Count Dracula
International theatrical release poster
Directed byJesús Franco[1]
Screenplay by
  • Augusto Finocchi[1]
  • English version:
  • Spanish version:
    • Jesús Franco
  • Italian version:
    • Carlo Fadda
      Milo G. Cuccia
  • German version:
    • Dietmar Behnke
    [2][3]
Story byErich Kröhnke[2]
Based onDracula
by Bram Stoker
Produced byHarry Alan Towers[1]
Starring
Cinematography
  • Manuel Merino
  • Luciano Trasatti[1]
Edited by
Music byBruno Nicolai[1]
Production
companies
Distributed byVariety Distribution
Release date
  • 3 April 1970 (1970-04-03) (Germany)[4]
Running time
97 minutes
Countries
  • Spain
  • Italy
  • West Germany
  • United Kingdom[1][3]

Count Dracula (German: Nachts, wenn Dracula erwacht, lit.'At night, when Dracula awakens') is a 1970 gothic horror film directed by Jesús Franco, based on the novel Dracula by Bram Stoker. It stars Christopher Lee, Herbert Lom and Klaus Kinski.

Although Count Dracula stars Lee in the title role, it is not a Hammer production like his other Dracula films, being produced instead by Harry Alan Towers. Klaus Kinski, who would play Dracula himself nine years later in Nosferatu the Vampyre, is also featured in the film as Renfield. Count Dracula was advertised as the most faithful adaptation of Bram Stoker's novel.[5][citation needed] Among other details, it was the first film version of the novel in which Dracula begins as an old man and becomes younger as he feeds upon fresh blood.

Plot

Jonathan Harker, a lawyer traveling from London to Transylvania to secure property for Count Dracula, arrives at Bistritz to stay for the night. There, he is warned by a concerned lady against continuing his journey. Believing that her concerns are rooted in peasant superstition, he ignores her, but starts to feel unnerved by the way everyone looks at him. Harker later arrives at the Borgo Pass, where the Count's mysterious coachman picks him up.

Harker disembarks at Castle Dracula, and the coach immediately rushes off. Harker approaches the main door and meets a thin, tall, gaunt old man. He turns out to be Dracula and takes Harker to his bedchamber. There, Harker notices that Dracula casts no reflection.

Later, Harker goes to sleep and wakes in an ancient crypt where three beautiful vampiresses harass him. Dracula rushes into the room and orders them to leave Harker alone. He then gives them a baby to feed on. Harker wakes up screaming in his room and assumes it was a nightmare, but two small wounds on his neck indicate otherwise.

Harker soon realises he is a prisoner, and tries to escape by climbing out his bedroom window. He finds his way back to the crypt where Count Dracula and his three brides rest in coffins. Harker runs out of the crypt screaming, and jumps out of the castle's tower into the river below.

Harker wakes up in a private psychiatric clinic outside London, owned by Dr. Van Helsing, in the care of Dr. Seward. He is told he was found delirious in a river near Budapest. No one believes his story about Castle Dracula until Van Helsing finds the two punctures on Harker's neck. Harker's fiancée Mina and her close friend Lucy also arrive to help take care of him. Unbeknownst to them, Count Dracula has followed Harker back to England and now resides in an abandoned abbey close to the hospital.

As Mina takes care of Harker, her friend Lucy's health strangely declines. Dracula has been secretly appearing to her by night and drinking her blood, growing younger as he feeds off his victim. Quincey Morris, Lucy's fiancé, joins Drs. Seward and Van Helsing in an attempt to save Lucy by giving her blood transfusions.

One of the patients at the clinic, R. M. Renfield, becomes of considerable interest to the men. Renfield is classed as a zoophagus: he eats flies and insects in order to consume their life, believing that each life he consumes increases his own. He reacts violently whenever Dracula is nearby. He later dies from shock.

Lucy eventually dies, becomes one of the undead and murders a young child. The ordeal is put to an end when Quincey, Seward and Van Helsing ambush Lucy, stake her through the heart and decapitate her. Harker, restored to health, joins the group who now are sure that Count Dracula is a vampire.

Dracula turns his attention to Mina and begins corrupting her as well. Van Helsing suddenly has a stroke and remains in a wheelchair. Dracula visits the weakened man, mocking his attempts to destroy him. Quincey, Harker and Seward track Dracula to the abandoned abbey, but he has fled to Transylvania with the aid of a traveling Gypsy band.

