Tony Award for
Best Original Score
Awarded forBest Original Score
LocationUnited States New York City
Presented byAmerican Theatre Wing The Broadway League
Currently held byShaina Taub for Suffs (2024)
WebsiteTonyAwards.com

The Tony Award for Best Original Score is the Tony Award given to the composers and lyricists of the best original score written for a musical or play in that year. The score consists of music and/or lyrics. To be eligible, a score must be written specifically for the theatre and must be original; compilations of non-theatrical music or compilations of earlier theatrical music are not eligible for consideration.

History

The award has undergone a number of minor changes. In 1947, 1950, 1951, and 1962, the award went to the composer only. Otherwise, the award has gone to the composer and lyricist for their combined contributions, except for 1971 when the two awards were split (although Stephen Sondheim won both, for Company).

The only tie in this category occurred in 1993, when Fred Ebb & John Kander (Kiss of the Spider Woman) and Pete Townshend (The Who's Tommy) shared the award.

In only ten years have non-musical plays been nominated for Tony Awards in this category: Much Ado About Nothing in 1973; The Good Doctor in 1974; The Song of Jacob Zulu in 1993; Twelfth Night in 1999; Enron and Fences in 2010; Peter and the Starcatcher and One Man, Two Guvnors in 2012; Angels in America in 2018; To Kill a Mockingbird in 2019; A Christmas Carol, The Inheritance, The Rose Tattoo, Slave Play, and The Sound Inside in 2020; and Stereophonic in 2024. Because the Broadway season of 2019-2020 was shortened due to the COVID-19 pandemic, only four musicals were eligible for Tony Awards; three were jukebox musicals and the fourth was The Lightning Thief, the only musical of the season with original music. The Lightning Thief was not nominated for any Tony Awards, meaning that every nominee in this category in 2020 was a play rather than a musical.

In 2013, Cyndi Lauper became the first woman to win the award solo for Kinky Boots. In 2015, Lisa Kron and Jeanine Tesori became the first all-woman team to win the award for Fun Home.[1]

Toby Marlow is the youngest person to win the award; he was 27 when he won in tandem with Lucy Moss for Six. Adolph Green is the oldest person to win the award; he was 76 when he won for The Will Rogers Follies. If T. S. Eliot were alive when he won for Cats, he would have been 94. Eliot is one of two people to receive the award posthumously, the other being Jonathan Larson, who won for Rent. He would have been 36.

Winners and nominees

  indicates the winner

1940s

Year Musical Music Lyrics
1947
(1st)
Street Scene Kurt Weill Langston Hughes
1949
(3rd)
Kiss Me, Kate Cole Porter

1950s

Year Musical Music Lyrics
1950
(4th)
South Pacific Richard Rodgers Oscar Hammerstein II
1951
(5th)
Call Me Madam Irving Berlin

1960s

Year Musical Music Lyrics
1962
(16th)
[2]
No Strings Richard Rodgers
How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying Frank Loesser
Kwamina Richard Adler
Milk and Honey Jerry Herman
1963
(17th)
[3]
Oliver! Lionel Bart
Bravo Giovanni Milton Schafer Ronny Graham
Little Me Cy Coleman Carolyn Leigh
Stop the World – I Want to Get Off Leslie Bricusse & Anthony Newley
1964
(18th)
[4]
Hello, Dolly! Jerry Herman
Funny Girl Jule Styne Bob Merrill
High Spirits Timothy Gray & Hugh Martin
110 in the Shade Harvey Schmidt Tom Jones
1965
(19th)
[5]
Fiddler on the Roof Jerry Bock Sheldon Harnick
Do I Hear a Waltz? Richard Rodgers Stephen Sondheim
Half a Sixpence David Heneker
The Roar of the Greasepaint – The Smell of the Crowd Leslie Bricusse & Anthony Newley
1966
(20th)
[6]
Man of La Mancha Mitch Leigh Joe Darion
Mame Jerry Herman
On a Clear Day You Can See Forever Burton Lane Alan Jay Lerner
Sweet Charity Cy Coleman Dorothy Fields
1967
(21st)
[7]
Cabaret John Kander Fred Ebb
The Apple Tree Jerry Bock Sheldon Harnick
I Do! I Do! Harvey Schmidt Tom Jones
Walking Happy Jimmy Van Heusen Sammy Cahn
1968
(22nd)
[8]
Hallelujah, Baby! Jule Styne Betty Comden & Adolph Green
The Happy Time John Kander Fred Ebb
How Now, Dow Jones Elmer Bernstein Carolyn Leigh
Illya Darling Manos Hatzidakis Joe Darion

