Hemdale Film Corporation
IndustryFilm
Founded1967; 55 years ago (1967) (as The Hemdale Company)
FoundersDavid Hemmings
John Daly
Defunct1995
FateDefunct
SuccessorLibrary:
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
HeadquartersLos Angeles, California, United States
London, England, United Kingdom
Key people
John Daly
Derek Gibson
Eric Parkinson

Hemdale Film Corporation, known as Hemdale Communications after 1992, was an independent American-British film production company and distributor. The company was founded in London in 1967 as the Hemdale Company by actor David Hemmings and John Daly, naming the company from a combination of their surnames.[1] The company produced numerous acclaimed films, often in conjunction with companies such as TriStar and Orion Pictures, including Platoon (1986) and The Last Emperor (1987), back-to-back winners of the Academy Award for Best Picture.

History

Hemdale began as an investment company to cut the high personal taxes on British actors.[2] Eventually, the company went public as Hemdale Ltd. and began diversifying. Hemdale partnered with Patrick Meehan of Worldwide Artists, who once managed the band Black Sabbath,[3] invested in feature films, financed stage productions such as Grease, and became involved in boxing promotions such as The Rumble in the Jungle match between George Foreman and Muhammed Ali.[2] John Daly was Hemdale's chairman and president. David Hemmings left the company in 1971, and Daly purchased his stock.[2] Hemdale also distributed cable TV to hotels, which, in 1974, was its major source of revenue.[2]

After producing and distributing British films throughout the 1970s, Hemdale relocated to Hollywood in 1980 and focused extensively on movie-making.[2][4] A distribution agreement was made with Orion Pictures. In 1981 Derek Gibson joined the company as executive vice president and head of production. Daly and Gibson were then credited together as executive producers on all Hemdale films.[5]

In 1983, Hemdale shuttered its Hemdale Leisure Corporation division, and Hemdale Film Corporation was created as a division that covered all separate production and distributing division companies, Hemdale Film Productions, and Hemdale Film Sales, and they would restructure their own debt, including their own management team, and the UK superstructure was Hemdale Holdings, which arranged the coin support for their American operation.[6]

Among Hemdale's best known films are The Terminator, The Return of the Living Dead, Hoosiers, Salvador, River's Edge, Platoon, and The Last Emperor; the latter two were back-to-back recipients of the Academy Award for Best Picture. Hemdale produced and or financed over 80 films during this period. In 1985, Hemdale Film Corporation decided to venture into film distribution, which would be headed by 20th Century Fox executive Peter S. Myers, and decided to continue their relations with Orion Pictures, which included their releases of Hoosiers and At Close Range, and the new distribution range had 12 films planned per year.[7]

In 1986, Salvador was the first major film released by Hemdale Distribution in the United States.[8] Howling II: Your Sister Is a Werewolf had received a regional release in December 1985.[9] On May 14, 1986, the company bought out the distribution rights of the five British motion pictures, which came from the film production studio and international sales representative Film Four International, in order to serve financing for the film The Last Emperor for $21.5 million.[10] On June 25, 1986, the company received a pre-buy on eight Australian movie titles for $10–12 million, and decided to expand the company's worldwide portfolio and represent global distribution and production activity.[11] The company had reached an agreement with Vestron Video on June 25, 1986, in order to bring the entire company's output to the North American home video market, with such releases like Made in U.S.A. and Platoon, after such successes with the agreement, like Hoosiers and At Close Range.[12] On September 10, 1986, Hemdale inked an agreement with HBO/Cannon Video whereas they would increase their profile in order to gave access to ten to fifteen theatricals Hemdale would be producing, and decided to include all pay television rights of nearly all Hemdale features, and the home video rights of the films were assigned as $40 million, and titles Hemdale donated like A Breed Apart, Howling II: Your Sister is a Werewolf and Return of the Living Dead, were already assigned via Hemdale to HBO/Cannon.[13]