As Count Dracula's Gypsy servants take him back to his castle, he is trailed by Harker and Quincey. After battling the Gypsies, the two heroes find Dracula's coffin and set it on fire. Dracula, unable to escape in full daylight, is consumed by flames.

Cast

Production

Filming

The film was shot at the Tirrenia Studios and on location in Spain. The film's sets were designed by the art director Karl Schneider.

A scene featuring taxidermied animals that are reanimated—implicitly under Dracula's command—was reportedly improvised by Franco,[6] and was accomplished by out-of-frame stagehands turning the animals' bodies towards the camera.[6][7]

Release

Reception

Robert Firsching of The New York Times wrote, "This doggedly faithful adaptation is plodding and dull. Even Christopher Lee (in an uncharacteristically weak performance as Dracula), Klaus Kinski (as the mad Renfield), and seven credited screenwriters cannot make this confused, distant film worthwhile. Franco appears as a servant to Professor Van Helsing (Herbert Lom), and though certainly literate, the film nevertheless fails as both horror and drama."[8]

Brett Cullum of DVD Verdict wrote, "For curious Dracula fans, Jess Franco's Count Dracula is a neat find. It's a stellar cast working under a low budget, and it comes off entertaining if not a classic. It's a B-movie treatment at best, but ... Lee comes off fiery and committed to making this Count one that will be noticed."[9] Brian Lindsey of Eccentric Cinema wrote, "Upon weighing [the film's] pros and cons, Count Dracula emerges a substantially flawed film. But I can still recommend it to any fan of Lee, Franco, Miranda, and even of Stoker's novel."[10] George R. Reis of DVD Drive-In wrote, "Count Dracula is flawed in many ways, but for fans of gothic horror, it's still irresistible ... Barcelona naturally allows for some truly handsome scenery and an appropriate castle for Dracula to dwell in, and the performances of the international cast are above average."[11]

Dracula scholar Leslie S. Klinger said "the picture begins well, closely following the Stoker narrative account of Harker's encounter with Dracula. The film rapidly proceeds into banality, however, and except for the characterization of Lee as an older Dracula and the brilliant Kinski, the film is largely forgettable."[12]

Film critic Jonathan Rosenbaum called it "one of the world's worst horror films" in his review of Pere Portabella's film Cuadecuc, Vampir, which was shot during the making of this film.[13]

Home media

Count Dracula was released on DVD in 2007 by Dark Sky Films. Special features include an interview with director Jesús Franco, a reading from Bram Stoker's Dracula novel by Christopher Lee, and a text essay on the life of actress Soledad Miranda.[9] The DVD has come under criticism for omitting the scene in which a distraught mother pleads for her baby's life at the door of Dracula's castle.[10] The DVD also uses the Italian credits for the film but with the French title card Les Nuits de Dracula.

The film was released uncensored on Blu-ray and DVD in 2015 by Severin Films. A 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray release, sourced from an uncut camera negative, was released in 2023 also by Severin Films.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Nachts, wenn Dracula erwacht". Filmportal.de. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
  2. ^ a b c "Nachts, wenn Dracula erwacht [Il conte Dracula] (1973)". Archivio del Cinema Italiano On-Line.
  3. ^ a b "El Conde Dracula (1970)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  4. ^ "Nachts, wenn Dracula erwacht". Filmportal.de. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
  5. ^ Horne, Philip (27 November 2006). "Great Adaptions - Dracula". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 27 January 2009.
  6. ^ a b Mosley, Stephen (2022). Christopher Lee: The Loneliness of Evil. Midnight Marquee Press, Inc. ISBN 978-1-64430-128-9. [...] an unbelievable sequence, improvised by the director, in which stuffed animals (including a badger, a swordfish, an owl and a fox) are turned and jiggled before the camera to induce the belief that they have somehow come to life.
  7. ^ Galbraith IV, Stuart (5 January 2016). "Count Dracula (1970)". DVD Talk. Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  8. ^ [1] New York Times Review
  9. ^ a b DVD Verdict Review - Jess Franco's Count Dracula Archived 20 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ a b "Eccentric Cinema | COUNT DRACULA (1970)". Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
  11. ^ Count Dracula (El Conde Dracula) 1970 - DVD Drive-In
  12. ^ Klinger, Leslie S. The New Annotated Dracula. W.W. Norton & Co., 2008. ISBN 978-0-393-06450-6, page 561
  13. ^ "Rare and Revelatory | Jonathan Rosenbaum". www.jonathanrosenbaum.net. Archived from the original on 13 June 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2016.