1970s

Year Production (Musical or Play) Music Lyrics
1971
(25th)
[9]
Company Stephen Sondheim
The Me Nobody Knows Gary William Friedman Will Holt
The Rothschilds Jerry Bock Sheldon Harnick
1972
(26th)
[10]
Follies Stephen Sondheim
Ain't Supposed to Die a Natural Death Melvin Van Peebles
Jesus Christ Superstar Andrew Lloyd Webber Tim Rice
Two Gentlemen of Verona Galt MacDermot John Guare
1973
(27th)
[11]
A Little Night Music Stephen Sondheim
Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope Micki Grant
Much Ado About Nothing Peter Link
Pippin Stephen Schwartz
1974
(28th)
[12]
Gigi Frederick Loewe Alan Jay Lerner
The Good Doctor Peter Link Neil Simon
Raisin Judd Woldin Robert Brittan
Seesaw Cy Coleman Dorothy Fields
1975
(29th)
[13]
The Wiz Charlie Smalls
A Letter for Queen Victoria Alan Lloyd
The Lieutenant Gene Curty, Nitra Scharfman & Chuck Strand
Shenandoah Gary Geld Peter Udell
1976
(30th)
[14]
A Chorus Line Marvin Hamlisch Edward Kleban
Chicago John Kander Fred Ebb
Pacific Overtures Stephen Sondheim
Treemonisha Scott Joplin
1977
(31st)
[15]
Annie Charles Strouse Martin Charnin
Godspell Stephen Schwartz
Happy End Kurt Weill Bertolt Brecht & Michael Feingold
I Love My Wife Cy Coleman Michael Stewart
1978
(32nd)
[16]
On the Twentieth Century Cy Coleman Betty Comden & Adolph Green
The Act John Kander Fred Ebb
Runaways Elizabeth Swados
Working Susan Birkenhead, Craig Carnelia, Micki Grant, Mary Rodgers, Stephen Schwartz & James Taylor
1979
(33rd)
[17]
Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street Stephen Sondheim
Carmelina Burton Lane Alan Jay Lerner
Eubie! Eubie Blake Johnny Brandon, Jim Europe, F. E. Miller, Andy Razafe & Noble Sissle
The Grand Tour Jerry Herman

1980s

Year Production (Musical or Play) Music Lyrics
1980
(34th)
[18]
Evita Andrew Lloyd Webber Tim Rice
A Day in Hollywood / A Night in the Ukraine Frank Lazarus Dick Vosburgh
Barnum Cy Coleman Michael Stewart
Sugar Babies Artie Malvin
1981
(35th)
[19]
Woman of the Year John Kander Fred Ebb
Charlie and Algernon Charles Strouse David Rogers
Copperfield Joel Hirschhorn & Al Kasha
Shakespeare's Cabaret Lance Mulcahy
1982
(36th)
[20]
Nine Maury Yeston
Dreamgirls Henry Krieger Tom Eyen
Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat Andrew Lloyd Webber Tim Rice
Merrily We Roll Along Stephen Sondheim
1983
(37th)
[21]
Cats Andrew Lloyd Webber T. S. Eliot
A Doll's Life Larry Grossman Betty Comden & Adolph Green
Merlin Elmer Bernstein Don Black
Seven Brides for Seven Brothers Gene de Paul, Joel Hirschhorn & Al Kasha Hirschhorn, Kasha & Johnny Mercer
1984
(38th)
[22]
La Cage aux Folles Jerry Herman
Baby David Shire Richard Maltby Jr.
The Rink John Kander Fred Ebb
Sunday in the Park with George Stephen Sondheim
1985
(39th)
Big River Roger Miller
Grind Larry Grossman Ellen Fitzhugh
Quilters Barbara Damashek
1986
(40th)
[23]
The Mystery of Edwin Drood Rupert Holmes
The News Paul Schierhorn
Song and Dance Andrew Lloyd Webber Don Black & Richard Maltby Jr.
Wind in the Willows William P. Perry Roger McGough
1987
(41st)
[24]
Les Misérables Claude-Michel Schönberg Herbert Kretzmer & Alain Boublil
Me and My Girl Noel Gay Douglas Furber & L. Arthur Rose
Rags Charles Strouse Stephen Schwartz
Starlight Express Andrew Lloyd Webber Richard Stilgoe
1988
(42nd)
[25]
Into the Woods Stephen Sondheim
The Phantom of the Opera Andrew Lloyd Webber Charles Hart & Richard Stilgoe
Romance/Romance Keith Herrmann Barry Harman
Sarafina! Hugh Masekela & Mbongeni Ngema