On December 10, 1986, Hemdale Film Corporation filed a lawsuit against producer Interlink Film Distribution Corp, which was formed by the Greenberg brothers (Richard M. Greenberg and A. Frederick Goldberg) for failing to meet marketing and other contractual obligations in support of nine Hemdale titles, which claimed by agreement in mid-1983 that the companies had inked an agreement.[14] On March 18, 1987, Hemdale Film Corporation was to be acquired by Computer Memories, a firm that invested $29 million and decided to establish it as a public company, and in exchange for the 80% stock of the common company, and Hemdale would receive 37.6 million shares of newly issued common stock that was donated for the organization and John Daly, the company's founder had to sell 20% in order to raise $30 million that was donated by Computer Memories, and Derek Gibson would became CEO of the newly expanded company, but the deal fell through.[15] On March 18, 1987, Hemdale Film Corporation teamed up with Nelson Entertainment, through its Embassy Home Entertainment subsidiary in order to gain domestic video rights to 10 films, which will be handled by Nelson, while Hemdale retained all other rights, and the budget for the films and in a co-financing agreement, and the 10 Hemdale/Nelson films would gain $6 million, whereas Nelson went into the $25–30 million range, judging by current market conditions of its titles.[16]

In 1987, Vestron Video sued HBO Video over the video rights to Platoon and Hoosiers. Hemdale initially licensed the two films to Vestron until the two parties had disagreements and, citing breach of contract, Hemdale turned around and sold the video rights to HBO.[17] On June 3, 1987, Nelson Entertainment decided to be challenged to the Vestron/HBO lawsuit, and the company filed for Nelson, because Nelson decided to pick up an identical set of 12 films under almost identical terms as the arrangement Vestron was trying to enforce, and the deal decided to add another film to the mix, High Tide, that brought advance for $3 million.[18] The lawsuit ultimately delayed the release of Platoon for three months until a settlement was reached wherein HBO would hold the video rights to the disputed films for six months, at the end of which the rights reverted to Vestron.

In 1991, Hemdale brought in home video executive Eric Parkinson to establish the company's own in-house home video distribution. The new video operation was an immediate success, buoyed in large part to Parkinson's launch of the division with the original Terminator feature the same week that the James Cameron-directed sequel, T2, was released to theatres. Hemdale Home Video quickly became the cash locomotive for all operations, and in April of the following year, Hemdale Video was merged with a NASDAQ company called Peerless Productions to form a new entity, Hemdale Communications, Inc. (NASDAQ). In an attempt to attach revenues from the successful home video venture operated by Parkinson, former creditors of Hemdale Films alleged that some of the distribution rights licensed by Hemdale Communications, Inc. were done so at unfair market prices.[19] None of these claims prevailed. The video division's success motivated the promotion of Eric Parkinson within the Hemdale family, and ultimately to C.E.O.[20] The Hemdale video division created a collection of video titles released by Hemdale Home Video in the US; its first No. 1 hit title was the home video reissue of the original Terminator in 1991,[21] via a distribution deal it signed with the old Hemdale company, then renamed NSB Film Corporation, to release some films from the latter's 150-title library.[19][22] In 1992, Hemdale Pictures was also merged into the NASDAQ public company, Hemdale Communications, Inc.[19] In 1995, the video rights to some of Hemdale's higher-profile titles were licensed to LIVE Entertainment (now Lionsgate).

In 1992, NSB sued Daly and Gibson for allegedly unfairly selling some Hemdale properties to the public company managed by Parkinson[19] and Crédit Lyonnais Bank Nederland for breach of contract, racketeering, fraud, equitable subordination and contributing to its bankruptcy.[23][24] The NSB claims against Daly and Gibson were dismissed. The next year, Crédit Lyonnais filed a lawsuit against NSB, resulting in the bank foreclosing on both NSB and its Hemdale library and forcing NSB to sever ties with Hemdale Home Video and Hemdale Communications to release some of its titles.[22] In 1994, NSB and Crédit Lyonnais settled their year-old ligation.[24]

In March 1995, Daly and Gibson left the company, to be succeeded in their positions by Eric Parkinson as C.E.O. handling all Hemdale related activities and affiliates, including Hemdale Holdings, Hemdale Pictures and Hemdale Film Sales.[25][26] That November, the company was reorganized as a preplanned step for a general shut-down of operations.[27][28]

Aftermath

After the studio closed, the Hemdale library was then incorporated into Consortium de Réalisation, a French holding company set up by Crédit Lyonnais to handle the rights to titles acquired by Credit Lyonnais Bank (this was otherwise known as the Epic library). In 1999, the library was incorporated into the Orion Pictures output now owned by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer via PolyGram Filmed Entertainment, after MGM acquired the Consortium de Réalisation/“Epic” library from PolyGram (ironically, Orion was the theatrical distributor for a number of Hemdale's films). One significant exception is The Last Emperor, a Hemdale production whose rights are now held by its producer, Jeremy Thomas. Hemdale licensed each of the US media rights to different companies; for example, Columbia Pictures handled US theatrical distribution only. Most of the foreign productions Hemdale distributed have subsequently returned to their original owners (such as Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland, which producer Tokyo Movie Shinsha now controls worldwide). In the late '80s and early '90s, the television rights to the Hemdale library lay with Carolco Pictures.[29]

The company's last new credit was the Virgin Games video game adaptation The Terminator, which showed up on the game's start up screen as Hemdale's The Terminator.

