". Archived from the original on 22 August 2018. Retrieved 24 March 2018.

Further reading

    1. Google Books (Michigan State University).
    2. Google Books (UC Davis).
    3. Internet Archive (UC Berkeley).