Don Black
Don Black shows his Oscar for "Born Free" at Nightingale House in February 2010
Don Black shows his Oscar for "Born Free" at Nightingale House in February 2010
Background information
Birth nameDonald Blackstone
Born (1938-06-21) 21 June 1938 (age 85)
South Hackney, London, England
GenresPopular music
Occupation(s)Songwriter, lyricist
Years active1960s–present
WebsiteOfficial Don Black website

Donald Blackstone CBE (born 21 June 1938), known professionally as Don Black, is an English lyricist. His works have included numerous musicals, movie, television themes and hit songs. He has provided lyrics for John Barry, Charles Strouse, Matt Monro, Andrew Lloyd Webber, Quincy Jones, Hoyt Curtin, Lulu, Jule Styne, Henry Mancini, Meat Loaf, Michael Jackson, Elmer Bernstein, Michel Legrand, Hayley Westenra, A. R. Rahman, Marvin Hamlisch and Debbie Wiseman.[1]

AllMusic stated that "Black is perhaps best-known for his collaborations with Andrew Lloyd Webber, and for the James Bond theme songs he co-wrote with composer John Barry: Thunderball, Diamonds Are Forever and The Man with the Golden Gun."[2]

Early life

Tornay House, Shore Place, London E9, which includes the childhood home of Don Black

He was born Donald Blackstone in London,[3][4] the youngest of five children of Russian Jewish immigrants from Ukraine, Morris and Betsy (née Kersh) Blackstone.[5] His father worked as a garment presser and his mother in a clothes shop[6] and during his childhood the family lived in a council flat in Tornay House, Shore Place, South Hackney.[7] He attended Cassland Road School[6] and enjoyed visits to the Hackney Empire, which was then a music hall and to the cinema to watch James Cagney films.[8][9]

Career

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Early career

He began his music industry career as an office boy with a music publishing firm, and later worked as a song-plugger. He also had a brief spell as a comic.[2][10]

He was personal manager to the singer Matt Monro for many years and also provided songs for him (usually writing English language lyrics to continental songs).[11] These included "Walk Away" and "If I Never Sing Another Song" (music: Udo Jürgens) and "For Mamma" (music: Charles Aznavour).[5]

Film work

Black's first film work was the lyrics for the theme of the James Bond entry Thunderball (1965).[11] His association with the Bond series continued over several decades, with Diamonds Are Forever and The Man with the Golden Gun, in collaboration with John Barry, and Surrender for Tomorrow Never Dies and The World Is Not Enough, in collaboration with David Arnold.[11]

Black's film work culminated when he collaborated with Barry on the title song of 1966's Born Free, which won the Oscar for Best Song and provided a hit for Matt Monro.[5] Pianist Roger Williams made the US Top 40 with an instrumental version. The song was nominated for Song of the Year at the 1967 Grammy Awards. The movie's producer, Sam Jaffe, was not impressed with the song, fearing that Black had made too much of a political comment in the lyric, and initially had the film printed without it on the soundtrack. When it became a US hit, he relented and had the film reprinted, commenting to Black, "It grows on you," after the song won the Oscar.[citation needed]

Black later collaborated with Barry on The Tamarind Seed, Out of Africa, Dances with Wolves, and an ill-fated Broadway musical, The Little Prince and the Aviator. In 1967, Lulu took the Black-Mark London title song of the film To Sir, with Love to No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100.[2] Black received his second Oscar nomination for Best Song with the title theme, written with Elmer Bernstein, of the 1969 John Wayne western, True Grit. That same year, he partnered with Quincy Jones for the theme song of the Michael Caine film, The Italian Job, "On Days Like These". He received a third Oscar nomination for the title song of the 1972 film Ben, a US No. 1 hit for Michael Jackson, which Black had written with Walter Scharf.[5] Further Oscar nominations came for "Wherever Love Takes Me" (music: Elmer Bernstein), from 1974 film Gold, and "Come to Me" (music: Henry Mancini) from 1976's The Pink Panther Strikes Again.

In addition, Black teamed with Charles Strouse on the songs "Growing Up Isn't Easy" and "Anything Can Happen on Halloween" for the 1986 HBO film The Worst Witch, based on the children's book by Jill Murphy. Walt Disney commissioned him to write songs for the direct-to-video film Beauty and the Beast: The Enchanted Christmas.

In July 2023, it was announced that Black would collaborate with film composer David Arnold and singer-songwriter Sophie Ellis-Bextor for the track to Channel 4 and Universal Pictures film, "Mog's Christmas", based upon the children's book series by Judith Kerr. The track, titled "As Long As I Belong", is about "the importance of belonging".[12]

Musical theatre

Black's stage credits include the musicals Billy (music: John Barry), Bar Mitzvah Boy (music: Jule Styne), Dear Anyone (music: Geoff Stephens), Budgie (music: Mort Shuman) and several Andrew Lloyd Webber shows: the 1979 song-cycle, Tell Me on a Sunday, which was performed by Marti Webb (whom Black also managed for a time); Aspects of Love, which propelled Michael Ball to stardom; and, together with Christopher Hampton, the musical adaptation of the Billy Wilder film Sunset Boulevard.[5] The latter brought Black and Hampton a Tony Award for Best Book.

