.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Spanish. (August 2013) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Spanish article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 5,207 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Spanish Wikipedia article at [[:es:Partido Colorado (Paraguay)]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|es|Partido Colorado (Paraguay))) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Colorado Party" Paraguay – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (April 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
National Republican Association – Colorado Party
Asociación Nacional Republicana – Partido Colorado
LeaderMario Abdo Benítez
PresidentHoracio Cartes[1]
FounderBernardino Caballero
Founded11 September 1887; 135 years ago (1887-09-11)
Headquarters25 de Mayo N° 842 c/ Tacuary - Asunción, Paraguay
IdeologyConservatism
National conservatism[2]
Neoliberalism
Political positionRight-wing
Regional affiliationUnion of Latin American Parties[3]
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union[4]
Colours   Red, white
Chamber of Deputies
42 / 80
Senate
17 / 45
Governors
13 / 17
Party flag
Bandera Partido Colorado de Paraguay.svg
Website
www.anr.org.py

The National Republican Association – Colorado Party (Spanish: Asociación Nacional Republicana – Partido Colorado, ANR-PC) is a right-wing political party in Paraguay, founded on 11 September 1887, by Bernardino Caballero. The party was defeated in 2008 after 61 years in power, but the party regained the presidency in the 2013 election. With almost 2 million members, it is the largest political party in the country.

History

1887–1989

It initially ruled the country from 1887 until 1904. In 1946, it rejoined the government, together with the Febreristas, during Higinio Moríñigo's rule as President of Paraguay.

From 1947 until 1962, the Colorado Party ruled Paraguay as a one-party state; all other political parties were illegal.[5] In 1962, all national parties were nominally legalized; the Communist Party being deemed "international" remained illegal and its adherents repressed by the Paraguayan state. During the rule of Alfredo Stroessner all members of the armed forces and government employees were required to be members of the Colorado Party. In 1987, there was a rift in the party between a hardliner faction supportive of Stroessner and a traditionalist faction.[6] This rift was primarily over the issue of Stroessner's succession and was a large contributor to the 1989 coup d'état led by General Andrés Rodríguez, himself a traditionalist.[7]

In practice, however, Paraguay remained a one-party military dictatorship until Stroessner's overthrow in 1989. It served as one of the "twin pillars" of Stroessner's 35-year rule, one of the longest in history by a non-royal leader.[8]

Since 1989

In 2002, the National Union of Ethical Citizens split from the party.

At the legislative elections of 27 April 2003, the party won 35.3% of the popular vote (37 out of 80 seats) in the Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay and 32.9% (16 out of 45 seats) in the Senate. Its candidate at the presidential elections on the same day, Nicanor Duarte, won 37.1% of the popular vote and was elected President of Paraguay.

Originally, the Colorado Party was conservative, representing those opposed to the Liberal Party.

On 20 April 2008, for the first time in 61 years, the Colorado Party lost the presidential elections to an opposition candidate from the center-left, Fernando Lugo, a Roman Catholic bishop, a first on both accounts (free election of an opposition candidate and of a bishop to the office of president in Paraguay). The Colorado Party was represented in these elections by Blanca Ovelar, the first woman to run for the presidency. Fernando Lugo, who had renounced the cloth before the elections so that he could become eligible under Paraguayan law, was formally released from his vows by the Vatican before his installation as president on 15 August 2008.

According to Antonio Soljancic, a social scientist at the Autonomous University of Asunción, "in order to get a job, you had to show you were a party member. The problem Paraguay has is that, although Stroessner disappeared from the political map, he left a legacy that no one has tried to bury".[9]

Electoral history

Presidential elections

Note: From 1947 until 1962, the Colorado Party was the sole legal party. Free and fair elections did not take place until 1993.

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
1953 Federico Chávez 224,788 100% Elected (sole legal party) Green tickY
1954 Alfredo Stroessner 236,191 100% Elected (sole legal party) Green tickY
1958 295,414 100% Elected (sole legal party) Green tickY
1963 569,551 92.3% Elected Green tickY
1968 465,535 71.6% Elected Green tickY
1973 681,306 84.7% Elected Green tickY
1978 905,461 90.8% Elected Green tickY
1983 944,637 91.0% Elected Green tickY
1988 1,187,738 89.6% Elected Green tickY
1989 Andrés Rodríguez 882,957 76.59% Elected Green tickY
1993 Juan Carlos Wasmosy 449,505 41.78% Elected Green tickY
1998 Raúl Cubas Grau 887,196 55.35% Elected Green tickY
2003 Nicanor Duarte 574,232 38.30% Elected Green tickY
2008 Blanca Ovelar 573,995 31.75% Lost Red XN
2013 Horacio Cartes 1,104,169 48.48% Elected Green tickY
2018 Mario Abdo Benítez 1,206,067 48.96% Elected Green tickY

Vice presidential election

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
2000 Félix Argaña 587,498 48.8% Lost Red XN

Chamber of Deputies elections

Note: From 1947 until 1962, the Colorado Party was the sole legal party. Free and fair elections did not take place until 1993.

Election Votes % Seats +/–
1960
60 / 60
Increase 60
1963 569,551 92.3%
40 / 60
Decrease 20
1968 465,535 71.6%
40 / 60
Steady
1973 681,306 84.7%
40 / 60
Steady
1978 905,461 90.7%
40 / 60
Steady
1983 944,637 91.0%
40 / 60
Steady
1988 1,187,738 89.6%
40 / 60
Steady
1989 845,820 74.5%
40 / 72
Steady
1993 488,342 43.4%
38 / 80
Decrease 2
1998 857,473 53.8%
45 / 80
Increase 7
2003 520,761 35.3%
37 / 80
Decrease 8
2008 582,932 32.96%
30 / 80
Decrease 7
2013 919,625 40.99%
44 / 80
Increase 14
2018 927,183 39.10%
42 / 80
Decrease 2

Senate elections

Note: free and fair elections did not take place until 1993.

Election Votes % Seats +/–
1968
20 / 30
Increase 20
1973 681,306 84.7%
20 / 30
Steady
1978
20 / 30
Steady
1983
20 / 30
Steady
1988
20 / 30
Steady
1993 498,586 44.0%
20 / 45
Steady
1998 813,287 51.7%
24 / 45
Increase 4
2003 508,506 34.4%
16 / 45
Decrease 8
2008 509,907 29.07%
15 / 45
Decrease 1
2013 865,206 38.50%
19 / 45
Increase 4
2018 766,841 32.52%
17 / 45
Decrease 2

References

  1. ^ "Con 45,8% de participación colorada, Cartes ganó presidencia de ANR". La Nación (Paraguay) (in Spanish). 19 December 2022.
  2. ^ "Return of the conservatives". Deutsche Welle. 21 April 2013.
  3. ^ "Partidos Miembros".
  4. ^ "Members | International Democrat Union". February 2018.
  5. ^ "Paraguay: Opposition Parties". Library of Congress Country Studies. Archived from the original on 9 January 2009.
  6. ^ Smith, James F. (1989-02-04). "Military Coup Topples Paraguay's Stroessner : Incoming President Promises Democracy, Respect for Rights". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2022-01-09. Retrieved 2022-01-08.
  7. ^ Paraguay: Potential Successors to Stroessner
  8. ^ "Paraguay: The Twin Pillars of the Stroessner Regime". Library of Congress Country Studies. Archived from the original on 9 January 2009.
  9. ^ "Horacio Cartes: Millionaire. Criminal. Business titan. Homophobe. The next president of Paraguay?". The Independent. 19 April 2013.