Dracula
The Musical
Album cover of the original concept album
MusicFrank Wildhorn
Lyrics
Book
    • Don Black
    • Christopher Hampton
BasisDracula
by Bram Stoker
Productions
    • 2001 San Diego
    • 2004 Broadway
    • 2005 Theater St. Gallen
    • 2006 Mercer, NJ
    • 2007 Graz, Austria
    • 2009 Klagenfurt, Austria
    • 2010 Montreal, Canada
    • 2010 Novi Sad, Serbia
    • 2011 Palatine, Illinois
    • 2011 Tokyo & Osaka, Japan
    • 2012 Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex, UK.
    • 2013 Midland, Michigan
    • 2013 Barga, Italy
    • 2013 Pforzheim, Germany
    • 2013 Flensburg, Germany
    • 2014 Kristianstad, Sweden
    • 2014 Seoul, South Korea
    • 2014 Shanghai
    • 2016 Seoul, South Korea
    • 2016 Leipzig, Germany
    • 2017 Hamilton, New Zealand
    • 2020 Seoul, South Korea
    • 2021 Seoul, South Korea
    • 2021 Ulm, Germany
    • 2022 Vienna

Dracula, the Musical is a musical based on the original 1897 Victorian novel by Bram Stoker. The score is by Frank Wildhorn, with lyrics and book by Don Black and Christopher Hampton.

The show had its regional premiere at the La Jolla Playhouse, La Jolla, California, in 2001, playing to 115% capacity, earning the highest paid capacity for any world premiere production in the playhouse's history.[1] It then premiered on Broadway in 2004, starring Tom Hewitt as the vampire Count and Melissa Errico as the woman he loves, Mina Harker.

A brief nude scene in which Dracula seduces Lucy Westenra (played by Kelli O'Hara) received much publicity,[2] as did the show's numerous special effects. Despite that, the show ran for only 154 performances, and received mainly negative reviews.[3] The show was heavily revised and later had engagements in Europe, where it proved to be a hit.[4]

Plot

Act I

Jonathan Harker, a young lawyer from England, travels to Transylvania to fix a deal with the elderly Count Dracula, who wants to buy a home in London (Prologue). Harker enjoys a lavish supper set by his host and asks the Count if he knows anyone in England. Dracula responds that he knows Harker and that other contacts have been made in advance to ensure his arrival in England is well received. The Count voices his desire to begin a new life in his new country ("Solitary Man"). Dracula shows Harker to his bedroom, where he notices a picture of Harker's fiancée Mina Murray, which seems to have a strange effect on him. Once Dracula leaves, Harker composes a letter to Mina, who herself remembers how they met ("Whitby Bay"). Mina, in England, suddenly hears Dracula's voice in her head; the Count forebodingly informs her of his imminent journey to England and his desire to be with her.

Early one morning, Dracula surprises Harker while shaving, causing Harker to cut himself. Dracula advances towards his guest's bleeding throat but retreats once he catches a glimpse of a crucifix around Harker's neck. Harker tries to get Dracula to focus on the contract, but Dracula ignores him, instead advising him to only sleep in his chamber. Harker's stay in the castle slowly begins turning into a nightmare, and he frantically searches for a way out ("Jonathan's Bedroom").

Dracula's Brides appear in one of the rooms the unfortunate English man wanders into and begin to seduce him. Harker removes the crucifix from his neck, and the Brides prepare to drink his blood ("Forever Young"). Dracula suddenly appears and scolds the women for disobeying his orders to leave Harker for himself. When the Brides ask if they are to have nothing Dracula gives them an infant to consume. When the infant's distraught mother enters, begging for the return of her child, Dracula kills her and proceeds to drink Harker's blood to restore his youth ("Fresh Blood"). Fully rejuvenated, Dracula flies into the air, while Harker escapes to Budapest.