Tell Me on a Sunday was incorporated into Song and Dance.[5] This was later adapted for a Broadway production starring Bernadette Peters, for which she won a Tony award as Best Actress in a Musical. Sarah Brightman performed for a video recording of the show at the end of its West End run and also released "Unexpected Song", from that musical, as a single.

With Geoff Stephens he produced a concept album of a "revuesical" entitled Off The Wall.[13]

In 2002, he worked with the Indian composer A. R. Rahman on the musical Bombay Dreams.[5] In 2004, Black's second musical collaboration with Hampton, Frank Wildhorn's Dracula, the Musical, debuted on Broadway. He also collaborated with John Barry once more, on the musical Brighton Rock. Based on the Graham Greene novel, it debuted at the Almeida Theatre, London, in 2004. In 2006, Black created the lyrics for the musical adaptation of the book Feather Boy, for the National Theatre in London.

In 2011, Black wrote the lyrics alongside composer Frank Wildhorn for the 2011 Broadway production of Bonnie & Clyde, which premiered at the Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre on 22 November 2011 and closed four weeks later due to poor ticket sales, despite the general public giving the show high praise for its score and the lead actors Jeremy Jordan (as Clyde Barrow) and Laura Osnes (as Bonnie Parker). The cast recording, however, became one of Wildhorn and Black's most successful musical scores.

In 2013, he again worked with Christopher Hampton and Andrew Lloyd Webber on Stephen Ward the Musical.[14] In 2015, he wrote the lyrics for Mrs Henderson Presents,[15] with George Fenton and Simon Chamberlin composing the music.[16] In 2019, he collaborated with David Arnold on the music for a television version of The Tiger Who Came to Tea.[17]

In 2020, he was reported to be working on a musical version of The Third Man, and reworking the show Feather Boy.[18]

Radio broadcasting

Black presented a Sunday night show on BBC Radio 2 from 2013 to 2020, which featured classic songs and songwriters of the 20th century, paid a weekly tribute to Matt Monro, whom he managed, and included many of his showbiz encounter stories. He took over this slot from David Jacobs.[19]

Honours and recognition

In 1993, Play It Again released Born Free – The Don Black Songbook, which remains the only album to date which consists solely of songs co-written by the lyricist.[20]

In 2007, Black was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame.[21] That same year, Black was credited on "Sexy Lady", the 2007 debut single and hit for rapper Yung Berg, which sampled the Black-Barry theme for Diamonds Are Forever.

On 17 August 2008, the tribute concert Lyrics by Don Black was held at the London Palladium, featuring performances of Black's songs by a selection of guest artists.[5] The evening, hosted by Michael Parkinson and recorded for broadcast by BBC Radio 2, included an exclusive performance of two songs from Black's new musical, The Count of Monte Cristo. The concert included contributions from Lee Mead, Gary Barlow, Elkie Brooks, Craig David, Maria Friedman, Joe Longthorne, Lulu, Peter Grant, Raza Jaffrey, Matt Rawle, Ryan Molloy, Marti Webb, Jonathan Ansell, Hayley Westenra, Phil Campbell and Mica Paris.[22] The singers were accompanied by the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, led by Mike Dixon and with guest conductors Michel Legrand and David Arnold.

In October 2013, a special concert to celebrate Black's work was held at London's Royal Festival Hall, featuring a lengthy interview with the composer by Michael Grade, interspersed by performances of his songs by artists such as Michael Ball, Maria Friedman, Katie Melua, and Marti Webb.[23] The concert was recorded for television and first shown on BBC Four in early January 2014.[24]

Black was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 1999 Birthday Honours, and promoted to Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2024 New Year Honours, for services to music.[25][26]

Personal life

Black lives in London, England.[19] His wife of nearly 60 years, Shirley, died in March 2018.[27][28] In May 2020, he was treated in hospital for COVID-19.[18]

Black's elder brother, Michael Black, a showbusiness booking agent, was married to singer Julie Rogers until his death in November 2018.[29]