1990s

Year Production (Musical or Play) Music Lyrics
1990
(44th)
[26]
City of Angels Cy Coleman David Zippel
Aspects of Love Andrew Lloyd Webber Don Black & Charles Hart
Grand Hotel Chet Forrest, Bob Wright & Maury Yeston
Meet Me in St. Louis Ralph Blane & Hugh Martin
1991
(45th)
[27]
The Will Rogers Follies Cy Coleman Betty Comden & Adolph Green
Miss Saigon Claude-Michel Schönberg Alain Boublil & Richard Maltby Jr.
Once on This Island Stephen Flaherty Lynn Ahrens
The Secret Garden Lucy Simon Marsha Norman
1992
(46th)
[28]
Falsettos William Finn
Jelly's Last Jam Luther Henderson & Jelly Roll Morton Susan Birkenhead
Metro Janusz Stokłosa Agata, Maryna Miklaszewska & Mary Bracken Phillips
Nick & Nora Charles Strouse Richard Maltby Jr.
1993
(47th)
[29]
Kiss of the Spider Woman John Kander Fred Ebb
The Who's Tommy Pete Townshend
Anna Karenina Daniel Levine Peter Kellogg
The Song of Jacob Zulu Ladysmith Black Mambazo Ladysmith Black Mambazo & Tug Yourgrau
1994
(48th)
[30]
Passion Stephen Sondheim
Beauty and the Beast Alan Menken Howard Ashman & Tim Rice
Cyrano: The Musical Ad van Dijk Sheldon Harnick, Peter Reeves & Koen van Dijk
1995
(49th)
[31]
Sunset Boulevard Andrew Lloyd Webber Don Black & Christopher Hampton
1996
(50th)
[32]
Rent Jonathan Larson
Big: the musical David Shire Richard Maltby Jr.
Bring in 'da Noise, Bring in 'da Funk Ann Duquesnay, Zane Mark & Daryl Waters Duquesnay, Reg E. Gaines & George C. Wolfe
State Fair Richard Rodgers Oscar Hammerstein II
1997
(51st)
[33]
Titanic Maury Yeston
Juan Darién Elliot Goldenthal
The Life Cy Coleman Ira Gasman
Steel Pier John Kander Fred Ebb
1998
(52nd)
[34]
Ragtime Stephen Flaherty Lynn Ahrens
The Capeman Paul Simon Simon & Derek Walcott
The Lion King Elton John, Lebo M, Mark Mancina, Jay Rifkin & Hans Zimmer Tim Rice, M., Mancina, Rifkin & Julie Taymor
Side Show Henry Krieger Bill Russell
1999
(53rd)
[35]
Parade Jason Robert Brown
The Civil War Frank Wildhorn Jack Murphy
Footloose Eric Carmen, Sammy Hagar, Kenny Loggins, Tom Snow & Jim Steinman Carmen, Hagar, Loggins, Dean Pitchford & Steinman
Twelfth Night Jeanine Tesori