Back in London, Dracula contacts his servant Renfield, who is incarcerated in the insane asylum of Dr. Jack Seward and promises him eternal life in exchange for his services. Renfield envisions Dracula's approach to Whitby Bay via the ship Demeter, and sees the Count kill the captain and the crew ("The Master's Song").

After reading about the disaster, Mina discusses the news with her friend Lucy Westenra, and about Lucy's trouble with sleepwalking, which the latter had inherited from her late father. The conversation quickly turns to Lucy's dilemma of having three marriage proposals offered to her in one day. All three suitors come to dinner at her house that night: Quincey Morris, the "brave" cowboy from Texas; Dr. Jack Seward, the "bright" owner of the mental institution in Purfleet; and Arthur Holmwood, Lucy's "boring" childhood sweetheart. In the end, Lucy chooses Holmwood ("How Do You Choose?").

That night, Lucy sleepwalks and finds Dracula. When the vampire begins to drink her blood Mina, who had followed Lucy, appears. The Count explains, inside Mina's mind, that she is the one he wanted, but Lucy answered his call instead. When Mina begs Dracula to release her friend, the Count vows he will, but only if Mina will come with him; a proposal that Mina blatantly refuses. Angered and shocked that Mina can resist him, Dracula vanishes. Lucy awakens and describes her encounter with Dracula to Mina ("The Mist"). Mina explains to Lucy that she has received a telegram from Harker in Budapest and that she must go to marry him at once. Lucy congratulates Mina, excited that they will both become brides. Dracula, watching from afar, comments that he has already corrupted one mortal soul. ("The Mist-Reprise").

Mina prepares for her journey, upsetting Dracula. Stirred by emotions he has not felt in centuries, Dracula follows Mina to the train station and, from afar, voices his desire to be with her. Torn between her devotion to Harker and her darker desires, Mina begins to question what she wants in life. Ultimately, she travels to Budapest and marries Harker ("A Perfect Life/Loving You Keeps Me Alive/Whitby Bay-Reprise"). At the same time, Lucy marries Arthur Holmwood in London ("The Weddings"). Feeling that Mina has eluded him, a frustrated Dracula appears before Lucy at her reception, causing her to faint.

Dr. Seward calls upon the renowned vampire expert Abraham Van Helsing to help the weakened Lucy. Van Helsing decorates Lucy's room with garlic and gives her a bottle of holy water to keep with her as she sleeps. Drawn to Dracula's power, Lucy disposes of the garlic and holy water and invites the vampire into her room ("The Invitation"). Dracula appears and drains Lucy of blood, all the while feeding her his own.

The next morning Lucy attacks Holmwood, her teeth now long and sharp. Van Helsing saves Holmwood and sends the feral Lucy into a frenzy with a prayer. Lucy dies, leaving Holmwood confused and heartbroken. Van Helsing comforts the despairing man while explaining the nature of the vampire ("Nosferatu").

Lucy is buried and shortly rises again as a vampire. Dracula comes to her and christens her as the first of his new "dynasty." The Count then sends Lucy out to find her first victims, before flying into the sky in the form of a giant bat ("Life After Life").

Act II

Two weeks later, Van Helsing leads Holmwood, Morris, Dr. Seward, Harker, and Mina to Lucy's tomb. There has been an epidemic of small children being abducted and drained of blood in the dead of night by someone described as a "bloofer lady." Van Helsing seeks to prove to Holmwood, Morris, and Dr. Seward, who remain skeptical, that the culprit is none other than the undead Lucy Westenra. They enter and find Lucy's coffin empty. Lucy then enters the tomb, with a small child she intended to feed on, and is confronted by the vampire hunters ("Undead One, Surrender"). The group forces her into her coffin with religious chanting, and Holmwood tearfully drives a stake through her heart, while Van Helsing decapitates her. Lucy dies and is finally able to rest in peace.