Films

Release Date Title Notes
December 18, 1972 Images distributed by Columbia Pictures
March 19, 1975 Tommy distributed by Columbia Pictures
August 19, 1979 Sunburn distributed by Paramount Pictures
April 24, 1981 Cattle Annie and Little Britches distributed by Universal Pictures
September 25, 1981 Carbon Copy co-production with RKO Pictures; distributed by Avco Embassy Pictures
October 16, 1981 Strange Behavior distributed by World Northal
October 14, 1982 Turkey Shoot distributed by New World Pictures
June 24, 1983 Yellowbeard distributed by Orion Pictures
April 1984 Race for the Yankee Zephyr Distributed by Film Ventures International
June 1984 A Breed Apart distributed by Orion Pictures
September 28, 1984 Irreconcilable Differences co-production with Warner Bros.
October 26, 1984 The Terminator distributed by Orion Pictures
November 16, 1984 Special Effects distributed by New Line Cinema
November 1984 Perfect Strangers distributed by New Line Cinema
January 25, 1985 The Falcon and the Snowman distributed by Orion Pictures
August 16, 1985 The Return of the Living Dead distributed by Orion Pictures
December 1985 Howling II: Your Sister Is a Werewolf
March 5, 1986 Salvador
April 18, 1986 At Close Range distributed by Orion Pictures
November 14, 1986 Hoosiers distributed by Orion Pictures
November 21, 1986 Body Slam distributed by De Laurentiis Entertainment Group
November 21, 1986 Defense of the Realm
December 19, 1986 Platoon distributed by Orion Pictures
May 8, 1987 River's Edge distributed by Island Pictures
May 15, 1987 Made in U.S.A. distributed by TriStar Pictures
May 1987 My Little Girl
June 12, 1987 Burke & Wills
July 10, 1987 The Whistle Blower
August 1, 1987 Love at Stake distributed by TriStar Pictures
August 21, 1987 Inside Out
September 18, 1987 Hotel Colonial distributed by Orion Pictures
September 25, 1987 Best Seller distributed by Orion Pictures
November 20, 1987 The Last Emperor distributed by Columbia Pictures
November 1987 Slate, Wyn & Me
December 18, 1987 High Tide distributed by TriStar Pictures
1987 Scenes from the Goldmine
February 5, 1988 The Supergrass
March 25, 1988 High Season
May 25, 1988 The Tale of Ruby Rose
July 15, 1988 A Killing Affair
September 15, 1988 War Party
November 23, 1988 Buster
December 23, 1988 The Boost
January 13, 1989 Ha-Holmim
January 27, 1989 Cohen and Tate
March 3, 1989 Out Cold
April 28, 1989 Criminal Law
May 19, 1989 Miracle Mile
June 2, 1989 Vampire's Kiss
July 21, 1989 Shag
August 18, 1989 Blood Red
September 22, 1989 The Time Guardian
October 6, 1989 The Everlasting Secret Family
November 10, 1989 Staying Together
January 5, 1990 Love or Money
January 26, 1990 Incident at Raven's Gate
April 20, 1990 Chattahoochee
May 6, 1990 The Belly of an Architect
??, 1990 Wishful Thinking
September 21, 1990 Don't Tell Her It's Me
November 2, 1990 Vincent & Theo
November 21, 1990 Hidden Agenda
April 12, 1991 Impromptu
April 19, 1991 Kill Line
June 14, 1991 Bright Angel
September 27, 1991 Prime Target distribution
November 15, 1991 Cheap Shots
November 1991 Thousand Pieces of Gold distribution
February 28, 1992 Complex World distribution
March 13, 1992 Highway to Hell distribution
May 29, 1992 Cold Heaven distribution
June 15, 1992 Beautiful Dreamers distribution
??, 1992 Round Numbers distribution
August 7, 1992 Bed & Breakfast distribution
August 21, 1992 Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland distribution
August 26, 1992 Knock Outs distribution
September 1, 1992 The Legend of Wolf Mountain distribution
October 14, 1992 Murder Blues distribution
??, 1992 Merlin - The True Story of Magic distribution
March 1, 1993 Breakfast of Aliens distribution
March 5, 1993 Love Your Mama distribution
April 25, 1993 The Magic Voyage distribution
September 10, 1993 The Seventh Coin distribution
September 15, 1993 Laser Moon distribution
October 6, 1993 In a Moment of Passion distribution
January 5, 1994 Quest of the Delta Knights distribution
January 19, 1994 Future Shock distribution
??, 1994 The Polar Bear King distribution
May 4, 1994 Confessions of a Hitman distribution
June 3, 1994 The Princess and the Goblin distribution
September 13, 1994 Savage Land distribution
October 19, 1994 The Story of Christmas distribution
January 3, 1995 The Littlest Viking distribution
March 28, 1995 Across the Moon distribution
May 20, 1995 Mosquito distribution
October 24, 1996 One More Shot co-distribution with Tapeworm Video Distributors
October 31, 1997 Grizzly Mountain co-distribution with Legacy Releasing and LIVE Entertainment