2000s

Year Musical Music Lyrics
2000
(54th)
[36]
Aida Elton John Tim Rice
James Joyce's The Dead Shaun Davey Davey & Richard Nelson
Marie Christine Michael John LaChiusa
The Wild Party
2001
(55th)
[37]
The Producers Mel Brooks
A Class Act Edward Kleban
The Full Monty David Yazbek
Jane Eyre Paul Gordon John Caird & Gordon
2002
(56th)
[38]
Urinetown Mark Hollmann Hollmann & Greg Kotis
Sweet Smell of Success Marvin Hamlisch Craig Carnelia
Thoroughly Modern Millie Jeanine Tesori Dick Scanlan
Thou Shalt Not Harry Connick Jr.
2003
(57th)
[39]
Hairspray Marc Shaiman Shaiman & Scott Wittman
Amour Michel Legrand Jeremy Sams & Didier Van Cauwelaert
Urban Cowboy Danny Arena, Clint Black, Jeff Blumenkrantz, Jason Robert Brown, Roger Brown, Carl L. Byrd, Pevin Byrd-Munoz, Jerry Chesnut, Tommy Conners, Tom Crain, Charlie Daniels, Taz DiGregorio, Ronnie Dunn, Fred Edwards, Skip Ewing, Wayland Holyfield, Bob Lee House, Marcus Hummon, Sara Light, Lauren Lucas, Martie Maguire, Wanda Mallette, Jim Marshall, Bob Morrison, James Hayden Nicholas, Luke Reed, Patti Ryan, Jerry Silverstein & Bob Stillman
A Year with Frog and Toad Robert Reale Willie Reale
2004
(58th)
[40]
Avenue Q Robert Lopez & Jeff Marx
Caroline, or Change Jeanine Tesori Tony Kushner
Taboo Boy George
Wicked Stephen Schwartz
2005
(59th)
[41]
The Light in the Piazza Adam Guettel
Dirty Rotten Scoundrels David Yazbek
Spamalot John Du Prez & Eric Idle Idle
The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee William Finn
2006
(60th)
[42]
The Drowsy Chaperone Lisa Lambert & Greg Morrison
The Color Purple Stephen Bray, Brenda Russell & Allee Willis
The Wedding Singer Matthew Sklar Chad Beguelin
The Woman in White Andrew Lloyd Webber David Zippel
2007
(61st)
[43]
Spring Awakening Duncan Sheik Steven Sater
Curtains John Kander Fred Ebb, Kander & Rupert Holmes
Grey Gardens Scott Frankel Michael Korie
Legally Blonde Nell Benjamin & Larry O'Keefe
2008
(62nd)
[44]
In the Heights Lin-Manuel Miranda
Cry-Baby David Javerbaum & Adam Schlesinger
The Little Mermaid Alan Menken Howard Ashman & Glenn Slater
Passing Strange Heidi Rodewald & Stew Stew
2009
(63rd)
[45]
Next to Normal Tom Kitt Brian Yorkey
Billy Elliot the Musical Elton John Lee Hall
Shrek the Musical Jeanine Tesori David Lindsay-Abaire
9 to 5 Dolly Parton

2010s

Year Production (Musical or Play) Music Lyrics
2010
(64th)
[46]
Memphis David Bryan Bryan & Joe DiPietro
The Addams Family Andrew Lippa
Enron Adam Cork Lucy Prebble
Fences Branford Marsalis
2011
(65th)
[47]
The Book of Mormon Robert Lopez, Trey Parker & Matt Stone
The Scottsboro Boys John Kander Fred Ebb
Sister Act Alan Menken Glenn Slater
Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown David Yazbek
2012
(66th)
[48]
Newsies Alan Menken Jack Feldman
Bonnie & Clyde Frank Wildhorn Don Black
One Man, Two Guvnors Grant Olding
Peter and the Starcatcher Wayne Barker Rick Elice
2013
(67th)
[49]
Kinky Boots Cyndi Lauper
A Christmas Story: The Musical Benj Pasek & Justin Paul
Hands on a Hardbody Trey Anastasio & Amanda Green Green
Matilda the Musical Tim Minchin
2014
(68th)
[50]
The Bridges of Madison County Jason Robert Brown
Aladdin Alan Menken Howard Ashman, Tim Rice & Chad Beguelin
A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder Steven Lutvak Robert L. Freedman & Lutvak
If/Then Tom Kitt Brian Yorkey
2015
(69th)
[51]
Fun Home Jeanine Tesori Lisa Kron
The Last Ship Sting
Something Rotten! Karey & Wayne Kirkpatrick
The Visit John Kander Fred Ebb
2016
(70th)
[52]
Hamilton Lin-Manuel Miranda
Bright Star Edie Brickell Brickell & Steve Martin
School of Rock Andrew Lloyd Webber Glenn Slater
Waitress Sara Bareilles
2017
(71st)
[53]
Dear Evan Hansen Benj Pasek & Justin Paul
Come from Away David Hein & Irene Sankoff
Groundhog Day Tim Minchin
Natasha, Pierre & The Great Comet of 1812 Dave Malloy
2018
(72nd)
[54]
The Band's Visit David Yazbek
Angels in America Adrian Sutton
Frozen Robert Lopez & Kristen Anderson-Lopez
Mean Girls Jeff Richmond Nell Benjamin
SpongeBob SquarePants Yolanda Adams, Sara Bareilles, Jonathan Coulton, Domani, Alex Ebert, The Flaming Lips, Rob Hyman, Lady Antebellum, Cyndi Lauper, John Legend, Lil'C, Panic! at the Disco, Plain White T's, Joe Perry, They Might Be Giants, T.I. & Steven Tyler
2019
(73rd)
[55]
Hadestown Anaïs Mitchell
Be More Chill Joe Iconis
Beetlejuice Eddie Perfect
The Prom Matthew Sklar Chad Beguelin
To Kill a Mockingbird Adam Guettel
Tootsie David Yazbek