While musing on the events of the previous day, Mina once more hears Dracula's voice in her mind. When Dracula asks why she is forcing him to wait, Mina points out that he murdered Lucy. Dracula retorts that she is wrong, for he gave Lucy eternal life, and it was the vampire hunters who killed her. Mina feels a strange attraction to the Count, even though he turned Lucy into a vampire. Caught between her fear of his terrible power and her growing affinity towards him, Mina pleads with the vampire not to make her love him unless he truly loves her ("Please Don't Make Me Love You").

Van Helsing discovers Renfield's mind connection with Dracula and visits his cell with Mina. Renfield explains his connection with the Count and how he has been promised eternal life. When Van Helsing asks if he and Renfield had met somewhere before, the madman eerily replies that he knows what happened to Van Helsing's wife. Shaken by Renfield's comment, Van Helsing storms out of the cell. Mina tries to reason with Renfield by asking him if eternal life is worth damning his soul. Renfield warns Mina of Dracula's plans for her but quickly realizes she has sealed his fate by betraying his master. Once left alone, Dracula appears and kills his former servant ("The Master's Song-Reprise").

Van Helsing has a private moment as he recollects on his youth and his wife Roseanne, whose death at the hands of a vampire, hinted to have been Dracula, inspired him to become a vampire hunter in her honor ("Roseanne").

Holmwood, Morris, and Dr. Seward have uncovered Dracula's hiding place in the house Harker had sold to him while they were in Transylvania. Van Helsing, Holmwood, Morris, and Dr. Seward leave, leaving Mina with Harker. While Harker shows the men to the door, Mina can't help but feel a growing need to save Dracula from destruction. Unable to fight her desire for the Count any longer, she invites the vampire into the house ("If I Could Fly"). Dracula enters and puts Harker in a trance before seducing Mina. The two share a moment of passion before Dracula cuts open his chest and lets Mina taste his blood, intending to turn her into a vampire ("The Seduction (There's Always A Tomorrow")). The vampire hunters return and confront Dracula, causing him to flee ("It's Over").

Using hypnosis, Van Helsing gets Mina, who is now telepathically connected to Dracula, to reveal the Count's whereabouts. Dracula is shown to be returning home to Transylvania due to the destruction of his hiding place in London. Mina makes each man, even Harker, promise to kill her if it seems her soul is beyond saving ("Jonathan's Promise"). The hunters then prepare for their journey and the final battle with Dracula ("Deep In the Darkest Night"). Meanwhile, Harker broods over the horrifying promise he has made to his wife but vows to keep it ("Before the Summer Ends").

Aboard a train, Van Helsing again hypnotizes Mina to reveal Dracula's movements. She reveals Dracula is hidden in a coffin in the hull of a ship, before becoming engulfed by Dracula's mind. With the trance broken, Mina retires while the others plan their next move. ("The Train Sequence/Life After Life-Reprise").

Dracula, back at his castle, reflects on his eternal life and realizes he has fallen deeply in love with Mina ("The Longer I Live").

The hunters reach Dracula's castle, and the showdown takes place. Morris is killed by Dracula when he tries to stake the vampire in his coffin. Van Helsing leaves Mina in a protective circle of holy water to help Holmwood, Harker, and Dr. Seward fight Dracula's Brides. Dracula shortly appears before Mina, who now decides to follow her beloved into the darkness. Upon hearing the death screams of his brides, Dracula realizes that Mina will share the same fate if she becomes a vampire. Having fallen in love with her, he cannot bring himself to condemn her to live in death.