See also

Musical theatre credits

Title Year Composer Book Co-lyricist
Maybe That's Your Problem[30] 1971 Walter Scharf Lionel Chetwynd
Billy 1974 John Barry Dick Clement and Ian La Frenais
Bar Mitzvah Boy 1978 Jule Styne Jack Rosenthal
Tell Me on a Sunday 1979 (Revised 1985 and 2003) Andrew Lloyd Webber Richard Maltby Jr. (1985 version)
Abbacadabra 1983 Benny Andersson and Björn Ulvaeus
Dear Anyone 1983 Geoff Stephens Jack Rosenthal
Merlin 1983 Elmer Bernstein
The Little Prince and the Aviator 1983 John Barry Hugh Wheeler
Budgie 1988 Mort Shuman Keith Waterhouse and Willis Hall
Aspects of Love 1989 Andrew Lloyd Webber Charles Hart
Starlight Express 1993 Andrew Lloyd Webber Richard Stilgoe (principal lyricist; Black wrote one song)
Radio Times 1992 Noel Gay and Abi Grant Chris Walker
Sunset Boulevard 1993 Andrew Lloyd Webber Christopher Hampton; with contributions by Amy Powers
The Goodbye Girl 1997 Marvin Hamlisch Neil Simon David Zippel (Black added lyrics for the original British production)
Dracula, the Musical 2001 Frank Wildhorn Christopher Hampton
Bombay Dreams 2002 AR Rahman Meera Syal and Thomas Meehan
Dance of the Vampires 2002 Jim Steinman Jim Steinman, Michael Kunze and David Ives Jim Steinman and Michael Kunze (Black contributed additional lyrics)
Whistle Down the Wind 2002 Andrew Lloyd Webber Patricia Knop Jim Steinman (Black contributed additional lyrics)
Romeo and Juliet - The Musical 2002
Feather Boy 2006 Debbie Wiseman
Bonnie & Clyde 2011 Frank Wildhorn Ivan Menchell
Stephen Ward 2013 Andrew Lloyd Webber Don Black and Christopher Hampton Christopher Hampton
Mrs Henderson Presents 2015 George Fenton and Simon Chamberlin Terry Johnson

Bibliography

References

  1. ^ "On making classical music appeal to younger audiences". BBC. 29 September 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Layne, Joslyn (21 June 1938). "Don Black - Music Biography, Credits and Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  3. ^ "FreeBMD Entry Info". .freebmd.org.uk. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  4. ^ "Don Black Discography". discogs. 21 June 1938. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Press Office - Network Radio Programme Information Week 34 Lyrics By Don Black Feature". BBC. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  6. ^ a b James Inverne (5 April 2004). Walking With Elephants: The Authorised Biography of Don Black. Sanctuary Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1860745776.
  7. ^ "Time & Place: From Russia with love to Hackney". The Times. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  8. ^ London Magazine Celebrity Homes - Don Black Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  9. ^ John Nathan, "Don Black: Star lyricist puts a productive life into words", The Jewish Chronicle, 2 September 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  10. ^ "Don Black lyricist". Retrosellers.com. Archived from the original on 27 April 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  11. ^ a b c Robertson, Peter (4 March 2016). "Don Black: I can't read music but I've written five James Bond songs". Daily Express. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  12. ^ "Sophie Ellis-Bextor teams up with 007 theme writing team for Christmas ballad about 'importance of belonging'". Floyd County Chronicle. 24 July 2023. Archived from the original on 3 November 2023. Retrieved 24 October 2023.
  13. ^ The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music, Volume 1 - p. 426 1561591769 Colin Larkin - 1995: "renewed his partnership with Geoff Stephens for a concept album of a 'revuesical' entitled Off The Wall, the story of 'six characters determined ..."
  14. ^ "Profumo musical set for West End". The Belfast Telegraph. 28 June 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
  15. ^ Shenton, Mark (17 October 2014). "Stage Version of Mrs. Henderson Presents Will Premiere in Summer 2015". Playbill. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  16. ^ "Mrs Henderson Presents at Theatre Royal, Bath". The Times. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  17. ^ "The Tiger Who Came to Tea: Interview with lyricist Don Black | Channel 4". www.channel4.com. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  18. ^ a b "Don Black: Why he has you singing with the stars". BBC News. 19 July 2020. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  19. ^ a b "Don Black: Star lyricist puts a productive life into words". www.thejc.com. Archived from the original on 19 September 2020. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  20. ^ "Born Free: The Don Black Songbook - Don Black : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. 28 December 1995. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  21. ^ "2007 Award and Induction Ceremony". Songwriters Hall of Fame. 7 June 2007. Archived from the original on 12 September 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  22. ^ Shenton, Mark (17 August 2008). "Lyrics By Don Black, with Friedman, Mead, Webb and More, Plays London Palladium Aug. 17". Playbill. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  23. ^ BWW News Desk. "Michael Ball To Guest In DON BLACK: A LIFE IN SONG, Royal Festival Hall, Oct 3". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  24. ^ "Diamonds are Forever: The Don Black Songbook - BBC Four". BBC. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  25. ^ "No. 55513". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 June 1999. p. 10.
  26. ^ "No. 64269". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 2023. p. N9.
  27. ^ "Lyricist Don Black opens up following death of wife of 60 years". Express & Star. 4 August 2020.
  28. ^ "Interview: Don Black". www.prsformusic.com. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  29. ^ "Obituary: Michael Black – effervescent booker with an unmatched portfolio of British and American stars". The Stage. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  30. ^ a b James Inverne (2003). Wrestling With Elephants: The Authorised Biography of Don Black. Sanctuary. ISBN 9781860744686. Retrieved 31 January 2013.