2020s

Year Production (Musical or Play) Music Lyrics
2020
(74th)
A Christmas Carol Christopher Nightingale
The Inheritance Paul Englishby
The Rose Tattoo Fitz Patton & Jason Michael Webb
Slave Play Lindsay Jones
The Sound Inside Daniel Kluger
2022
(75th)
[56]
Six Toby Marlow & Lucy Moss
Flying Over Sunset Tom Kitt Michael Korie
Mr. Saturday Night Jason Robert Brown Amanda Green
Paradise Square Jason Howland Masi Asare & Nathan Tysen
A Strange Loop Michael R. Jackson
2023
(76th)
[57]
Kimberly Akimbo Jeanine Tesori David Lindsay-Abaire
Almost Famous Tom Kitt Cameron Crowe & Kitt
KPOP Helen Park & Max Vernon
Shucked Brandy Clark & Shane McAnally
Some Like It Hot Marc Shaiman Shaiman & Scott Wittman
2024
(77th)
Suffs Shaina Taub
Days of Wine and Roses Adam Guettel
Here Lies Love David Byrne & Fatboy Slim Byrne
The Outsiders Jamestown Revival & Justin Levine
Stereophonic Will Butler

Multiple wins

Multiple nominations

Female winners

Only nine women have won this award, six of whom won without male writing partners, and for eleven shows:

See also

References

  1. ^ 'Fun Home' songwriters become 1st winning female team Yahoo News
  2. ^ "1962 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  3. ^ "1963 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  4. ^ "1964 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  5. ^ "1965 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  6. ^ "1966 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  7. ^ "1967 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  8. ^ "1968 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  9. ^ "1971 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  10. ^ "1972 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  11. ^ "1973 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  12. ^ "1974 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  13. ^ "1975 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  14. ^ "1976 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  15. ^ "1977 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  16. ^ "1978 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  17. ^ "1979 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  18. ^ "1980 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  19. ^ "1981 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  20. ^ "1982 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  21. ^ "1983 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  22. ^ "1984 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  23. ^ "1986 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  24. ^ "1987 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  25. ^ "1988 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  26. ^ "1990 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  27. ^ "1991 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  28. ^ "1992 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  29. ^ "1993 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  30. ^ "1994 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  31. ^ "1995 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  32. ^ "1996 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  33. ^ "1997 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  34. ^ "1998 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  35. ^ "1999 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  36. ^ "2000 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  37. ^ "2001 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  38. ^ "2002 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  39. ^ "2003 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  40. ^ "2004 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  41. ^ "2005 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  42. ^ "2006 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  43. ^ "2007 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  44. ^ "2008 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  45. ^ "2009 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 11, 2023.
  46. ^ "2010 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  47. ^ "2011 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  48. ^ "2012 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  49. ^ "2013 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  50. ^ "2014 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  51. ^ "Tony Nominations 2015: Full List". Variety. April 28, 2015. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  52. ^ "2016 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  53. ^ "2017 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  54. ^ "2018 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  55. ^ "2019 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  56. ^ "2022 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  57. ^ "2023 Tony Awards Nominees". American Theatre Wing. May 2, 2023. Retrieved August 10, 2023.