Knowing that her only salvation is his demise, Dracula asks Mina to release him from his doomed existence with a Bowie knife he took from Morris. With tears running down her face, she fulfills her lover's last wish, just before the hunters return. Harker finds his wife cradling the body of Dracula in her arms ("Finale: There's Always A Tomorrow").[5]

Productions

Songs (Broadway)

[7]

Songs (Austria)

[12]

(* new songs added to the show in revised version)

Casts

Role La Jolla (2001) Broadway (2004) St. Gallen (2005) Graz (2007) Studio Cast Recording (2011) Tokyo (2011) Pforzheim (2013) Kristianstad (2014) Seoul (2014) Seoul Revival (2016) Seoul (2020) Seoul (2021) Ulm (2021)
Count Dracula Tom Hewitt Thomas Borchert / Drew Sarich Thomas Borchert James Barbour Yoka Wao Chris Murray Johan Wikström Ryu Jung-Han / Kim Junsu / Park Eun-Suk (Understudy) Kim Junsu / Park Eun-Suk Ryu Jung-Han / Kim Junsu / Jeon Dong-Suk Kim Junsu / Jeon Dong-Suk // Shin Sung-rok Thomas Borchert
Mina Murray Jenn Morse Melissa Errico Ann Christin Elverum Lyn Liechty Kate Shindle Mari Hanafusa Femke Soetenga Anna Renud Jeong Sun-Ah / Jo Jung-Eun Lim Hye-Young Jo Jung-Eun / Lim Hye-Young / Linzy Jo Jeong Eun / Lim Hye-Young / Park Ji-Yeon Alexandra-Yoana Alexandrova
Jonathan Harker Tom Stewart Darren Ritchie Jesper Tydén Rob Evan Ryosei Konishi Thomas Christian Johan Hwatz Cho Kang-Hyun / Kai Jin Tae-Hwa Lee Choong-Ju / Jin Tae-Hwa Jo Seong-Yoon / Baek Hyung-Hoon Philip Schwarz
Abraham Van Helsing Tom Flynn Stephen Henderson Chris Murray Uwe Kröger Norm Lewis Soma Suzuki Jon Geoffrey Goldsworthy David Rix Yang Jun-Mo Kang Hong-Seok Kang Tae-Eul / Son Jun-Ho Kang Tae-Eul / Son Jun-Ho Patrick Stanke
Lucy Westenra Amy Rutberg Kelli O'Hara Caroline Vasicek Lauren Kennedy Natsumi Abe Yvonne Luithlen Hanna la Fleur Lee Ji-hye Lee Ye-Eun Lee Ye-Eun / Kim Su-Yeon Sun-Min / Lee Ye-Eun Navina Heyne
Renfield William Youmans Don Stephenson Stephan Vinzberg Eric Minsk Euan Morton Ryunosuke Onoda Benjamin Savoie Fredrik Henriksson Lee Seung-Won Seo Sang-Min Kim Do-Hyeon / Cho Sung-Lin Kim Do-Hyeon / Cho Sung-Lin John Davies
Arthur Holmwood Chris Hoch Martin Pasching Lucius Wolter Steffen Fichtner Filip Hällefors Jung Dong-Hyo Kim Han-Jae Kim Isaac Lee Ho-Jin Robert Tilson
John Seward Joe Cassidy Shonn Wiley Alen Hodzovic Rory Six Norm Lewis Ryuji Kamiyama Klaus Donor Anton Salvin Byun Hee-Sang Lee Yong-Jin Lee Jae-Hyeon Lee Jae-Hyeon Emanuel Pilcher
Quincey Morris Lee Morgan Bart Shatto Frank Winkels Robert D. Marx Tsuyoshi Matsubara Ingo Wagner Tobias Wernersson Yang Seung-Ri Gong Min-Seop Lim Jung-Mo Kim Jae-Hyun Thomas Schön

Critical response

Wildhorn musicals usually endured critical derision,[13][14] and Dracula would prove to be no exception. Reviews were universally negative, referring to the lyrics as unoriginal,[15] and to the music as monotonous and derivative of both Andrew Lloyd Webber and Wildhorn's previous productions.[16] Though this production was intended as a serious, dramatic interpretation of the source material, critics complained of a complete lack of emotion in general, and of suspense and horror in particular.[17] Also, while the plot of the musical hits all the major points of Stoker's novel, critics felt it did so in such an obtuse way that audience members unfamiliar with the story may find themselves unable to comprehend the action.[18]

