The IAFA William L. Crawford Fantasy Award (short: Crawford Award) is a literary award given to a writer whose first fantasy book was published during the preceding calendar year. It's one of several awards presented by the International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts (IAFA) and is presented at the International Conference of the Fantast in the Arts[1] each March in Orlando.

In order to be eligible, a title must be the author’s first fantasy book; it is permissible for an author active in different genres to be submitted, so long as it is their first fantasy book. In addition to novels and novellas, collections of poetry, short stories, and fiction aimed at younger readers are all eligible.

The Prize was conceived and established with the help of Andre Norton, who continued to sponsor it for many years.[2] The award is named after the publisher and editor William L. Crawford (1911-1984).[3] It was administered by noted Locus reviewer, Gary K. Wolfe from 1985 to 2023. The current administrator is critic Farah Mendlesohn.

Crawford honorees have gone on to win a dozen World Fantasy Awards (including a Life Achievement Award for Charles de Lint), five Shirley Jackson Awards, five Locus Awards, four Hugo Awards, four Nebula Awards, and 27 other awards of various kinds. Two Crawford-winning novels have been adapted as feature films, Chitra Bannerjee Divakaruni’s Mistress of Spices in 2005 and Christopher Barzak’s One for Sorrow in 2014 (under the title Jamie Marks is Dead). While the majority of honorees have been residents of the United States, the international dimension of the award is reflected by winners from Canada, the U.K., Sweden, Barbados, India, Australia, New Zealand, and Malaysia.

List of recipients

Year Recipient Title of Book Ref
1985 Charles de Lint Moonheart
1986 Nancy Willard Things Invisible to See
1987 Judith Tarr The Hound and the Falcon trilogy
1988 Elizabeth Marshall Thomas Reindeer Moon
1989 Michaela Roessner Walkabout Woman
1990 Jeanne Larsen The Silk Road
1991 Michael Scott Rohan Winter of the World trilogy
1992 Greer Gilman Moonwise
1993 Susan Palwick Flying in Place
1994 Judith Katz Running Fiercely Toward a High Thin Sound
1995 Jonathan Lethem Gun, With Occasional Music
1996 Sharon Shinn Archangel
1997 Candas Jane Dorsey Black Wine
1998 Chitra Bannerjee Divakaruni Mistress of Spices
1999 David B. Coe Lon Tobyn Chronicles
2000 Anne Bishop Black Jewels trilogy
2001 Kij Johnson The Fox Woman
2002 Jasper Fforde The Eyre Affair
2003 Alexander C. Irvine A Scattering of Jades
2004 K. J. Bishop The Etched City
2005 Steph Swainston The Year of Our War
2006 Joe Hill Twentieth Century Ghosts
2007 M. Rickert Map of Dreams
2008 Christopher Barzak One for Sorrow [4]
2009 Daryl Gregory Pandemonium
2010 Jedediah Berry The Manual of Detection
2011 Karen Lord Redemption in Indigo [5]
2012 Genevieve Valentine Mechanique [6]
2013 Karin Tidbeck Jagganath [7]
2014 Sofia Samatar A Stranger in Olandria [8]
2015 Zen Cho and Stephanie Feldman The Angel of Losses [9]
2016 Kai Ashante Wilson The Sorcerer of the Wildeeps
2017 Charlie Jane Anders All the Birds in the Sky
2018 Carmen Maria Machado Her Body and Other Parties [10]
2019 R. F. Kuang The Poppy War [11]
2020 Tamsyn Muir Gideon the Ninth [12]
2021 Nghi Vo   The Empress of Salt and Fortune [13]
2022 Usman T. Malik   Midnight Doorways: Fables from Pakistan [14]
2023 Simon Jimenez The Spear Cuts Through Water


2023-2024: Brian Attebery, Candas Jane Dorsey, Niall Harrison, Mimi Mondal, Cheryl Morgan, Graham Sleight.

Past judges have included: Amelia Beamer, Jedediah Berry, Liz Bourke, Karen Burnham, John Clute, Daryl Gregory, Ellen Klages, Kelly Link, Adrienne Martine, Kathleen Massie-Ferch, Farah Mendlesohn, Cheryl Morgan, Sofia Samatar, Jonathan Strahan, Liza Groen Trombi, Genevieve Valentine, Paul Witcover.


  1. ^ "International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts - Conferences". Retrieved 2023-10-25.
  2. ^ "IAFA Awards". International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts. Archived from the original on 2012-10-08. Retrieved 2013-06-07.
  3. ^ Clute, John; John Grant (1997). The Encyclopedia of Fantasy. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 1015. ISBN 0-88184-708-9.
  4. ^ "Awards News: Crawford Fantasy Award Winner". Locus Online. Locus Publications. 2008-01-10. Archived from the original on 2005-03-02. Retrieved 2008-01-11.
  5. ^ "The Locus Index to SF Awards". Locus Online. Locus Publications. 2011-03-20. Archived from the original on 2011-10-16. Retrieved 2011-07-11.
  6. ^ "2012 Crawford Award Announced". Locus Online. Locus Publications. 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
  7. ^ "2013 Crawford Award". Locus Online. Locus Publications. 2013-02-05.
  8. ^ "Samatar Wins Crawford Award". Locus Online. Locus Publications. 2014-01-24.
  9. ^ "Cho and Feldman Win Crawford Award". Locus Online. Locus Publications. 2015-01-27.
  10. ^ "Machado Wins Crawford Award," Locus, Feb. 14, 2019.
  11. ^ "Kuang Wins Crawford Award," Locus, Feb. 1, 2019.
  12. ^ "Muir Wins Crawford Award," Locus, Feb. 4, 2020.
  13. ^ "William L. Crawford - IAFA Fantasy Award 2021 ," Feb. 11, 2022.
  14. ^ "2022 IAFA Crawford Award and Shortlist Announced – International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts". Retrieved 2022-02-11.