References

  1. ^ "High-risk Movie Mogul". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  2. ^ a b c d e Lambie, Ryan (7 April 2015). "The Rise and Fall of Hemdale". Den of Geek.
  3. ^ John Daly biography - Yahoo Movies Archived February 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Thomas, Bob. "Independent filmmakers may produce over half of releases." Associated Press (October 23, 1986). Retrieved on April 1, 2011.
  5. ^ "High-risk Movie Mogul". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  6. ^ "Hemdale Revamp Reflects Twin Thrust: Film Production & Foreign Sales". Variety. 1983-05-04. p. 83.
  7. ^ "Domestic Distribution Arm Set by Hemdale; Name Myers Boss". Variety. 1985-11-27. pp. 4, 37.
  8. ^ Todd McCarthy (March 5, 1986). "Film reviews - Salvador". Variety.
  9. ^ "1986 U.S. Film Releases by Company". Variety. February 19, 1986. p. 283.
  10. ^ Cohn, Lawrence (1986-05-14). "Hemdale On The Move Acquiring Product for U.S. Distrib Arm". Variety. p. 7.
  11. ^ Groves, Don (1986-06-25). "Hemdale Committing $10-12 Mil To Prebuy Eight Aussie Projects". Variety. p. 4.
  12. ^ "Hemdale Deals Pix". Variety. 1986-06-25. p. 42.
  13. ^ Melanson, James (1986-09-10). "Hemdale Pix-Pack To HV; Brings $20-Mil For Rights". Variety. p. 88.
  14. ^ "Hemdale Suing Interlink Over Distrib Shortfall". Variety. 1986-12-10. pp. 5, 28.
  15. ^ Greenberg, James (1987-03-18). "Hemdale 'Taken Over' By Computer Firm; Will Get $29-Mil Infusion". Variety. pp. 3, 32.
  16. ^ "Nelson Gets Domestic HV Rights To 10 Pictures From Hemdale". Variety. 1987-03-18. p. 72.
  17. ^ "`PLATOON` VIDEO WAR CONTINUES IN COURT". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
  18. ^ "Nelson Steps Into Vestron-Hemdale Suit". Variety. 1987-06-03. p. 59.
  19. ^ a b c d "Former Hemdale exex target of NSB lawsuit". Variety. 1994-03-02. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  20. ^ Brennan, Judy (1992-10-27). "Creditors file request to put NSB Corp. into default". Variety. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  21. ^ "Hemdale Sets Up Homevid Division". Variety. 1991-05-06. Retrieved 2018-01-22.
  22. ^ a b Ayscough, Suzan (1993-05-12). "CL, guilds pact against Hemdale". Variety. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  23. ^ Brennan, Judy (1993-03-26). "Hemdale haunts Lyonnais". Variety. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  24. ^ a b Cox, Dan (1994-04-04). "Former Hemdale unit settles Guild/Bank suit". Variety. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  25. ^ Allbusiness.com Hemdale Communications Inc. announces resignation of chairman John Daly and president Derek Gibson; March 6, 1995 Archived January 22, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ "Shakeup At Hemdale". Variety. 1995-03-13. Retrieved 2018-01-22.
  27. ^ Bailout Partners Take Control of Hemdale. Billboard. 1995-11-25. p. 86.
  28. ^ "TCR_Public/951109.MBX". www.bankrupt.com. Retrieved 2018-01-23.
  29. ^ "Carolco I: Cleared for Action!" (PDF). American Radio History. 27 March 1989. Retrieved 18 February 2019.