However the new, revised version, that opened in Graz, Austria, in the Summer of 2007 was very successful among critics and audiences. The version of the show licensed by Music Theatre International is based on this production. A Cast Recording was released in 2008 and was a huge hit in the sale charts.[citation needed]

Recordings

Concept Album
Recorded in 2005. A concept recording created by GlobalVision Records and was released on Amazon MP3 and iTunes on June 6, 2011. It features James Barbour in the title role alongside Kate Shindle as Mina, Lauren Kennedy as Lucy, Rob Evan as Harker, Norm Lewis as Van Helsing, and Euan Morton as Reinfeld.[19]
World Premiere Recording - Austrian Cast
In 2008 was released the first Cast Recording of the show, produced by HitSquad Records with the Cast of the Summer Festival in Graz, Austria. The CD contains the new, revised, re-orchestrated version of the show, being now quite different from the Broadway flop. The CD features Thomas Borchert as Dracula, Uwe Kröger as Van Helsing, Jesper Tydén as Jonathan, Lyn Liechty as Mina and Caroline Vasicek as Lucy. The new German version was a hit, and the CD was for almost half a year in the top of sales at Soundofmusic-shop.de the biggest Musical-Related store in Continental Europe.
Demo/Promotional Recordings

Sources

  1. ^ "Dracula". www.frankwildhorn.com.
  2. ^ "Kelli O'Hara Interview broadway.com, September 28, 2004
  3. ^ Brantley, Ben. "The Bat Awakens, Stretches, Yawns"The New York Times, August 20, 2004
  4. ^ Dracula: Productions Archived June 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine frankwildhorn.com
  5. ^ Dracula, the Musical :: The (Many) Scripts Archived March 3, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ LaJolla History Archived July 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine lajollaplayhouse.org, retrieved January 10, 2010
  7. ^ a b Dracula listing ibdb.com, retrieved January 10, 2010
  8. ^ a b Simonson, Robert and Jones, Kenneth."Dracula, the Musical Has First Broadway Preview July 30" Archived October 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine playbill.com, July 30, 2004
  9. ^ Jones, Kenneth."Melissa Errico Returns to the Lair of Dracula Oct. 14" Archived October 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine playbill.com, October 14, 2004
  10. ^ Jones, Kenneth."Wildhorn's Dracula Musical Makes European Premiere, With New Songs" Archived August 29, 2010, at the Wayback Machine playbill.com, May 9, 2005
  11. ^ Hwang, Hye Jin."JYJ’s Kim Junsu Confirmed as Lead Actor for Musical ‘Dracula’" Archived 2014-05-10 at the Wayback Machine http://mwave.interest.me/[permanent dead link], retrieved July 22, 2014
  12. ^ Dracula recording Archived March 17, 2010, at the Wayback Machine frankwildhorn.com, retrieved January 10, 2010
  13. ^ Suisman, Charlie."Cue the Pop Ballad, Warn the Critics"The New York Times, August 15, 2004
  14. ^ Pogrebin, Robin."Broadway's Critic-Proof Composer Says This Is (Still) His Moment; Like His 'Scarlet Pimpernel,' Frank Wildhorn Keeps on Going"The New York Times, October 6, 1999
  15. ^ Simon, John (2004-09-06). "Dracula - Let's Put On A Show - New York Magazine Theater Review". Nymag.com. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
  16. ^ Gutman, Les."Dracula The Musical, a CurtainUp review" curtainup.com, August 24, 2004
  17. ^ "Talkin' Broadway Review: Dracula". Talkinbroadway.com. 2004-08-19. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
  18. ^ Ben, Brantley (August 20, 2004). The New York Times http://theater2.nytimes.com/mem/theater/treview.html?res=9505E4DF1F3FF933A1575BC0A9629C8B63. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ Gans, Andrew."Koch Records to Release Dracula and New Jekyll Recordings" playbill.com, December 24, 2005